Daily Archives: May 5, 2014

Brominated vegetable oil (BVO)


From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Brominated vegetable oil (BVO) is a mixture of complex plant-derived triglycerides which have been brominated. Brominated vegetable oil is used primarily to help emulsify citrus-flavored soft drinks, preventing them from separating during distribution. Brominated vegetable oil has been used by the soft drink industry since 1931, generally at a level of about 8 ppm.[1][2]

Careful control of the type of oil used allows bromination of it to produce BVO with a specific density (1.33 g/mL). As a result, it can be mixed with less-dense flavoring agents such as citrus flavor oil to produce a resulting oil whose density matches that of water or other products. The droplets containing BVO remain suspended in the water rather than separating and floating at the surface.[2]

Alternative food additives used for the same purpose include sucrose acetate isobutyrate (SAIB, E444) and glycerol ester of wood rosin (ester gum, E445).

Regulation and use

North America

In the United States, BVO was designated in 1958 as generally recognized as safe (GRAS),[2] but this was withdrawn by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration in 1970.[3] The U.S. Code of Federal Regulations currently imposes restrictions on the use of BVO as a food additive in the United States, limiting the concentration to 15 ppm,[4] limiting the amount of free fatty acids to 2.5 percent, and limiting the iodine value to 16.[5] BVO is used in Mountain Dew, manufactured by PepsiCo;[6] Powerade, Fanta Orange and Fresca made by Coca-Cola; and Squirt, Sun Drop and Sunkist Peach Soda, made by the Dr Pepper Snapple Group.[7]

BVO is one of four substances that the U.S. Food and Drug Administration has defined as interim food additives;[8] the other three are acrylonitrile copolymers, mannitol, and saccharin.[9]

BVO is currently permitted as a food additive in Canada.[10]

Europe

In the European Union, BVO is banned from use as a food additive.[11] In the EU, beverage companies commonly use glycerol ester of wood rosin or locust bean gum as an alternative to BVO.

India

Standards for soft drinks in India have prohibited the use of BVO since 1990.[12][unreliable source?][13]

Japan

The use of BVO as a food additive has been banned in Japan since 2010.[2]

Health effects

The United States Food and Drug Administration considers BVO to be safe for use as a food additive.[5] However, there are case reports of adverse effects associated with excessive consumption of BVO-containing products. One case reported that a man who consumed two to four liters of a soda containing BVO on a daily basis experienced memory loss, tremors, fatigue, loss of muscle coordination, headache, and ptosis of the right eyelid, as well as elevated serum chloride.[14] In the two months it took to correctly diagnose the problem, the patient also lost the ability to walk. Eventually, bromism was diagnosed and hemodialysis was prescribed which resulted in a reversal of the disorder. However, there was no evidence that the symptoms were caused by that particular ingredient. [15]

Online petition

An online petition at Change.org asking PepsiCo to stop adding BVO to Gatorade and other products collected over 200,000 signatures by January 2013.[7] The petition pointed out that since Gatorade is sold in countries where BVO is not approved, there is already an existing formulation without this ingredient. PepsiCo announced in January 2013 that it would no longer use BVO in Gatorade,[6][16] and announced May 5, 2014 that it would discontinue use in all of its drinks, including Mountain Dew.[17]

As of May 5, 2014 Coca-Cola is dropping this controversial ingredient from its Powerade sports drink, after a similar move by PepsiCo’s Gatorade last year.[18]

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Why Brominated Vegetable Oil is banned in soft drinks


Why Brominated Vegetable Oil is banned in soft drinks.

Two key veterans groups call for VA chief Eric Shinseki to resign – CNN.com


Two key veterans groups call for VA chief Eric Shinseki to resign – CNN.com.

Sun Storm FAQ : Discovery Channel


 

Sun Storm FAQ : Discovery Channel.

Coke to remove controversial chemical (BVO)from Fanta, other drinks | Reuters


Coke to remove controversial chemical from Fanta, other drinks | Reuters.

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From Wikipedia: 2014 Russian military intervention in Ukraine


Ukrainian crisis
Part of the 2014 Crimean crisis
Crimea crisis map.PNG
Crimea (black), Ukraine (light green) and Russia (light red) in Europe
  Crimea
(disputed by Ukraine and the Russian Federation)
  Russia
Date 27 February 2014 (de facto)[1] – present
(2 months, 1 week and 1 day)
Location Crimea and Sevastopol
Southern Kherson Oblast, Ukraine[2]
Allegedly, Eastern Ukraine[3]
Status Ongoing

Belligerents
Russia Russia

Ukraine Ukraine[15]
Commanders and leaders
Pres. Vladimir Putin
Gen. Sergey Shoygu
Gen. Valery Gerasimov
Lt.Gen. Igor Sergun
V.Adm. Aleksandr Vitko
Sergey Aksyonov
Pres. (acting) Oleksandr Turchynov
Adm. Ihor Tenyukh
Lt.Gen. Mykhailo Kutsyn
R.Adm. Serhiy Hayduk (P.O.W.)
R.Adm. Denis Berezovsky
(defected)
Units involved
Medium emblem of the Вооружённые Силы Российской Федерации.svg Russian Armed Forces:[16][17]
Russian 76th Airborne Division patch.svg 76th Airborne Division
Russian 31st Airborne Brigade patch.svg 31st Airborne Brigade
18th Mechanized Brigade

Sleeve Insignia of the Russian Baltic Fleet.svg Baltic Fleet[18]
Sleeve Insignia of the Russian Northern Fleet.svg Northern Fleet
Sleeve Insignia of the Russian Black Sea Fleet.svg Black Sea Fleet:

FSB.svg FSB Operators

Generalstaff central dep.svg GRU Operators

Emblem of the Ukrainian Armed Forces.svg Armed Forces of Ukraine:
Emblem of the Ukrainian Navy.svg Ukrainian Navy

  • 36th Coastal Defense Brigade[23]  Surrendered

Gerb of State Border Guard Service of Ukraine.gif Ukrainian Sea Guard
MVS of Ukraine.gif Ukrainian police
Герб Внутрішніх Військ.png Internal Troops
NGU command.jpg National Guard of Ukraine
Security Service of Ukraine.gif SBU

  • Spetcnaz “Alpha”
Strength
Crimean Force: 25,000–30,000[24][25]

  • Black Sea Fleet: 11,000 (including Marines)4 Squadrons of fighter aircraft (18 planes each)

Reinforcements:Between 16,000[23][26][27][28] and 42,000[29] troops

Crimean garrison:
~ 14,500[30] – 18,800[31] troops
10 warships
Casualties and losses
15 Pro-Russian militants killed[22][32][33][34][35] 3 Ukrainian soldiers killed[36][37][38]
1 Ukrainian SBU officer killed
3 militants killed (Russian claim)
1 civilian activist abducted and killed[39]
1 Ukrainian MP abducted and killed
1 Ukrainian civilian killed
8+ wounded[15][40]
50+ captured[40][41][42]
1 Mil Mi-8 helicopter
1 An-2 transport aircraft
12 ships captured (some damaged)
Overall deaths: 25

Following the events of the 2014 Ukrainian Revolution, a secession crisis began on Ukraine‘s Crimean Peninsula. In late February 2014, unmarked armed forces began to take over the Crimean Peninsula in Ukraine. Experts identified the gunmen to be Russian Special Forces[43] and other paramilitaries. Russia at the time insisted that the forces did not include Russian troops stationed in the area,[44] but only local self-defense forces.[45][46] The local population and the media referred to them as “martians” or “little green men“.[47][48] On 17 April, Russian president Vladimir Putin admitted that Russian troops were in fact active in Crimea during the referendum, claiming this facilitated self-determination for the region.[49][50]

Russia rejected the legitimacy of the interim Ukrainian government in favor of ousted-President Viktor Yanukovych,[a] whose request for intervention has also been cited.[52][53] Russia has accused the United States and the EU of funding and directing the Ukrainian revolution.[54][55][56][57] The Ukrainian military reaction has included a mobilization of Ukraine’s armed forces and reserves. Western media reported that as of 3 March, Russia had stated that its troops would stay until the political situation was “normalised”[58][59] however Russia consistently denied that its troops were involved in the conflict at the time.[60][61][62][63]

Geopolitics of the Crimean autonomous Republic, March 2014.

Read more

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BBC News – Ukraine soldiers killed in renewed Sloviansk fighting


Map showing eastern UkraineBBC News – Ukraine soldiers killed in renewed Sloviansk fighting.

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Make Music Part of Your Life Series: Frederic Chopin- Nocturne no. 6 op. 15 no. 3 in G Minor


Frederic Chopin- Nocturne no. 6 op. 15 no. 3 in G Minor
Performed by Adam Harasiewicz

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Make Music Part of Your Life Series: Fantasia and Fugue in G minor BWV 542



Gregory Lloyd plays Johann Sebastian Bach, Fantasia and Fugue in G minor BWV 542, Church of Catherine in Stockholm.
Organ: J. L. van den Heuvel

Fantasia 00:00
Fugue 07:30

Recording: Anders Söderlund
http://www.orgelanders.se
Catherine Church: http://www.orgelanders.se/Orgelbilder…

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Great Compositions/Performances: Emil Gilels plays Ludwig van Beethoven’s – Piano Sonata #31 in A-Flat, Op. 110


Ludwig van Beethoven – Piano Sonata #31 in A-Flat, Op. 110

Composed in 1821.

I. Moderato cantabile molto espressivo (@ 0:00)
II. Allegro molto (@ 7:29)
III. Adagio — Fuga (@ 9:49)

Performed by Emil Gilels.
Paintings by William Blake.

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
 

The Piano Sonata No. 31 in A-flat major, Op. 110, by Ludwig van Beethoven was composed in 1821. It is the central piano sonata in the group of three opp. 109–111 which he wrote between 1820 and 1822, and the thirty-first of his published piano sonatas.

The sonata is in three movements. The moderato first movement in sonata form, marked con amabilità, is followed by a fast scherzo. The finale comprises a slow recitative and arioso dolente, a fugue, a return of the arioso lament, and a second fugue that builds to an affirmative conclusion.

Composition

In the summer of 1819 Moritz Schlesinger, from the Schlesinger firm of music publishers based in Berlin, met Beethoven and asked to purchase some compositions. After some negotiation by letter, and despite the publisher’s qualms about Beethoven’s retaining the rights for publication in England and Scotland, Schlesinger agreed to purchase 25 songs for 60 ducats and three piano sonatas at 90 ducats (Beethoven had originally asked 120 ducats for the sonatas). In May 1820 Beethoven agreed, the songs (op. 108) already being available, and he undertook to deliver the sonatas within three months. These three sonatas are the ones now known as opp. 109–111.

Beethoven was prevented from completing all three of the promised sonatas on schedule by factors including an attack of jaundice; Op. 109 was completed and delivered in 1820, but correspondence shows that Op. 110 was still not ready by the middle of December 1821, and the completed autograph score bears the date December 25, 1821. Presumably the sonata was delivered shortly thereafter, since Beethoven was paid the 30 ducats for this sonata in January 1822.

Form

Alfred Brendel characterizes the main themes of the sonata as all derived from the hexachord – the first six notes of the diatonic scale – and the intervals of the third and fourth that divide it. He also points out that contrary motion is a feature of much of the work, particularly prominent in the scherzo second movement.

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Make Music Part of Your life Series: Chausson Poème – Olivier Charlier



Ernest ChaussonPoème opus 25
Olivier Charlier violon, Orchestre National de Lorraine dir. Jacques Mercier
Metz 2004

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
 

Poème, Op. 25, is a work for violin and orchestra written by Ernest Chausson in 1896. It is a staple of the violinist’s repertoire, has very often been recorded and performed, and is generally considered Chausson’s best-known and most-loved composition.

Background

Poème was written in response to a request from Eugène Ysaÿe for a violin concerto. Chausson felt unequal to the task of a concerto, writing to Ysaÿe: I hardly know where to begin with a concerto, which is a huge undertaking, the devil’s own task. But I can cope with a shorter work. It will be in very free form with several passages in which the violin plays alone.[1]

It was commenced in April 1896 and finished on 29 June,[2][3] and was written while Chausson was holidaying in Florence, Italy.[4]

He wrote three different versions of Poème: with orchestra; with piano accompaniment (later rewritten by other hands); and a recently discovered version for violin, string quartet and piano, a companion to his Concert in D for piano, violin and string quartet, Op. 21 (1892). The solo violin parts of these versions are identical except for one minor detail.[1]

The work is notionally in the key of E-flat, and lasts about 16 minutes. It was dedicated to Ysaÿe, who gave its early performances.

Genesis of the title

Chausson initially called it Le Chant de l’amour triomphant, then changed it to Poème symphonique, and finally to simply Poème. The first two rejected titles are crossed out on the extant manuscripts.[1]

The original title came from the 1881 romantic novella The Song of Love Triumphant (Le Chant de l’amour triomphant; Песнь торжествующей любви) by the Russian writer Ivan Turgenev, who lived on the estate of the famed mezzo-soprano Pauline Viardot and her husband near Paris; all three were acquaintances of Chausson’s. The Viardots’ daughter Marianne was engaged for some time to Gabriel Fauré, but broke it off and instead married Alphonse Duvernoy. Turgenev’s novella seems to mirror this set of relationships, and it may be that Chausson initially attempted to portray it in music.[1] However, it is clear his final intention was to create a work without extra-musical associations.

Early performances

In the autumn of 1896, Eugène Ysaÿe, Ernest Chausson and their wives were holidaying at Sitges on the Mediterranean coast of Spain.[2] At a party hosted by the Catalan painter Santiago Rusiñol,[5][2] Ysaÿe and Chausson’s wife on piano gave an impromptu sight-read performance of Poème; local townspeople who overheard it demanded it be encored three times.[6] Present at the party were Enrique Granados and possibly Isaac Albéniz.

Poème’s formal premiere was at the Nancy Conservatoire on 27 December 1896,[3][4] conducted by Guy Ropartz, with Ysaÿe as soloist.[2] But it was not really noticed until Ysaÿe gave the Paris premiere, at a Colonne Concert on 4 April 1897.[7] Chausson was overcome by the sustained applause, something he had not experienced in his career to that point.

Ysaÿe also gave the first London performance of Poème, a week after Chausson’s untimely death in 1899.[8]

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WATCH LIVE MONDAY NIGHT: Eta Aquarid Meteor Shower Webcasts by Slooh, NASA


WATCH LIVE MONDAY NIGHT: Eta Aquarid Meteor Shower Webcasts by Slooh, NASA

The annual Eta Aquarid meteor shower will rain bits of Halley’s Comet on Earth overnight on May 5 and 6, and you can watch the ‘shooting stars’ display live online. Webcasts are available from NASA and the Slooh community telescope. Full Story: Meteor Shower Made By Halley’s Comet Is Peaking Now: Watch Live Online

The Eta Aquarid meteor shower is one of two celestial light shows each year caused debris from Halley’s Comet. The other display is the annual Orionid meteor shower in mid-October. For May’s Eta Aquarid display, the peak will be overnight on May 5 and 6. You can watch live webcasts of the Eta Aquarid meteor shower from the Slooh community telescope beginning at 9 p.m. EDT (0100 May 6 GMT):

Scheduled for May 5, 2014

On the night of May 5th, Slooh will broadcast the live coverage of the Eta Aquarid Meteor Shower. Coverage will begin on Monday, May 5th. Viewers can watch free on Slooh.com. The live image stream from upstate New York will be accompanied by expert audio from Slooh Astronomer Bob Berman.

 

 

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The year 2014 is packed with amazing night sky events


Major sky events of 2014 are listed.
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Using the Cloud to Track Migrant Workers and Pregnant Goats – Bloomberg


Employers of Mexican immigrants in the U.S. can have a tough time following the rules. They need to track each employee’s immigration forms, workers’ compensation, labor disputes, health-care options and more. The complex system is partly why many choose to look the other way when workers apply without legal documentation.

Veg Packer, a Mexico- and California-based farm owner employing more than 1,000 workers, used basic Excel spreadsheets to log the information for years. Managers would grumble about receiving e-mails with out-of-date files and missing attachments.

via Using the Cloud to Track Migrant Workers and Pregnant Goats – Bloomberg.

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Make Music Part of youro Life Series: The Vikings (Original Motion Picture Soundtrack)



Order the CD here: smarturl.it/vikings-ost?IQid=sc
Or download the album on iTunes: smarturl.it/vikings-ost-cd?IQid=sc

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