Mendelssohn — Violin Concerto in E minor op. 64
Español: Sonata para Piano nº12 en La bemol Mayor, Op. 26
Work: Piano Sonata No. 12 in A-flat major, Op. 26
Composer: Ludwig van Beethoven
Soloist: Daniel Barenhoim
Johannes Brahms: Symphony No.4 in E minor, Op.98
Leonard Bernstein, conductor
(September 8, 1988, Luzern)
***Franz Schubert: Symphony No.2 in B-flat major, D.125 (1815)
The second movement is a theme with five variations in E flat major. Although there is some variation in the melody, the primary focus of the variations are on instrumentation and tone color. The first variation features violins and winds. The second variation passes the theme between the low strings and the woodwinds. The third variation is again violins and winds. The fourth variation is in C minor and features some acceleration with the use triplet-sixteenth notes. The fifth variation maintains the triplet-sixteenths, but they move into the background with the melody returning close to its original form as a kind of recapitulation. A coda concludes the movement.
The minuet is in C minor and mainly scored for the tutti and fortissimo. The contrasting Trio in E flat major is more thinly scored winds, violins and pizzicato bass. The melody of the trio is actually a variation of the theme used in the second movement forming a melodic and harmonic (E-flat/C minor) link is made between the inner two movements.
The finale is a galop in fast 2/4 time.
***From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia:
Rhapsody en Re mayor Op. 45 Nº1
1. Allegro con moto
2. Allegro ma non troppo-Moderato
3. Andante maestoso-Allegro assai
Orquesta Filarmónica Checa
Director: Václav Neuman
Fecha y año de composición 1878
Dedicatoria Baron Paul von Dervies
Instrumentación: Piccolo, 2 Flutes, 2 Oboes, 2 Clarinets, 2 Bassoons, 4 Horns, 2 Trumpets, 3 Trombones, Timpani, Bass Drum, Cymbals, Triangle, Harp, Violins I, Violins II, Violas, Cellos, Double Basses.
1878 fue un año importante para Antonín Dvorák : Dvorák amigo de Johannes Brahms le ayudó a levantar desde el pozo de la oscuridad haciendo los arreglos para la publicación alemana de sus Duetos moravos; en consecuencia, recibió el encargo del primer volumen de sus Danzas eslavas que, hasta el día de hoy, siguen siendo, junto con el “Nuevo Mundo” Symphony, Dvorák música más conocidas. Estos eventos marcan el inicio de Dvorák llamado períodos eslavo “(finales de 1870 a principios de 1880), durante el cual él respondió directamente a la demanda del público y de los deseos de su editor por componer música explícitamente bohemio / Checo / Morava de tono, el estilo, y en cierta medida, de diseño. Las tres eslava rapsodias para orquesta, op. 45, de 1878, son las más grandes manifestaciones de esa financieramente rentable vena musical.
El primero de los tres eslava rapsodias en re mayor, op. 45/1, fue compuesto durante febrero y marzo de 1878 y por lo tanto en realidad es anterior a las Danzas eslavas; N º 2 en sol menor y n º 3 en La bemol mayor que siguió en el otoño y principios del invierno, respectivamente. La orquesta empleada es bastante grande; el contingente habitual de los vientos y las cuerdas se ve aumentada por el arpa y una brigada de percusión de tamaño considerable. Las tres piezas se unen para formar un ciclo de clases, aunque casi nunca se oye hablar de ellos interpretados juntos como un conjunto.
La característica más memorable del N º 1 es el episodio-march como central, mientras que el No. 2 se distingue por sus numerosos cambios entre 3/4 y 4/4. La tercera eslava Rhapsody se abre con un solo de arpa cuya sustancia es inmediatamente absorbido por los instrumentos de viento, y procede a explorar una serie de melodías de buen carácter; la gran culminación parece disolverse elusively sin una resolución final, pero al final dos acordes brillantes dibujar la pieza a la cadencia que anhelamos
1878 was an important year for Antonín Dvorák: Dvorák friend Johannes Brahms helped him lift from the pit of darkness making arrangements for the German publication of his Moravian Duets; consequently, he was commissioned the first volume of his Slavonic Dances that until today, remain, along with the “New World” Symphony, Dvorák‘s music known. These events mark the beginning of Dvorák Slavonic called periods “(late 1870s to early 1880s), during which he answered directly to the public demand and the wishes of his editor to compose music specifically Bohemian / Czech / Moravian tone , style, and to some extent, design. Slavic Three rhapsodies for orchestra, op. 45, 1878, are the largest demonstrations that financially rewarding musical vein.
The first of the three Slavonic Rhapsodies in D major, op. 45/1, was composed during February and March 1878 and therefore actually predates the Slavonic Dances; No. 2 in G minor and No. 3 in sun-flat major followed in the fall and early winter, respectively. The orchestra employed is quite large; the usual contingent of winds and strings is augmented by harp and percussion brigade of considerable size. The three pieces come together to form a cycle of classes, but almost never hear of them performed together as a whole.
The most memorable feature of the No. 1-march is the central episode, while No. 2 was distinguished by its many changes between 3.4 and 4.4. The third Slavonic Rhapsody opens with a harp solo whose substance is immediately absorbed by the wind instruments, and proceeds to explore a number of tunes of good character; seems to dissolve the grand climax elusively without a final resolution, but in the end two bright chords drawing the piece to the cadence that yearn
Frédéric Chopin – 12 Études Opp. 10 & 25. 3 Nouvelles Études. (Claudio Arrau, “The Philosopher of the Piano”, 1956) (2007 Digital Remastering)
Recorded: 15-22 & 29.VI. and 5.IX.1956, No.3, Abbey Road Studios, London. First issued in 1957 by Columbia Ltd. Mono/ADD
“Great Recordings of the 20th Century”. EMI Icons, EMI Classics, 2011 & Warner Classics, 2013.
I. Book No.1: 12 Etudes for Piano Op.10, 1830-32.
Before Chopin, there was a tradition of writing studies for the development of keyboard technique, but the pieces were primarily didactic. This set of 12 Études, dedicated to Liszt, represents a new form: concert pieces that serve a secondary function as development of advanced piano skills. Each étude begins with a pattern of pianistic figuration, which creates the specific technical problem for the étude and persists for the duration of the piece. That Chopin was able to create poetry in spite of such controlled and limited means of expression is a testament to his creative genius. The twelve Études published as Chopin’s Opus 10 are an indispensable tool of the modern pianist’s craft: they are a rite of passage that no serious pianist can ignore.
00:00 Nº 1 in C major. Allegro
01:59 Nº 2 in A minor. Allegro
03:23 Nº 3 in E major. Lento ma non troppo (Tritesse – L’intimite) – http://youtu.be/FKDir13g7ow
07:55 Nº 4 in C sharp minor. Presto (Torrent)
10:10 Nº 5 in G flat major. Vivace (Black Keys)
11:55 Nº 6 in E flat minor. Andante
14:49 Nº 7 in C major. Vivace (Toccata)
16:26 Nº 8 in F major. Allegro
18:51 Nº 9 in F minor. Allegro molto agitato
21:00 Nº 10 in A flat major. Vivace assai
23:14 Nº 11 in E flat major. Allegretto
26:17 Nº 12 in C minor. Allegro con fuoco (Revolutionary – Fall of Warsaw)
II. Book No.2: 12 Etudes for Piano Op.25, 1835-37.
This Op.25 collection bears a dedication to Liszt’s mistress, Countess Marie d’Agoult, a writer who used the pseudonym Daniel Stern (the Op.10 Études are dedicated to Franz Liszt). One reason Chopin attempted to capture Liszt’s sympathies with the dedications had to do with the performance design of the pieces in the two sets: each was written to highlight some facet of pianism.
28:57 Nº 1 in A flat major. Allegro sostenuto (Aeolian Harp – Shepherd Boy)
31:21 Nº 2 in F minor. Presto (Balm)
33:05 Nº 3 in F major. Allegro (Carwheel)
35:08 Nº 4 in A minor. Agitato
37:28 Nº 5 in E minor. Vivace
40:52 Nº 6 in G sharp minor. Allegro (Thirds)
43:00 Nº 7 in C sharp minor. Lento (Cello)
48:21 Nº 8 in D flat major. Vivace (Sixths)
49:30 Nº 9 in G flat major. Allegro assai (Butterfly)
50:35 Nº 10 in B minor. Allegro con fuoco
55:04 Nº 11 in A minor. Lento – Allegro con brio (Winter Wind)
58:41 Nº 12 in C minor. Allegro molto con fuoco (Ocean)
III. Trois Nouvelles Études for piano, 1839-40.
Chopin composed this set of etudes for the Méthode des methods, a publication of Ignaz Moscheles, a leading pianist and composer of his day who was not always in agreement with Chopin’s compositional techniques, and François-Joseph Fétis, a now largely forgotten Belgian musicologist.
1:01:26 Nº 1 in F minor
1:03:31 Nº 2 in A flat major
1:05:56 Nº 3 in D flat major
As always with Arrau, the Pianist takes a back seat to Music Making, are a prime example of how myth making regarding Arrau’s Recordings. Arrau approaches Chopin’s Etudes as a genuinely mature musician and sensitive interpreter. In Opus 10, No. 3, for instance, he infuses the music with a deep sadness that recalls its XIX Century title, “La Tristesse.” Incidentally, this record received the Grand Prix du Disque Frédéric Chopin from the Warsaw Chopin Society when it was re-released in 1990.
The 24 Études of Frédéric Chopin (divided into two separate opuses, 10 and 25, but actually composed almost simultaneously) remain the most significant entries in that particular musical genre. Chopin refers, in a letter dating from the fall of 1829, to having written a study “in [his] own manner,” and indeed, a great chasm stands between his achievements and the far drier études of his predecessors (one thinks of Moscheles, Czerny, and Hummel in particular). It was not Chopin’s intent, as it was with many nineteenth-century pianist-composers, to create studies of mere technique and raw dexterity; here, instead, are works with an inexhaustible array of textures, moods, and colors to explore. These are works meant for the concert hall as well as for the practice room
Despite the slightly cramped, airless sonics, Arrau’s characteristically warm and ample sonority makes itself felt in these 1956 recordings. The pianist uncovers layers of depth and disquiet in the slower Études that others merely prettify. The treacherous extensions in the E-Flat Étude, for instance, are distinctly projected and balanced, rather than strummed. Arrau’s spectacularly honest technique enables him to articulate Chopin’s sparkling figurations with a liquid legato unaided by the pedal.
***Painting: Wanderer in the Storm, Karl Julius von Leypold
Erno Dohnanyi (1877-1960):
Serenade Trio for Strings in C Major, Op.10 (1902 – Hungary)
1. Marcia (Allegro)
2. Romanza (Adagio non troppo, quasi andante) 1:48
3. Scherzo (Vivace) 5:07
4. Tema con variazio, (Andante con moto) 8:48
5. Rondo (Finale) (Allegro vivace) 13:54
Live recording, Moscow
Uploaded on Feb 10, 2012
Orchestra: Capella Agustina
Conductor: Andreas Spering
Camille Saint-Saëns, Violin Sonata No. 1, Op. 75 (1885)
Jascha Heifetz, Brooks Smith
String Quartet No.1, Op.12 (1829)
Julius Rietz (1812–1877)
Felix Mendelssohn-Bartholdys Werke, Serie 6.
Leipzig: Breitkopf & Härtel, 1875. Plate M.B. 22.
Mineola: Dover Publications