Tag Archives: United States

this day in the yesteryear: British Columbia Joins Confederation of Canada (1871)


British Columbia Joins Confederation of Canada (1871)

In the years leading up to British Columbia’s entrance into the Confederation of Canada, a series of gold rushes prompted financial crises in the region as well as fears that the US might attempt to annex the British colony. In 1871, British Columbia became the Confederation’s sixth province, strengthening Canada’s hand in international trade. In return, Canada assumed a large portion of the province’s debt. What is the meaning of British Columbia’s Latin motto, “Splendor sine occasu”? More…

Nocturne – Antonin Dvořák Nocturne In B, Op. 40, B 48 (make music part of your life series)


Antonin Dvořák: Nocturne In B, Op. 40, B 48
Bernhard Güller: Stuttgart Chamber Orchestra
Moonlight Classics

quotation: This time, like all times, is a very good one, if we but know what to do with it. Ralph Waldo Emerson


This time, like all times, is a very good one, if we but know what to do with it.

Ralph Waldo Emerson (1803-1882) Discuss

today’s holiday: Feast of Our Lady of Carmel


Feast of Our Lady of Carmel

Our Lady of Carmel (the Madonna del Carmine) is the patroness of the city of Naples, Italy. Her festival is celebrated with dancing, singing, and magnificent fireworks displays. Brightly decorated wax replicas of human body parts used to be sold at booths near the church, and people suffering from various physical ailments appealed to the Madonna to restore their health by offering her these replicas of the diseased portions of their bodies. Her feast is also observed by Italian Americans in the United States. More… Discuss

today’s birthday: Trygve Lie (1896)


Trygve Lie (1896)

The United Nations was established in 1945, and Lie, a Norwegian politician, became its first Secretary General the next year. His role required that he take an active part in a variety of negotiations, but the Soviet Union ceased to cooperate with him after he supported UN intervention in the Korean War, and his effectiveness was further hampered by charges from anticommunist politicians in the US that his secretariat had employed subversives. What was the impetus for Lie’s resignation in 1952? More… Discuss

Football War Breaks Out in Honduras (1969)


Football War Breaks Out in Honduras (1969)

The Football War was a four-day war fought between El Salvador and Honduras. Though political tensions between Hondurans and Salvadorans were the main factors contributing to the war’s outbreak, hostility between the two countries was further inflamed by rioting when they met during a qualifying round for the 1970 FIFA World Cup. Though short-lived, the war claimed thousands of lives and displaced several hundred thousand people. When did the two nations finally sign a peace treaty? More… Discuss

virtual solar systems (my art collection)


virtual solar systems

virtual solar systems

make music part of your life series: Antonín Dvořák -Scherzo Capriccioso, Op. 66


Antonín Dvořák -Scherzo Capriccioso, Op. 66

Royal Philharmonic Orchestra, Paavo Järvi

 

this pressed: Here’s One Way to Land on the NSA’s Watch List – ProPublica


 

Here’s One Way to Land on the NSA’s Watch List – ProPublica.

today’s birthday: John Jacob Astor (1864)


John Jacob Astor (1864)

Astor was a financier and inventor. A man of many talents, he made a fortune in real estate, built the Astoria Hotel, invented a bicycle brake and a turbine engine, and wrote the science-fiction novel A Journey in Other Worlds about life on the planets Saturn and Jupiter. His second marriage to the much younger Madeleine Talmage Force caused a scandal, and the two took an extended honeymoon abroad to wait out the controversy. On their return trip, Astor was killed in what disaster? More… Discuss

this day in the yesteryear: Blackout Engulfs New York City (1977)


Blackout Engulfs New York City (1977)

The New York City blackout of 1977 came at a low point in New York history, when the city was facing a financial crisis and being terrorized by the “Son of Sam” murderer. The blackout lasted only one night, but when it was over, a record 3,776 people had been arrested, and looting, vandalism, and arson had caused an estimated $300 million worth of damage. The chain of events that sparked the blackout began when the power failed in Westchester County. What caused this initial power failure? More… Discuss

WHO Launches Program to Eliminate TB in 33 Rich Countries


WHO Launches Program to Eliminate TB in 33 Rich Countries

The burden of tuberculosis falls most heavily on poor countries, but the World Health Organization is hoping that programs targeting tuberculosis in wealthy nations will serve as a model that harder-hit countries will later be able to implement. Thirty-three rich countries are included in the new plan to reduce the tuberculosis infection rate 10-fold by 2035 and effectively eliminate it by 2050. Currently, these countries see about 155,000 new cases of tuberculosis each year, 10,000 of which prove fatal. More… Discuss

word: intransigent


intransigent 

Definition: (adjective) Refusing to moderate a position, especially an extreme position; uncompromising.
Synonyms: adamant, inexorable, adamantine
Usage: My father is an intransigent conservative opposed to every liberal tendency. Discuss.

myStory: Regina Spektor


Russian-born Jewish singer-songwriter Regina Spektor reflects on her immigration to New York in 1989–from the fantasies she and her cousin had about moving to the tropics to the realities of adjusting to life in the Bronx, where their new Jewish community became an extension of her family.

Regina came to the United States through HIAS, an organization that rescues, resettles, and reunites vulnerable refugees. Her interview is part of HIAS’ myStory project; view more videos at http://www.myStory.hias.org.

today’s holiday: Moxie Festival


Moxie Festival

Moxie, originally a nerve tonic, was invented in 1876 by Dr. Augustin Thompson of Union, Maine. In 1884 it became a carbonated beverage whose main ingredient was gentian root. The Moxie Festival in Lisbon, Maine, began as an autograph session for Frank Potter, the author of The Moxie Mystique, in 1982. Within a few years the event had grown to include a pancake breakfast, parade, car show, craft fair, and firemen’s muster. Although Moxie is no longer widely available, the drink can still be found in Maine, where it is quite popular. About 10,000 people attend the festival each year. More… Discuss

this day in the yesteryear: Medal of Honor Authorized by US Congress (1862)


Medal of Honor Authorized by US Congress (1862)

The Medal of Honor is the highest military decoration awarded by the US. It is presented by the president for “gallantry and intrepidity at the risk of…life above and beyond the call of duty” while engaged in an action against an enemy. Members of all branches of the US military are eligible to receive the medal, but each branch has its own special design. The Philadelphia Mint designed the medal, which was first awarded during the Civil War. How many soldiers have received the medal twice? More… Discuss

word: cantankerous


cantankerous 

Definition: (adjective) Ill-tempered and quarrelsome; disagreeable.
Synonyms: bloody-minded
Usage: I am an extremely considerate neighbor, yet the cantankerous old lady next door is constantly lodging complaints about me with our landlord. Discuss.

make music part of your life series: Carl Nielsen – Aladdin Suite, FS. 89 (1919)


Carl Nielsen – Aladdin Suite,
FS. 89 (1919)

Herbert Blomstedt, San Francisco Symphony
I. Oriental Festive March 02.57
II. Aladdin’s Dream and Dance of the Morning Mist 02.48, 02:58
III. Hindu Dance 02.21, 05:46
IV. Chinese Dance 03.27, 08:08
V. The Marketplace in Ispahan 04.22, 11:36
VI. Dance of the Prisoners 03.32, 16:14
VII. Negro Dance 04.33, 19:46

The weather is like the government, always in the wrong. Jerome K. Jerome (three men in a boat)


The weather is like the government, always in the wrong.

Jerome K. Jerome (1859-1927) Discuss

this day in the yersteryear: The Bahamas Gain Independence from the British Commonwealth (1973)


 

The Bahamas Gain Independence from the British Commonwealth (1973)

 

English: Reception of the American Loyalists b...

English: Reception of the American Loyalists by Great Britain in the Year 1783. Engraving by H. Moses after Benjamin West. (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

The Bahama Islands became a British colony in the 18th century, when they were a haven for pirates such as Blackbeard. After the American Revolution, many Loyalists settled there, bringing slaves to labor on cotton plantations. Later, during the prohibition era in the US, the Bahamas became a base for rum-running. It was not until 1973 that the islands became a sovereign state within the Commonwealth of Nations. What happened to the native tribe that Columbus first encountered there in 1492? More… Discuss

 

this pressed: U.S. sued for not providing attorneys to children in immigration court - Los Angeles Times


Immigrant childrenU.S. sued for not providing attorneys to children in immigration court - Los Angeles Times.

this day in the yesteryear: The Great Train Wreck (1918)


 

English: Great train wreck of 1918

English: Great train wreck of 1918 (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

 


The Great Train Wreck (1918)

 

 

 

During the morning rush hour of July 9, 1918, Nashville, Tennessee, became the site of one of the deadliest rail accidents in US history. The head-on collision between two passenger trains killed 101 people and injured 171. Many of the victims were laborers traveling to work at a gunpowder plant outside of Nashville. Both trains were traveling at about 60 mph (96.5 km/h) upon impact, and the sound of the crash could be heard as far as two miles (3.2 km) away. What caused the collision? More… Discuss

 

 

 

word: garrulous


garrulous

Definition: (adjective) Given to excessive and often trivial or rambling talk.
Synonyms: chatty, gabby, loquacious, talkative, talky
Usage: One day the elder Pokrovski came to see us, and chattered in a brisk, cheerful, garrulous sort of way. Discuss.

make music part of your life series: Promenade. (Walking the dog). George Gershwin.


Promenade. (Walking the dog). George Gershwin.

 

make music part of your life series: Sergei Rachmaninoff – Études-Tableaux, Op. 39


Sergei RachmaninoffÉtudes-Tableaux, Op. 39

N. Lugansky, piano

Rachmaninoff, in his later years, toured the U...

Rachmaninoff, in his later years, toured the United States extensively, and became an American citizen shortly before his death. (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

No. 1, in C minor
No. 2, in A minor
No. 3, in F sharp minor
No. 4, in B minor
No. 5, in E flat minor
No. 6, in A minor
No. 7, in C minor
No. 8, in D minor
No. 9, in D major

 

 

today’s birthday: Ferdinand, Graf von Zeppelin (1838)


 

Italiano: Descrizione: Ferdinand Graf von Zepp...

Italiano: Descrizione: Ferdinand Graf von Zeppelin Fonte: http://www.lib.utexas.edu/photodraw/portraits/zeppelin.jpg licenza: (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

 

Ferdinand, Graf von Zeppelin (1838)

 

Zeppelin began working with balloons for human transport as an observer during the American Civil War. In 1891, he retired from the Prussian army to devote himself to building motor-driven airships. Zeppelin invented the first rigid airship in 1900, but the experiment exhausted his funds. Luckily, public opinion was so strongly in favor of his airship project that donations largely financed his future work. Whom did his granddaughter later threaten to sue for sullying her family’s name? More… Discuss

 

word: banality


banality 

Definition: (noun) The condition or quality of being banal; triviality.
Synonyms: unoriginality, predictability, dullness, ordinariness, staleness, vapidity, triteness
Usage: My friends pursued their course with uneventfulness; they had no longer any surprises for me; even their love-affairs had a tedious banality. Discuss.

make music part of your life series: Gabriel’s Oboe (from The Mission) Ennio Morricone 2002 Arena Concert


Gabriel’s Oboe (from The Mission) Ennio Morricone 2002 Arena Concert

The Mission (1986 film)

 
The Mission
The mission.jpg

Original movie poster
Directed by Roland Joffé
Produced by Fernando Ghia
David Puttnam
Written by Robert Bolt
Starring Robert De Niro
Jeremy Irons
Music by Ennio Morricone
Cinematography Chris Menges
Edited by Jim Clark
Distributed by Warner Bros.
Release date(s)
  • 16 May 1986

(Cannes)

  • 31 October 1986

(United States)

Running time 126 minutes
Country United Kingdom
Language English
Budget £16,498,000[1]
Box office $17,218,023 (United States)

 

English: Ennio Morricone at the Cannes film fe...

English: Ennio Morricone at the Cannes film festival Français : Ennio Morricone au festival de Cannes (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

The Mission is a 1986 British drama film about the experiences of a Jesuit missionary in 18th century South America. The film was written by Robert Bolt and directed by Roland Joffé. The movie stars Robert De Niro, Jeremy Irons, Ray McAnally, Aidan Quinn, Cherie Lunghi and Liam Neeson. It won the Palme d’Or and the Academy Award for Best Cinematography. In April 2007, it was elected number one on the Church Times‘s Top 50 Religious Films list.[2] The music, scored by Italian composer Ennio Morricone, ranked 1st on the Australian Broadcasting Corporation‘s (ABC) Classic 100 Music in the Movies.

we’re blessed, poetic thought by George-B (©Always) (the smudge and other poems)


we’re blessed, poetic thought by George-B (©Always)

The snow is melting on Kilimanjaro,
The snow is melting everywhere else
The water levels are rising, and they will continue to
Water cannot escape the earth, the air is captive:
We are lucky that way…
we’re blessed.

this day in history


Lead Story
Building of Hoover Dam begins, 1930
American Revolution
Battle of Hubbardton, 1777
Automotive
Stock car driver Kenny Irwin Jr. dies in crash, 2000
Civil War
Kit Carson’s campaign against the Indians, 1863
Cold War
Samantha Smith leaves for visit to the USSR, 1983
Crime
Mary Surratt is first woman executed by U.S. federal government, 1865
Disaster
Tanker accident causes deadly fire, 1987
General Interest
The impeachment of Senator Blount, 1797
U.S. occupies Iceland, 1941
Female cadets enrolled at West Point, 1976
O’Connor nominated to Supreme Court, 1981
Terrorists attack London transit system at rush hour, 2005
Hollywood
Johnny Depp stars in second Pirates of the Caribbean movie, 2006
Literary
Birthday of Sherlock Holmes’ sidekick, Dr. Watson, 1852
Music
“The Stripper,” by David Rose, becomes the #1 pop hit in America, 1962
Old West
Warren Earp killed in Arizona, 1900
Presidential
Future President Jimmy Carter marries, 1946
Sports
Jim Thorpe begins Olympic triathlon, 1912
Vietnam War
China announces it will provide aid to Hanoi, 1955
New ambassador arrives in Saigon, 1964
First U.S. troops withdrawn from South Vietnam, 1969
World War I
British Women’s Auxiliary Army Corps is officially established, 1917
World War II
Himmler decides to begin medical experiments on Auschwitz prisoners, 1942

word: cacophony


cacophony 

Definition: (noun) Jarring, discordant sound; dissonance.
Synonyms: blare, blaring, clamor, din
Usage: I heard a cacophony of horns during the traffic jam. Discuss.

a history lesson: American Empire


Published on Jul 3, 2014

http://www.CGPGrey.com/
https://subbable.com/cgpgrey
Discuss: http://www.reddit.com/r/CGPGrey/comme…

Special thanks:

Alex Perelgut
Keyan Halperin
Robin McGhee
Dragos Dumitrescu
Adam Miller
Andrew Hawling
Raymond Spencer (YumSubs)
Bryan Crockett
Tom Sommerville
Damien Polglase
Andrew Escobar
Sam Duckworth

 

Knee Replacement Overuse Concerns


Knee Replacement Overuse Concerns

In the past two decades, the number of total knee replacements in the US has more than doubled, and there are concerns that not all of them are justified. Recent research seems to validate these concerns, suggesting that a third of the osteoarthritis patients in the US that undergo total knee replacements are inappropriate for the procedure. Most of them had only moderate symptoms and limited joint damage. Part of the problem appears to be a lack of a standard in criteria for evaluating potential knee replacement candidates. More… Discuss

make music part of your life Series: “The Banjo”, by Louis Moreau Gottschalk


The Banjo“, by Louis Moreau Gottschalk

(Performed by pianist, ROLLIN WILBER)

El Capitan – Army Field Band (Concert Band & Soldiers’ Chorus)


El Capitan – Army Field Band (Concert Band & Soldiers’ Chorus)

John Philip Sousa, the composer of the song.

John Philip Sousa, the composer of the song. (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

The US Army Field Band and Soldiers’ Chorus perform John Philip Sousa‘s 1896 march El Capitan.
Modern orchestration by Keith Brion and Loras Schissel Copyright (c) 1999 Willow Blossom Music Courtesy of Keith Brion.

For current tour information, please visit:
http://www.armyfieldband.com/pages/sc…

Find us on Facebook!
https://www.facebook.com/FieldBand

The United States Army Field Band
4214 Field Band Drive
Fort Meade, Maryland 20755-5330

great compostions/performances: Dvořák / String Quartet No. 12 in F major, Op. 96 “American” (Cleveland Quartet)



Dvořák / String Quartet No. 12 in F major, Op. 96 “American” (Cleveland Quartet)

Antonín Dvořák (1841-1904):

String Quartet No. 12 in F major, Op. 96, B. 179 “American” (1893)

00:00 - Allegro ma non troppo
09:08 - Lento
16:14 – Molto vivace
20:00 – Finale. Vivace ma non troppo

Performed by the Cleveland Quartet (Telarc, 1991).

“From its first performance, Dvořák’s  ‘American’ Quartet has enjoyed lasting popularity for its tunefulness, its rhythmic verve, and its happy interplay of the four instruments. Given all the publicity afforded Dvořák’s ideas on American music, one might reasonably ask just how ‘American’ Op. 96 really is. A theme in the third movement qualifies as having been borrowed from an American: ‘a damned bird (red, only with black wings)’ that kept singing where he was working. Dvořák worked the native bird’s song into the scherzo (measures 21 and following). Beyond that we are on less firm ground. Many of the themes are entirely or nearly pentatonic, and some have wanted to see in this the influence of the black spiritual. But in fact Bohemian music is just as frequently pentatonic, and similar themes can be found in Dvořák’s music long before he came to America. The opening of the work was based on Smetana‘s First Quartet, though Dvořák’s mood is entirely diferent — lighter and livelier throughout, with the poignant exception of the lyrical second movement, the plaintive melody of which — echoed between violin and cello — is a wonderful foil to the high spirits of the remaining three movements.” – Steven Ledbetter

Painting: Airborne (1996), Andrew Wyeth

today’s holiday: Independence Day (4th of July)


Independence Day (United States)

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
 
“Fourth of July” and “4th of July” redirect here. For the date, see July 4. For other uses, see Independence Day (disambiguation). For other related material, see Fourth of July (disambiguation).
Independence Day
Fourth of July fireworks behind the Washington Monument, 1986.jpg

Displays of fireworks, such as these over the Washington Monument, take place across the United States on Independence Day.
Also called The Fourth of July
The Fourth
Observed by United States
Type National
Significance The day in 1776 that the Declaration of Independence was adopted by the Continental Congress
Celebrations Fireworks, Family reunions, Concerts, Barbecues, Picnics, Parades, Baseball games
Date July 4
Next time 4 July 2015
Frequency annual

Independence Day, commonly known as the Fourth of July, is a federal holiday in the United States of America commemorating the adoption of the Declaration of Independence on July 4, 1776, declaring independence from the Kingdom of Great Britain (now officially known as the United Kingdom). Independence Day is commonly associated with fireworks, parades, barbecues, carnivals, fairs, picnics, concerts, baseball games, family reunions, and political speeches and ceremonies, in addition to various other public and private events celebrating the history, government, and traditions of the United States. Independence Day is the National Day of the United States.[1][2][3]

today’s holiday: Apache Maidens’ Puberty Rites


Apache Maidens’ Puberty Rites

The Apache Maidens’ Puberty Rites are a coming-of-age celebration of girls of the Mescalero Apache Tribe, held for four days and nights around the Fourth of July in Mescalero, New Mexico. On the first and last days, the girls run around a basket four times, symbolizing the four stages of life (infancy, childhood, adulthood, and old age). On the last day, their faces are painted with white clay and they enact the role of White Painted Woman, preparing for a rewarding adult life. Other events include a rodeo, a powwow, a parade on July 4, and the nighttime Dance of the Mountain Gods. More… Discuss

today’s birthday: Nathaniel Hawthorne (1804)


Nathaniel Hawthorne (1804)

Hawthorne was one of the great masters of American fiction. His novels and tales are penetrating explorations of moral and spiritual conflicts, and his masterpiece, The Scarlet Letter, is often considered the first American psychological novel. Hawthorne also helped to establish the American short story as a significant art form with his haunting tales of human loneliness, frustration, hypocrisy, eccentricity, and frailty. What future US president did Hawthorne befriend in college? More… Discuss

quotation: The value of a dollar is social, as it is created by society. Ralph Waldo Emerson


quotation:  The value of a dollar is social, as it is created by society.

Ralph Waldo Emerson (1803-1882) Discuss

today’s holiday: Festival of American Folklife


Festival of American Folklife

Since 1967, the Festival of American Folklife has been held on the National Mall in Washington, D.C., to celebrate the richness and diversity of American and world cultures, emphasizing folk, tribal, ethnic, and regional traditions in communities throughout the U.S. and abroad. Recent festival programs have included musicians from the former Soviet Union, demonstrations of African-American coil basketry and Italian-American stone-carving, and the performance of a Japanese rice-planting ritual. More… Discuss

The Crater of Diamonds


The Crater of Diamonds

Situated over an eroded volcanic pipe in Arkansas, Crater of Diamonds State Park is the world’s only diamond-bearing site open to the public. The park features a 37-acre plowed field where visitors can prospect for diamonds and other gemstones. Moreover, they may keep whatever they find regardless of value. Since the area became a state park in 1972, visitors have taken home more than 25,000 diamonds. In 1924, the largest diamond ever unearthed in the US was found there. How many carats was it? More… Discuss

quotation: An invasion of armies can be resisted, but not an idea whose time has come. Victor Hugo (1802-1885)


An invasion of armies can be resisted, but not an idea whose time has come.

Victor Hugo (1802-1885) Discuss

today’s birthday: George Goethals (1858)


George Goethals (1858)

Goethals was a US army engineer who served as chief engineer of the Panama Canal. During the course of the project, yellow fever, labor troubles, unexpected construction complications, and crumbling substrata caused numerous setbacks and claimed thousands of lives. By taking personal interest in the men working on the canal, however, Goethals created an atmosphere of cooperation and completed the project ahead of schedule. The Goethals Bridge, named in his honor, links what two US states? More… Discuss

US Moving to Join Landmine Convention


US Moving to Join Landmine Convention

The Ottawa Convention, a UN treaty banning landmines, currently has 161 signatories, but noticeably absent are several world powers, including the US, Russia, and China. Though the number of people killed or maimed each year by landmines has fallen considerably since the convention came into force in 1999, thousands—the vast majority of whom are civilians—still fall victim to these weapons each year. Now, the US has announced its intention to eventually join the treaty, and it is taking steps toward this by committing to end production and purchasing of anti-personnel landmines, allowing existing stockpiles to dwindle as they expire. More… Discuss

today’s holiday: Anniversary of the Stonewall Rebellion


Anniversary of the Stonewall Rebellion

The Stonewall Inn was a gay bar in New York City’s Greenwich Village that was raided by the police on June 28, 1969. As the outraged crowd threw stones and bottles, more police arrived and subdued what had turned into a riot. Today, the event is regarded as a turning point in the history of the gay rights movement. It is commemorated in New York, Philadelphia, and other U.S. cities with parades, memorial services for those who have died of AIDS, and other activities to draw attention to the ways in which homosexuals have been discriminated against. More… Discuss

Mosquito-Borne Virus Spreads to Caribbean and US


Mosquito-Borne Virus Spreads to Caribbean and US

Chikungunya, a debilitating, mosquito-borne viral disease that causes fever and potentially long-term joint pain, has long troubled Africa and Asia, but it is now rapidly spreading to other parts of the globe. It was first detected in the Caribbean in December, and there have since been nearly 5,000 confirmed cases and more than 160,000 suspected cases in the region. There have also been 57 infections reported in the US this year, and though all were thus far acquired outside the US, experts believe it is only a matter of time before it spreads throughout the Americas. More… Discuss

this pressed from ProPublica: No Warrant, No Problem: How the Government Can Get Your Digital Data – ProPublica


via No Warrant, No Problem: How the Government Can Get Your Digital Data – ProPublica.

make music part of your life series: Singer-songwriter Val Ghent at Cornelia Street Cafe Night of the Killer Keyboarders


Singer-songwriter Val Ghent @ Cornelia Street Cafe Night of the Killer Keyboarders

Day to Day Dream.http://www.valghent.com/ “Present Day Funk Sister” Valerie Ghent With Her Brothers Clayton Bryant, Tinker Barfield & Robin Macatangay. valghent.com

Alicia Alonso


Alicia Alonso

Alonso is a Cuban prima ballerina and choreographer. She danced in Broadway musicals before becoming a soloist with several leading companies, including the American Ballet Theatre, in 1939. She is best known for her work in Giselle and in Agnes de Mille‘s Fall River Legend. Her own works include La Tinaja, Ensayos Sinfonicos, and Lidia, all created for her company, which Alonso has continued to direct despite being almost blind. What caused her failing vision? More… Discuss