Mircea Eliade: Born March 13, 1907: The Eternal Return

Mircea Eliade (Romanian pronunciation: [ˈmirt͡ʃe̯a eliˈade]; March 13 [O.S. February 28] 1907 – April 22, 1986) was a Romanian historian of religion, fiction writer, philosopher, and professor at the University of Chicago. He was a leading interpreter of religious experience, who established paradigms in religious studies that persist to this day. His theory that hierophanies form the basis of religion, splitting the human experience of reality into sacred and profane space and time, has proved influential.[1] One of his most influential contributions to religious studies was his theory of Eternal Return, which holds that myths and rituals do not simply commemorate hierophanies, but, at least to the minds of the religious, actually participate in them. In academia, the Eternal Return has become one of the most widely accepted ways of understanding the purpose of myth and ritual.[1]

His literary works belong to the fantasy and autobiographical genres. The best known are the novels Maitreyi (“La Nuit Bengali” or “Bengal Nights”), Noaptea de Sânziene (“The Forbidden Forest”), Isabel şi apele diavolului (“Isabel and the Devil’s Waters”) and the Novel of the Nearsighted Adolescent, the novellas Domnişoara Christina (“Miss Christina”) and Tinereţe fără tinereţe (“Youth Without Youth“), and the short stories Secretul doctorului Honigberger (“The Secret of Dr. Honigberger”) and La Ţigănci (“With the Gypsy Girls”).

Early in his life, Eliade was a noted journalist and essayist, a disciple of Romanian far right philosopher and journalist Nae Ionescu, and member of the literary society Criterion. He also served as cultural attaché to the United Kingdom and Portugal. Several times during the late 1930s, Eliade publicly expressed his support for the Iron Guard, a fascist and antisemitic political organization. His political involvement at the time, as well as his other far right connections, were the frequent topic of criticism after World War II.

Remarked for his vast erudition, Eliade had fluent command of five languages (Romanian, French, German, Italian, and English) and a reading knowledge of three others (Hebrew, Persian, and Sanskrit). He was elected a posthumous member of the Romanian Academy. Read More About Mircea Eliade from http://encyclopedia.thefreedictionary.com/Mircea+Eliade


Comment: Humans live our life in a memorable state, from the duration. It is no wonder that we have inherited so many “things”, from the past, that we value symbols, that have become part of the common mind and civilization. From the beginning of time we realized that things are meant to change, that some change is good, that other change is not. For sure one change that we consider always, man and woman, is the change of time, and the marks that the change of seasons leave upon our beings. There comes a time in everyone’s life to try and understand the place they have evolved from, the ancestry, to better understand toward which future we’re moving. The variety of sounds and signs, gestures, that define us, while in such variety, had to be very simple when our life began, the interjection before it became any word at all. From those early times, to the ever flowing growth and change in the numerous languages we have been indulging now, we’re still trying to keep track of communalities, of a mainstream, of the music and the few gestures that say it all. When we read something, we are face to face with a ocean of ideas: the brain start working on its own experiences, and may be fill voids, or build bridges toward personal past experiences, thoughts, yet still…ideas. Now, even if one knows a language very well, there is so much more meaning to words, than the interface, and so much is lost in translation, but we continue the quest for truth, because I think that above all finding the truth is the ultimate goal of our journey: the Philosophical Stone polished by truth, into perfection, made of the essence of our being, the volatile stone of existence, the Rock, the fundament of All there is.

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