1. Allegro Vivace
2. Andante Cantabile
3. Menuetto Allegretto
The work is nicknamed the Jupiter Symphony. This name stems not from Mozart but rather was likely coined by the impresario Johann Peter Salomon in an early arrangement for piano.
The symphony is scored for flute, two oboes, two bassoons, two horns in C, two trumpets in C, timpani in C and G, and strings.
The 41st Symphony is the last of a set of three that Mozart composed in rapid succession during the summer of 1788. The 39th was completed 26 June and the 40th 25 July. Around the same time, Mozart was writing his piano trios in E and C major, his sonata facile, and a violin sonatina.
It is not known whether the 41st Symphony was ever performed in the composer’s lifetime. According to Otto Erich Deutsch, around this time Mozart was preparing to hold a series of “Concerts in the Casino” in a new casino in the Spiegelgasse owned by Philipp Otto. Mozart even sent a pair of tickets for this series to his friend Michael Puchberg. But it seems impossible to determine whether the concert series was held, or was cancelled for lack of interest.
- for Mozart’s birthday, I’m putting on a few airs (operatoonity.com)
- an opera poll for Mozart’s upcoming birthday (operatoonity.com)