Daily Archives: June 22, 2012

MARIA TANASE – CANTEC DE NUNTA DIN FAGARAS (un cantec vechi cat lumea, si now de mii de ani)

A Romanian folklore song as old as the world while thousand of years young

Iese muma miresii,
In mijlocul curtii,
Si se roaga Soarelui:

Tine soare ziua mare
C-am o fata calatoare,
Peste munti, la alte curti,
La parinti necunoscuti,
La surori fara durori,
Si la frati ne-intrebati…

Ia-ti mireasa ziua buna
De la tata de la muma,
De la frati de la surori,
De la frati de la surori,
De la palanul cu flori
De la palanul cu flori,

De la fir de busuioc,
de la ficiorii din joc

De la ficiorii din joc,

Ca la muma-ta ai fost
un mar mare si frumos,
dar la soacra-ta vei fi
ca vatrariul dupa usa,
ca matura dupa usa,
ca vatrariul din cenusa…

Iese muma miresii,
In mijlocul curtii,
Si se roaga Soarelui…                                                                                                    

Nunta in Tara Fagarasului in anii ’30. Imagini filmate de elevii Scolii sociologice a lui Dimitrie Gusti in cadrul cercetarilor monografice efectuate in satul Dragus din Tara Fagarasului.


Dumitru Farcas – Fecioreasca lui Petruta (Dambovicioara jud. Arges)

Fagaras 2012 -New Year’s Eve Dance: Facioreasca Fetelor Suite

Fecioreşte dance form

The lad’s dance is found in Romanian communities (Fecioreşte) and the Hungarian communities (Legényes). These most highly evolved group dances are found in Transylvania. In central Transylvania many villages are mixed ethnicity and music and dance is shared.

These dances share elements with the parallel development of Hungarian lad’s dances, in particular the incorporation of leg slaps and regulation to the musical phrasing which is inherited from the Verbunc dances of the Austrian Empire.

The dance is found in both group and solo forms;

  • Group form – the dances generally consist of the dancers walking around the circle in an anticlockwise direction, sometimes including syncopated stamps, and heel clicks, followed by figures using rhythmic stamping, heel clicks, and rotations of the lower leg. This is similar to theCarpathian group dance in form.
  • Solo form – each dancer performs a number of figures facing the musicians. The figures consist of a number of motifs assembled by the dancer, sometimes with specific starting and finishing motifs to each musical phrase.

Romanian group dance types

There is a range of Fecioreşte dances, resulting from regional separation and the addition of different elements. The following list is an approximate summary;

  • Fecioreasca  from Southern Transylvanian (a predominantly Romanian area) has some less developed variants which may be the intermediary version between the wider group dances and those from other parts of  Transylvania which include many Verbunc influenced motifs. Many are in asymmetric 7/8 rhythm.
  • Derivatives of ritual stick dances which include the use of a stick as a prop Căluşerul (from the Căluşerii ritual), De bâtă (with sticks), or a woman acting as a prop  – Haidău. The Haidău of the lower Mureş valley takes its name from the Hayduck dances which are found widely in Ukraine, Slovakia, Hungary (Hajdu, Botolo) and Poland (Zbojnicki). These were popular in the 16th and 17th centuries. However, the Romanian version retains the Romanian group structure and contains no fighting movements.
  • In central Transylvania the fusion of traditions has led to the highly developed Romanian Fecioreasca (also known as Ponturi), and HungarianLegényes (known in Mezoség as Figuras, Sűrű Magyar, Sűrű Tempo, Fogasolas, Pontozó). These are formed from elements called points (pont) which are combined with a finishing sequence to fit the musical phrasing. The slow Hungarian lad’s dances (Ritka Magyar) are related to the other lad’s dances, but incorporate later music and dance features dating after the Hayduck dances and before the 19th century Verbunk.
  • The Verbunk (Romanian Barbunc) is derived from the method of recruiting into the Austrian Habsburg armies in the 18th century. The dance had an informal structure and many figures including spur clicks, and boot and leg slaps. These features have been amalgamated into the lad’s dances of Transylvania.
    (Source: http://www.eliznik.org.uk/RomaniaDance/transylvanian_group.htm )


♚ A masterpiece of Romania and Europe: I present you the City of Sibiu ♚ (HermannStadt)

The images in this video can be found here:

Romanians 95.7%
Hungarians 2%
Germans (Transylvanian Saxons) 1.6% * Other 0.7%

Folk Music from the Slovak Mountains

The fujara is the largest member of the overtone flute family. It developed in the seclusion of the Slovakian mountains, and, until recently, was barely known outside Slovakia. Even today, only a small number of traditional musicians play the instrument, and only a handful of craftsmen know how to make it. However, since the fall of the Iron Curtain, the fujara has been “discovered” by the rest of the music world, and an increasing number of musicians and listeners are embracing this magnificent “Queen of the flutes.” The fujara’s imposing size, (up to six feet long), and the intricate decorations on the flute’s surface draw immediate attention, but listeners only begin to understand the true uniqueness of the fujara after hearing the first tones of its editative, soulful, and overtone-rich voice.

The fujara was originally developed and played by Slovak shepherds. Its unique voice was used to play slow, lyrical, melancholic folk melodies, which the fujarist played in alternation with sung lyrics about various topics: shepherds’ daily routines and hard lives; love; the beauty of nature; and the adventures, capture, and execution of forest outlaws. In this presentation, Bob Rychlik will demonstrate the fujara’s versatility by playing examples from the traditional repertoire as well as classical and contemporary music, including several of his own compositions.

This lecture/performance was presented by Bob Rychlik in conjunction with the American Musical Instrument Society Annual Meeting and in cooperation with the Music Division, Library of Congress.

Speaker Biography: Multi-instrumentalist Bohuslav “Bob” Rychlik was born in Czechoslovakia, where he fell in love with the acoustic guitar, and later, the 5-string banjo. He taught classical guitar, studied various folk and blues finger-picking guitar styles, established several country and bluegrass groups, and organized musical gatherings and festivals even prior to moving to America in 1984. He received his first fujara as a gift from Slovak friends in 1999. After mastering the instrument, he started sharing its beauty with others. He has played the fujara with the modern dance troupe CityDance, and has given over 70 fujara and overtone flute performances at folk festivals and Czech and Slovak events. Bob became the first foreign member of the exclusive “Fujarasi” guild in Slovakia, recorded his first CD, Ideas with Fujara, and was featured on Czech and American TV and Czech and Slovak radio

VoicesInBratislava: How can one go through life without one look over the shoulder, to where the foot stood a second before?


For the personal name Bratislava, see Bratislav.
Bratislava Montage, Clockwise from top of left:View of Novy Bridge, Danube River and Old Bratislava from Castle of Bratislava, St.Michael Gate, View of sunset in Danube River, Slovak Parliament and Bratislava Castle, Statue of Tof Slavin, Peace Earth sculpture fountain in Hodzovo Square, Bratislava Castle and fortification
Coat of arms
Nickname: Beauty on the Danube, Little Big City, Blava
Country Slovakia
Region Bratislava
Districts Bratislava IIIIIIIVV
Rivers DanubeMoravaLittle Danube
Elevation 134 m (440 ft)
Coordinates 48°08′38″N 17°06′35″E
Highest point Devínska Kobyla
 – elevation 514 m (1,686 ft)
Lowest point Danube River
 – elevation 126 m (413 ft)
Area 367.584 km2 (142 sq mi)
 – urban 853.15 km2 (329 sq mi)
 – metro 2,053 km2 (793 sq mi)
Population 462,603 (2012-01-02)
 – urban 586,300
 – metro 659,578
Density 1,258 / km2 (3,258 / sq mi)
First mentioned 907
Government City council
Mayor Milan Ftáčnik
Timezone CET (UTC+1)
 – summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Postal code 8XX XX
Phone prefix 421 2
Car plate BA, BL
Location in Slovakia
Location in Slovakia
Location in the Bratislava Region
Location in the Bratislava Region
Wikimedia Commons: Bratislava
Statistics: MOŠ/MIS
Website: bratislava.sk

Bratislava (Slovak pronunciation: [ˈbracɪslava] ( listen)English pronunciation: /ˌbrætɨˈslɑːvə/ or /ˌbrɑːtɨˈslɑːvə/German: Pressburg formerlyPreßburg, Hungarian: Pozsony) is the capital of Slovakia and, with a population of about 460,000, also the country‘s largest city.[1] Bratislava is in southwestern Slovakia on both banks of the Danube River. Bordering Austria and Hungary, it is the only national capital that borders two independent countries.[2]

Bratislava is the politicalcultural, and economic centre of Slovakia. It is the seat of the Slovak president, the parliament, and the Slovak Executive. It is home to several universities, museums, theatres, galleries and other important cultural and educational institutions.[3] Many of Slovakia’s large businesses and financial institutions also have headquarters there.

The history of the city, long known in English by the German name Preßburg, has been strongly influenced by people of different nations and religions, namely by AustriansCzechsGermansHungariansSlovaks, and Jews.[4] The city was the capital of the Kingdom of Hungary, a part of the larger Habsburg Monarchy territories,[5] from 1536 to 1783 and has been home to many SlovakHungarian, andGerman historical figures.

When you swimm…Mind your depth!

Ann Novek( Luure)--With the Sky as the Ceiling and the Heart Outdoors

I have some errands to do before today’s Midsummer festivities , so there won’t be any more posts before afternoon.

Was very lucky to encounter an Osprey with catch .

More piccies later on….

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This Day in History: Kodak Announces Discontinuation of Kodachrome Film (2009)

Kodak Announces Discontinuation of Kodachrome Film (2009)

Manufactured by Kodak from 1935 to 2009, Kodachrome was the first commercially successful color film and was used to capture some of the most iconic images of the late 20th century. The film was known for its stability—if stored properly, it could be developed decades after being exposed and would retain its color and density for decades. Yet, advances in digital photography and the development of competing films considerably reduced demand. What famous images were recorded on Kodachrome? More… Discuss

From the article:

Processing of Kodachrome films

Main article: K-14 process

Kodachrome required complex processing that could not practicably be carried out by amateurs.[26] The process has undergone four significant alterations since its inception.[27] The final version of the process, designated K-14, was introduced in 1974. The process was complex and exacting, requiring technicians with extensive chemistry training, as well as large, difficult-to-operate machinery.

First, the antihalation backing was removed with an alkaline solution and wash. The film was developed using a developer containing phenidone and hydroquinone, which formed three superimposed negative images, one for each primary color.[27]

After washing out the first developer, the film underwent re-exposure and redevelopment stages. Re-exposure exposed the silver halides that were not developed in the first developer, effectively fogging them. A color developer then developed the fogged image, and exhaustion products formed a dye in the color complementary to the layer’s sensitivity. The red-sensitive layer was re-exposed through the base of the film with red light, and then redeveloped forming cyan dye. The blue-sensitive layer was re-exposed through the emulsion side of the film with blue light, and then redeveloped with a developer to form yellow dye. The green-sensitive layer was redeveloped with a developer that chemically fogged it and formed magenta dye. The two light re-exposures had to be carefully controlled so as not to cause re-exposure of the green-sensitive layer.[27]

Following color development, the metallic silver was converted back to silver halide using a bleach solution. The film was then fixed, making these silver halides soluble and leaving only the final dye image. The film was finally washed to remove residual chemicals which might have caused deterioration of the dye image, dried and cut.[27


Environmentalists Targeted for Murder at Alarming Rate

The world’s supply of land, forests, and other natural resources isdwindling, and those battling for control of what remains are increasingly turning to deadly violence. The human rights group Global Witness reports that at least one person is killed every week in an environmental dispute. At least 106 were killed in targeted attacks in 2011, a nearly twofold increase from 2009. Over the course of a decade, over 700 people lost their lives “defending their human rights or the rights of others related to the environment, specifically land and forests.” In many cases, the killers are soldiers, police, or private security guards carrying out the orders of governments or businesses. More… Discuss