This Day in the Yesteryear: BIRTH OF THE ITALIAN REPUBLIC (1946)

Birth of the Italian Republic (1946)

During World War II, Italy was a monarchy in chaos. King Victor Emmanuel III had appointed Benito Mussolini prime minister in 1922 to avoid revolt, but, when war came, the two fought on opposite sides—Mussolini with the Axis and Victor Emmanuel with the Allies. Victor Emmanuel’s history with Mussolini made the monarch unpopular after the war, and he abdicated in favor of his son, who ruled for 40 days before the Italian Republic was created by a referendum. Whom did it exile until 2002? More… Discuss

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