“Independenta Romaniei” (“The Independence of Romania”), subtitled “The Romanian-Russo-Turkish War, 1877”, is a Romanian 1912 silent film directed by Aristide Demetriade.The Romanian language uses symbol “ţ” (tz) instead of “t” in the word “Independenta”; as result, the title should be pronounced “Independentza Romaniei” (Independenţa Romaniei)
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The Russo-Turkish War of 1877–1878 was a conflict between the Ottoman Empire and the Eastern Orthodox coalition led by the Russian Empire and composed of several Balkan countries. Results: Reestablishment of the Bulgarian state; de jure independence of Romania, Serbia and Montenegro from Ottoman Empire.
The Kingdom of Romania was the Romanian state based on a form of a constitutional monarchy between 13 March 1881 and 30 December 1947, specified by the first three Constitutions of Romania (1866, 1923, 1938). Thus, the Kingdom of Romania began with the reign of King Carol I of Romania who gained Romanian’s independence in the Romanian War of Independence, and ended with the abdication of King Michael I of Romania in 30 December 1947, imposed by the Soviet Union with the tacit and secret, implicit consent of its allies (as a result of the Yalta Conference and secret agreements).
The initiators of the movie production were a group of actors: C. Nottara, Aristide Demetriade, V. Toneanu, I. Brezeanu, N. Soreanu, P. Liciu, as well as the young Grigore Brezeanu. They also brought into this effort Leon Popescu, a wealthy man and owner of the Lyric Theatre. The group received strong backing from government authorities, with the army and all necessary equipment being placed at its disposal, plus military advisers (possibly including Pascal Vidraşcu). The cameras and their operators were brought from abroad, and the print was prepared in Parisian laboratories. On 2 September 1912, at the Eforie cinema, the largest movie theatre in Bucharest, the premiere of Independenţa României took place. Despite all its shortcomings as the theatrical game of the actors, the errors of an army of extras uncontrolled by direction which provoked unintended laughter in some scenes and rendered dramatically limp those of the beginning, the film was well received by spectators, being shown for several weeks. Through this realization, through the dimensions of its theme, through the distribution method chosen, through the genuine artistic intentions, through its professional editing (for the time), the creation of this film can be considered Romania’s first step in the art of cinematography.
Directed by Aristide Demetriade Military advisors
Produced by Leon Popescu Grigore Brezeanu Members of the TNB Society Pascal Vidraşcu
Written by Petre Liciu Aristide Demetriade Constantin Nottara
Starring Aristide Demetriade Prince Carol I of Romania Constantza Demetriade His wife,princess Elisabeth Pepi Machauer The Tsar Alexander II C-tin Nottara Osman Pasha Aristita Romanescu Doamna de la Crucea Rosie Elvire Popesco Taranca M. Vîrgolici I.C. Bratianu A. Athanasescu Penesh Curcanul (The wounded soldier) Jeni Metaxa-Doro Rodica, his fiancee
Cinematography Frank Daniau-Johnston
Editing by Aristide Demetriade
Distributed by Societatea Filmul de Artă Leon Popescu
Release date(s) 1 September 1912
“Independenta Romaniei” este considerat primul film romanesc “feature”.
Old Romanian military marches, Old Romanian ballads and popular songs, Old
Russian military marches, The Royal Anthem of Romania (Long Live the King).
Great performance of the Romanian Army Choir and Artistic Assembly.
Resources: wikipedia.org, archive.org
New soundtrack and dubbing: CinemaHistoryChannel
Music: Kevin Mac Leod (incompetch.com) licensed under Creative Commons licence: Attribution 3.0 Unported (CC BY 3.0).http://creativecommons.org/licenses/b…