THIS DAY IN THE YESTERYEAR: AUSTRALIA DAY: BRITAIN’S FIRST FLEET ARRIVES (1788)

Australia Day: Britain’s First Fleet Arrives (1788)

On January 26, 1788, the first British fleet in modern-day Australia claimed it in the name of King George III. Captain Arthur Phillip and his band of British convicts settled in Port Jackson—where the city of Sydney was later established—and built a penal colony there to help relieve overcrowding in the British prisons. First officially celebrated in 1818, Australia Day—formerly known as Foundation Day or Anniversary Day—has been a public holiday since 1838. What was the British fleet called? More… Discuss

 

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