Daily Archives: April 11, 2015

Words of wisdom.

Ignorance is the real evil.

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From BBC news : Nazi camp survivors mark liberation

Nazi camp survivors mark liberation http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-europe-32267720

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From BBC news : Bangladesh hangs Islamist politician

Bangladesh hangs Islamist politician http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-asia-32263541

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From BBC news : Pope to mark Armenia WW1 killings

Pope to mark Armenia WW1 killings http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-europe-32272604

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New at EUZICASA: Widget – The University of Sydney – Glycemic Index

The University of Sydney- Glycemic Index

The University of Sydney- Glycemic Index (access website by clicking!)

Measuring the GI

To determine a food’s GI value, measured portions of the food containing 50 grams of available carbohydrate (or 25 grams of available carbohydrate for foods that contain lower amounts of carbohydrate) are fed to 10 healthy people after an overnight fast. Finger-prick blood samples are taken at 15-30 minute intervals over the next two hours. These blood samples are used to construct a blood sugar response curve for the two hour period. The incremental area under the curve (iAUC) is calculated to reflect the total rise in blood glucose levels after eating the test food. The GI value is calculated by dividing the iAUC for the test food by the iAUC for the reference food (same amount of glucose) and multiplying by 100 (see Figure 1). The use of a standard food is essential for reducing the confounding influence of differences in the physical characteristics of the subjects. The average of the GI ratings from all ten subjects is published as the GI for that food.

The GI of foods has important implications for the food industry. Some foods on the Australian market already show their GI rating on the nutrition information panel. Terms such as complex carbohydrates and sugars, which commonly appear on food labels, are now recognised as having little nutritional or physiological significance. The WHO/FAO recommend that these terms be removed and replaced with the total carbohydrate content of the food and its GI value. However, the GI rating of a food must be tested physiologically and only a few centres around the world currently provide a legitimate testing service. The Human Nutrition Unit at the University of Sydney has been at the forefront of glycemic index research for over two decades and has tested hundreds of foods as an integral part of its program. Jennie Brand Miller is the senior author of International Tables of Glycemic Index published by the American Journal of Clinical Nutrition in 1995 and 2002 and by Diabetes Care in 2008.

GI Graph

Buckwheat: A low GI (glycemic Index) healthier choice for your diet


From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
This article is about a commonly cultivated crop plant. For other uses, see Buckwheat (disambiguation).
Fagopyrum esculentum
Japanese Buckwheat Flower.JPG
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Eudicots
(unranked): Core eudicots
Order: Caryophyllales
Family: Polygonaceae
Genus: Fagopyrum
Species: F. esculentum
Binomial name
Fagopyrum esculentum
  • Fagopyrum cereale Raf.
  • Fagopyrum dryandrii Fenzl
  • Fagopyrum emarginatum (Roth) Meisn.
  • Fagopyrum emarginatum Moench
  • Fagopyrum fagopyrum (L.) H.Karst. nom. inval.
  • Fagopyrum polygonum Macloskie nom. illeg.
  • Fagopyrum sagittatum Gilib. nom. inval.
  • Fagopyrum sarracenicum Dumort.
  • Fagopyrum vulgare Hill ex Druce nom. inval.
  • Fagopyrum vulgare T.Nees
  • Polygonum emarginatum Roth
  • Polygonum fagopyrum L.

Field of buckwheat in Bumthang (Bhutan)

Buckwheat (Fagopyrum esculentum) is a plant cultivated for its grain-like seeds, and also used as a cover crop. To distinguish it from a related species, Fagopyrum tataricum that is also cultivated as a grain in the Himalayas, and from the less commonly cultivated Fagopyrum acutatum, it is also known as Japanese buckwheat[2] and silverhull buckwheat.[2]

Despite the name, buckwheat is not related to wheat, as it is not a grass. Instead, buckwheat is related to sorrel, knotweed, and rhubarb. Because its seeds are eaten, it is referred to as a pseudocereal. The cultivation of buckwheat grain declined sharply in the 20th century with the adoption of nitrogen fertilizer that increased the productivity of other staples.



From the top: fine, medium and coarsely cut oats groats (i.e. steel-cut oats) Bottom: Uncut oat groats (Click to access full size image!)

The name ‘buckwheat’ or ‘beech wheat’ comes from its triangular seeds, which resemble the much larger seeds of the beech nut from the beech tree, and the fact that it is used like wheat. The word may be a translation of Middle Dutch boecweite: boec (Modern Dutch beuk), “beech” (see PIE *bhago-) and weite (Mod. Dut. weit), wheat, or may be a native formation on the same model as the Dutch word.[3]


Common buckwheat in flower

The wild ancestor of common buckwheat is F. esculentum ssp.ancestrale. F. homotropicum is interfertile with F. esculentum and the wild forms have a common distribution, in Yunnan. The wild ancestor of tartary buckwheat is F. tataricum ssp. potanini.[4]

Common buckwheat was domesticated and first cultivated in inland Southeast Asia, possibly around 6000 BCE, and from there spread to Central Asia and Tibet, and then to the Middle East and Europe. Domestication most likely took place in the western Yunnan region of China.[5] Buckwheat is documented in Europe in Finland by at least 5300 BCE [6] as a first sign of agriculture and in the Balkans by circa 4000 BCE in the Middle Neolithic. In Russian and Ukrainian buckwheat is called гречка (grechka) meaning of Greek, due to its introduction in the 7th century by the Byzantine Greeks, the same is the case in Russian.

The oldest known remains in China so far date to circa 2600 BCE while buckwheat pollen found in Japan dates from as early as 4000 BCE. It is the world’s highest elevation domesticate, being cultivated in Yunnan on the edge of the Tibetan Plateau or on the Plateau itself. Buckwheat was one of the earliest crops introduced by Europeans to North America. Dispersal around the globe was complete by 2006, when a variety developed in Canada was widely planted in China.

Buckwheat is a short season crop that does well on low-fertility or acidic soils, but the soil must be well drained. Too much fertilizer, especially nitrogen, will reduce yields. In hot climates, it can only be grown by sowing late in the season, so that it will bloom in cooler weather. The presence of pollinators greatly increases the yield. The nectar from buckwheat flower makes a dark-colored honey. Buckwheat is sometimes used as a green manure, as a plant for erosion control, or as wildlife cover and feed.

Agricultural production

Seed and withered flower of buckwheat

The plant has a branching root system with one primary root that reaches deeply into the moist soil.[7] Buckwheat has triangular seeds and produces a flower that is usually white, although can also be pink or yellow.[8] Buckwheat branches freely, as opposed to tillering or producing suckers, causing a more complete adaption to its environment than other cereal crops.[7] The seed hull density is less than that of water, making the hull easy to remove.[8]

Buckwheat is raised for grain where a short season is available, either because it is used as a second crop in the season, or because the climate is limiting. Buckwheat can be a reliable cover crop in summer to fit a small slot of warm season. It establishes quickly, which suppresses summer weeds.[9] Buckwheat has a growing period of only 10–12 weeks[10] and it can be grown in high latitude or northern areas.[11] It grows 30 to 50  inches (75 to 125 cm) tall.[9]

Historical data

A century ago, the Russian Empire was the world leader in buckwheat production.[12] Growing areas in the Russian Empire were estimated at 6.5 million acres (2,600,000 ha), followed by those of France at 0.9 million acres (360,000 ha).[13] In 1970, the Soviet Union grew an estimated 4.5 million acres (1,800,000 ha) of buckwheat. It remains in 2014 a key cereal.[14] Production in China expanded greatly during the 2000s, to rival Russia’s output.

In the northeastern United States, buckwheat was a common crop in the 18th and 19th centuries. Cultivation declined sharply in the 20th century due to the use of nitrogen fertilizer, to which maize and wheat respond strongly. Over 1,000,000 acres (400,000 ha) were harvested in the United States in 1918. By 1954, that had declined to 150,000 acres (61,000 ha), and by 1964, the last year annual production statistics were gathered by USDA, only 50,000 acres (20,000 ha) were grown. However it may benefit from an “explosion in popularity of so-called ancient grains” reported in the years 2009-2014.[15]

Present-day production

FAO world production estimates 2013

Country Area harvested (ha) Production (tonnes)
Russia Russia 905,911 833,936
China China 705,000 733,000
Kazakhstan Kazakhstan 202,008 276,840
Ukraine Ukraine 168,400 179,020
United States USA 77,500 81,000
Poland Poland 70,384 90,874
Japan Japan 61,400 33,400
Brazil Brazil 48,000 62,000
France France 44,500 154,800
Belarus Belarus 31,403 30,353
Lithuania Lithuania 30,500 28,200
Nepal Nepal 10,681 10,056
Tanzania Tanzania 10,500 10,500
Latvia Latvia 9,800 10,800
Bhutan Bhutan 3,000 4,500
South Korea Korea 2,392 1,923
Slovenia Slovenia 1,401 1,052
Czech Republic Czech Republic 1,000 2,400
Bosnia and Herzegovina Bosnia and Herzegovina 633 977
South Africa South Africa 630 250
Estonia Estonia 600 400
Croatia Croatia 190 390
Hungary Hungary 110 110
Georgia (country) Georgia 100 100
Slovakia Slovakia 92 68
Moldova Republic of Moldova 61 40
Kyrgyzstan Kyrgyzstan 26 25

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this pressed: Lakritz: The day the music died for ‘Je suis Charlie’ | Calgary Herald

The Calgary Flames celebrate their victory at the Scotiabank Saddledome in Calgary on Thursday, April 9, 2015.


Valentina Lisitsa is entitled to her views and should not be censored, says Naomi Lakritz.

Calgary Flames’ head coach Bob Hartley celebrates with his players after a 3-1 victory over the Los Angeles Kings on Thursday, earning a trip to the playoffs for the first time since 2009. Reader says Flames’ status is a real mood-booster.

When you see the primitive prosthetic on which Terry took every third step, you’re not surprised it caused his stump to bleed, says Mark Sutcliffe.

If the assumption is that money belongs first to government, then there is less pressure for governments to justify the taxes taken and how the money is spent, says Mark Milke.

Six community agencies throughout the province will be the first to receive supplies of naloxone, including Calgary’s Safeworks needle exchange. Fentanyl was blamed for 120 deaths in Alberta last year alone.


Lakritz: The day the music died for ‘Je suis Charlie’

Naomi Lakritz, Calgary Herald More from Naomi Lakritz, Calgary Herald

Published on: April 11, 2015

Last Updated: April 11, 2015 3:01 AM MDT

Valentina Lisitsa is entitled to her views and should not be censored, says Naomi Lakritz.

Valentina Lisitsa is entitled to her views and should not be censored, says Naomi Lakritz.

Calgary Herald

It sure didn’t take long for Je Suis Charlie to bite the dust, did it? Three months ago, the West was ablaze with righteous indignation over the killings of the French journalists at Charlie Hebdo who had published cartoons of Muhammad.

Je ne suis pas Charlie anymore, to judge by the reaction to pianist Valentina Lisitsa’s tweets about the Russia-Ukraine civil war. Born in Ukraine, Lisitsa is an ethnic Russian. She has a different view of the conflict there, and her tweets about it prompted the Toronto Symphony Orchestra to cancel her performances.

This just goes to show how shallow and hypocritical “Je Suis Charlie” really was. The West is very happy to champion freedom of speech when that freedom is used to attack a cause that westerners aren’t necessarily cool with anyway, such as Islam: Prophet Muhammad isn’t supposed to be portrayed in any illustration? How dumb is that? Let’s poke a stick in Muslims’ eyes and declare it a noble act.

But when that same freedom of speech opposes a cause dear to western hearts, such as the proper side to be on in Ukraine’s conflict, then the speaker is punished. Je suis Charlie, but only when Charlie’s ox is not the one being gored.

TSO president Jeff Melanson said: “People were very offended over what (Lisitsa) was saying online starting in December, and that sort of crescendoed over the last three or four months. And when we reviewed the various tweets and asked Valentina to please explain the tweets and the content, unfortunately … we were left with no choice but to remove her from the program.”

On the contrary, the TSO had a choice — to respect Lisitsa’s freedom of speech. How can one support Ukraine’s fight for democracy, yet oppose the freedom of speech which would be a tenet of that democracy? You can’t have it both ways.

via Lakritz: The day the music died for ‘Je suis Charlie’ | Calgary Herald.

Krystian Zimerman – Beethoven – Piano Concerto No 2, Op 19

Krystian Zimerman – Beethoven – Piano Concerto No 2, Op 19

Published on Nov 29, 2012

Ludwig van Beethoven
Piano Concerto No 2 in Bb major, Op 19

Krystian Zimerman, piano

The Cross of Christ is not defeat: the Cross is love and mercy. (tweet by Pope Francis)Tweet by Pope Francis


The Cross of Christ is not defeat: the Cross is love and mercy. (tweet by Pope Francis) (click to access)

The Cross of Christ is not defeat: the Cross is love and mercy. (tweet by Pope Francis)




De pe Facebook: Muntii Fagaras-Asa cum se vad ei din Avrig! (Vizitati Pagina de origine)

A user's photo.

Muntii Fagaras Asa cum se vad ei din Avrig


Johannes Brahms – Symphony No. 4 in E minor, Op. 98 – Leonard Bernstein

Johannes Brahms – Symphony No. 4 in E minor, Op. 98 – Leonard Bernstein

“Sheep May Safely Graze” BWV 208 – Johannes Sebastian Bach, Arr. Egon Petri – Pianist Lucas Porter

“Sheep May Safely Graze” BWV 208 – Johannes Sebastian Bach, Arr. Egon Petri – Pianist Lucas Porter

A Far Cry – Janacek – Idyll Suite for String Orchestra

A Far Cry – Janacek – Idyll Suite for String Orchestra

Today In History. What Happened This Day In History

Today In History. What Happened This Day In History



A chronological timetable of historical events that occurred on this day in history. Historical facts of the day in the areas of military, politics, science, music, sports, arts, entertainment and more. Discover what happened today in history.

April 11

1512   The forces of the Holy League are heavily defeated by the French at the Battle of Ravenna.
1713   The Treaty of Utrecht is signed, ending the War of Spanish Succession. France cedes Maritime provinces to Britain.
1783   After receiving a copy of the provisional treaty on 13 March, Congress proclaims a formal end to hostilities with Great Britain.
1814   Napoleon abdicates and is exiled to Elba.
1898   American President William McKinley asks Congress for declaration of war with Spain.
1941   Germany bombers blitz Conventry, England.
1942   Detachment 101 of the OSS–a guerrilla force–is activated in Burma.
1945   After two frustrating days of being repulsed and absorbing tremendous casualties, the Red Army finally takes the Seelow Heights north of Berlin.
1951   President Truman fires General Douglas MacArthur as head of United Nations forces in Korea.
1961   Israel begins the trial of Adolf Eichman, accused of war crimes during WWII.
1961   Folk singer Bob Dylan performs in New York City for the first time, opening for John Lee Hooker.
1968   President Johnson signs the 1968 Civil Rights Act.
1974   The Judiciary committee subpoenas President Richard Nixon to produce tapes for impeachment inquiry.
1981   President Ronald Reagan returns to the White House from hospital after recovery from an assassination attempt.
1986   Dodge Morgan sails solo nonstop around the world in 150 days.
1991   The U.N. Security Council issues formal cease fire with Iraq.
1996   Forty-three African nations sign the African Nuclear Weapons Free Zone Treaty.
Born on April 11
1370   Frederick I, elector of Saxony.
1722   Christopher Smart, English poet.
1755   James Parkinson, English physician.
1770   George Canning, British prime minister (1827).
1794   Edward Everett, governor of Massachusetts, statesman and orator.
1862   Charles Evans Hughs, 11th Chief Justice of the U.S. Supreme Court.
1893   Dean G. Acheson, U.S. secretary of state (1949-53) who helped create NATO.
1901   Glenway Wescott, writer.
1925   Ethel Kennedy, wife of Senator Robert F. Kennedy.
1932   Joel Grey (Joe Katz), actor.
1941   Ellen Goodman, Pultizer Prize-winning columnist.
1950   Bill Irwin, actor and choreographer.

– See more at: http://www.historynet.com/today-in-history#sthash.IFQIbiW8.dpuf

today’s picture: Death of Franklin Roosevelt (Funeral Procession)

Death of Franklin Roosevelt
President Franklin Delano Roosevelt (b. 1882) died of a cerebral hemorrhage at 5:48 p.m. on April 12, 1945. The 63-year-old president had been at Warm Springs, Georgia, since March 28, resting from the rigors of leading a nation at war. Roosevelt, left paralyzed by polio in 1921, was elected to the nation’s highest office four times and is judged by historians to be among the greatest American presidents. In this photograph, taken on April 24, 1945, Roosevelt’s funeral procession moves through the streets of Washington, D.C., on its way to burial at the Roosevelt family home in Hyde Park, New York.

Photo: Library of Congress

– See more at: http://www.historynet.com/picture-of-the-day#sthash.eTRUsBuw.dpuf

Saint of the Day for Saturday, April 11th, 2015: St. Marguerite d’Youville

Image of St. Marguerite d'Youville

St. Marguerite d’Youville

Foundress of the Sisters of Charity, the Grey Nuns of Canada. St. Marguerite D’Youville was born at Varennes, Quebec, on October 15, Marie Marguerite Dufrost de La Jemmerais. She studied under the … continue reading

More Saints of the Day

today’s holiday: Masters Golf Tournament

Masters Golf Tournament

Known to golf fans everywhere as The Masters, this annual tournament has been held at the exclusive Augusta National Golf Club in Georgia since it was first started there in 1934. The qualifying rounds are held on Thursday and Friday of the four-day tournament, and the top 44 finishers participate in the final round. In addition to the cash prize, the winner receives a trophy and a green blazer. On the Tuesday night before the tournament, there is a Champions Dinner attended by past winners and hosted by the defending champion—all of them wearing their distinctive green jackets. More… Discuss

quotation: All virtue is summed up in dealing justly. Aristotle

All virtue is summed up in dealing justly.

Aristotle (384 BC-322 BC) Discuss

today’s birthday: Christopher Smart (1722)

Christopher Smart (1722)

A Cambridge graduate, Smart settled in London and pursued a literary career—writing poetry, editing a humorous magazine, and producing plays. His two best known works are A Song to David, an inspirational piece rife with superb imagery, and Jubilate Agno, an idiosyncratic and often anthologized paean to his cat, Jeoffry, that only survives in fragments. Both were written while he was confined in an asylum for a religious mania. What unconventional pseudonym did he sometimes use? More… Discuss

this day in the yesteryear: Attempted Overthrow of Venezuelan President Chavez (2002)

Attempted Overthrow of Venezuelan President Chavez (2002)

In 2002, anger over Venezuelan President Hugo Chavez’s reform plans led to an attempted coup d’état. On April 11, Chavez was detained and Venezuelan Federation of Chambers of Commerce President Pedro Carmona was installed as interim president. Carmona quickly dissolved the National Assembly and the Supreme Court and voided Venezuela’s constitution, but within 48 hours, the Presidential Guard retook the presidential palace, and Chavez was reinstalled as president. What happened to Carmona? More… Discuss

The Little Mermaid

The Little Mermaid

The Little Mermaid is a fairy tale by the Danish author Hans Christian Andersen about a young mermaid who is willing to give up everything to gain the love of a prince and an eternal soul. The story has been adapted into numerous films, TV series, an opera, and a ballet. Who served as the model for the famed Little Mermaid statue that sits on a rock in the Copenhagen harbor? More… Discuss

word: hermitage


Definition: (noun) The habitation of a hermit or group of hermits.
Synonyms: abbey, monastery, retreat
Usage: He spent two years in his hermitage near the lake, pondering the mysteries of the universe. Discuss.

First Known Use of HERMITAGE:

14th century


Paris mayor races to improve air quality ahead of marathon


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From France 24 : STATUES…

Statues smashed as Ukraine moves to shed Soviet past


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From CNN : The week in 47 photos

The week in 47 photos

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From CNN : Summit of the Americas becomes ‘triangle of tension’

Summit of the Americas becomes ‘triangle of tension’

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From CNN : Virgin Islands says deadly pesticide was used elsewhere

Virgin Islands says deadly pesticide was used elsewhere

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Attorney General To Employees: You Can’t Solicit Prostitutes, Ever http://n.pr/1CD31WD

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From NPR News: Students…

Students Push College Fossil Fuel Divestment To Stigmatize Industry http://n.pr/1CCqeZ3

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From BBC news : Death sentence for Brotherhood chief

Death sentence for Brotherhood chief http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-middle-east-32263804

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