Daily Archives: June 28, 2015







From BBC : Greece closes banks amid debt crisis

Greece closes banks amid debt crisis






Nasa SpaceX launch to International Space Station sees rocket explode

Nasa SpaceX launch to International Space Station sees rocket explode



from wikipedia:

The term Debellatio (also debellation) (Latin “defeating, or the act of conquering or subduing”, literally, “warring (the enemy) down”, from Latin bellum “war”) designates the end of a war caused by the absolute destruction of one combatant such as of Palestrina by Pope Boniface VIII.

In some cases debellation ends with a complete dissolution and annexation of the defeated state into the victor’s national territory, as happened at the end of the Third Punic War with the defeat of Carthage by Rome in the 2nd century BC.[1] The Prussian conquest, dissolution and annexation of the Kingdom of Hanover in 1866 is an example from the modern world.

The unconditional surrender of the Third Reich—in the strict sense only the German Armed Forces—at the end of World War II was at the time accepted by most authorities as a case of debellatio as it ended with the complete breakup of the German Reich,[2][3][4][5][6][7] including all offices, and two German states being created in its stead (the Federal Republic of Germany and the German Democratic Republic). Other authorities have argued against that, as most of the territory that made up Germany before the Anschluss was not annexed, and the population still existed, the vestiges of the German state continued to exist even though the Allied Control Council governed the territory; and that eventually a fully sovereign German government resumed over a state that never ceased to exist. The Federal Republic of Germany sees itself as the legal successor of the Third Reich.[2][8]

Similarly, the breakaway state of Tamil Eelam, which once controlled much of northern Sri Lanka, was completely destroyed at the end of the Sri Lankan Civil War in 2009, and all of the leadership killed.

Germany surrenders - World War I -1918 - by TheRoaring20s

A hope for peace: Vatican, Palestine sign treaty protecting religious liberty :: Catholic News Agency (CNA)

Riad al-Malki, Palestine’s foreign minister, signs the Comprehensive Agreement between the State of Palestine and the Holy See, June 26, 2015. Credit: L’Osservatore Romano.

Riad al-Malki, Palestine’s foreign minister, signs the Comprehensive Agreement between the State of Palestine and the Holy See, June 26, 2015. Credit: L’Osservatore Romano.

.- The comprehensive agreement signed on Friday by the Holy See and the State of Palestine may serve the twofold goal of stimulating peace in the Middle East and providing a model for similar treaties with other Middle East countries.

The text of the treaty was agreed upon May 13, and the document was signed June 26 in the Apostolic Palace by Archbishop Paul Gallagher, Secretary for Relations with States (the Vatican’s ‘foreign minister’), and by Riad al-Malki, Minister of Foreign Affairs of the State of Palestine.

The Vatican-Palestinian agreement recognizes freedom of religion in Palestine, and outlines the rights and obligations of the Church, its agencies, and its personnel in the territory. The comprehensive agreement follows upon a “basic agreement” which was signed in February 2000.

It backs a two-state solution to the conflict between Israelis and Palestinians, though the bulk of the agreement regards freedom of religion and conscience, as well as the Church’s freedom of action, its staff and jurisdiction, legal status, places of worship, social and charitable activity, and use of communications media. It also includes issues of a fiscal and proprietary nature.

In an address following the signing, Archbishop Gallagher underscored that the agreement is signed with the State of Palestine, and that “this is indicative of the progress made by the Palestinian Authority in recent years, and above all of the level of international support, which culminated in the Resolution of the General Assembly of the United Nations of 29 November 2012, which recognized Palestine as non member Observer State at the United Nations.”

Archbishop Gallagher voiced hope “that the present Agreement may in some way be a stimulus to bringing a definitive end to the long-standing Israeli-Palestinian conflict, which continues to cause suffering for both parties. I also hope that the much desired two-State solution may become a reality as soon as possible.”

“This certainly requires courageous decisions, but it will also offer a major contribution to peace and stability in the region.”

For his part, al-Malki noted that the agreement’s provisions “span the shared vision of the two Parties for peace and justice in the region, the protection of fundamental freedoms, the status and protection of Holy Sites, and the means of enhancing and furthering the presence and activities of the Roman Catholic Church in the State of Palestine.”

He noted that “for the first time, the Agreement includes an official recognition by the Holy See of Palestine as a State, in recognition of the right of the Palestinian people to self-determination, freedom and dignity in an independent state of their own, free from the shackles of occupation. It also supports the vision for peace and justice in the region in accordance with international law and based on two states, living side by side in peace and security, on the basis of the 1967 borders.”

He drew attention to Palestine’s special status as “the birthplace of Christianity and as the cradle of monolithic religions,” saying the agreement “embodies our shared values of freedom, dignity, tolerance, co-existence, and equality of all. This comes at a time when extremism, barbaric violence, and ignorance threaten the social fabric and cultural identity of the region and indeed of human heritage. At this backdrop, the State of Palestine reiterates its commitment to combat extremism, and to promote tolerance, freedom of consciousness and religion, and to equally safeguard the rights of all its citizens.”

“These are the values and principles that reflect the beliefs and aspirations of the Palestinian people and its leadership, and they are the pillars upon which we continue to endeavor to establish our independent and democratic State.”

The Palestinian foreign minister added that the agreement “upholds the Church’s standing as an important contributor to the lives of many Palestinians.”

Archbishop Gallagher commented that he is pleased that “guarantees have been given for the work of the Catholic Church and her institutions. Catholics do not seek any privilege other than continued cooperation with their fellow-citizens for the good of society. I am also pleased to say that the local Church, which has been actively involved in the negotiations, is satisfied with the goal attained and is happy to see the strengthening of its good relations with the civil Authorities.”

He added that the agreement “offers a good example of dialogue and cooperation” in the Middle East, “and I earnestly hope that this may serve as a model for other Arab and Muslim majority countries. With this in mind, I would like to emphasize the importance of the chapter dedicated to freedom of religion and freedom of conscience.”

A Vatican observer who took part in the negotiations told CNA that the agreement is particularly important because it is the first of its kind signed with a majority Muslim country, in which the state juridically acknowledges the Holy See and clearly recognizes freedom of conscience, “as has never been done in the past.”

Vincenzo Buonomo, an adviser to Vatican City State, wrote in L’Osservatore Romano that “the explicit acknowledgement of authentic conscientious objection as a practice consistent with the right of freedom of thought, belief, and religion is notable for its current relevance.”

Buonomo also stressed that value of the agreement is given by the participation of the Palestinian Catholic community in the negotiations, which began in 2010. “The local Church has been shown to be an effective agent, providing a valuable contribution not only towards the consolidation of the ecclesial reality, but also to the image of Palestine and the Holy Land as a whole,” wrote Buonomo.

The Israeli foreign ministry reacted to the treaty’s signing with a statement expressing its “regret regarding the Vatican decision to officially recognize the Palestinian Authority as a state.”

The Israeli foreign minister stressed that this “hasty step damages the prospects for advancing a peace agreement, and harms the international effort to convince the Palestinian Authority to return to direct negotiations with Israel.”

“Israel cannot accept the unilateral determinations in the agreement which do not take into account Israel’s essential interests and the special historic status of the Jewish people in Jerusalem,” the statement read.

The foreign ministry also announced that “Israel will study the agreement in detail, and its implications for future cooperation between Israel and the Vatican.”

Tags: Israeli-Palestinian Conflict, Vatican diplomacy, Palestinian Christians, State of Palestine

via A hope for peace: Vatican, Palestine sign treaty protecting religious liberty :: Catholic News Agency (CNA).

US bishops encourage Catholics to maintain witness to the truth of marriage :: Catholic News Agency (CNA)

By Matt Hadro and Adelaide Mena

Washington D.C., Jun 26, 2015 / 11:15 am (CNA/EWTN News).- Catholics are called to witness to the truth of marriage despite the Supreme Court of the United States recognizing a legal right to same-sex marriage, the nation’s bishops said on Friday.

“Regardless of what a narrow majority of the Supreme Court may declare at this moment in history, the nature of the human person and marriage remains unchanged and unchangeable,” said Archbishop Joseph Kurtz of Louisville, president of the U.S bishops conference, in a June 26 statement for the conference.

“Jesus Christ, with great love, taught unambiguously that from the beginning marriage is the lifelong union of one man and one woman,” Archbishop Kurtz added. “As Catholic bishops, we follow our Lord and will continue to teach and to act according to this truth.”

In a 5-4 decision on Friday, the Supreme Court ruled in Obergefell v. Hodges that under the Fourteenth Amendment, states must grant marriage licenses to same-sex couples and recognize same-sex marriages conducted in other states.

The Fourteenth Amendment protects the rights of all citizens to “life, liberty, or property” under due process, and guarantees them “equal protection of the laws” in the states. In this case, the court ruled that state laws defining marriage as between one man and one woman deprived same-sex couples of their right to legally marry.

The ruling overturned a November decision by the U.S. Sixth Circuit Court of Appeals that upheld traditional marriage laws in Michigan, Ohio, Kentucky, and Tennessee. Same-sex marriage is now legal in all fifty states.

Although the Court recognizes a legal right to same-sex marriage, Catholics must teach and bear witness to true marriage, the bishops insisted.

“The unique meaning of marriage as the union of one man and one woman is inscribed in our bodies as male and female,” Archbishop Kurtz reflected.

“Mandating marriage redefinition across the country is a tragic error that harms the common good and most vulnerable among us, especially children. The law has a duty to support every child’s basic right to be raised, where possible, by his or her married mother and father in a stable home.”

Despite the ruling, Catholics should continue to preach the truth about the nature of marriage with “faith, hope, and love” for all persons, and asked “all people of good will” to join Catholics in supporting this proclamation and respecting Catholics’ “freedom to seek, live by, and bear witness to the truth”

The decision “will not end the discussion about what marriage is and why it matters for public policy,” stated Jennifer Marshall, vice president for the Institute for Family, Community, and Opportunity at the Heritage Foundation.

Along with this support for true marriage, considerable social and legal obstacles will now have to be overcome as a result of the Obergefell decision, legal experts admitted.

“Redefining marriage to make it a genderless institution fundamentally changes marriage,” said Ryan Anderson, the William E. Simon senior research fellow in American Principles and Public Policy at the Heritage Foundation.

“It makes the relationship more about the desires of adults than about the needs, or the rights, of children,” he added.

The Supreme Court also played “activist” in re-defining marriage, an issue that should have been left to the state-level democratic process said Caleb Dalton, a legal counsel with Alliance Defending Freedom.

The Court “invented a new constitutional right,” Dalton told CNA in an interview shortly after the decision.

“The Fourteenth Amendment does not speak to what marriage is, and today the Supreme Court decided that it knows better than millions of Americans what the best social policy for the United States is.”

The decision pushes legal same-sex marriage on a collision course with religious liberty at the national level, and the consequences for religious freedom could be severe, Dalton noted.

This conflict has been occurring in states where same-sex marriage has already been legalized, with business owners facing discrimination lawsuits when they decline to serve same-sex weddings for religious reasons.

Now that same-sex marriage is legal nationwide, more lawsuits like this could occur.

“It’s redefinition of marriage like this that will continue to impact religious liberty of Americans across our country and it’s concerning,” Dalton said.

Anderson stated, “There is an urgent need for policy to ensure the government never penalizes anyone for standing up for marriage.”

“We must work to protect the freedom of speech, association, and religion of those who continue to abide by the truth of marriage as one man and one woman.”

Tags: Gay Marriage, Supreme Court, SCOTUS, Obergefell v. Hodges

via US bishops encourage Catholics to maintain witness to the truth of marriage :: Catholic News Agency (CNA).

Catholics and Orthodox should meet, cooperate more often, Pope exhorts :: Catholic News Agency (CNA)

Pope Francis addresses delegates of Bartholomew I, Ecumenical Patriarch of Constantinople, at the Private Library of the Apostolic Palace in the Vatican, June 27, 2015. Credit: L’Osservatore Romano.

Pope Francis addresses delegates of Bartholomew I, Ecumenical Patriarch of Constantinople, at the Private Library of the Apostolic Palace in the Vatican, June 27, 2015. Credit: L’Osservatore Romano.

Vatican City, Jun 27, 2015 / 11:48 am (CNA/EWTN News).- Greeting a delegation of the leader of Eastern Orthodoxy on Saturday, Pope Francis voiced hope that Catholics and Eastern Orthodox would encounter each other more often, so as to overcome prejudices.

“I hope, therefore, that opportunities may increase for meeting each other, for exchange and cooperation among Catholic and Orthodox faithful, in such a way that as we deepen our knowledge and esteem for one another, we may be able to overcome any prejudice and misunderstanding that may remain as a result of our long separation,” the Bishop of Rome said June 27 at the Vatican’s Apostolic Palace.

He was receiving representatives of Bartholomew I, Ecumenical Patriarch of Constantinople, who are in Rome to observe the June 29 feast of Saints Peter and Paul, who were martyred in the city and who are the principal patrons of the Church of Rome.

“Your presence at the celebrations of our feast testifies once again to the deep relationship between the sister Churches of Rome and Constantinople, foreshadowed by the bond which unites the respective patron Saints of our Churches, the Apostles Peter and Andrew, brothers in blood and faith, united in apostolic service and martyrdom,” Francis told them.

He recalled his own visit to Constantinople and to Patriarch Bartholomew, for the feast of St. Andrew, that Church’s patron, saying, “The embrace of peace exchanged with His Holiness was an eloquent sign of that fraternal charity which encourages us along the path of reconciliation, and which will enable us one day to participate together at the altar of the Eucharist.”

“Attaining that goal, towards which we have set out together in trust, represents one of my main concerns, for which I do not cease to pray to God,” reflected the Bishop of Rome. “It is my desire that we may be able to face, in truth but also with a fraternal spirit, the difficulties which still exist.”

He mentioned his support for the Joint International Commission for Theological Dialogue between the Catholic Church and the Orthodox Church, adding that “the problems which we may encounter in the course of our theological dialogue must not lead us to discouragement or resignation.”

“The careful examination of how in the Church the principle of synodality and the service of the one who presides are articulated, will make a significant contribution to the progress of relations between our Churches.”

The Pope looked forward to the Pan-Orthodox Synod, assuring the delegates of his prayers “and that of many Catholics,” adding that “I trust also in your prayers for the Ordinary Assembly of the Synod of Bishops of the Catholic Church, on the theme of the family, which will take place here in the Vatican this coming October, at which we are looking forward also to the participation of a fraternal delegate from the Ecumenical Patriarchate.”

“I renew my gratitude for your presence and for your cordial expressions of closeness,” he concluded. “I ask you to convey my fraternal greeting to His Holiness Patriarch Bartholomew and to the Holy Synod, together with my most heartfelt appreciation for having desired to send eminent representatives to share our joy.”

“Please pray for me and for my ministry.”

Tags: Eastern Orthodoxy

via Catholics and Orthodox should meet, cooperate more often, Pope exhorts :: Catholic News Agency (CNA).

Angelus Domini 2015.06.28 Live in the San Peter Square (“non dimenticare di pregate per me”, his Holiness of us Christians)

Angelus Domini 2015.06.28

make music part of your life series: Franz Anton Rösler (Rosetti). Symphony in D major, A12

Franz Anton Rösler (Rosetti). Symphony in D major, A12

historic musical bits: Horowitz plays Schumann Blumenstück (1966 live)

Horowitz plays Schumann Blumenstück (1966 live)

historic musical bits: Hamilton Harty – Carl Maria von Weber: Abu Hassan Overture

Hamilton Harty – Carl Maria von Weber: Abu Hassan Overture

make music part of your life series: Mozart – String Quartet No. 14 in G, K. 387 (“Spring”)


Mozart – String Quartet No. 14 in G, K. 387 [complete] (Spring)

Saint of the Day for Sunday, June 28th, 2015: St. Irenaeus

Image of St. Irenaeus

St. Irenaeus

The writings of St. Irenaeus entitle him to a high place among the fathers of the Church, for they not only laid the foundations of Christian theology but, by exposing and refuting the errors of the … continue reading

More Saints of the Day

picture of the day: Gettysburg Celebration

Gettysburg Celebration

Two veterans shake hands at the Gettysburg Celebration in Pennsylvania in 1913.

Image: Library of Congress

today’s holiday: Svenskarnas Dag

Svenskarnas Dag

Svenskarnas Dag honors the Swedish heritage of the people of Minneapolis, Minnesota, and the longest day of the year. When the festival first started in 1934, it was observed in August, but in 1941 the day was changed to the fourth Sunday in June so that it would coincide with midsummer observances in Sweden. The festival includes a band concert, Swedish folk dancing, choral group performances, and the crowning of a Midsummer Queen. A national celebrity of Swedish descent is often asked to officiate at this one-day event, which attracts more than 100,000 visitors each year. More… Discuss

quotation: Follow your honest convictions and be strong. William Makepeace Thackeray

Follow your honest convictions and be strong.

William Makepeace Thackeray (1811-1863) Discuss

today’s birthday: Peter Paul Rubens (1577)

Peter Paul Rubens (1577)

Rubens was a prolific 17th-century Flemish Baroque painter whose exuberant style emphasized movement, color, and sensuality. Known for his altarpieces, portraits, and landscapes, Rubens ran a large studio in Antwerp where he produced more than 2,000 paintings by supervising an enormous workshop of skilled apprentices. Also a diplomat, Rubens was knighted by both Philip IV of Spain and Charles I of England. Aspects of Rubens’s paintings gave rise to the term “Rubenesque,” which means what? More… Discuss

this day in the yesteryear: Austrian Archduke Franz Ferdinand Assassinated (1914)

Austrian Archduke Franz Ferdinand Assassinated (1914)

Nephew of Francis Joseph, emperor of Austria and king of Hungary, Ferdinand became heir apparent in 1896. While visiting Sarajevo, he and his wife were assassinated by Serbian nationalist Gavrilo Princip. Austria soon declared war on Serbia, prompting countries allied with Austria-Hungary—the Central Powers—and those allied with Serbia—the Triple Entente—to declare war on each other, precipitating WWI. The assassination was not the first attempt on his life. What had happened earlier that day? More… Discuss



Geneva is the second largest city in Switzerland. Situated on the Lake of Geneva and divided by the Rhône River, it became a focal point of the Reformation when John Calvin arrived there in 1536, after the city expelled its bishop. The city’s intellectual life reached its zenith in the 18th century, when the stern theocracy of Calvin had mellowed into patrician rule and Voltaire and Rousseau were among the city’s residents. What important international organizations are headquartered there? More… Discuss

word: ventail


Definition: (noun) A medieval hood of mail suspended from a basinet to protect the head and neck.
Synonyms: camail
Usage: The sword caught him just below the jaw, but the ventail protected his neck. Discuss.

ECB ‘to end Greek bank lifeline’

ECB ‘to end Greek bank lifeline’