genocide: Genocide in Darfur

Genocide in Darfur

In 2003, political conflict between Darfur’s government and rebel groups erupted when rebels killed 75 military personnel in a surprise raid. The government-backed Janjaweed have since destroyed countless villages and murdered their civilian inhabitants. One UN observer team reported that non-Arab villages were attacked, while Arab villages were unharmed. The mass media has termed the events in Darfur “genocide.” Most NGOs report 400,000 deaths in the region; how many people have been displaced?

War in Darfur
Part of the Sudanese Civil Wars
Government Militia in Darfur.PNG
Pro-government militia in Darfur
Date 2003– ongoing[1]
Location Darfur, Sudan
Result Conflict ongoing
Belligerents
Sudan JEM factions
Flag of Darfur.svg SLM (Minnawi faction)
Sudan LJM
Allegedly supported by:
 Chad
 Eritrea[2][3][4][5]
Sudan Janjaweed
Sudan Sudanese Armed Forces
Sudan Sudanese Police
Foreign Mercenaries
African Union
 United Nations
Commanders and leaders
Sudan Khalil Ibrahim
Sudan Ahmed Diraige
Flag of Darfur.svg Minni Minnawi
Sudan Abdul Wahid al Nur
Sudan Omar al-Bashir
Sudan Musa Hilal
Sudan Hamid Dawai
Sudan Ali Kushayb
Sudan Ahmed Haroun[6]
Rodolphe Adada
United Nations Martin Luther Agwai
Strength
NRF/JEM: Unknown N/A 9,065
Casualties and losses
Unknown Unknown

  • 106 Sudanese soldiers and police and 1 Russian mercenary killed in the raid on Omdurman and Khartoum[7][8][9][10]
51 peacekeepers killed
178,258–461,520 excess deaths,[11] 2,850,000 Displaced (UN estimate), 450,000 Displaced (Sudanese estimate)


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