Daily Archives: October 26, 2015

Migrant Balkan surge continues amid EU attempt to slow it


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Migrant Balkan surge continues amid EU attempt to slow it: http://bigstory.ap.org/e72e7c804e854a038dbc8116ec7c82d7&utm_source=android_app&utm_medium=wordpress&utm_campaign=share

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An intolerable unimaginable heat forecast for Persian Gulf


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An intolerable unimaginable heat forecast for Persian Gulf: http://bigstory.ap.org/5da1a813aedf40388a9d0fe2c3e129b5&utm_source=android_app&utm_medium=wordpress&utm_campaign=share

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The Latest: Israel strikes Gaza sites after rocket attack


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The Latest: Israel strikes Gaza sites after rocket attack: http://bigstory.ap.org/43efa7b1c86e456daab9eee2cc627700&utm_source=android_app&utm_medium=wordpress&utm_campaign=share

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Exclusive: Wal-Mart seeks to test drones for home delivery, pickup


https://www.yahoo.com/tech/exclusive-wal-mart-seeks-test-195705687.html
Wal-Mart Stores Inc applied Monday to U.S. regulators for permission to test drones for home delivery, curbside pickup and checking warehouse inventories, a sign it plans to go head-to-head with Amazon in using drones to fill and deliver online orders. The world’s largest retailer by revenue has for several months been conducting indoor tests of small unmanned aircraft systems – the term regulators use for drones – and is now seeking for the first time to test the machines outdoors. It plans to use drones manufactured by China’s SZ DJI Technology Co Ltd.

Chase Announces CHASE PAYSM


http://finance.yahoo.com/news/chase-announces-chase-paysm-205800375.html
Chase announced today Chase Pay – a better payments experience for in-store, in-app and online purchases. MCX – which includes retailers such as Walmart, Target, Best Buy and Shell – will be Chase Pay’s premier partner.

How Much Is Intervention in Syria Costing Russia?


http://finance.yahoo.com/news/much-intervention-syria-costing-russia-193500648.html
How Much Is Intervention in Syria Costing Russia?

Save Social Security from the GOP: Huckabee


http://www.cnbc.com/id/103108771?__source=yahoo%7Cfinance%7Cheadline%7Cheadline%7Cstory∥=yahoo&doc=103108771
Save Social Security from the GOP: Huckabee

Ancient warrior’s tomb and huge treasure hoard found in Greece


http://news.yahoo.com/ancient-warriors-tomb-huge-treasure-hoard-found-greece-193420700.html
Ancient warrior’s tomb and huge treasure hoard found in Greece

France 24 :


Trump says world would be safer under Gaddafi, Saddam

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http://f24.my/1MlERv7

Scientologists on trial in Belgium


Scientologists on trial in Belgium http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-europe-34638721

Do crabs feel pain?


Do crabs feel pain? http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/magazine-34637318

Afghan people smuggler ‘feels guilt’


Afghan people smuggler ‘feels guilt’ http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-asia-34631810

Facebook makes public posts searchable


Facebook makes public posts searchable http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/technology-34614244

Could Russian subs stop the internet?


Could Russian subs stop the internet? http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/technology-34639148

Stars join royals for Spectre premiere


Stars join royals for Spectre premiere http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/entertainment-arts-34639118

Saint for October 26, 2015: St. Demetrius of Thessaloniki


Facts

Feastday: October 26

Patron of Thessaloniki, Greece patron of soldiers, patron of the Crusades

Birth: 270

Death: 306


Called a military martyr, and “the Megalomartyr” by the Greeks. He was a deacon martyred at Sirmium, in the former Yugoslavia. Early legends about Demetrius credit him with a military career. He was extremely popular in the Middle Ages, and with St. George, he was the patron of the crusades.

More about St. Demetrius of Thessaloniki from Wikipedia

This article is about the 4th-century Orthodox saint. For the other saint of the same name, see Pope Demetrius I of Alexandria. For the Crusader king of Thessaloniki, see Demetrius of Montferrat.

Saint Demetrius of Thessaloniki (Greek: Άγιος Δημήτριος της Θεσσαλονίκης) is a Christian martyr of the early 4th century AD.

During the Middle Ages, he came to be revered as one of the most important Orthodox military saints, often paired with Saint George. His feast day is 26 October for Eastern Orthodox Christians following the Gregorian calendar and 8 November for those following the Julian calendar. In the Roman Catholic church he is most commonly called “Demetrius of Sermium” and his memorial falls on 8 October.

Contents

  • 1 Name
  • 2 Life
  • 3 Veneration of Sainthood
  • 4 Iconography
  • 5 Music
  • 6 Notes
  • 7 See also
  • 8 References
  • 9 External links

Name

15th-century icon of St Demetrius (Russian State Museum, Saint Petersburg).

15th-century icon of St Demetrius (Russian State Museum, Saint Petersburg).

The spelling “Demetrius” is a romanization of the ancient Greek pronunciation; the Byzantine and Modern Greek pronunciation is romanized as Dimitrios or Demetrios. See Demetrios for more on the etymology of the name.

In Russian, he is called Димитрий Солунский ([dimitri solunski] ‘Dimitri of Saloniki’) and was a patron saint of the Rurik dynasty from the late 11th century on. Izyaslav I of Kiev (whose Christian name was Dimitry) founded the first East Slavic monastery dedicated to this saint. The name Dimitry is in common use.

The Bulgarian Orthodox Church reveres St. Demetrius on 26 October as Димитровден (Dimitrovden).

The Romanian Orthodox Church revers St. Demetrius on 26 October as Sf. Dumitru.

The Serbian Orthodox Church reveres St. Demetrius as Димитрије, having a feast of Mitrovdan on 8 November.

The Macedonian Orthodox Church reveres St. Demetrius on 8 November as Митровден (Mitrovden)

He is known among Albanian-speakers in Kosovo as Shmitri, and in Albania as Shën Mitri.

He is known in Lebanon as Mar Dimitri or Mitri for short, which is a common name among Christian Lebanese.

He is known in the Coptic Church as “St. Demetrius of Thessalonica”. He is venerated in the Coptic Church on 8 November.

Life

St Demetrius of Salonica (18th Century). The Walters Art Museum.

The earliest written accounts of his life were compiled in the 9th century, although there are earlier images of him, and the 7th-century Miracles of Saint Demetrius collection. According to these early accounts, Demetrius was born to pious Christian parents in Thessaloniki, Illyricum in 270.[1] The biographies have Demetrius as a young man of senatorial family who was run through with spears in around 306 AD in Thessaloniki, during the Christian persecutions of Diocletian and Galerian, which matches his depiction in the 7th century mosaics.

Veneration of Sainthood

Relics of St. Demetrius at the Aghios Demetrios Basilica in Thessaloniki.

One theory is that his veneration was transferred from Sirmium when Thessaloniki replaced it as the main military base in the area in 441/442 AD. His very large church in Thessaloniki, the Hagios Demetrios, dates from the mid-5th century.[2] Thessaloniki remained a centre of his veneration, and he is the patron saint of the city.

After the growth of his veneration as saint, the city of Thessaloniki suffered repeated attacks and sieges from the Slavic peoples who moved into the Balkans, and Demetrius was credited with many miraculous interventions to defend the city. Hence later traditions about Demetrius regard him as a soldier in the Roman army, and he came to be regarded as an important military martyr. Unsurprisingly, he was extremely popular in the Middle Ages, and along with Saint George, was the patron of the Crusades.

Some scholars believe that for four centuries after his death, St. Demetrius had no physical relics, and in their place an unusual empty shrine called the “ciborium” was built inside Hagios Demetrios. What are still purported to be his remains subsequently appeared in Thessaloniki, but the local archbishop John, who compiled the first book of the Miracles ca. 610, was publicly dismissive of their authenticity.[3] These are now also kept in Hagios Demetrios. According to believers, these relics were ascertained to be genuine after they started emitting a liquid and strong scented myrrh. This gave the saint the epithet “Myrovlētēs” (Greek: Μυροβλήτης, the Myrrh-streamer).[1]

In the Russian Orthodox Church, the Saturday before the Feast of St. Demetrius is a memorial day commemorating the soldiers who fell in the Battle of Kulikovo (1380), under the leadership of St. Demetrius of the Don. This day is known as Demetrius Saturday.[4]

Iconography

Demetrios, icon Metropolitan Museum of Art

St. Demetrius was initially depicted in icons and mosaics as a young man in patterned robes with the distinctive tablion of the senatorial class across his chest. Miraculous military interventions were attributed to him during several attacks on Thessaloniki, and he gradually became thought of as a soldier: a Constantinopolitan ivory of the late 10th century shows him as an infantry soldier (Metropolitan Museum of Art). But an icon of the late 11th century in Saint Catherine’s Monastery on Mount Sinai shows him as before, still a civilian. This may be due to iconic depiction customs on how saints are depicted.

Another Sinai icon, of the Crusader period and painted by a French artist working in the Holy Land in the second half of the 12th century, shows what then became the most common depiction. Demetrius, bearded, rather older, and on a dark horse, rides together with St George, unbearded and on a white horse. Both are dressed as cavalrymen. Also, while St. George is often shown spearing a dragon, St. Demetrius is depicted spearing the gladiator Lyaeos, who according to story was responsible for killing many Christians. Lyaeos is commonly depicted below Demetrius and lying supine, having already been defeated; Lyaeos is traditionally drawn much smaller than Demetrius. In traditional hagiography, Demetrius did not directly kill Lyaeos, but rather through his prayers the gladiator was defeated by Demetrius’ disciple, Nestor.

A modern Greek iconographic convention depicts Demetrius with the Great White Tower in the background. The anachronistic White Tower acts as a symbolic depiction of the city of Thessaloniki, despite having been built in the 16th century, centuries after his life, and the exact architecture of the older tower that stood at the same site in earlier times is unknown. Again, iconography often depicts saints holding a church or protecting a city.

Music

In 1962, the life and martyrdom of Demetrius became the subject of a 90-minute oratorio by Greek Diaspora composer Nicolas Astrinidis. Three parts of the work were premiered at the first Demetria Festival in Thessaloniki on October 26, 1962. The entire oratorio was premiered in 1966 and received subsequent performances in 1985 (Thessaloniki) and in 1993 (Bucharest).[5] All performances have been recorded.[6]

Notes

  1. ^ a b Saint Demetrius Ukrainian Orthodox Cathedral
  2. ^ “Museum in the Crypt of the Church of St. Demetrios”, Macedonian Museums
  3. ^ Cormack p. 75
  4. ^ Commemorated on October 24
  5. ^ Ilias Chrissochoidis, Nicolas Astrinidis: Life – Works catalog, Stanford, 2012. ISBN 1478248637
  6. ^ Nicolas Astrinidis, Oratorio Saint Demetrios

See also

Hagios Demetrios, the main sanctuary dedicated to Saint Demetrius

References

  • Robin Cormack, Writing in Gold, Byzantine Society and its Icons, George Philip, London, 1985. ISBN 0-540-01085-5
  • Eugenia Russell, St Demetrius of Thessalonica; Cult and Devotion in the Middle Ages, Peter Lang, Oxford, 2010. ISBN 978-3-0343-0181-7
  • James C. Skedros, Saint Demetrios of Thessaloniki: Civic Patron and Divine Protector 4th-7th Centuries CE, Trinity Press International, 1999. Summarized in Harvard Theological Review 89:410 (1996). in JSTOR
  • James C. Skedros, “Response to David Woods” Harvard Theological Review 93:3:235 (July 2000). at JSTOR
  • Kurt Weitzmann in The Icon, 1982, Evans Brothers Ltd, London, ills. pp. 32,51,220 (trans of Le Icone, Montadori 1981), ISBN 0-237-45645-1
  • David Woods, “Thessalonica’s Patron: Saint Demetrius or Emeterius?” Harvard Theological Review 93:3:221-234 (July 2000). at JSTOR free copy
  • David Woods, bibliography on St. Demetrius
  • David Woods, St Demetrius from his Military Martyrs Web site. Includes article on Origins of the Cult, the Passion and Miracles by Anastasius the Librarian (BHL 2122 and 2123), images & links.
  • The Life Of The Holy Great Martyr Of Christ Saint Demetrios The Myrrh-Bearer of Thessalonica Compiled by Fr. Demetrios Serfes
  • Holy, Glorious Demetrius the Myrrhgusher of Thessalonica Orthodox icon and synaxarion

Al Qaeda Supporter Identified as Son of Hollywood Veteran


https://www.yahoo.com/movies/s/al-qaeda-supporter-identified-son-hollywood-veteran-220641408.html
Al Qaeda Supporter Identified as Son of Hollywood Veteran

India Is Spending Billions to Populate a Remote Area Claimed by China


http://www.bloomberg.com/news/articles/2015-10-25/india-spending-billions-to-populate-remote-area-claimed-by-china?cmpid=yhoo.headline
India Is Spending Billions to Populate a Remote Area Claimed by China

Former elementary school principal reveals why she’d never want her daughter to go into teaching


http://finance.yahoo.com/news/former-elementary-school-principal-reveals-203630437.html
Former elementary school principal reveals why she’d never want her daughter to go into teaching

The Latest: EU says reception capacity for migrants to grow


http://news.yahoo.com/latest-croatia-reports-record-migrant-entries-1-day-102647862.html
The Latest: EU says reception capacity for migrants to grow

Two-Child Policy Is Too Little, Too Late


http://www.bloombergview.com/articles/2015-10-25/two-child-policy-is-too-late-for-china?cmpid=yhoo.headline
Two-Child Policy Is Too Little, Too Late

Watch a pro-Assad volunteer explain why he fights for the world’s most despised dictator


http://www.vox.com/2015/10/26/9614830/assad-supporters-frontline-syria
Watch a pro-Assad volunteer explain why he fights for the world’s most despised dictator

IRS possessed Stingray cellphone surveillance gear, documents reveal


IRS possessed Stingray cellphone surveillance gear, documents reveal

http://gu.com/p/4dtbt?CMP=Share_AndroidApp_WordPress

IRS possessed Stingray cellphone surveillance gear, documents reveal


IRS possessed Stingray cellphone surveillance gear, documents reveal

http://gu.com/p/4dtbt?CMP=Share_AndroidApp_WordPress

Vietnam war’s ‘napalm girl’ Kim Phuc has laser treatment to heal wounds


Vietnam war’s ‘napalm girl’ Kim Phuc has laser treatment to heal wounds

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France 24 :


Trump says world would be better place with Gaddafi, Saddam

http://f24.my/1MlERv7

Syria rebels sceptical of Russia offer


Syria rebels sceptical of Russia offer http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-europe-34637154

Expedition seeks Atlantis microbes


Expedition seeks Atlantis microbes http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/science-environment-34609272