Daily Archives: April 23, 2017

My birds on the wire 


My birds on the wire

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My Chakra today 


My Chakra today

My pot with flowers today 


My pot with flowers today

My Duck today 


My Duck today

From Wikipedia: Phyllanthus niruri


Phyllanthus niruri is a widespread tropical plant commonly found in coastal areas, known by the common names gale of the wind,stonebreaker or seed-under-leaf. It is a relative of thespurges, belonging to thePhyllanthus genus of Family Phyllanthaceae.

Quick facts: Chanca piedra, Scientific classification …

Description

Phyllanthus niruri

It grows 50–70 cm (20–28 in)tall and bears ascending herbaceous branches. The bark is smooth and light green. It bears numerous pale green flowers which are often flushed with red. The fruits are tiny, smooth capsules containing seeds.

Traditional medicine

Phyllanthus niruri is an important plant of IndianAyurvedic system of medicine in which it is used for problems of the stomach, genitourinary system, liver, kidney and spleen.

Clinical study

P. niruri has been investigated for its potential medicinal benefits, especially in terms of blocking kidney stone formation and anti-hepatitis B activity.However, there is insufficient scientific evidence of its effectiveness; a Cochrane review concluded there is “no convincing evidence that phyllanthus, compared with placebo, benefits patients with chronic HBV infection.”

References

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Wikipedia: Hyperparathyroidism



Hyperparathyroidism is an increased parathyroid hormone (PTH) levels in theblood. This occurs either from the parathyroid glandsinappropriately making too much PTH (primary hyperparathyroidism) or other events triggering increased production by the parathyroid glands (secondary hyperparathyroidism). Most people with primary disease have no symptoms at the time of diagnosis. In those with symptoms the most common is kidney stones with other potential symptoms including weakness, depression, bone pains, confusion, and increased urination. Both types increase the risk ofweak bones.

Quick facts: Classification and external resources, Specialty …

Primary hyperparathyroidism in 80% of cases is due to a single benign tumor known as a parathyroid adenoma with most of the rest of the cases due to a multiple benign tumors. Rarely it may be due to parathyroid cancer.Secondary hyperparathyroidism typically occurs due to vitamin D deficiencychronic kidney disease, or other causes oflow blood calcium.Diagnosis of primary disease is by finding a high blood calcium and high PTH levels.

Primary hyperparathyroidism may be cured by removing the adenoma or overactive parathyroid glands. In those without symptoms, mildly increased blood calcium levels, normal kidneys, and normal bone density monitoring may be all that is required. The medication cinacalcet may also be used to decrease PTH levels. In those with very high blood calcium levels treatment may include large amounts of intravenous normal saline. Low vitamin D levels should be corrected.

Primary hyperparathyroidism is the most common form.In the developed worldbetween one and four per thousand people are affected. It occurs three times more often in women than men and is typically diagnosed between the ages of 50 and 60. The disease was first described in the 1700s and in the late 1800s was determined to be related to the parathyroid. Surgery as a treatment was first carried out in 1925.

Signs and symptoms

Symptoms depend on whether the hyperparathyroidism is the result of parathyroid overactivity or secondary.

In primary hyperparathyroidism about 75% of people have no symptoms. The problem is often picked up during blood work for other reasons via a raised calcium. Many other people only have non-specific symptoms. Symptoms directly due to hypercalcemia are relatively rare, being more common in patients with malignant hypercalcemia. If present, common manifestations of hypercalcemia include weakness and fatigue, depression, bone pain, muscle soreness (myalgias), decreased appetite, feelings of nausea and vomiting,constipationpolyuria,polydipsia, cognitive impairment, kidney stones(See Foot Note) andosteoporosis. A history of acquired racquet nails(brachyonychia) may be indicative of bone resorption. Parathyroid adenomas are very rarely detectable on clinical examination. Surgical removal of a parathyroid tumor eliminates the symptoms in most patients.

In secondary hyperparathyroidism the parathyroid gland is behaving normally; clinical problems are due to bone resorption and manifest as bone syndromes such as rickets,osteomalacia and renal osteodystrophy.

Cause

Radiation exposure increases the risk of primary hyperparathyroidism. A number of genetic conditions including multiple endocrine neoplasia syndromes also increase the risk.

Mechanism

Normal parathyroid glands measure the ionized calcium (Ca2+) concentration in the blood and secrete parathyroid hormone accordingly: if the ionized calcium rises above normal the secretion of PTH is decreased, whereas when the Ca2+ level falls, parathyroid hormone secretion is increased.

Secondary hyperparathyroidism occurs if the calcium level is abnormally low. The normal glands respond by secreting parathyroid hormone at a persistently high rate. This typically occurs when the 1,25 dihydroxyvitamin D3 levels in the blood are low and there ishypocalcemia. A lack of 1,25 dihydroxyvitamin D3 can result from a deficient dietary intake of vitamin D, or from a lack of exposure of the skin to sunlight, so the body cannot make its own vitamin D from cholesterol. The resultinghypovitaminosis D is usually due to a partial combination of both factors. Vitamin D3 (orcholecalciferol) is converted to 25-hydroxyvitamin D (orcalcidiol) by the liver, from where it is transported via the circulation to the kidneys where it is converted into the active hormone, 1,25 dihydroxyvitamin D3.Thus a third cause of secondary hyperparathyroidism ischronic kidney disease. Here the ability to manufacture 1,25 dihydroxyvitamin D3 is compromised, resulting in hypocalcemia.

Diagnosis

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Saint George’s Day: April 23…


Observed by Roman Catholic Church (see calendar)
Anglican Communion (see calendars)
Eastern Orthodox Church (see calendar)
Oriental Orthodox Church (see calendar)
Nations of which Saint George is the patron saint
Type Feast day; national day of England and Georgia
Date 23 April, 24 April, 6 May, 23 November
Observances Church services, flying of the St George’s Cross
Related to Feast of Saint George
Saint George’s Day is the feast day of Saint George. It is celebrated by various Christian churches and by the several nations, kingdoms, countries, and cities of which Saint George is the patron saint. Saint George’s Day is celebrated on 23 April, the traditionally accepted date of Saint George’s death in CE 303. For Eastern Orthodox Churches which use the Julian calendar, 23 April corresponds to 6 May on the Gregorian calendar.
As Easter often falls close to Saint George’s Day, the church celebration of the feast may be moved from 23 April. In England, where it is the National Saint’s Day, for 2011 and 2014 the Anglican and Catholic calendars celebrate Saint George’s Day on the first Monday after Easter Week (2 May and 28 April, respectively).[1][2][3] Similarly, the Eastern Orthodox celebration of the feast moves accordingly to the first Monday after Easter or, as it is sometimes called, to the Monday of Bright Week.
Celebrations
Countries that celebrate St George’s Day include England, Canada, Croatia, Cyprus, Greece, Georgia, Serbia, Bulgaria, Romania, Bosnia and Herzegovina, and the Republic of Macedonia. Cities include Moscow in Russia, Genova in Italy, Ljubljana in Slovenia, Beirut in Lebanon, Qormi and Victoria in Malta and many others. It is also celebrated in the old Crown of Aragon in Spain—Aragon, Catalonia, Valencia, and Majorca.

A woodcut print of St George
St George’s Day is known as the Feast of Saint George by Palestinians and is celebrated in the Monastery of Saint George in al-Khader, near Bethlehem. It is also known as Georgemas.[4]
Besides the 23 April feast, some Orthodox Churches have additional feasts dedicated to St George. The country of Georgia celebrates the feast St. George on 23 April and, more prominently, 10 November (Julian Calendar), which currently fall on 6 May and 23 November (Gregorian Calendar), respectively. The Russian Orthodox Church celebrates the dedication of the Church of St George in Kiev by Yaroslav I the Wise in 1051 on 26 November (Julian Calendar), which currently falls on the Gregorian 9 December.
In the General Calendar of the Roman Rite, the feast of Saint George is on 23 April. In the Tridentine Calendar it was given the rank of “Semidouble”. In Pope Pius XII’s 1955 calendar this rank is reduced to “Simple.” In Pope John XXIII’s 1960 calendar the celebration to just a “Commemoration”. In Pope Paul VI’s revision of the calendar, that came into force in 1969, it was given the equivalent rank of a “Memorial”, of optional use. In some countries, such as England, the rank is higher.
St George’s feast is ranked higher in England and in certain other regions. It is the second most important National Feast in Catalonia, where the day is known in Catalan as La Diada de Sant Jordi and it is traditional to give a rose and a book to a loved one.
Under the state atheism of former Eastern Bloc countries, the celebration of Saint George’s Day was historically suppressed.[5]
UNESCO declared this day the International Day of the Book, since 23 April 1616 was the date of death and possibly anniversary of birth of both the English playwright William Shakespeare (according to the Julian calendar) and the Spanish author Miguel de Cervantes (according to the Gregorian calendar).
23 April is also the anniversary of the St George Dragons Rugby League Football Club. The St George club coincidentally played their inaugural NSWRL first grade match on St George’s Day, 23 April 1921 at the Sydney Sports Ground in Australia.
In Catholic and Protestant countries
Canada
St. George’s Day is celebrated on 23 April. St. George’s Day is not an official national holiday in Canada. It is, however, a provincial holiday in Newfoundland, where it is usually observed on the Monday nearest 23 April.
Czech Republic
In the Czech Republic, Saint George’s Day (svátek sv. Jiří) comes on 24 April. The reason ought to be that it was moved from 23 April because of St. Vojtěch, Czech national patron saint, who replaced him.[6] It is celebrated in a special way.
England

A celebration of St George’s Day in Trafalgar Square, London, 2010.
The earliest documented mention of St George in England comes from the venerable Bede (c. 673–735).[7] He is also mentioned in ninth-century liturgy used at Durham Cathedral[8] The will of Alfred the Great is said to refer to the saint, in a reference to the church of Fordington, Dorset.[8] At Fordington a stone over the south door records the miraculous appearance of St George to lead crusaders into battle.[7] Early (c 10th century) dedications of churches to St George are noted in England, for example at Fordingham, Dorset, at Thetford, Southwark and Doncaster.[8] In 1222 The Synod of Oxford declared St. George’s Day a feast day in the kingdom of England.[8] Edward III (1327–1377) put his Order of the Garter (founded c. 1348) under the banner of St. George.[7] This order is still the foremost order of knighthood in England and St George’s Chapel at Windsor Castle was built by Edward IV and Henry VII in honour of the order.[7] The badge of the Order shows Saint George on horseback slaying the dragon.[7] Froissart observed the English invoking St. George as a battle cry on several occasions during the Hundred Years’ War (1337–1453).[8] Certain English soldiers also displayed the pennon of St George.[9] In his play Henry V, William Shakespeare famously invokes the Saint at Harfleur prior to the battle of Agincourt (1415): “Follow your spirit, and upon this charge Cry ‘God for Harry, England, and Saint George!'” At Agincourt many believed they saw him fighting on the English side.[7]
[1552] wher as it hathe bene of ane olde costome that sent Gorge shulde be kepte holy day thorrow alle Englond, the byshoppe of London commandyd that it shulde not be kepte, and no more it was not.

Chronicle of the Grey Friars of London
St George’s Day was a major feast and national holiday in England on a par with Christmas from the early 15th century.[10] The Cross of St George was flown in 1497 by John Cabot on his voyage to discover Newfoundland and later by Sir Francis Drake and Sir Walter Raleigh.[11] In 1620 it was the flag that was flown by the Mayflower when the Pilgrim Fathers arrived in Plymouth, Massachusetts.[11]
The tradition of celebration St George’s day had waned by the end of the 18th century after the union of England and Scotland.[12] Nevertheless the link with St George continues today, for example Salisbury holds an annual St George’s Day pageant, the origins of which are believed to go back to the 13th century.[8] In recent years the popularity of St George’s Day appears to be increasing gradually. BBC Radio 3 had a full programme of St George’s Day events in 2006, and Andrew Rosindell, Conservative MP for Romford, has been putting the argument forward in the House of Commons to make St George’s Day a public holiday. In early 2009, Mayor of London Boris Johnson spearheaded a campaign to encourage the celebration of St George’s Day. Today, St George’s day may be celebrated with anything English from morris dancing to a Punch and Judy show.[13] Additional celebrations may involve the commemoration of 23 April as Shakespeare’s birthday/death.
A traditional custom on St George’s day is to wear a red rose in one’s lapel, though this is no longer widely practised. Another custom is to fly or adorn the St George’s Cross flag in some way: pubs in particular can be seen on 23 April festooned with garlands of St George’s crosses. It is customary for the hymn “Jerusalem” to be sung in cathedrals, churches and chapels on St George’s Day, or on the Sunday closest to it. Traditional English food and drink (e.g. afternoon tea) may be consumed.
There is a growing reaction to the recent indifference to St George’s Day. Organizations such as English Heritage, and the Royal Society of Saint George (a non-political English national society founded in 1894) have been encouraging celebrations. There have also been calls to replace St George as patron saint of England, on the grounds that he was an obscure figure who had no direct connection with the country.[14] However there is no obvious consensus as to whom to replace him with, though names suggested include Edmund the Martyr,[15] Cuthbert of Lindisfarne, or Saint Alban, with the last having topped a BBC Radio 4 poll on the subject.[16]
Religious observance of St George’s day changes when it is too close to Easter. According to the Church of England’s calendar, when St George’s Day falls between Palm Sunday and the Second Sunday of Easter inclusive, it is moved to the Monday after the Second Sunday of Easter.[1][2] In 2011, for example, 23 April was Holy Saturday so St George’s Day was moved to Monday 2 May. The Catholic Church in England and Wales has a similar practice.[3]
Hungary
In Hungary, 24 April is the day of Saint George the Dragonkiller, thus it is the name day of men named György. It is also the Day of the Police, who honour him as a patron saint.
Iraq
In Iraq the Christians celebrate this day as well; normally they would visit a church in northern Iraq (Mosul) where there is a church on the hill named after St. George; St. George Monastery (Mar Gorgies).
Jordan

Saint George’s Day Celebrations in Fuheis, citizens of Fuheis celebrate Saint George’s day in a shrine where a part of Saint George’s body is believed to be buried.
Saint George’s (or Jeries as named by Jordanians) Day is celebrated widely in Jordan, especially in a town near Amman called Fuheis. In Jordan, many churches are dedicated to St. George.
Lebanon
St George’s Day is celebrated throughout Lebanon, but especially in towns and villages where churches for St George have been erected.
Portugal
Devotions to Saint George in Portugal date back to the twelfth century, and Saint Constable attributed the victory of the Portuguese against what is now mostly modern day Spain, in the battle of Aljubarrota in the fourteenth century to Saint George. During the reign of King John I (1357–1433) Saint George became the patron saint of Portugal and the King ordered that the saint’s image on the horse be carried in the Corpus Christi procession. In fact, the Portuguese Army motto means Portugal and Saint George, in perils and in efforts of war.[17]
Spain
Saint George is associated with several areas of Spain. He is the patron saint of the former Crown of Aragon, since King Peter I of Aragon won the Battle of Alcoraz with his patronage.[2] The saint is also patron of several cities. In most cases, the reason for those cities’ relation with the Saint as their holy Patron is linked to historic events which happened during the “Reconquista.”
The Saint’s feast is also celebrated in many towns outside the former Crown of Aragon in Spain. Saint George has been the patron saint of Cáceres, since 1229 A.D. Celebration of Saint George’s Day in Cáceres is strongly centered in the world of legends. Celebrations include a parade featuring re-enactors of Moorish and Christian soldiers, but the core of the commemoration focuses mainly on the legend of Saint George slaying a dragon to save a princess (see: Saint George and the Dragon).
Aragon

The Día de San Jorge in the Plaza de Aragón, Zaragoza
As in the rest of the ancient Crown of Aragon, the Feast of St George is celebrated enthusiastically in the Community of Aragon, being the country’s patron saint and its national day. On 23 April, Aragon celebrates its “Día de Aragón” (Day of Aragon) in commemoration of the Battle of Alcoraz (Baralla d’Alcoraz in Aragonese), on which Huesca was conquered by the Aragonese army and in which tradition says that St George appeared at a critical moment for the Christian Army, aiding them to win the battle for the “True Faith”.
As in Catalonia, roses and books are exchanged among individuals, often bearing ribbons with the colors of Aragon’s flag.
Catalonia

Rose stall, with Catalan flag

Cake of Sant Jordi cake, in Catalonia

016 Sant Jordi (Joan Rebull), Rambla de Catalunya
La Diada de Sant Jordi (Catalan pronunciation: [ɫə ðiˈaðə ðə ˈsaɲ ˈʒɔrði], Saint George’s Day), also known as El dia de la Rosa (The Day of the Rose) or El dia del Llibre (The Day of the Book) is a Catalan holiday held on 23 April, with similarities to Valentine’s Day and some unique twists that reflect the antiquity of the celebrations. The main event is the exchange of gifts between sweethearts, loved ones and colleagues. Historically, men gave women roses, and women gave men a book to celebrate the occasion—”a rose for love and a book forever.” In modern times, the mutual exchange of books is also customary. Roses have been associated with this day since medieval times, but the giving of books is a more recent tradition originating in 1923, when a bookseller started to promote the holiday as a way to commemorate the nearly simultaneous deaths of Miguel Cervantes and William Shakespeare on 23 April 1616. Barcelona is the publishing capital of both Catalan and Spanish languages and the combination of love and literacy was quickly adopted.
In Barcelona’s most visited street, La Rambla, and all over Catalonia, thousands of stands of roses and makeshift bookstalls are hastily set up for the occasion. By the end of the day, some four million roses and 800,000 books will have been purchased. Most women will carry a rose in hand, and half of the total yearly book sales in Catalonia take place on this occasion.
Nowadays roses of many different colors are sold to be given as a present in this day. Depending on the color of the rose the meaning of the gift will be different. The red rose is the most common, and it is given usually to lovers because it symbolizes passion and love. The blue rose has also become popular, and it is usually given to friends since they symbolize trust. It is said that if you give blue roses to someone who is anxious, it will help that person to feel more calm. Pink roses are usually given to thank someone else for an important favor, or simply for that persons affection. These roses symbolize tenderness and kindness towards others. Purple roses symbolize nobelty, femininity and seduction, and thus are a good choice to give to women. White roses symbolize purity and innocence, and are often given to express someone the desire of having a deep long relationship, made of pure love and lasting forever. It is also said that if they are given to an ill person you are showing your caring towards that person. Yellow roses are a little less common, but are also seen. They symbolize joy and happiness, thus they are usually given to teenagers and also in celebrations.[18][19]
The sardana, the national dance of Catalonia, is performed throughout the day in the Plaça Sant Jaume in Barcelona. Many book stores and cafes host readings by authors (including 24-hour marathon readings of different classics of the Catalan literature or the Spanish literature). Street performers and musicians in public squares add to the day’s atmosphere.
23 April is also the only day of the year when the Palau de la Generalitat, Barcelona’s principal government building, is open to the public. The interior is decorated with roses to honour Saint George.
Catalonia exported its tradition of the book and the rose to the rest of the world. In 1995, the UNESCO adopted 23 April as World Book Day.
Valencia
Valencia celebrates St George’s Day with a different intensity, though in several zones it has similarities to Valentine’s Day, like in Catalonia.
One notable celebration is in the Valencian city of Alcoi. There, Saint George’s Day is commemorated as a thanksgiving celebration for the proclaimed aid the Saint provided to the Christians troops fighting the Muslims in the siege of the city. Its citizens commemorate the day with a festivity in which thousands of people parade in medieval costumes, forming two “armies” of Moors and Christians and re-enacting the siege that gave the city to the Christians.
Syria
Many Christian denominations in Syria celebrate St George’s Day, especially in the Homs Governorate.
Orthodox countries

An Orthodox icon showing Saint George
If St George’s Day (or any Saint’s Day) falls during Holy Week or on Easter Day, it is observed on Easter Monday.
Albania and Kosovo
In Albania and Kosovo, St George’s day is celebrated among Albanians as a day of joy and believing in God; people will go out and build a fire and play around it, and they will bless their houses, fields, their children and everything around them with water as if it were holy water.
Bosnia and Herzegovina
In Bosnia and Herzegovina St George’s Day is also called Đurđevdan and is celebrated by Bosnian Serbs and Roma (both Orthodox and Muslim), but also has been celebrated by the other ethnic groups in Bosnia and Herzegovina. Đurđevdan’s widespread appeal can be seen in the folk song Đurđevdan popularised by Bijelo Dugme as well as Meša Selimović’s novel Death and the Dervish.
Bulgaria

Roast lamb, a traditional dish on St George’s Day in Bulgaria
Possibly the most celebrated name day in the country, St George’s Day (Гергьовден, Gergyovden) is a public holiday that takes place on 6 May each year. A common ritual is to prepare and eat a whole lamb, which is an ancient practice possibly related to Slavic pagan sacrificial traditions and the fact that St George is the patron saint of shepherds.
St George’s Day is also the Day of the Bulgarian Army, made official with a decree of Prince Alexander of Bulgaria on 9 January 1880. Parades are organised in the capital Sofia to present the best of the army’s equipment and manpower.
Georgia
Georgians call St George’s day Giorgoba (Georgian: გიორგობა, “[the day] of George)”. It is celebrated twice a year on 6 May and 23 November.
Russia
The Russian Orthodox Church, which uses the Julian Calendar, has two important feasts of Saint George. Besides the feast of 23 April (6 May in the Gregorian Calendar), common through all Christendom, Russians also celebrate the anniversary of the dedication of the Church of St George in Kiev by Yaroslav I the Wise (1051) on 26 November (Julian Calendar), which currently falls on 9 December. One of the Russian forms of the name George being Yuri, the two feasts are popularly known as Vesenniy Yuriev Den (Yuri’s Day in the Spring) and Osenniy Yuriev Den (Yuri’s Day in the Fall).
Serbia
In Serbian St George’s Day is called Đurđevdan (Cyrillic: Ђурђевдан) and is celebrated on 6 May every year, as the Serbian Orthodox Church uses the Julian, Old Style Calendar. St George’s Day is one of the most common Slavas (family patron day) among the Serbs. Đurđevdan is also celebrated by both Orthodox and Muslim Roma and Muslim Gorani. Đurđevdan is celebrated, especially, in the areas of Raška in Serbia. Apart from being the Slava of many families, St George’s Day is marked by morning picnics, music, and folk dances.
Organisations
The Scout movement has been celebrating St George’s Day on 23 April since its first years, and St George is the patron saint of many other organisations.[20]
In literature
In the book, Dracula by Bram Stoker, evil things are said to occur on St George’s Day, beginning at midnight. The date of St George’s Day presented in the book, 5 May (on the Western, Gregorian Calendar), is St George’s Day as observed by the Eastern Orthodox churches of that era.
(Excerpt from Dracula, 1897) “Do you know what day it is?” I answered that it was the fourth of May. She shook her head as she said again: “Oh, yes! I know that, I know that! but do you know what day it is?” On my saying that I did not understand, she went on: “It is the eve of St. George’s Day. Do you not know that tonight, when the clock strikes midnight, all the evil things in the world will have full sway?”
Jerusalem (play) The play “Jerusalem” (2009) by Jez Butterworth takes place on St George’s Day, 23 April, also the birthday and deathday of William Shakespeare.
References
^ a b The Church of England (2011-04-22). “The Calendar: Rules to Order the Christian Year”. Common Worship. Retrieved 2011-04-22.
^ a b The Church of England (2011-04-22). “The Calendar: Table of Transferences”. Common Worship. Retrieved 2011-04-22.
^ a b The Catholic Church in England and Wales (2011-04-22). “Liturgical Calendar: May 2011.” Liturgy and Ordo 2010–2011. Retrieved 2011-04-22.
^ Funk & Wagnalls New Standard Dictionary of the English Language (New York, 1943, p. 1023).
^ Hobby, Jeneen (2009). Worldmark Encyclopedia of Cultures and Daily Life: Europe. Gate. ISBN 1-4144-6430-4.
^ compare Church calendar from Jindřichův Hradec (German Neuhaus), today Czech Republic, 1842 (in German) (Adalbert (= Vojtěch)’s Day on 23 April, Georgius’ day on 24 April) (System Kramerius, National library Prague)
^ a b c d e f “Religions – Christianity: Saint George”. BBC. 31 July 2009. Retrieved 17 October 2011.
^ a b c d e f [1]
^ “Froissart: The English in Portugal Mutiny”. Nipissingu.ca. Retrieved 17 October 2011.
^ Tradition English Festivals
^ a b “A History of Saint Goerge”. Royalsocietyofstgeorge.com. Retrieved 17 October 2011.
^ McSmith, Andy (23 April 2009). “Who is St George?”. The Independent (London). Retrieved 23 April 2010.
^ “How to celebrate St Georges Day – celebration event”. Stgeorgesholiday.com. 6 November 2007. Retrieved 17 October 2011.
^ Crutchlow, Dayle (5 July 2006). “Hands off our patron saint, by George!”. Coventry Telegraph. Retrieved 17 August 2008.
^ A new Patron Saint of England? (26 June 2008). “Suffolk – Community – A new Patron Saint of England?”. BBC. Retrieved 23 April 2010.
^ “Radio 4 – Today – St Alban”. BBC. Retrieved 23 April 2010.
^ de Oliveira Marques, AH; André, Vítor; Wyatt, SS (1971), Daily Life in Portugal in the Late Middle Ages, University of Wisconsin Press, p. 216, ISBN 0-299-05584-1.
^ “Les roses vermelles són les predominants enmig d’un univers de colors, significats ocults i textures”. 324.cat. 22 Abril 2007. Retrieved 25 April 2013.
^ “El significat de les roses, segons el seu color”. adolescents.cat. naciodigital.cat. Retrieved 25 April 2013.
^ “St George’s Day celebrations”. The Scout Association. Retrieved 24 February 2013.
External links
The Royal Society of Saint George website
St George’s Day Events, official website for tourism in England
St George’s Day, A collection of websites by The Guardian
Saint George, BBC’s page
St George Rugby League, Jubilee Avenue, Our Proud History Since 1921
This article is copied from an article on Wikipedia® – the free encyclopedia created and edited by its online user community. The text was not checked or edited by anyone on our staff. Although the vast majority of Wikipedia® encyclopedia articles provide accurate and timely information, please do not assume the accuracy of any particular article. This article is distributed under the terms of GNU Free Documentation License.
http://encyclopedia.thefreedictionary.com/St+George%27s+Day?sr=FGy3

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Adcultați de asemenea:

Taică-meu in primărie
Avea dreptul ca să intre cu căciula-n cap,
Obicei de pă moşie,
De la moşii şi strămosii mei păstrat.

Cu căciulile pă frunte
Stăm de veacuri, ca un munte
În curbura arcului Carpaţi
Asta e căciula mea
Şi o port cum se purta,
Că-i obicei din daci lăsat.

Port caciula pe-o ureche
Şi acasă, şi la nunta, şi la oi
Dupa datina straveche
Moştenită şi păstrată şi pă la noi.

Cu căciulile pă frunte
Stăm de veacuri, ca un munte
În curbura arcului Carpati
Asta e căciula mea
Şi o port cum se purta,
Că-i obicei din daci lăsat.

Unii zic sa-mi iau căciula, jos din cap,
Spunand adesea ca nu-s civilizat,
Poate vor s-o ţâu în mână, să mă aplec,
Ca sa ma laude că m-am integrat

Da’, bă vecine, hai la mine,
Te primesc cum pot mai bine
Dar de căciula mea nu te lega
C-asta e căciula mea, îi a mea si nu-i a ta
Că-i obicei din daci lăsat.

Cin’ nu crede să să ducă, la columnă
Să să uite, şi-o vedea
Sabia încovoiata, arcul, scutul şi căciula
Orice dac le-a avea.

Cu căciulile pă frunte
Stăm de veacuri, ca un munte
În curbura arcului Carpati
Asta e căciula mea
Şi o port cum se purta,
Că-i obicei din daci lăsat.

Mai copchile, ia sama ghine
Ca să ducă obiceiul, cănd or creşte ai tai copchii,
O inima vitează în tine
Sus pa frunte o căciulă ca un dar s-o ţîï.

Cu căciulile pă frunte
Stăm de veacuri, ca un munte
În curbura arcului Carpaţi
Asta e căciula mea
Şi o port cum se purta,
Că-i obicei din daci lăsat!

Ioan (alte surse: Ion) Hagiu este autorul vestitei melodii Cu caciulile pe frunte sau Caciula, dar si a unor poezii si pagini memorialistice aflate in manuscris.

Nascut in noiembrie 1926 in Zăbala, judeţul Covasna, Ioan Hagiu a fost invatator, un neobosit culegator de folclor si obiecte arheologice, laureat al mai multor premii judetene si nationale pentru promovarea creatiei folclorice romanesti (a fost cooptat in cenaclul “Flacara”, condus de poetul Adrian Paunescu, in cadrul caruia s-a afirmat prin compozitii proprii).

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Prof. Nicolae Moldovan din Sfântu-Gheorghe in Condeiul Ardelean spune despre Ioan Hagiu:

În anul 1973, am îndeplinit misiunea de preşedinte al juriului în organizarea şi selecţionarea interpreţilor pentru fazele superioare ale Festivalului „Cântarea României” în comuna Zăbala. Director al Căminului Cultural din localitate era vrednicul profesor Ioan Hagiu, el însuşi talentat rapsod şi cantautor. Cu toate acestea, cu modestia ce îl caracteriza, el nu a vrut să se înscrie la concurs. Însă, la cererea publicului, la fi nalul concursului şi-a luat chitara şi a interpretat compoziţiile proprii „Căciula mea” şi „Tatăl meu era plugar”.

Sosiţi la Sfântu- Gheorghe, am inclus pe lista promovaţilor la faza judeţeană şi numele său.

Cu ocazia desfăşurării fazei judeţene a concursului amintit, a fost invitat să vizioneze şi să selecteze participanţi pentru faza pe ţară poetul Adrian Păunescu, cu staff-ul său.

Prezentându-l pe Ioan Hagiu, după câteva acorduri, Păunescu ne-a blocat pur şi simplu:

„Destul, ajunge! Eşti mare domnule!”.

Astfel a ajuns rapsodul nostru membru al Cenaclului Flacăra, iar creaţiile sale cunoscute, îndrăgite şi fredonate de mii de români.

Compoziţiile sale sunt azi păstrate în arhiva familiei şi în cea a Tezaurului Folcloric, fiind difuzate, din când în când, în emisiunea „Iarba verde de acasă”, prezentată de Gheorghe Verman, la Radio România Actualităţi.

Cu siguranţă, ele merită strânse într-un album muzical şi redate generaţiilor actuale de iubitori de muzică românească cu mesaj patriotic.

Balada plugarului

de Ioan Hagiu

Tatăl meu era plugar
N-avea boi, dar avea car
Moştenit de la bunicul meu
Sărac plugar.
Bani din banca împrumuta
Doi boi buni îşi cumpăra
Şi-un ghici de cânepă-n şase-npletea.

Tatăl meu era plugar
Avea boi, avea şi car
Ghici de cânepă avea
Şi din el pocnea.
Din ghici tata când pocnea
Se pornea boul de cea
Iar carul leneş scârţia.

Dar la povară când trăgea
Tata boii-şi îndemna
Hăis Dumane, cea Joiane cea.

Seara când îi adăpa
Apă proaspătă le da
Cumpăna fântâni-ncet se legăna.

Tatăl meu era plugar
Avea boi avea şi car
Un ghici de cânepă avea
Şi cu el mândru pocnea
Din ghici tata când pocnea
Se pornea boul de cea
Carul alene scârţia.

Toamna când plugul ara
Ce mai brazdă răsturna
Cu grâu de aur tata pământul săruta
Grâul după ploaie răsărea
Şi creştea, mări creştea
Creştea cum creşte primăvara Dunărea.

Tatăl meu era plugar
Avea boi avea şi car
Un ghici de cânepă avea
Şi mândru el pocnea.
Din ghici tata când pocnea
Se pornea boul de cea
Carul alene scârţia.
Toamna grâul secera
Snopi pe arie punea
Boii spice frământa
Muma grâu în vânt dădea
Vântu pleava vântura
Bobul curat rămânea.

Tatăl meu era plugar
Avea boi avea şi car
Un ghici de cânepă avea
Şi mândru din el pocnea.
Din ghici tata când pocnea
Se pornea boul de cea
Carul din roţi scârţia.

Dar la impozit grâu dădea
Preceptorul tot grâu lua
Şi aproape cu nimica rămânea.
Banca boii sechestra
Carul pe camătă-l lua
Şi cu ghiciul în mână
Tata rămânea.

Tatăl meu era plugar
Fără boi şi fără car
Doar cu ghiciul rămânea
Şi eu cu el pocneam.
Din ghici tata nu mai pocnea
Carul nu mai scârţia
Cumpana fântânii încet se legăna.
Din ghici tata nu mai pocnea
Carul nu mai scârţia
Cumpăna fântânii…încet se legăna.

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Today’s Holiday:Holocaust Memorial Day (Israel)


Today’s Holiday:
Holocaust Memorial Day (Israel)

Holocaust Memorial Day, or Yom ha-Shoah, was established by Israel’s Knesset (parliament) as a memorial to the six million Jews slaughtered by the Nazis between 1933 and 1945. It is observed on the 27th day of the month of Nisan, the day on which Allied troops liberated the first Nazi concentration camp at Buchenwald, Germany, in 1945. It is a commemoration that is observed by many non-Jewish people around the world. More…: https://play.google.com/store/apps/details?id=com.tfd.mobile.TfdSearch

Today’s Birthday:Max Planck (1858)


Today’s Birthday:
Max Planck (1858)

Planck was an influential German physicist whose work on black body radiation earned him the Nobel Prize in Physics in 1918. He also discovered the elementary quantum of action, now known as Planck’s constant. As the influential president of the Kaiser Wilhelm Society, he denounced Hitler’s persecution of Jewish scientists and resigned in protest in 1937. Tragically, four of Planck’s five children died before he did. One of his sons was executed after being implicated in what plot? More…: https://play.google.com/store/apps/details?id=com.tfd.mobile.TfdSearch

This Day in History:Grand National Assembly of Turkey Is Founded (1920)


This Day in History:
Grand National Assembly of Turkey Is Founded (1920)

The treaty negotiated between the Allies and the Ottoman Empire at the end of WWI liquidated the Ottoman Empire and virtually abolished Turkish sovereignty, but nationalists under the leadership of Mustafa Kemal Atatürk were committed to establishing a sovereign Turkish state. During the struggle for independence, Atatürk pushed for the creation of a national assembly, which declared itself the supreme governing power when convened in 1920. When did it formally declare the sovereignty of Turkey? More…: https://play.google.com/store/apps/details?id=com.tfd.mobile.TfdSearch

Quote of the Day:George Eliot


Quote of the Day:
George Eliot

I’ve been a great deal happier … since I have given up thinking about what is easy and pleasant, and being discontented because I couldn’t have my own will. Our life is determined for us—and it makes the mind very free when we give up wishing, and only think of bearing what is laid upon us, and doing what is given us to do. More…: https://play.google.com/store/apps/details?id=com.tfd.mobile.TfdSearch

Article of the Day:Caribou


Article of the Day:
Caribou

Caribou, or reindeer, are wild, North American arctic and subarctic deer that are capable of traveling 3,000 mi (5,000 km) a year and reaching speeds of up to 50 mph (80 km/h). Each year, millions of caribou in northern Canada and Alaska migrate in large herds, using their wide, sharp-edged hooves to travel on snow and ice and even swim across wide lakes or rivers. Caribou derive their name from a word in the Mi’kmaq language meaning “snow-shoveler”—a reference to their habit of doing what? More…: https://play.google.com/store/apps/details?id=com.tfd.mobile.TfdSearch

Idiom of the Day:hold (someone) in good stead


Idiom of the Day:
hold (someone) in good stead

Especially of a talent, ability, or experience, to prove particularly useful or beneficial to someone in the future. Watch the video…: https://play.google.com/store/apps/details?id=com.tfd.mobile.TfdSearch

Word of the Day:apostasy


Word of the Day:
apostasy

Definition: (noun) Abandonment of one’s religious faith, a political party, one’s principles, or a cause.
Synonyms: defection, renunciation
Usage: He had been very devoted to his cause, so when he declared his apostasy to the crowd, there was an audible gasp.: https://play.google.com/store/apps/details?id=com.tfd.mobile.TfdSearch

Watch “Van Morrison – Into The Mystic” on YouTube


Lyrics

We were born before the wind
Also younger than the sun
Ere the bonnie boat was won as we sailed into the mystic
Hark, now hear the sailors cry
Smell the sea and feel the sky
Let your soul and spirit fly into the mystic

And when that foghorn blows I will be coming home
And when that foghorn blows I want to hear it
I don’t have to fear it
I want to rock your gypsy soul
Just like way back in the days of old
Then magnificently we will float into the mystic

And when that foghorn blows you know I will be coming home
And when that foghorn whistle blows I got to hear it
I don’t have to fear it
I want to rock your gypsy soul
Just like way back in the days of old
And together we will float into the mystic

Come on girl

Too late to stop now

Written by Van Morrison • Copyright © Warner/Chappell Music, Inc

Watch “Gică Petrescu -Astăzi e ziua ta” on YouTube


Watch “dinu de la fagaras fecioreasca” on YouTube


Watch “Grigore Lese. Canta cucu-n Bucovina!” on YouTube


Watch “Traian Ilea si Valeria Codorean – Pusca si cureaua lata” on YouTube


Watch “Cu caciulile pe frunte – Cenaclul Flacara – Folk Song Romania” on YouTube


Watch “Doru Stanculescu – Hai, hai, haidi, hai (Pe sub flori ma leganai)” on YouTube


In the greenhouse 


In thr greenhouse

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