Phyllanthus niruriis a widespreadtropicalplant commonly found in coastal areas, known by the common namesgale of the wind,stonebreakerorseed-under-leaf. It is a relative of thespurges, belonging to thePhyllanthusgenus ofFamily Phyllanthaceae.
It grows 50–70cm (20–28in)tall and bears ascending herbaceous branches. The bark is smooth and light green. It bears numerous pale green flowers which are often flushed with red. The fruits are tiny, smooth capsules containing seeds.
Phyllanthus niruri is an important plant of IndianAyurvedic system of medicine in which it is used for problems of the stomach, genitourinary system, liver, kidney and spleen.
P. niruri has been investigated for its potential medicinal benefits, especially in terms of blocking kidney stone formation and anti-hepatitis B activity.However, there is insufficient scientific evidence of its effectiveness; a Cochrane review concluded there is “no convincing evidence that phyllanthus, compared with placebo, benefits patients with chronic HBV infection.”