Daily Archives: November 6, 2017

Wikipedia Main Page: In the news:  Countries with persons implicated in the Paradise Papers


In the news

Countries with persons implicated in the Paradise Papers
More than 13 million financial documents relating to offshore investment are leaked (implicated countries pictured).
In Sutherland Springs, Texas, United States, a mass shooting at a Baptist church kills 26 people and injures 20 others.
In the midst of reforms by Crown Prince Mohammad bin Salman, more than 40 senior Saudi princes and ministers are arrested on corruption charges.
In baseball, the Fukuoka SoftBank Hawks defeat the Yokohama DeNA BayStars to win the Japan Series.
The Tapanuli orangutan is identified as a new species of great ape.
At least 32 people are killed and more than 90 others are injured in an explosion at a coal-fired power plant in Uttar Pradesh, India.
Recent deaths:
Dionatan Teixeira Abdur Rahman Biswas Aboubacar Somparé
Other recent events Nominate an article

Comunicatul P.S. Episcop Virgil Bercea al Eparhiei Greco-Catolice Oradea despre documentarul difuzat de BOR, „dedicat” „unificării pașnice a Bisericii Ortodoxe Române”


Today’s Holiday: Melbourne Cup Day

Today’s Holiday:
Melbourne Cup Day

The only public holiday in the world dedicated to a horse race, Melbourne Cup Day has been observed in Melbourne, Victoria, Australia, since the first Cup race was held there in 1867. For those who attend, it is a particularly glamorous event: the champagne flows, huge sums of money are wagered, and the women wear lavish hats while the men turn out in grey top hats and dark morning suits. A six-week festival, known as the Spring Racing Carnival, leads up to the big day and lasts well into November. More…: https://play.google.com/store/apps/details?id=com.tfd.mobile.TfdSearch

Today’s Birthday: Lise Meitner (1878)

Today’s Birthday:
Lise Meitner (1878)

An eminent Austrian physicist, Meitner fled Nazi Germany for Sweden in 1938. There, she formulated the concept of nuclear fission and proposed the term for the process. Though the Nobel Prize for the discovery went to physicist Otto Hahn, the element meitnerium was named in her honor. She was critical of scientists who remained in Germany during the Nazi era yet staunchly refused to participate in the atomic bomb research that resulted from her work. Why did Hahn once give her a diamond ring? More…: https://play.google.com/store/apps/details?id=com.tfd.mobile.TfdSearch

This Day in History: Basketball Star Earvin “Magic” Johnson Announces He Has HIV (1991)

This Day in History:
Basketball Star Earvin “Magic” Johnson Announces He Has HIV (1991)

Johnson had been a basketball star for more than a decade when he announced, at a press conference, that he had tested positive for HIV and would retire. He vowed to battle the disease, while confirming that neither his pregnant wife nor their unborn child was infected. As a popular athlete, Johnson helped combat the stigma of HIV, which was then predominantly associated with disproportionately affected groups such as drug addicts and homosexuals. Did Johnson ever return to basketball? More…: https://play.google.com/store/apps/details?id=com.tfd.mobile.TfdSearch

Quote of the Day: Sophocles

Quote of the Day:

It is only great souls that know how much glory there is in being good. More…: https://play.google.com/store/apps/details?id=com.tfd.mobile.TfdSearch

Article of the Day: El Gran Capitán

Article of the Day:
El Gran Capitán

Known to his contemporaries as “El Gran Capitán”, or “the Great Captain,” Gonzalo Fernández de Córdoba was a Spanish general who made Spain the world’s preeminent military power. Born in 1453, de Córdoba was one of the founders of modern warfare. He formed the first modern standing army and was the first European general to organize the pursuit of defeated armies after a victory in order to destroy the retreating enemy. Historians refer to him as the father of what kind of warfare? More…

Idiom of the Day: (have) got something going (with someone)

Idiom of the Day:
(have) got something going (with someone)

To have or be in the midst of a romantic or sexual affair with someone. A colloquial variant of “have something going (with someone).” Watch the video…: https://play.google.com/store/apps/details?id=com.tfd.mobile.TfdSearch

Word of the Day: rattlebrained

Word of the Day:

Definition: (adjective) Giddy and talkative; foolish.
Synonyms: rattlepated, scatterbrained, scatty
Usage: Grandpa’s rattlebrained, crackpot ideas always made us laugh.: https://play.google.com/store/apps/details?id=com.tfd.mobile.TfdSearch

Princess Diana: Royalty of the peoples’ hearts

Princess Diana: Royalty of the peoples’ hearts

Watch “Elton John – Your song” on YouTube

Track art

Your Song (Live At Hammersmith Odeon, London/ 1973)

Elton John


It’s a little bit funny, this feeling inside
I’m not one of those who can easily hide, I
Don’t have much money but boy, if I did
I’d buy a big house where we both could live

If I was a sculptor but then again, no
Or a man who makes potions in a traveling show
Oh, I know it’s not much but it’s the best I can do
My gift is my song
And this one’s for you

And you can tell everybody this is your song
It may be quite simple but now that it’s done
I hope you don’t mind
I hope you don’t mind
That I put down in words
How wonderful life is while you’re in the world

I sat on the roof and kicked up the moss
Well, a few of the verses, well, they’ve got me quite cross
But the sun’s been quite kind
While I wrote this song
It’s for people like you that
Keep it turned on

So excuse me forgetting
But these things, I do
You see, I’ve forgotten
If they’re green or they’re blue
Anyway, the thing is, what I really mean
Yours are the sweetest eyes I’ve ever seen

And you can tell everybody this is your song
It may be quite simple but
Now that it’s done
I hope you don’t mind
I hope you don’t mind
That I put down in words
How wonderful life is while you’re in the world
I hope you don’t mind
I hope you don’t mind
That I put down in words
How wonderful life is while you’re in the world

Written by Bernie Taupin, Elton John • Copyright © Universal Music Publishing Group

Watch “The Corrs- Borrowed Heaven” on YouTube

Watch “Ellie Goulding – Your Song” on YouTube

France 24 :  Sacked Catalan leader Puigdemont due in Belgian court on November 17

Sacked Catalan leader Puigdemont due in Belgian court on November 17

Catalonia’s sacked separatist leader Carles Puigdemont and four former ministers are due to appear November 17 in a Belgian court which is hearing Spain’s case for their extradition, a judicial source said Monday.


Puigdemont and his colleagues — Meritxell Serret, Antoni Comin, Lluis Puig and Clara Ponsati — have the right to appeal against being sent back to Spain.
The five handed themselves in on Sunday morning in response to a warrant issued by a Spanish judge.
“Released without bail. Our thoughts are with colleagues unjustly imprisoned by a state that is far from democratic norms,” Puigdemont said on Twitter on Monday in his first comment since then.

Alahists gotta go! : France 24 :  Charlie Hebdo gets new death threats over Islam cartoon

Charlie Hebdo gets new death threats over Islam cartoon

The Paris prosecutor’s office opened an investigation on Monday of death threats against the satirical French weekly Charlie Hebdo, over a cartoon of the Islamic scholar Tariq Ramadan, who faces rape allegations.


The investigation was opened against “written death threats” and “public praise for a terrorist act”, a judicial source told AFP.
The provocative magazine, which suffered a deadly jihadist attack in 2015 for publishing cartoons of the Prophet Mohammed, depicted Ramadan with a huge erection in its edition last Wednesday, saying: “I am the sixth pillar of Islam.”
The Swiss academic, an Oxford professor and conservative Islamic intellectual, has been accused in France of rape by two women after the Harvey Weinstein scandal unleashed a wave of sexual abuse accusations worldwide.
Ramadan, 55, has furiously denied the accusations as a “campaign of lies launched by my adversaries”.
“Rape,” reads the caption on Charlie Hebdo’s cover. “The defence of Tariq Ramadan.”
Laurent “Riss” Sourisseau, the magazine’s editor, said the threats and hate mail had “never really stopped” after the January 2015 jihadist attack in which 12 people were gunned down at its offices.
“Sometimes there are peaks when we receive explicit death threats on social media — this has been the case once again,” he told Europe 1 radio.
“It’s always difficult to know if these are serious threats or not, but as a principle, we take them seriously and press charges.”
The shooting at Charlie Hebdo was claimed by Al-Qaeda in the Arabian Peninsula, with the jihadists notably seeking to punish the staunchly atheist magazine for printing cartoons of the prophet Mohammed, forbidden in Islam.
The attack was the first in a wave of jihadist attacks in France over the past two years that have left more than 240 people dead.
Charlie Hebdo has continued to court controversy since the attack, notably with cartoons after the Barcelona attack and others that made fun of an Italian earthquake that killed nearly 300 people.
(FRANCE 24 with AFP)

From Google: How Blue Jeans Endangered the Lives of 6 Children in 1963 | Atlas Obscura


How Blue Jeans Endangered the Lives of 6 Children in 1963
The fascinating case of the poisoned pants.
By Robert Lamb SEPTEMBER 20, 2017

Greek mythology gave us the Shirt of Nessus, a garment so soaked in monster blood that even mighty Hercules withered in its embrace. While the world of chemistry makes no allowance for magical beast drippings, it provides us with more than enough deadly substances—and history offers at least one example of poisonous pants.

The year was 1961 and the setting no more mythic than Fresno County, California. An eight-year-old boy sat pale and glassy-eyed in his classroom. When his teacher noted the boy’s quickened pulse and exaggerated breathing, it was time to call mom. She picked her son up and took

him to Valley Children’s Hospital, where his already confused state worsened with muscle twitches, abdominal pain, vomiting and diarrhea.

The case quickly spiraled into not only a medical emergency, but a mystery. The hospital called in Fresno pediatrician Dr. John P. Conrad, Jr., who conducted a barrage of tests to isolate the cause of such an aggressive illness. The results quickly ruled out shigellosis, a diarrheal illness caused by bacteria. Based on his experience with accidental insecticide poisonings in the

area, Dr. Conrad came to suspect poison—and he had a hunch which one it could be. He ordered a blood test for the common insecticide organophosphate. It came back positive.


Organophosphate works on mammals as a nerve toxin. It binds up the enzyme acetylcholinesterase, which prevents it from decomposing the neurotransmitter acetylcholine—which you can think of as a chalkboard for nerve signaling. Without acetylcholinesterase around to clean the chalkboard between uses, the board just continues to relay the same outdated message from before. The old signal bombards the nerves, distressing multiple body systems.

Dr. Conrad now had the necessary information to treat the boy, but one question remained: How had he acquired the poison? The most obvious suspect was local agricultural use. Fresno was a big farming area, the pesticide was common, and it absorbs through the skin. And yet, when questioned, local sprayers said they hadn’t used organophosphate in recent weeks.

The question of exposure remained, but the patient himself improved. Six days after discharge from the hospital, Dr. Conrad inspected the boy once more and found him perfectly healthy. Then, on the ride home from the physical, the boy’s symptoms resumed with a vengeance.

After stabilizing the boy once more with fluids and a pair of powerful poison blockers, Dr. Conrad and the Fresno County Public Health Department turned their attention o

nce more to the mystery of transmission. Where had he come into contact with organophosphate?

A search of the family car, garage and home turned up negative, but inspection of the boy’s clothes finally cast suspicion on a mundane pair of blue jeans. Indeed, they proved contaminated with organophosphate. Each time he slipped them on, the poison in the fabric began its work anew. The boy’s mother revealed she’d bought five pairs at a recent trucking company salvage sale.

The insecticide’s stain proved difficult to distinguish on the pants, save around the label and seams, but a health department test revealed just how much organophosphate had been absorbed by the jeans. They placed the five pairs of unwashed jeans in a caged mosquito colony and watched for signs of distress among the insects.

According to Dian Dincin Buchman’s “The Mystery of the Poisoned Boy,” published in a 1994 edition of ChemMatters, the jeans not only killed the entire colony within 15 minutes, they also wiped out a second, separately enclosed colony in the same lab a mere five minutes later. Around this time, a second poisoning case emerged in the Fresno area: an eight-year-old male patient and yet another pair of poisoned pants.

According to a 1963 Journal of the American Medical Association article co-authored by Dr. Conrad, the Fresno County Health Department and the state Public Utilities Commission began a search for the source of the poisoning. Local TV, radio and newspapers urged anyone who had bought jeans at a salvage sale to bring them in.

The investigation quickly solved the rest of the mystery. Eight months earlier, the blue jeans had shipped in a truck alongside machinery and chemicals. An accidental spill of the organophosphate pesticide Phosdrin contaminated 10 pairs of jeans. While the chemical dried and went undetected, the client returned the jeans to the trucking company due to their less-than-shelf-worthy appearance. Stuck with them, the trucking company sold them off at a salvage sale.

The chemical spill ultimately poisoned six children. It was a miracle no one died, especially when you consider this fact from a 1963 American Journal of Nursing article: The five-gallon insecticide spill contained enough organophosphate to kill 9,000 eight-year-old children.

Following the case, the California legislature introduced a bill prohibiting the shipment of hazardous chemicals alongside food or clothing. Tighter laws and industry standards have improved shipping conditions since the poisoned pants incident, but cross contamination remains an issue, especially in international, bulk cargo trade.

Still, if we’re to learn anything from the 1963 case of deadly jeans, it’s that you don’t have to be the son of a Greek god to risk the wrath of poisoned pants.

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Many decades before JNCOs, British rowers took their pants to extreme dimensions.
The Banned 1910s Magazine That Started a Feminist Movement in Japan
“Bluestockings” was the “Sassy” for young women of Meiji-era Japan.



From Wikipedia: Ergot


The discovery also establishes a minimum time for the conceivable presence ofpsychotropic compounds in fungi.

Effects on humans and other mammals

methylergometrine maleate (Methergin)

methylergometrine maleate (Methergin)
Main article: Ergotism

The ergot sclerotium contains high concentrations (up to 2% of dry mass) of the alkaloidergotamine, a complex molecule consisting of a tripeptide-derived cyclol-lactam ring connected viaamide linkage to a lysergic acid (ergoline) moiety, and other alkaloids of the ergolinegroup that are biosynthesizedby the fungus. Ergot alkaloids have a wide range ofbiological activities including effects on circulation andneurotransmission.

Ergot alkaloids are classified as:

  1. derivatives of 6,8-dimethylergoline and
  2. lysergic acid derivatives.

Ergotism is the name for sometimes severe pathological syndromes affecting humans or other animals that have ingested plant material containing ergot alkaloid, such as ergot-contaminated grains. TheHospital Brothers of St. Anthony, an order of monks established in 1095, specialized in treating ergotism victims with balms containing tranquilizing and circulation-stimulating plant extracts. The common name for ergotism is “St. Anthony’s Fire”, in reference to this order of monks and the severe burning sensations in the limbs which was one of the symptoms.These are caused by effects of ergot alkaloids on thevascular system due tovasoconstriction, sometimes leading to gangrene and loss of limbs due to severely restricted blood circulation.

The neurotropic activities of the ergot alkaloids may also cause hallucinations and attendant irrational behaviour, convulsions, and even death. Other symptoms include strong uterinecontractions, nausea,seizures, high fever, vomiting, loss of muscle strength and unconsciousness. Since the Middle Ages, controlled doses of ergot were used to induceabortions and to stop maternal bleeding after childbirth. Ergot extract has been used inpharmaceutical preparations, including ergot alkaloids in products such as Cafergot(containing caffeine andergotamine or ergoline) to treat migraine headaches, andergometrine, used to induce uterine contractions and to control bleeding after childbirth.

In addition to ergot alkaloids,Claviceps paspali also produces tremorgens(paspalitrem) causing “paspalum staggers” in cattle. The fungi of the generaPenicillium and Aspergillusalso produce ergot alkaloids, notably some isolates of the human pathogen Aspergillus fumigatus, and have been isolated from plants in the family Convolvulaceae, of which morning glory is best known.


Ergot does not containlysergic acid diethylamide(LSD) but instead containslysergic acid as well as its precursor, ergotamine. Lysergic acid is a precursor for the synthesis of LSD.

The January 4, 2007 issue of the New England Journal of Medicine includes a paper that documents a British study of more than 11,000 Parkinson’s Disease patients. The study found that two ergot-derived drugs, pergolide andcabergoline, commonly used to treat Parkinson’s Disease may increase the risk of leaky heart valves by up to 700%.


Ergot on wheat stalks

Human poisoning due to the consumption of rye bread made from ergot-infected grain was common in Europe in the Middle Ages. The epidemic was known as Saint Anthony’s fire, or ignis sacer, and some historical events, such as the Great Fearin France during theRevolution have been linked to ergot poisoning. Linnda R. Caporael posited in 1976 that the hysterical symptoms of young women that had spurred the Salem witch-trialshad been the result of consuming ergot-tainted rye. However, Nicholas P. Spanos and Jack Gottlieb, after a review of the historical and medical evidence, later disputed her conclusions.Other authors have likewise cast doubt on ergotism as the cause of the Salem witch trials.

Midwives and doctors have used extracts from ergots to hasten childbirth or to induce abortions for centuries.Previous research has shown that the prophylactic use of uterotonic agents in the third stage of labour reduces both postpartum blood loss and postpartum haemorrhage.In 1808 John Stearns of upper New York State learned from an immigrant German midwife of a new means to effect the mechanics of birth. This was ergot, a powerful natural drug that stimulates uterine muscles when given orally. It causes unremitting contractions. Stearns stressed its value in saving doctors time and relieving women of the agony of long labor. However, until anesthesia became available, there was no antidote or way of controlling the effects of ergot. So if the fetus did not move as expected, the drug could cause the uterus to mold itself around the child, rupturing the uterus and killing the child. Eventually, doctors determined that the use of ergot in childbirth without an antidote was too dangerous. They ultimately restricted its use to expelling the placenta or stopping hemorrhage.

In the 1930s, abortifacients drugs were marketed to women by various companies under various names such as Molex Pills and Cote Pills. Since birth control devices and abortifacients were illegal to market and sell at the time, they were offered to women who were “delayed”. The recommended dosage was seven grains of ergotin a day. According to the FTC these pills contained ergotin, aloes, Black Hellebore, and other substances. The efficacy and safety of these pills are unknown. The FTC deemed them unsafe and ineffective and demanded that they cease and desist selling the product.

British author John Grigsbycontends that the presence of ergot in the stomachs of some of the so-called ‘bog-bodies’ (Iron Age human remains from peat bogs N E Europe such as Tollund Man) is indicative of use of ergot in ritual drinks in a prehistoric fertility cult akin to theEleusinian Mysteries cult of ancient Greece. In his bookBeowulf and Grendel, he argues that the Anglo-Saxon poemBeowulf is based on a memory of the quelling of this fertility cult by followers of Odin. He writes that Beowulf, which he translates as barley-wolf, suggests a connection to ergot which in German was known as the ‘tooth of the wolf’. Beowulf is alternatively theorized to be translated at ‘bee-wolf’, a kenning for ‘bear’, to reference his berserker(bear shirt) state.

Kykeon, the beverage consumed by participants in the ancient Greek cult ofEleusinian Mysteries, might have been based on hallucinogens from ergot,and lysergic acid diethylamide(LSD) is a potent hallucinogen, which was first synthesized from ergot alkaloids by the Swiss chemist, Albert Hofmann, in 1938.

De la Wilipedia: Claviceps in engl. Ergot )


Mutterkornpilz. A Roggenähre mit Sclerotien, natürl. Grösse; 1 reifes Sclerotium, desgl.; 2 Fruchtknoten mit dem Pilzmycelium bedeckt, vergrössert; 3 derselben im Längsschnitt, desgl.; 4 Fruchtknoten mit dem Anfang der Bildung des clerotiums, desgl.; 5 dieselbe Figur im weiteren Entwicklungsstadium, desgl.; 6 Letztere Figur im Längsschnitt, desgl.; 7 Mycelium mit Conidienträgern und Conidien, desgl.; 8 Sclerotium mit den Fruchtträgern, desgl.; 9 Fruchtträger stärker vergrössert; 10 derselbe im Längsschnitt mit den Perithecien, desgl.; 11 Schnitt aus der Perithecienschicht noch stärker vergrössert; 12 Einzelnes Perithecium noch stärker vergrössert; 13 Sporenschläuche, desgl. (dieselben müssen am oberen Ende etwas verjüngt sein); 14 Schlauchsporen, desgl.; 15 Keimende Schlauchsporen.

Claviceps este un gen de ciuperci parazite care aparțin familiei Clavicipitaceae. În acest gen au fost încadrate după Pažoutová (2004) următoarele specii:

Claviceps africana
Claviceps citrina
Claviceps cynodontis
Claviceps fusiformis
Claviceps gigantea
Claviceps maximensis
Claviceps paspali
Claviceps purpurea
Claviceps pusilla
Claviceps sorghi
Claviceps sulcata
Claviceps omicopreoides
Claviceps grohii
Claviceps phalaridis (Cepsiclava phalaridis)
Claviceps sorghicola
Claviceps viridis
Claviceps zizaniae
Informații pe scurt: Claviceps purpureea (ciclu de dezvoltare), Clasificare științifică …
Sylvie Pažoutová, Miroslav Kolařík, Renata Kolínska: Pleomorphic conidiation in Claviceps, Mycol. Res. 108 (2): pag. 126–135 (Februarie 2004)

Watch “Valentina Lisitsa – Moonlight Sonata Op.27 No.2 Mov.1,2,3 (Beethoven)” on YouTube

From Wikipedia: Chiesa di Santa Maria del Suffragio (Milano)

Chiesa di Santa Maria del Suffragio a Milano



Le origini della chiesa si ascrivono al 1577 quando l’allora arcivescovo di Milano,Carlo Borromeo decide la costruzione di una parrocchia nel villaggio rurale di Calvairate, appena fuori dai bastioni spagnoli di Milano, dedicata al culto di santa Maria Nascente.

Nel 1873, con l’annessione del borgo di Calvairate al comune dei Corpi Santi e poi a quello di Milano con la conseguente espansione della metropoli e l’aumento della popolazione anche nel quartiere stesso, la chiesa si trovava ormai in pessimo stato, cadente e quasi inutilizzabile e non in grado di accogliere tutti i fedeli. Passarono altre trentadue anni e nel 1896 l’arcivescovo Andrea Carlo Ferrari decise la costruzione di una nuova chiesa nel quartiere, con una nuova ubicazione rispetto alla precedente ma sempre all’interno dell’area. La chiesa venne dedicata il 31 ottobre1896 dallo stesso cardinal Ferrari a Santa Maria del Suffragio.


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