Monthly Archives: March 2018

Buon Sabato Santo a voi e alle vostre famiglie. Vi auguro che sia ricco di pace, tranquillità e tanta bontà. Auguri!


Buon Sabato Santo a voi e alle vostre famiglie. Vi auguro che sia ricco di pace, tranquillità e tanta bontà. 

Auguri!

Buon Sabato Santo a voi e alle vostre famiglie. Vi auguro che sia ricco di pace, tranquillità e tanta bontà.

Auguri!

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 As the sun set on Holy Saturday, a symbol of our Easter hope in the Resurrection appeared over St. Peter’s Basilica.


<img class=”wp-image-153423 size-full” src=”https://euzicasa.files.wordpress.com/2018/03/facebook_1522540758274-1971611579.jpg&#8221; width=”552″ height=”288″ title=”

As the sun set on Holy Saturday, a symbol of our Easter hope in the Resurrection appeared over St. Peter’s Basilica.” alt=”

As the sun set on Holy Saturday, a symbol of our Easter hope in the Resurrection appeared over St. Peter’s Basilica.”/>

As the sun set on Holy Saturday, a symbol of our Easter hope in the Resurrection appeared over St. Peter’s Basilica. (Photo credit: Mary Shovlain)

My birds on the wire today


My birds on the wire today

My birds on the wire today

Calendarul gregorian – Wikipedia


https://ro.wikipedia.org/wiki/Calendarul_gregorian
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Calendarul gregorian
Calendarul gregorian este varianta de calendar cu cea mai mare răspândire. O modificare a calendarului iulian a fost propusă pentru prima oară de doctorul și astronomul napolitan Aloysius Lilius și a fost decretată de papa Grigore al XIII-lea (al cărui nume l-a primit acest calendar) la 24 februarie 1582.[1]

Introducerea calendarului gregorian a fost necesară deoarece, în cazul calendarului iulian, anul mediu era ceva mai lung decât anul astronomic, făcând ca echinocțiul de primăvară să se mute ușor înapoi în anul calendaristic.[1]

Papa Grigore al XIII-lea
Istorie

Deschide meniul principal
Wikipedia Căutare
ModificareUrmărește paginaLecturare în altă limbă
Calendarul gregorian
Calendarul gregorian este varianta de calendar cu cea mai mare răspândire. O modificare a calendarului iulian a fost propusă pentru prima oară de doctorul și astronomul napolitan Aloysius Lilius și a fost decretată de papa Grigore al XIII-lea (al cărui nume l-a primit acest calendar) la 24 februarie 1582.[1]

Introducerea calendarului gregorian a fost necesară deoarece, în cazul calendarului iulian, anul mediu era ceva mai lung decât anul astronomic, făcând ca echinocțiul de primăvară să se mute ușor înapoi în anul calendaristic.[1]

Papa Grigore al XIII-lea
Istorie Modificare
Inventarea calendarului gregorian Modificare
Motivul Bisericii Catolice pentru ajustarea calendarului era acela de a sărbători Paștele la data pe care o credeau ei că a fost stabilită la Primul conciliu de la Niceea în anul 325. Deși unul dintre canoanele conciliului impunea ca toate Bisericile creștine să sărbătorească Paștele în aceeași zi, în realitate aceasta nu s-a întâmplat. Biserica Alexandriei sărbătorea Paștele în sâmbăta după sau în a 14-a zi după luna plină care cădea după echinoțiul de primăvară, pe care l-au stabilit pe 21 martie. Însă Biserica Romei considera că echinocțiul cădea pe 25 martie și folosea altă zi a de sărbătorire. Din secolul al X-lea, toate bisericile (cu excepția a câteva de la granița Imperiului Bizantin), au adoptat Paștele alexandrin, care plasa încă echinocțiul pe 21 martie. Deși călugărul britanic Beda Venerabilul notase deja schimbarea datei în 725, ea a continuat să se schimbe chiar în secolul al XVI-lea.

Mai mult, numărarea fazelor lunii care erau folosite ca să calculeze Paștele erau fixate pe calendarul iulian după un ciclu de 19 ani. Aceasta era o aproximație care dădea o eroare de o zi la 310 ani. Astfel, până în secolul al XVI-lea se acumulase o diferența de patru zile.

O rezolvare a problemei s-a găsit prin definirea unei reguli: anii divizibili prin 100 vor fi ani bisecți numai dacă sunt divizibili și prin 400. Astfel, în ultimul mileniu, anii 1600 și 2000 au fost bisecți, dar 1700, 1800 și 1900 nu au fost. În acest mileniu, anii 2100, 2200, 2300 și 2500 nu vor fi ani bisecți, în timp ce anul 2400 va avea această calitate.

Când a început folosirea noului calendar, pentru a corecta eroarea acumulată în 13 secole care trecuseră de la Conciliul din Niceea, s-a trecut la ștergerea a 10 zile din calendarul solar. Ultima zi a calendarului iulian a fost 4 octombrie 1582 și a fost urmată de prima zi a calendarului gregorian, 15 octombrie 1582. Totuși, datele de “5 octombrie 1582” până la “14 octombrie 1582” (inclusiv) sunt încă valide în aproape toate țările, deoarece cea mai mare parte a țărilor catolice n-a adoptat noul calendar la data specificată în bula papală, ci doar câteva luni sau chiar câțiva ani mai târziu (ultima în 1587). Ziua Anului Nou fusese deja standardizată în toată Europa Occidentală pe 1 ianuarie încă de la sfârșitul secolului al XV-lea și începutul secolului al XVI-lea, inclusiv în țările care deveniseră protestante între timp, precum erau Germania, Suedia și Anglia. Totuși, deși în Anglia ziua de 1 ianuarie a fost numită ziua Anului Nou, schimbarea numărului anului s-a făcut pe 25 martie – Lady Day (Bunavestire) până în 1752. (În Scoția s-a adoptat ziua de 1 ianuarie ca zi a Anului Nou doar în 1600, în condițiile în care s-a continuat folosirea calendarului iulian).

Uneori este necesar să se indice până și faptul că anii au două denumiri diferite datorită schimbării zilei de început a anului. De exemplu: “10 februarie/21 februarie 1751/1752”. Această confuzie apare datorită faptului că Biserica și Statul au folosit de cele mai multe ori sisteme diferite de calendare.

Ciclul de 19 ani folosit pentru calendarul lunar a trebuit corectat cu 1 zi la fiecare 300 sau 400 de ani, (de 8 ori în 2500 de ani), împreună cu corecțiile necesare aplicate anilor care nu mai sunt bisecți, (1700, 1800, 1900, 2100,etc). De fapt, în felul acesta s-a introdus o nouă metodă de calculare a zilei Paștelui.

Adoptarea calendarului de către statele ne-catolice Modificare
Foarte puține țări au adoptat noul calendar pe 15 octombrie 1582. A fost vorba de Italia, principatele catolice ale Sfântului Imperiu Roman, Polonia, Spania și Portugalia. Țările ne-catolice nu au fost de acord cu adoptarea reformei calendarului. Anglia, Scoția, ca și restul Imperiului Britanic (inclusiv coloniile care fac parte din ceea ce este acum SUA), nu au adoptat calendarul gregorian până în 1752, moment în care a fost nevoie de o corecție de 11 zile, (2 septembrie 1752 a devenit 14 septembrie 1752). În Imperiul Britanic s-au dat legi speciale pentru ca nu cumva să existe neînțelegeri cu privire la data plăților anuale sau lunare stabilite conform calendarului iulian.

Danemarca, Norvegia și zonele protestante ale Germaniei au adoptat noul calendar solar în 1700, datorită influenței astronomului danez Ole Rømer, dar nu au adoptat și schimbările făcute anului lunar. În loc de aceasta, ei au hotărât să calculeze ziua Paștelui folosind momentul echinocțiului și fazele lunii conform Tabelelor Rudolphine ale lui Kepler din 1627. Ei au adoptat schimbarea făcută anului lunar doar în 1776.

În cazul Suediei, trecerea la calendarul gregorian a fost un proces gradual. S-a început schimbarea în 1700, dar s-a decis să se facă ajustarea cu 11 zile prin excluderea unei zile din anii bisecți (ziua de 29 februarie) din 1700 până în 1740. În acest timp, nu numai că în Suedia calendarul era în dezacord atât cu cel iulian cât și cu cel gregorian pentru o perioadă de 40 de ani, dar diferența nu era fixă, ci se schimba la fiecare 4 ani. Pentru a face lucrurile și mai complicate, sistemul nu a fost corect folosit, iar zilele care ar fi trebuit excluse din anii 1704 și 1708 au rămas din motiv necunoscute în calendar. Regele Carol al XII-lea a recunoscut ineficiența sistemului și a hotărât abandonarea lui. Datorită complicațiilor apărute, s-a hotărât revenirea la calendarul iulian și introducerea unei zile suplimentare unice, 30 februarie, în anul 1712. Suedia a hotărât trecerea la calendarul gregorian în mod definitiv abia în anul 1753, când 17 februarie a devenit 1 martie.

În Rusia calendarul gregorian a fost acceptat după Revoluția din Octombrie printr-un decret al Sovietului Comisarilor Poporului din 24 ianuarie 1918, care făcea ca ziua de 31 ianuarie să fie urmată de 14 februarie 1918.

În Regatul României calendarul pe stil nou a fost introdus în anul 1919 de guvernul condus de Ion I. C. Brătianu.[2] Astfel, în Vechiul Regat data de 1 aprilie 1919 a devenit data de 14 aprilie 1919. În Transilvania calendarul gregorian fusese introdus în anul 1590, iar în Bucovina în anul 1773.

În Grecia acest calendar a fost adoptat în 1924.

Această măsură nu a fost adoptată și de bisericile ortodoxe răsăritene. În loc de aceasta, în mai 1923, a fost propus un calendar iulian revizuit care tăia 13 zile ale acelui an și adopta o nouă regulă pentru anii bisecți care făcea ca să nu fie nici o diferență între cele două calendare până în anul 2800. Bisericile ortodoxe din Grecia, Bulgaria, România, Polonia și altele din zona est-mediteraniană (Constantinopol, Alexandria, Antiohia și Cipru) au adoptat calendarul iulian revizuit. Aceste biserici, care folosesc noul calendar, vor sărbători Crăciunul împreună cu bisericile occidentale pe data de 25 decembrie a calendarului gregorian până în anul 2800. Bisericile ortodoxe din Rusia, Serbia, Ierusalim și câțiva episcopi din Grecia nu au acceptat calendarul iulian revizuit și vor continua să sărbătorească Nașterea lui Cristos pe data de 25 decembrie a calendarului iulian – 7 ianuarie în calendarul gregorian, până în anul 2100. Toate celelalte biserici răsăritene, care nu sunt ortodoxe, (bisericile coptă, etiopiană, nestoriană, siriacă și armenească), vor continua să folosescă propriile lor calendare. Toate bisericile răsăritene continuă să sărbătorească Paștele iulian, cu excepția Bisericii Ortodoxe Finlandeze, care a adoptat paștele gregorian.

Republica China a adoptat în mod formal calendarul gregorian la proclamarea sa din 1 ianuarie 1912 dar, în curând, țara s-a prăbușit într-o epocă a dictaturilor militare, fiecare dictator folosind alt calendar. Unificarea Chinei sub autoritatea Kuomintang din octombrie 1928 a făcut ca, efectiv, prima zi a anului 1929 să fie 1 ianuarie a calendarului gregorian. Totuși, în Republica China a fost menținută numerotarea tradițională a lunilor și un Sistem al Erelor modificat, hotărând că primul an al Republicii Chineze a fost 1912. Acest sistem mai este folosit în Taiwan, unde s-a refugiat guvernul naționalist al Republicii Chineze. De la proclamarea sa din 1949, Republica Populară Chineză continuă să folosească calendarul gregorian cu lunile numerotate, dar cu anii denumiți în felul european.

Japonia a înlocuit calendarul tradițional cu calendarul gregorian pe 1 ianuarie 1873 dar, la fel ca și China, a continuat să numeroteze lunile și a folosit numele împăraților în locul Anno Domini („Anul Domnului”, adică, după Hristos): Meiji 1=1868, Taisho 1=1912, Showa 1=1926 și Heisei 1=1989. Numerotarea anilor în stil occidental (西暦, seireki) este însă practicată în egală măsură, inclusiv de unele agenții guvernamentale.

Repere în timp Modificare

Extinderea calendarului gregorian
Confuzii ale folosirii calendarului în Marea Britanie și America
Lunile anului
Precizia calendarului gregorian
Eroarea calendarului solar
Vezi și
Note
Legături externe
Ultima modificare efectuată acum 9 luni de către Victor Blacus.
PAGINI SIMILARE
Calendarul iulian
Calculul datei de Paște
Inter gravissimas
Wikipedia
Conținutul este disponibil sub CC BY-SA 3.0, exceptând cazurile în care se specifică altfel.
ConfidențialitateDesktop
Extinderea calendarului gregorian
Confuzii ale folosirii calendarului în Marea Britanie și America
Lunile anului
Precizia calendarului gregorian
Eroarea calendarului solar
Vezi și
Note
Legături externe
Ultima modificare efectuată acum 9 luni de către Victor Blacus.
Wikipedia
Conținutul este disponibil sub CC BY-SA 3.0, exceptând cazurile în care se specifică altfel.
ConfidențialitateDesktop

Today’s Holiday: Lazarus Saturday


Today’s Holiday:
Lazarus Saturday

In Russia and in all Eastern Orthodox churches, the Saturday before Palm Sunday is set aside to honor Lazarus, whom Jesus raised from the dead. Pussywillows are blessed at the evening service in the Russian Orthodox Church, and the branches are distributed to the worshippers, who take them home and display them above their icons. On this day in Greece, Romania, and the former Yugoslavia, one custom is for groups of children to carry willow branches from house to house and sing songs and act out the story of Jesus raising Lazarus from the dead. More…: https://play.google.com/store/apps/details?id=com.tfd.mobile.TfdSearch

Today’s Birthday: César Chávez (1927)


Today’s Birthday:
César Chávez (1927)

As the child of Mexican-American migrant laborers, Chávez spent his childhood in a succession of migrant camps, attending 65 different elementary schools. After a two-year stint in the Navy, he returned to migrant farm work and, in 1962, began organizing the largely Latino farmworkers of Arizona and California. A charismatic figure, he used strikes and nationwide boycotts to win union recognition and contracts from California grape and lettuce growers. How long did the first strike last? More…: https://play.google.com/store/apps/details?id=com.tfd.mobile.TfdSearch

This Day in History: Exiled Dalai Lama Arrives in India (1959)


This Day in History:
Exiled Dalai Lama Arrives in India (1959)

Tenzin Gyatso—better known as the Dalai Lama—was installed as the spiritual and political leader of Tibet before he reached the age of five. He was a teenager when China took control of Tibet, and subsequent suppression forced him flee to the northern Indian city of Dharamsala. There, he set up the Tibetan exile government. Famously pacifistic in his campaign for Tibetan independence, the Dalai Lama once said it would be appropriate to shoot someone in the leg in what hypothetical situation? More…: https://play.google.com/store/apps/details?id=com.tfd.mobile.TfdSearch

Quote of the Day: Alexander Hamilton


Quote of the Day:
Alexander Hamilton

There are men who could neither be distressed nor won into a sacrifice of their duty; but this stern virtue is the growth of few soils; and in the main it will be found that a power over a man’s support is a power over his will.

More…: https://play.google.com/store/apps/details?id=com.tfd.mobile.TfdSearch

Article of the Day: Sadako Sasaki


Article of the Day:
Sadako Sasaki

Sadako Sasaki was only two years old when an atomic bomb destroyed her hometown of Hiroshima, Japan. A decade later, she was diagnosed with leukemia. Inspired by a Japanese legend that promises a wish to anyone who folds 1,000 origami cranes, Sadako began making paper cranes in the months before her death, completing 644 before losing her battle with cancer. She has since become a symbol of the impact of nuclear war, and schoolchildren around the world have learned her story through which books? More…: https://play.google.com/store/apps/details?id=com.tfd.mobile.TfdSearch

Idiom of the Day: manoeuvre the apostles obsolete


Idiom of the Day:
manoeuvre the apostles
obsolete

To borrow or take money from one person or source to repay the debt of another (i.e., rob Peter to pay Paul). Watch the video…: https://play.google.com/store/apps/details?id=com.tfd.mobile.TfdSearch

Word of the Day: summerhouse


Word of the Day:
summerhouse

Definition: (noun) A small, roofed structure in a park or garden affording shade and rest.
Synonyms: gazebo
Usage: George decided that the summerhouse, open to the sights, smells, and sounds of the garden that Anna adored, would be the perfect place to ask for her hand in marriage.: https://play.google.com/store/apps/details?id=com.tfd.mobile.TfdSearch

My Duck today


My Duck today

My Duck today

Good Friday – Wikipedia


https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Good_Friday

Good Friday
This article is about the holiday. For the peace deal, see Good Friday Agreement. For other uses, see Good Friday (disambiguation).
Good Friday is a Christian holiday[1][2] commemorating the crucifixion of Jesus Christ and his death at Calvary. It is observed during Holy Week as part of the Paschal Triduum on the Friday preceding Easter Sunday, and may coincide with the Jewish observance of Passover. It is also known as Holy Friday, Great Friday, and Black Friday.[3][4][5]

Good Friday
Wüger Kreuzigung.jpg
A Stabat Mater depiction, 1868
Type
Christian
Significance
Commemorates the crucifixion and death of Jesus Christ
Celebrations
No traditional celebrations
Observances
Worship services, prayer and vigil services, fasting, almsgiving
Date
The Friday immediately preceding Easter Sunday
2017 date
April 14 (Western Churches)
April 14 (Eastern Churches)
The service lasts 4 hours in eastern hemisphere and 7 hours in the U.K. While the Western Hemisphere lasts 4 hours
2018 date
March 30 (Western Churches)
April 6 (Eastern Churches)
2019 date
April 19 (Western Churches)
April 26 (Eastern Churches)
2020 date
April 10 (Western Churches)
April 17 (Eastern Churches)
Frequency
Annual
Related to
Passover, Christmas (which celebrates the birth of Jesus), Septuagesima, Quinquagesima, Shrove Tuesday, Ash Wednesday, Lent, Palm Sunday, Maundy Thursday, and Holy Saturday which lead up to Easter, Easter Sunday (primarily), Ascension, Pentecost, Whit Monday, Trinity Sunday, and Corpus Christi which follow it. It is related to the Feast of the Exaltation of the Holy Cross, which focuses on the benefits, graces, and merits of the Cross, rather than Jesus’s death.
Members of many Christian denominations, including the Anglican, Catholic, Eastern Orthodox, Lutheran, Methodist, Oriental Orthodox and Reformed traditions, observe Good Friday with fasting and church services.[6][7][8]

The date of Good Friday varies from one year to the next on both the Gregorian and Julian calendars. Eastern and Western Christianity disagree over the computation of the date of Easter and therefore of Good Friday. Good Friday is a widely instituted legal holiday around the world, including in most Western countries and 12 U.S. states.[9] Some countries, such as Germany, have laws prohibiting certain acts, such as dancing and horse racing, that are seen as profaning the solemn nature of the day.[10][11]

Name
Biblical accounts
In Eastern and Oriental Orthodox Christianity
In the Roman Catholic Church
Anglican Communion
Lutheran Church
Other mainstream Protestant traditions
Associated customs
Calculating the date
Cultural references
Criticism from non-observers
See also
References
Further reading
External links
Last edited 28 minutes ago by Anupam
Wikipedia
Content is available under CC BY-SA 3.0 unless otherwise noted.
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U.S. Labor Agency Files Amended Complaint Against Tesla For Alleged Worker Rights Violations


https://jalopnik.com/u-s-labor-agency-files-amended-complaint-against-tesla-1824214422

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U.S. Labor Agency Files Amended Complaint Against Tesla For Alleged Worker Rights Violations

Ryan Felton
Yesterday 9:45pm
Filed to:TESLA

Photo: Justin Sullivan (Getty)
The National Labor Relations Board has filed an amended complaint against Tesla, reigniting a fight between the independent government agency and the automaker over alleged workplace violations.

Government Labor Agency Files Complaint Against Tesla For Worker Rights Violations
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Tesla is reeling from a particularly troublesome week, after a safety regulator launched an investigation into a deadly crash involving a Model X and Moody’s downgraded the automaker’s credit rating, potentially making it more expensive for it to borrow money. Tesla’s stock price took a nosedive in response to the news.

Now the automaker has to address claims from the NLRB. Last August, the labor agency filed a complaint against Tesla, saying it found merit to allegations previously made by Tesla employees about unfair labor practices. The filing came after months of organizing by pro-union employees who were supported by the United auto Workers.

A hearing was scheduled for mid-November, but the NLRB had postponed it to investigate new claims brought by workers. After months of additional work, the NLRB filed an amended complaint on Friday against the automaker, after sources said earlier that it was expected to include new charges.

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The new complaint, obtained by Jalopnik, mirrors a list of charges included in last summer’s filing from the NLRB, which accused Tesla of preventing workers from distributing union materials, with some workers allegedly being interrogated and threatened over their efforts. Tesla’s actions, the NLRB asserted, violates the National Labor Relations Act.

Tesla said in a statement to Jalopnik: “We have over 37,000 individuals working towards a mission to accelerate the world’s transition to sustainable energy, and we care about creating a great culture and future for our employees.”

Tesla said the NLRB offered a settlement on the same claims previously alleged by the UAW, but the automaker rejected the proposed agreement.

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The NLRB’s complaint alleges that Tesla HR prohibited employees from taking pictures of confidentiality agreement they were required to sign, and claims that security guards “restrained and coerced off-duty employees who were engaged in leafleting” at Tesla’s factory. Supervisors also allegedly threatened to fire employees who passed out “stickers, leaflets, or materials that were not approved.”

Tesla said claims in the complaint were typical for unions engaged in an organizing effort. For instance, i Tesla said the complaint claims that Tesla terminated an employee for engaging in union activities, but claims the employee was terminated for inappropriately using personnel records to harass other employees and later lied about his actions.

The company further denied a string of numerous claims in the complaint, saying:

These allegations from the UAW are nothing new. The only thing that’s changed since the UAW filed these charges is that many of the allegations have been outright dismissed or are not being pursued by the NLRB. There’s no merit to any of them. We will continue to fight for what is right.
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The NLRB board isn’t pursuing some of the original claims made by employees over the last year, Tesla said.

Tesla faced a wave of public complaints throughout 2017 about pay, safety and alleged labor right violations at the automaker’s California assembly plant, and has continued to push back against the UAW’s organizing effort. The UAW has been actively working for months to unionize Tesla’s factory, an idea rebuffed by CEO Elon Musk, who has gone so far as to claim he’d work the same tasks as injured employees.

After Tesla fired several hundred employees in October, citing “performance” issues, the UAW filed a claim with the NLRB, accusing the company of dismissing employees who openly advocated for unionizing the California factory. Terminated employees have pushed back against Tesla’s narrative, saying they received excellent remarks in their last known performance reviews. (Tesla has denied these charges.)

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The UAW also filed claims over alleged violations at Tesla’s Gigafactory, as Jalopnik first reported, but the NLRB dismissed the charges earlier this month, saying there was insufficient evidence to establish violations.

Worker conditions at Tesla’s California plant have continued to be a focus, as the automaker has struggled to ramp up production of the Model 3 sedan, its attempt at producing a more-affordable electric car. This week, Bloomberg reported that Tesla suspended production on the Model S and X line and gave affected workers the chance to instead help on the Model 3 line. Tesla execs implored workers to help out and show critics it can produce more Model 3s.

“Let’s make them regret ever betting against us,” Doug Field, Tesla’s engineering chief, wrote in an email obtained by Bloomberg. “You will prove a bunch of haters wrong.” Tesla has said the option for Model S/X workers was unrelated to the Model 3, but declined to elaborate on why the S and X lines were to be suspended.

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A hearing is scheduled for June 11, 2018 at 9 a.m. at the Oakland Regional Office of the National Labor Relations Board.

Update 10:05 p.m.: This story has been updated with additional comments from Tesla.

Update 11:15 p.m.: Here’s a copy of the complaint:

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RECOMMENDED STORIES

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Ryan Felton
Transportation & Technology Reporter, Jalopnik

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Facebook’s ‘Ugly’ Memo Brings More Controversy To The Company


http://miami.cbslocal.com/2018/03/30/facebook-ugly-memo/

CBS Miami

Facebook’s ‘Ugly’ Memo Brings More Controversy To The Company

March 30, 2018 9:37 PM

Follow CBSMIAMI.COM: Facebook | Twitter

MIAMI (CBSMiami) — How far would Facebook go to maximize its profit? A leaked memo from a top executive has many people wondering.

In the June 2016 memo titled “The Ugly”, Facebook executive Andrew Bosworth wrote that connecting people on Facebook can be good, and bad.

“Maybe it costs a life by exposing someone to bullies”, Bosworth wrote. “Maybe someone dies in a terrorist attack coordinated on our tools.”

He continued: “The ugly truth is that we believe in connecting people so deeply that anything that allows us to connect more people more often is de facto good.”

Bosworth sent the memo three days after a man in Chicago was shot dead during his Facebook Live broadcast.

After the memo was leaked Thursday, Bosworth posted a statement on Twitter, saying, “I don’t agree with the post today and I didn’t agree with it even when I wrote it. The purpose of this post was to bring to the surface issues I felt deserved more discussion with the broader company.”

Facebook CEO Mark Zuckerberg responded.

“Boz is a talented leader who says many provocative things, but this was one that most people at Facebook including myself disagreed with strongly. We’ve never believed the ends justify the means.”

“The comments about terrorism it is just him being provocative,” said Wired Magazine’s Nick Thompson who also says what is striking about the memo are his comments about growth. “That growth is everything. The company is relentless about growth, that is true and it is rare and fascinating to have a Facebook executive say that so bluntly.”

After weeks of losses, Facebook’s stock price went up a bit on Wednesday when the company announced changes to help users find and adjust their privacy settings. However, it is unknown how this latest news potentially could affect the stock market reopens on Monday.

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My Chakra today


My Chakra today

My Chakra today

Roma, Basilica Santa Prassede: San Zenone Chapel


Roma, Basilica Santa Prassede: San Zenone Chapel

Roma, Basilica Santa Prassede: San Zenone Chapel

Roma, Basilica Santa Prassede: San Zenone Chapel

  • This incredible San Zenone Chapel is full of colorful paleo-Christian mosaics and contains an alleged part of the pillar upon which Jesus was flogged, retrieved in 4th cent. by St Helena, mother of Roman Emperor Constantine I.
  • Questo incredibile Sacello di S. Zenone è ricco di colorati mosaici paleocristiani e contiene parte della Colonna della Flagellazione di Cristo (trovata nel 4° sec. da S. Elena madre dell’Imperatore Costantino I).

  • Cet incroyable Sacello di S. Zenone est riche en mosaïques paléochrétiennes colorées et abrite aussi un fragment de la Colonne de la Flagellation du Christ (inventée au 4ème s. par Ste Hélène, mère de l’Empereur Romain Constantin Ier).

© Pietro Madaschi, Milan Italy – 360 VISIO – http://www.360visio.com

Basilica di Santa Prassede Italia.it
#Roma #Rome #Roma360 #Rome360 #Prassede #Praxedes #Mosaici #mosaics #Basilica #Zenone #Elena #Costantino #Italia360 #Italy360 #360photo #foto360 #360visio

Facebook lawsuit: Users could get £12.5k EACH over Cambridge Analytica data breach | Daily Star


https://www-dailystar-co-uk.cdn.ampproject.org/v/s/www.dailystar.co.uk/news/latest-news/692253/Facebook-lawsuit-Cambridge-Analytica-data-breach-login-compensation/amp?amp_js_v=0.1&usqp=mq331AQECAEYAQ%3D%3D

DailyStar
Brits could get £12,500 EACH from Facebook over massive data breach
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Facebook data breach
GETTY
COSTLY MISTAKE: Facebook could end up paying out billions of pounds in compensation
FACEBOOK could have to pay Brits up to £12,500 each in compensation following its privacy blunder, it has been revealed.

By Nicholas Bieber
00.03, 29 Mar 2018 UPDATED 00.03, 30 Mar 2018

The social media site’s massive data breach could now see it hit with a whopping £625million lawsuit to pay out to 50 million users.

The shock revelation from the UK’s top legal experts come after it emerged data analytics firm Cambridge Analytica allegedly harvested personal information from Facebook profiles.

It reportedly used the data, without permission, to build a system that could target voters in the US election with personalised political adverts based on their profile.

Revealing how Brits could sue Facebook, law professor Dr Maureen Mapp told The Sun: “There are about 50 million Facebook users whose data was harvested.

“Assuming each one of them brought a claim for compensation for distress caused by the data breach…each individual may be awarded £12,500 as damages.

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“In total, the amount that could be awarded by the courts could amount to £625billion – 50 million multiplied by £12,500.”

The Birmingham University Law School professer’s figure comes from a 2015 legal case, where six Brits who were phone-hacked by the Mirror newspaper received £12,500 each – simply because they felt distressed.

If Facebook really was sued for the bank-breaking £625billion, it would devastate the firm as it is only worth £317billion.

But David Barda, a data protection lawyer for Slater and Gordon, thinks the amount would be a lot less.

“I think a much more realistic figure is £500 per claimant,” he said.

“The amount of compensation will depend on the level of distress suffered, but Facebook could be facing claims of up to £500 per Facebook user if those users were able to demonstrate their distress.”

Anyone who wanted to sue Facebook would have to do so under the UK’s Data Protection Act and prove that the breach had caused them distress.

Facebook founder Mark Zuckerberg made a grovelling public apology over the data scandal in an advert in the backs of several newspapers.

It says the harvesting of millions of profiles’ data in 2014 “was a breach of trust, and I’m sorry we didn’t do more at the time.”

It adds: “Thank you for believing in this community. I promise to do better for you.”

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Today’s Holiday: Ta’anit Bechorot (Fast of the Firstborn)


Today’s Holiday:
Ta’anit Bechorot (Fast of the Firstborn)

The Fast of the Firstborn is the only fast in the Jewish calendar which is neither an atonement for sin nor a fast of petition. Observed only symbolically by firstborn male Jews on the day before Passover, its main purpose appears to be to remind Jews of the Angel of Death’s slaying of the Egyptians’ firstborn sons and the miraculous escape of their own sons. The obligation to fast can be avoided by participating in a siyyum—the study of a particular passage of the Talmud. More…: https://play.google.com/store/apps/details?id=com.tfd.mobile.TfdSearch

Today’s Birthday: Naomi Sims (1948)


Today’s Birthday:
Naomi Sims (1948)

Often considered the first black supermodel, Sims was teased as an adolescent for her unusual height. While attending college, she attempted to earn money by securing modeling work but was frustrated by the racism of established agencies. Instead, she forged her own connections, achieving wide success and recognition in the 1960s and 70s before retiring to found a beauty-product empire. What film role did she turn down in 1972 due to the film’s exploitative portrayal of African Americans? More…: https://play.google.com/store/apps/details?id=com.tfd.mobile.TfdSearch

This Day in History: The Sicilian Vespers Rebellion (1282)


This Day in History:
The Sicilian Vespers Rebellion (1282)

By 1282, the French Angevin dynasty had controlled of the island of Sicily for decades. However, at the start of the traditional vespers service on Easter Monday, an uprising spontaneously broke out following a seemingly isolated altercation in which local residents sparred with French soldiers. The revolt spread like wildfire, and soon the Sicilians had massacred almost every French person on the island. What reportedly started the confrontation between the Sicilians and the soldiers? More…: https://play.google.com/store/apps/details?id=com.tfd.mobile.TfdSearch

Quote of the Day: Lucy Maud Montgomery


Quote of the Day:
Lucy Maud Montgomery

While solitude with dreams is glorious, solitude without them has few charms.

More…: https://play.google.com/store/apps/details?id=com.tfd.mobile.TfdSearch

Article of the Day: Kwashiorkor


Article of the Day:
Kwashiorkor

Many children—usually under the age of 5—in overpopulated parts of the world suffer from kwashiorkor, a type of severe malnutrition. Commonly believed to be caused by protein deficiency, kwashiorkor is now thought by some to relate to bacterial contamination of grain ingested by newly weaned children. Symptoms include retarded growth, shifts in skin and hair pigmentation, abdominal swelling, immune deficiency, and liver damage. The term “kwashiorkor” is derived from a Ghanaian word meaning what? More…: https://play.google.com/store/apps/details?id=com.tfd.mobile.TfdSearch

Idiom of the Day: a man/woman on a mission


Idiom of the Day:
a man/woman on a mission

A person who is fiercely determined to do or get what he or she wants. Watch the video…: https://play.google.com/store/apps/details?id=com.tfd.mobile.TfdSearch

Word of the Day: lenity


Word of the Day:
lenity

Definition: (noun) Mercifulness as a consequence of being lenient or tolerant.
Synonyms: lenience, mildness
Usage: I promise to show all the lenity in my power; but if the charges brought against this Bonapartist hero prove correct, why, then, you really must give me leave to order his head to be cut off.: https://play.google.com/store/apps/details?id=com.tfd.mobile.TfdSearch

My birds on the wire today


My birds on the wire today

My birds on the wire today

Trump vs. Amazon: Trump tweets about Amazon taxes – Mar. 29, 2018


http://money.cnn.com/2018/03/29/technology/trump-tweets-about-amazon-taxes/index.html
CNN
Trump vs. Amazon: Let’s set the record straight

By Chris Isidore March 29, 2018: 11:18 AM ET
Enough.
President Trump took aim at Amazon yet again.
The president on Thursday tweeted three misleading statements:

1) Amazon pays “little or no taxes to state & local governments,” 2) Amazon’s relationship with the US Post Office causes “tremendous loss” to the United States and 3) Amazon is “putting many thousands of retailers out of business.”

Stock in Amazon (AMZN), the fourth most valuable company in the world, fell 3% Thursday morning.
It’s no secret that Trump hates Amazon. He has repeatedly tweeted how much he dislikes the company.
Amazon (AMZN) did not respond for a request for comment on the president’s latest criticism. Much of Trump’s distaste for Amazon is because CEO Jeff Bezos also owns the Washington Post, whose coverage the president frequently criticizes. Amazon does not hold a stake in the Washington Post.
But Trump’s criticism of Amazon is not based in fact.

Related: Trump vs. Amazon – So much for the businessman president
1. Taxes
Amazon collects and pays sales tax in every state that charges one, and that’s virtually every state.
Years ago, when Amazon had few warehouses, it was able to get a competitive advantage by not charging sales tax. When retailers ship goods to states where they don’t have a physical presence, they do not have to charge sales tax.
But Amazon has been adding to its national network of distribution centers, and last year it announced it would start charging sales tax in every state, whether it has a physical presence there or not.
Amazon also pays local property taxes on its distribution centers as well as on the Whole Foods stores it purchased last year.
The company has not disclosed how much its customers pay in sales taxes, but it is considerable. Its North American sales came to $106 billion last year, suggesting that it collects billions in sales taxes for various states.
The president is correct that Amazon does not always collect city and local sales taxes, according to analysis earlier this week by the Institute on Taxation and Economic Policy. And it also does not collect sales taxes on purchases made on Amazon from third-party vendors. Third-party vendors had sales of $32 billion on Amazon in 2017, although some of those sales were outside of North America.
2. Postal Service
Amazon pays the post office to deliver packages to customers’ doors.
Because Amazon ships so many packages though the post office, it pays a lower rate than most customers. But Amazon doesn’t get a special rate — it pays the rate that the post office charges other bulk shippers.
Amazon also has a special agreement with the Postal Service to deliver packages on Sundays. Neither Amazon nor the post office has disclosed the details of its agreement, but the Postal Service says it’s mutually beneficial. Amazon effectively helps the Postal Service spread its costs over a seven-day week.
The Postal Service is losing money. But it’s not Amazon’s fault: Citigroup last year reported that the average parcel rate would need to increase by about 50% for the Postal Service to break even. The Postal Service’s biggest money problem is that it has billions in retirement obligations to its workers that it can’t afford.
3. Retail
Strong currents are pushing traditional stores to the brink.
It is clearly true that consumers’ shift to e-commerce companies like Amazon has forced many traditional retailers to close stores. But other megastores like Walmart (WMT) share much of the blame for that.
Amazon says that it actually helps small companies succeed in the difficult retail climate. For example, it allows small businesses to sell their products to a mass audience when they otherwise wouldn’t be able to achieve global scale.
March 29
NEW YORK

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Brits blocked from UK Netflix access abroad after Brexit | London Evening Standard


https://www.standard.co.uk/news/uk/brits-blocked-from-uk-netflix-access-abroad-after-brexit-eu-confirms-a3802171.html

News › UK
Brits blocked from UK Netflix access abroad after Brexit
ELEANOR ROSE
1 hour ago

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Frozen out: Brits won’t be able to watch UK Netflix services abroad
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Brits will not be able to access their native Netflix services when travelling round the EU after Brexit, EU officials have confirmed.

The European Commission said in a notice that UK residents will cease to be able to stream TV on the continent because of changes to EU copyright law that will block their own country’s streaming when travelling in EU member countries.

The EC notice states: “As of the withdrawal date [March 29, 2019], persons residing in the United Kingdom will no longer benefit from their digital content subscriptions when travelling to the EU.”

Currently, if you have a UK Netflix subscription and travel to Spain, you can only access the Spanish version.

New portability rules set to kick in on Sunday will let viewers see the same range of films and TV shows they would get at home, but this will change on March 29 2019.

From then on, Brits will not be able to indulge their desire for unfettered binge-watching of TV shows, as the UK will be subject to international guidelines set by bodies including the World Intellectual Property Organisation, according to the Commission.

“It should be noted that the multilateral international agreements mentioned above do not provide for the same type or level of protection … as that set out today in the EU copyright acquis,” the document says.

Many Brits appear to be attached to their Netflix subscriptions, with a fifth admitting in one survey to watching it at work.

The study, compiled by Toluna, found that Londoners were even higher up the list, with 39 per cent admitting to watching Netflix on the job compared to 24 per cent of participants from the West Midlands and 23 per cent of Scottish workers.

More about: | Netflix | Brexit

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Cambridge Analytica parent company had access to secret MoD information


https://www.theguardian.com/uk-news/2018/mar/29/cambridge-analytica-predecessor-had-access-to-secret-mod-information
THE GUARDIAN
Cambridge Analytica parent company had access to secret MoD information
Dan Sabbagh

SCL, Cambridge Analytica’s parent company, had access to secret UK information and was singled out for praise by the UK Ministry of Defence for the training it provided to a psychological operations warfare group, according to documents released by MPs.

An endorsement from an official at the 15 UK Psychological Operations Group dated January 2012 concluded that they would “have no hesitation in inviting SCL to tender for further contracts of this nature”.

US data firm admits employee approached Cambridge Analytica
Read more
The document also noted that SCL was permitted to have “routine access to secret information” and delivered a training programme that included a “classified case study from current operations in Helmand” in Afghanistan.

The official British note of approval was one of more than 100 pages of documents handed over to the digital, media, culture and sport select committee by Cambridge Analytica whistleblower Christopher Wylie earlier this week, following an oral hearing that lasted nearly four hours.

Another of the documents released by the MPs is a confidential legal memo dated July 2014, which says it was sent to Steve Bannon, the former Trump adviser and Breitbart CEO, and Rebekah Mercer, the daughter of Trump backer and hedge fund billionaire Robert Mercer. It was also sent to Alexander Nix, the CEO of Cambridge Analytica.

The author’s name and firm is redacted, but the memo discusses how far Cambridge Analytica and its executives could participate in US elections, given that donations and contributions by foreign nationals are banned.

Cambridge Analytica hit the headlines after it was revealed that data had been harvested for it from 50m Facebook profiles without the users’ permission.

The document notes that the company, formed in June 2014, could participate as a vendor of technology as long as Nix, a Briton, was “recused from the substantive management of any such clients involved in US elections”.

Facebook announces privacy tools to ‘put people in more control’ of data
Read more
At the parliamentary hearing on Tuesday, Wylie noted that Vote Leave had spent £2.7m with a digital marketing firm called AggregateIQ, and said it had previously undisclosed links to Cambridge Analytica/SCL.

The documents released include:

• A brochure promising to create US election campaign tools in 2014 that was “prepared for SCL elections by AggregateIQ Data Services” at a cost of more than $500,000 using “modelling data” from SCL to target 100 million or more Americans.

• A services agreement between AggregateIQ and SCL to support that work, listing a schedule of monthly payments, although the document released is not signed.

• A separate contract for work dated November 2013, in which AggregateIQ agrees to work for SCL Elections UK, and which is signed by company AggregateIQ’s chief executive, Zack Massingham, and its chief technology officer, Jeff Silvester, to work on a political campaign in Trinidad and Tobago.

Wylie had told MPs it was striking that Vote Leave and three other pro-Brexit groups – BeLeave, which targeted students; Veterans for Britain, and Northern Ireland’s Democratic Unionist party – all used the services of AggregateIQ to help target voters online. He accused the leave campaign of “cheating” to win the referendum because Vote Leave donated £625,000 to BeLeave, which in turn spent the money on AggregateIQ. The donation allowed Vote Leave to stay within its £7m legal limit.

AggregateIQ has denied it is linked to Cambridge Analytica. Silvester told the Times Colonist: “AggregateIQ has never been, and is not a part of, Cambridge Analytica or [its parent firm] SCL. AggregateIQ has never entered into a contract with Cambridge Analytica.”

However, Wylie told MPs on Tuesday that the corporate structures were designed to be confusing and ensure that regulators could not always keep up with what was going on.

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Housing benefit to be restored for 18 to 21-year-olds after fears young people will be made homeless


https://www.independent.co.uk/news/uk/politics/housing-benefit-young-people-restored-universal-credit-homelessness-david-cameron-a8279301.html
THE INDEPENDENT
Housing benefit to be restored for 18 to 21-year-olds after fears young people will be made homeless
Rob Merrick

A U-turn will restore housing benefit for 18 to 21-year-olds, after charities protested that young people would be made homeless if they could not live with their parents.

The controversial policy – first unveiled by David Cameron back in 2014 – has been dropped to “reassure young people’ they will receive the help with housing costs that they need.

Jobless under-22s no longer qualified for help with their rental costs, because it is “not acceptable for young people to go from school straight to benefits”, George Osborne said at the time. They should live at home instead.

Read more
Housing benefit is now being swallowed up in the new universal credit benefit. Regulations will be changed to give 18 to 21-year-olds the same rights to help as older people.

“As we roll out universal credit, we have always been clear we will make any necessary changes along the way,” said Esther McVey, the Work and Pensions Secretary

“This announcement today will reassure all young people that housing support is in place if they need it.”

The move was welcomed by the Child Poverty Action Group (CPAG), which said the Department of Work and Pensions had been forced to exempt the vast majority of 18 to 21-year-olds in any case.

Among the accepted reasons for escaping the crackdown were having a child, claiming disability benefits, being in care after the age of 18, or a risk of harm from living with their parents.

“This is brilliant news, as the statistics show that those young people claiming housing benefit are doing so because they don’t have a choice about whether to live at home,” said Alison Garnham, CPAG’s chief executive.

“In any case, most young people were being exempted and that puts the lie to the idea that young people are moving out of home as a lifestyle choice,”

Under the original plans, out-of-work 18 to-21-year-olds would also be unable to claim jobseeker’s allowance (JSA) and would instead receive a “youth allowance” – set at the same level as JSA.

To continue receiving the cash after six months looking for work, claimants would have to undertake daily community work or take an apprenticeship or traineeship.

The restriction on housing benefit – together with a reduction of the separate benefits cap – was intended to fund the creation of 3m apprenticeships over five years.

But the DWP’s own statistics showed that no fewer than 96 per cent of those potentially affected were exempted in the first three months, from April to June last year.

Seyi Obakin, chief executive of the homelessness charity Centrepoint, said the policy “risked leaving very vulnerable young people with nowhere to live”

“It was obvious from the first time the policy was floated in 2013 that at best it would be unworkable and, at worst, it could actually increase homelessness and reduce the willingness of landlords to rent to all young people.

“Whilst the system of exemptions which Centrepoint and others fought for have smoothed the rougher edges of the policy, today’s welcome announcement will put the minds of young people and their prospective landlords at ease.”

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Reactions to the poisoning of Sergei and Yulia Skripal – Wikipedia


https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Reactions_to_the_poisoning_of_Sergei_and_Yulia_Skripal

Reactions to the poisoning of Sergei and Yulia Skripal on 4 March 2018, in Salisbury, England, allegedly with a Novichok nerve agent,[1][2] emerged from both within the United Kingdom and Russia and from around the world, including the European Union (EU) and Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS), other states and institutions, and people from across March 2018.

On 26 March 2018, joint action to expel Russian diplomats was undertaken by some EU countries and the US with the US expelling 60 diplomats and 14 EU member states also expelling diplomats. A total of more than 100 Russian diplomats have been expelled from 22 countries.

UK
Salisbury
Leader of the Wiltshire Council Jane Scott, Baroness Scott of Bybrook paid tribute to those affected by the poisoning and praised the emergency and local support services for their work, adding that “Salisbury is a vibrant and safe place to live, work and to visit.”[3]

Deputy Council Leader John Thompson confirmed the authority will be putting in a bid for funding from the governments Bellwin scheme, “It’s really important that they gather information about what’s happened to their business about what affect it’s had, some are totally closed so it’s obviously at a total standstill for them. We will be contacting those businesses. So it will be really useful if they could prepare some information before we contact them about what their rates are, what their details are etc.”[4]

Salisbury MP John Glen tweeted his thanks to the Prime Minister for her visit, adding “Your reassuring words and pledge of support for the people of our beautiful cathedral city were greatly appreciated.”[5]

Wiltshire Police and Crime Commissioner Angus Macpherson said “I’m very pleased to have met Theresa May today and hear her praise Wiltshire Police first responders and the resilience of those who live in Salisbury. Unfortunately the past two weeks has affected local businesses within the cordon areas greatly, and I hope that once the cordons are no longer necessary they are able to return to some normality. Together with Wiltshire Council and other partners I’m committed to ensuring that people in Salisbury are supported during this challenging investigation and in the time after. Chief Constable Kier Pritchard also issued a statement and said “it was a privilege and an honour to introduce our first responders to the Prime Minister today. She told them how pleased she was with the speed and professionalism of the police and emergency response to the incident.[6]

Jenny Harries, Regional Director at Public Health England, accepted it was difficult for people to understand why they were allowed to get close to scenes that were being examined by officers in protective hazmat suits. But she said: “The risk to the general public is low. There are only three cases in hospital. No members of the public have been harmed by this incident. It’s an important message to hang on to.”[7]

Bishop of Salisbury Nick Holtam spoke of the incident a week after as ‘a violation of our community and said as part of his sermon, “It is not yet entirely clear what happened last Sunday, nor are we certain who is responsible, but today, on the Sunday after this serious attack, we pray for Sergei Skripal and his daughter Yulia; for Det Sgt Nick Bailey; and for all who were contaminated by the nerve agent and have suffered sickness. And we give thanks for the emergency services, fire, police and ambulance, and for our hospital caring for the sick.”[8]

Zizzi issued a statement expressing shock and sadness, “Our thoughts are with the victims, their friends and family, and everyone in the Salisbury community who has been affected by this attack, as well as the police and emergency services who have been working tirelessly across the last seven days,” it said. Zizzi Salisbury remains closed as part of the ongoing police investigation. Our priority is to ensure the wellbeing of our team and support our Zizzi Salisbury customers, as well as continuing to do everything we can to help the police. We are fully supporting our Zizzi team members, and our team will continue to receive full payment while the Salisbury restaurant is closed.”[9]

National
On 12 March 2018, speaking in the House of Commons, Prime Minister Theresa May delivered a statement on the incident, saying:

“It is now clear that Mr Skripal and his daughter were poisoned with a military-grade nerve agent of a type developed by Russia. This is part of a group of nerve agents known as ‘Novichok’. Based on: the positive identification of this chemical agent by world-leading experts at the Defence Science and Technology Laboratory at Porton Down, our knowledge that Russia has previously produced this agent and would still be capable of doing so, Russia’s record of conducting state-sponsored assassinations, and our assessment that Russia views some defectors as legitimate targets for assassinations, the Government has concluded that it is highly likely that Russia was responsible for the act against Sergei and Yulia Skripal. Mr Speaker, there are therefore only two plausible explanations for what happened in Salisbury on the 4th of March. Either this was a direct act by the Russian State against our country. Or the Russian government lost control of this potentially catastrophically damaging nerve agent and allowed it to get into the hands of others.”[10]

The Leader of the Opposition, Jeremy Corbyn criticised the government of directly accusing Russia for the attack without sufficient evidence. He was rebuked the Prime Minister, Theresa May, who said Corbyn should join in condemning Russia.[11] On 15 March, Corbyn after facing mounting criticism criticised Russia, saying:

“The evidence points towards Russia on this, therefore responsibility must be borne by those that made the weapon, those that brought the weapon into the country and those that used the weapon.”[12]

Secretary of State for Foreign and Commonwealth Affairs Boris Johnson said the evidence against Russia was “overwhelming”. He told the BBC: “There is something in the kind of smug, sarcastic response that we’ve heard that indicates their fundamental guilt. They want to simultaneously deny it, yet at the same time to glory in it.”[13] On 21 March, Johnson told a select committee of MP’s that the attack on Skripal was designed to bolster support ahead of the recent Russian elections. He also stated that Russia’s President Vladimir Putin will use the 2018 FIFA World Cup hosted in the summer to bolster his image like Hitler did in the 1936 Olympics.[14]

Defence Secretary Gavin Williamson said “What we will do, we will look at how Russia responds to what we have done. It is absolutely atrocious and outrageous what Russia did in Salisbury. We have responded to that. Frankly, Russia should go away and should shut up. But if they do respond to the action we have taken, we will consider it carefully and we will look at our options but it would be wrong to prejudge their response.”[15] He also announced plans for thousands of British soldiers be vaccinated against anthrax poisoning. It is part of a range of measures including £48m that will be invested to create a “cutting-edge” Chemical Weapons Defence Centre at Porton Down in Wiltshire.[6][16] On 27 March while in Estonia; Williamson welcomed the Russian expulsions, “I think that is the very best response that we can have because their intention, their aim, is to divide and what we are seeing is the world uniting behind the British stance. That in itself is a great victory and that sends an exceptionally powerful message to the Kremlin and President Putin.”[17]

Chief of the Air Staff Sir Stephen Hillier said in a speech to mark the 100th anniversary of the Royal Air Force that if Moscow launched a chemical weapons attack on Salisbury, it is proof that they could defy international rulings to destroy valuable satellites in orbit, “I don’t foresee, if you like, a war in space, but I can see us being contested for use of space and for people trying to deny some of our specific capabilities. We already see that to a significant degree and we need to be prepared to deal with that threat.”[18]

Countries
Scotland: First Minister of Scotland Nicola Sturgeon on the 14th March said “I expressed my support for the initial steps that the prime minster has outlined in the House of Commons this afternoon. Obviously as legislation is brought forward we will scrutinise that carefully. But it is very clear that Russia cannot be permitted to unlawfully kill or attempt to kill people on the streets of the UK with impunity.”[19]
Sturgeon also tweeted her approval of a statement made by SNP Defence Spokesman Stewart McDonald who said on Twitter saying, “What the Prime Minister has just outlined is a sobering and horrifying example of the range of threats we now face – not unknown to our Baltic allies. Cool heads must prevail, but this crime cannot go unpunished.” Sturgeon called the attack sober and terrifying, and added on Twitter: “Exactly right. Cool heads certainly required but also a firm response. Russia simply cannot be allowed to launch attacks on our streets with impunity.”[20]
The Leader of the Scottish National Party in the House of Commons Ian Blackford committed the party to working with the Tories, describing the attack as an “abuse of state power” by the Russians. There has to be a robust response to the use of terror on our streets. We must act in a measured way to show that we will simply not tolerate this behaviour.”[21]
Stephen Gethins MP told the Russian Consulate in Edinburgh that diplomats must be “open to speaking to police”, a week before he had told the Herald Scotland, “the Russian authorities have previously shown that they are perfectly willing to step outside international norms of behaviour and the Russian government has disrespected the rule of law in both its own country and its neighbours, I would urge the UK authorities to investigate fully these and any other attacks of this kind. Those investigating should be able to conduct their enquiries thoroughly, which would include access to staff at the Russian Embassy and the Consulate in Edinburgh.”[22]
Wales: Speaking outside 10 Downing Street, First Minister of Wales Carwyn Jones said in a statement, “We met [Prime Minister May and First Minister Sturgeon] this afternoon of course in tParty,he shadow of the unjustifiable and appalling event in Salisbury recently. I expressed my full support to the prime minister for the robust and proportionate action she has taken. It is hugely important that where incidents like this take place that the right response is made to them, and that has been done.”[23]
On 26 March, the leader of Plaid Cymru, Leanne Wood said “Russia may well be” responsible but there was no evidence yet. I am not convinced at all that the prime minister is in the right direction on this, I do not trust the Tories in anything so I am afraid I cannot take the prime minister’s word on this, just like I cannot on the question of a power grab”.[24]
Welsh Conservative leader in the National Assembly for Wales|Welsh Assembly]] Andrew RT Davies reacted to this and said it was ‘beyond childish’ and accused the Plaid Cymru leader of acting as ‘an apologist for the Kremlin. “The far left’s pitiful obsession with opposing every action of the UK Government even when our country comes under attack is unbecoming and beyond childish. The leader of Plaid Cymru need look no further than to her Scottish cousins, the SNP, to find a reaction fitting for such circumstances. A few weeks ago it was Salisbury, tomorrow it could be the city, town or village that any one of us in Wales live in and such despicable actions which endanger our national security requires strong leadership not apologists. People right across Wales will be wondering what on earth is going on with the Plaid leadership when it prefers to act as an apologist for the Kremlin, rather than call out Putin’s regime for committing such a terrible act on our shores”.[25]
England: Caroline Lucas; Co-Leader of the Green Party of England and Wales, said via Twitter in response to both the Salisbury attack and Jeremy Corbyn spokesperson statement about the intelligence agencies, “It should not be controversial to say UK intelligence agencies have made serious, dangerous mistakes in the past. But it’s also fair to conclude – on the evidence given today – that the Salisbury attack was highly likely to be from Russia & tough action is needed.”[26]
Northern Ireland: On the 28th of March, the deputy leader of the Democratic Unionist Party Nigel Dodds said “the threats faced by our nation are changing and we must ensure the necessary resources are in place to meet those threats. While the Government stance has been exemplary, this must be followed through in all areas.”[27]
Russia
Federal
On 18 March 2018, following his victory in the Russian presidential election, 2018, newly reelected President Vladimir Putin said:

“As for the tragedy that you mentioned, I found out about it from the media. The first thing that entered my head was that if it had been a military-grade nerve agent, the people would have died on the spot. Secondly, Russia does not have such [nerve] agents. We destroyed all our chemical weapons under the supervision of international organisations and we did it first, unlike some of our partners who promised to do it, but unfortunately did not keep their promises. We are ready to cooperate, we said that straight away. We are ready to take part in the necessary investigations, but for that there needs be a desire from the other side and we don’t see that yet. But we are not taking it off the agenda, joint efforts are possible. I think any sensible person would understand that it would be rubbish, drivel, nonsense, for Russia to embark on such an escapade on the eve of a presidential election.”[28][29]

On the 14th, Presidential spokesman Dmitry Peskov said “Moscow has nothing to do with the accident in Britain and Moscow does not accept unfounded accusations that are not based on evidence and a language of ultimatums.”[30] Foreign Minister Sergey Lavrov referred to the statement made by the British Parliament that the Russian government explain the attack as “an ultimatum from London”.[31][32] While Deputy Foreign Minister Sergei Ryabkov had denied that either the Soviet Union or Russia ever had a programme to create the Novichok nerve agent identified as having been used.[33]

Chair of the Foreign Affairs Committee of the Federation Council and Senator from the Mari El Konstantin Kosachev said “this is not our choice, definitely. We have not raised any tensions in our relations, it was the decision by the British side without evidence. I believe sooner or later we will learn the truth and this truth will be definitely very unpleasant for the Prime Minister of the United Kingdom” and others who he says “have absolutely blindly supported this theory of Russian involvement.”[34]

On 17 March, Russia announced it was expelling 23 British diplomats and ordered the closure of the UK’s consulate in St Petersburg and the British Council office in Moscow, stopping all British Council activities in Russia.[35]

In March 2018, the Deputy of the State Duma Vitaly Milonov said that Britain was responsible for the attack. Comparing the Prime Minister Theresa May to Adolf Hitler, Milonov claimed that “it’s a behaviour of Hitler when he blamed someone for the burning of the Reichstag.” The extraordinary claims to BBC Radio 4 led to him being taken off air.[36]

Russian Foreign Ministry spokeswoman Maria Zakharova said on 25 March 2018 that Russia’s ambassador in London had received from the UK Foreign Office only poorly worded formal replies to the Russian side’s inquiries and notes on the case, with a quality of work of the British side she described as “hasty actions and complete lack of in-house coordination.”[37]

Also on 25 March 2018, Igor Rybalchenko, head of the laboratory for chemical and analytical control at the Russian defense ministry said the Russian side cannot make any conclusions as it still hasn’t received the samples from the UK that Moscow had requested. “All that we know is that all substances of this class are very difficult to overcome in case of injuries, and the antidote therapy will hardly bring about the desired effect.” He also affirmed that the A-234 substance exactly corresponds to the formula published by Vil Mirzayanov, and that it was added to a public US database by a member of the US Army Armament Research and Development Center in 1998, but was not found in later editions of the database.[38]

Ambassadorial
Ambassador to the U.K. Alexander Yakovenko said “There is one more reason for diverting the attention of the British public, which is Brexit, because the situation in negotiations is not so easy. In order to divert attention from Brexit, they have to present something to the public that could move a little bit to the other side. That’s a great possibility to launch this anti-Russian campaign. This is a scenario that was written in London but it’s a short-sighted scenario because, in the long run, Britain will have to explain what is behind all these things in Salisbury.”[39] On the 25th, Yakovenko wrote a letter to Detective Sergeant Nick Bailey, “I was relieved to hear you were released from hospital and reunited with your family. I wish you full recovery and hope that you will be able to return to your normal life as soon as possible.I would like to express my sincere gratitude to you for your bravery when reacting to the assault on two Russian nationals, Sergei and Yulia Skripal, on 4 March in Salisbury, who I hope will get well soon too. Please be assured that Russia has nothing to do with this reckless incident and is ready to cooperate with the British authorities with regard to the investigation both bilaterally and through international organisations.”[40] UK Foreign Secretary Boris Johnson predicted on the 27th that Putin would revel in the World Cup to be hosted by Moscow in the same way that Adolf Hitler did in the Olympic Games in Berlin in 1936, Yakovenko reply to it by saying; “nobody has the right to insult the Russian people who defeated nazism and lost more than 25 m people by comparing our country to Nazi Germany. We are not buying this. First we have to see the evidence and see the conclusions”, he added, complaining that the British authorities had refused consular access to the Skripals and had kept the embassy in the dark. He wished the Skripals a speedy recovery.[41]
In a statement released on 21 March to Twitter, the Russian Consulate in Edinburgh said it condemned the Scottish Government for supporting the “unprecedented and flagrant provocation” by the British Government and welcomed “the warm messages of support” from the Scottish people but said the British Government was “seriously aggravate relations further in pursuit of its unseemly political ends”. “Although the Salisbury incident occurred outside of our Consular district its influence on bilateral relations between the United Kingdom and Russia is so immense, that we cannot remain indifferent. First of all, the Consulate General of the Russian Federation in Edinburgh is deeply saddened by this incident and wishes a rapid and compete recovery to all its victims, including Sergeant Nick Bailey. Our sympathies are with the local community and all innocent civilians affected by this tragic event.[42]
Ambassador to Ireland Yury Filatov had described the expulsion by Britain of 23 diplomats as a “hostile action” and said it would “not go unanswered” and labelled reports in The Sunday Times of a scaling up in Russian spy infrastructure in Ireland as a “fabrication”, and stated it was part of a wider “massive propaganda campaign against Russia” and accused the British government of acting in a “most irresponsible” and “aggressive way”.[43]
Ambassador Alexander Shulgin to the Netherlands has told Sky News Europe Correspondent Mark Stone that all Russian chemical weapons were destroyed late last year as part of the Chemical Weapons Convention. He also invited investigators of the Salisbury poisoning to visit “any site” in Russia.[6]
International
Intergovernmental a
NATO: On 14 March 2018, NATO issued an official response to the attack. The alliance expressed its deep concern over the first offensive use of a nerve agent on its territory since its foundation and pointed out that the attack clearly was in breach of international treaties. It called on Russia to fully disclose its research of the Novichok agent to the Organisation for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons.[44]
On March 27th, NATO Secretary General Jens Stoltenberg said the move against the Russian diplomats sent a clear message to Moscow that its actions “had costs. What triggered this was the Salisbury attack. But it is part of a broader response by NATO allies to a pattern of unacceptable and dangerous behaviour by Russia. We have seen the illegal * Crimea, we have seen the destabilisation of eastern Ukraine, we have seen cyberattacks, we have seen hybrid tactics, we have seen Russia investing heavily in modern military equipment and the willingness to use military force against neighbours.”[45]
Organisation for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons (OPCW): Director-General Ahmet Üzümcü, made a statement to a meeting of the executive council that the use of a nerve agent to poison the Skripals was “of serious concern” and added: “It is extremely worrying that chemical agents are still being used to harm people. Those found responsible for this use must be held accountable for their actions.”[46]
“We support the call for a full and complete disclosure by the Russian Federation,” Bulgaria’s envoy told the OPCW executive council on behalf of the EU and added “we call on the Russian Federation to respond swiftly to the British government’s legitimate questions and to co-operate with the OPCW.”[47]
United Nations: United States Ambassador to the United Nations Nikki Haley at a Security Council emergency briefing stated: “The United States believes that Russia is responsible for the attack on two people in the United Kingdom using a military-grade nerve agent”.[48]
Permanent representative for France Francois Delattre said, “the haphazard re-emergence of these barbaric weapons with such deadly effects, which can be seen by their recurrent use in Syria and in the Middle East but also in Asia and now in Europe, cannot be tolerated.”[49]
Ma Zhaoxu, China permanent representative to the UN. Called for an “impartial investigation based on facts”. He added, “we hope the relevant parties properly handle this issue through appropriate channels.”[50]
European Union (EU) Edit
On 26 March, the President of the European Council Donald Tusk tweeted, “Today 14 EU Member States decided to expel Russian diplomats as direct follow-up to #EUCO discussion last week on #SalisburyAttack. Additional measures including further expulsions are not excluded in coming days, weeks.”[51]
European Commission Vice-President Frans Timmermans argued for “unequivocal, unwavering and very strong” European solidarity with the United Kingdom when speaking to lawmakers in Strasburg on 13 March.[52] Federica Mogherini, the High Representative of the Union for Foreign Affairs and Security Policy, expressed shock and offered the block’s support.[53] Guy Verhofstadt, the European Parliament’s Brexit negotiator proclaimed solidarity with the British people.[54]
On 19 March, all foreign ministers of the European Union declared in a joint statement following a meeting in the Foreign Affairs Council that the EU strongly condemns the attack, and that it “takes extremely seriously the UK Government’s assessment that it is highly likely that the Russian Federation is responsible”; further in the statement, “the EU welcomes the commitment of the UK to work closely with the Organisation for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons (OPCW) in supporting the investigation into the attack,” and it “calls on Russia to address urgently the questions raised by the UK and the international community” and “expresses its unqualified solidarity with the UK and its support, including for the UK’s efforts to bring those responsible for this crime to justice.”[55]
Nigel Farage, British MEP said on LBC about Theresa May: “I’m not criticising her for meeting people, I’m criticising her for going to the scene of a terrorist act and treating it like a street party.”[56]
Estonian MEP Yana Toom said on social media, “Russia obviously had no operational interest in Skripal, who was convicted in 2006 and deprived of his military rank, who was pardoned in 2010 and then exchanged. Even if we presume that the Russians have gone irreversibly crazy — which specifically is what one is attempting to convince Europeans of — and are an embodiment of irrational evil, a demonstrative poisoning with Russian poison a week before the Russian presidential election would be idiocy.[57]
EU member states
Austria: “We stand behind the decision to recall the EU ambassador, but we will not take any national measures,” Chancellor Sebastian Kurz and Foreign Minister Karin Kneissl said in a joint statement on 26 March who added, “Indeed, we want to keep the channels of communication to Russia open, Austria is a neutral country and sees itself as a bridge-builder between East and West.”[58]
Belgium: A Belgian government official has confirmed the country has become the latest to side with the UK over the nerve agent attack by expelling one Russian diplomat. The decision came after a meeting of senior ministers on Tuesday 27 March.[59] A spokesperson for Belgian Prime Minister Charles Michel later said it was “very likely” Russia was responsible for the Salisbury nerve agent attack and added, “Given the gravity of the events in Salisbury and the high probability of Russia’s involvement in this attack, we consider this measure to be fully justified. The Russian ambassador will be notified about this decision within 48 hours. The person concerned will have 14 days to leave Belgium.”[45]
Croatia: Prime Minister Andrej Plenković announced expulsion of one Russian diplomat in Croatia noting that “it is about a message of political solidarity considering the character of attack in United Kingdom who is our ally and a partner in EU and the NATO alliance”.[60]
Czech Republic: Foreign Minister Martin Stropnický said that a suggestion from the Russian government that the Novichok could have been produced in the Czech Republic was “wholly unsubstantiated” and “highly speculative”. He further added “we must protest at the claims of the origins of Novichok, which are wholly unsubstantiated. This is a classic way of manipulating information in the public space; releasing a highly speculative claim with no proof whatsoever. This information already appeared several days ago on the disinformation website Sputnik.”[61]
On 15 March, the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Czech Republic had said it so far had not been contacted by the UK concerning expelling of Russian diplomats and that the matter would be debated and addressed at the European Union level.[62]
On 16 March, the Czech weekly magazine Respekt reported that the UK had informally asked the Czech Republic to expel Russian diplomats engaged in espionage.[63]
On 26 March, Czech Republic announced it will expel 3 Russian diplomats.[64]
Denmark: Denmark expressed full solidarity with the United Kingdom, and Foreign Minister Anders Samuelsen stated “The Russian explanations of the incident are more or less imaginative, several of them are self-contradictory and are probably mostly a smokescreen to create doubt”. On 26 March, Denmark announced that two diplomats will be expelled from the country, and they have been given a week to leave.[65]
Estonia: Foreign Minister Sven Mikser described the attack as a “brutal violation of international law and order”, adding it “demonstrates complete disregard for human life and suffering. We offer our utmost support to our ally and friend the UK in its efforts to resolve the issue.”[66] The prime minister of Estonia Jüri Ratas cancelled a planned trip to Russia in response to the attack.[67]
On 26 March, Estonia expelled Russian military attaché. Foreign Minister Sven Mikser said that the actions of the attaché had not been in line with those agreed upon in the Vienna Convention on Diplomatic Relations.[68]
Finland: On 26 March, the Finnish authorities stated “Finland immediately condemned the use of a chemical weapon in the attack and, together with other EU member states, gave its strong support to the UK. The attack in Salisbury poses a serious threat to the security of the whole of Europe”, and announced that a diplomat from the Russian embassy in Helsinki has been expelled from the country.[69]
France: French foreign minister Jean-Yves Le Drian called the incident “a totally unacceptable attack”.[52] President Macron joined a statement, along with the leaders of the United Kingdom, the United States and Germany, saying: “The United Kingdom briefed thoroughly its allies that it was highly likely that Russia was responsible for the attack. We share the UK assessment that there is no plausible alternative explanation, and note that Russia´s failure to address the legitimate request by the UK government further underlines its responsibility.”[70]
On 26 March, along with action from the rest of the EU and US, France claimed it would expel 4 Russian diplomats.
Germany: The German Chancellor, Angela Merkel, condemned the attack “in the sharpest manner”.[52] Norbert Röttgen, a former federal minister in Angela Merkel’s government and chairman of Germany’s parliamentary foreign affairs committee, said the incident demonstrated the need for Britain to review its open-door policy towards Russian capital of dubious origin.[71]
On 26 March, Germany announced it will too expel 4 Russian diplomats in response to the Salisbury attack.
Italy: Prime Minister Paolo Gentiloni affirmed Italy’s full support and solidarity with the UK and the leaders agreed on the need for continued international co-operation to maintain pressure on Russia.[6]
Ireland: Taoiseach Leo Varadkar said ” I’m really appalled and really shocked at what happened in Salisbury the other day. It doesn’t matter where it is, no country should be involved in extra-territorial assassinations, it’s not acceptable behaviour in world affairs and there can be no tolerance of any country using chemical weapons or chemical agents in any way.”[72]
Minister for Foreign Affairs Simon Coveney said that he had met with the Ambassador Yury Filatov and informed him “that the accreditation of a member of his staff with diplomatic status is to be terminated. The individual in question is required to leave the jurisdiction. The use of chemical weapons, including the use of any toxic chemicals, by anyone, anywhere, is particularly shocking and abhorrent. The attack in Salisbury was not just an attack against the United Kingdom, but an affront to the international rules-base system on which we all depend for our security and wellbeing.”[73]
Latvia: The Ministry of Foreign Affairs said “Latvia supports the UK’s efforts of carrying out an investigation into the circumstances of the perpetrated crime.”[50]
Hungary: “Based on what was said at the session of the European Council, Hungary is expelling a Russian diplomat, who also performs espionage activities”, the Ministry of Foreign Affairs and Trade’s Deputy State Secretary for Communication Tamás Menczer announced in a statement on 26 March.[74]
Lithuania: Foreign Minister Linas Linkevičius said on 15 March “Russia is always looking for weak points, and may feel the UK does not feel very strong,” he said in an interview. “The Russian assumption may be that in the process of Brexit, the UK is weaker in terms of its isolation, and due to Brexit the EU will not be very enthusiastic in backing the UK up. Fortunately that is not the case, and we will support the UK, but Russia acts by testing for reactions.”[75]
Luxembourg: Prime Minister Xavier Battel said on the March the 27th that he was awaiting the result of the Salisbury investigation before making firm decisions on what physical action to take. However, there are only a very small number of Russian staff at the country’s mission in Luxembourg and it is understood that not one of them has been connected to espionage.[76]
Poland: President Andrzej Duda said that “the use of chemical weapons on the territory of our strategic ally cannot be left unanswered.”[77] Additionally, Polish UN representative Joanna Wronecka said her country was “gravely concerned” about the Salisbury nerve agent attack. We condemn this unprecedented attack on the UK, the first of its kind in Europe since the Second World War. We express our full solidarity with the British people and government as well as our readiness to support our ally in the investigation.”[78]
Portugal: The Portuguese Ministry of Foreign Affairs said this week that it “believes the coordination at the European level is the most effective means to respond to the gravity of the current situation”.[79]
Romania: The Foreign Ministry condemned the use of a military-grade nerve agent on an Allied state’s territory and expressed “full solidarity” with the United Kingdom.[80] Liviu Dragnea, head of the governing Social Democratic Party, also condemned the attack, calling it a breach of international law.[81]
On 26 March, Romania announced it will be expelling 1 Russian diplomat from the country.[58]
Slovakia: “The Slovak Republic unambiguously condemned the attack with the chemical weapon in Salisbury, UK, acknowledged the conclusions of the European Council on March 22, 2018, and reserved the right to take further steps in connection with this case”, the Foreign Ministry spokesperson, Peter Susko said on 26 March.[82]
Slovenia: The Ministry expresses grave concern over, and fully condemns, the nerve agent attack on Sergei Skripal and his daughter Yulia. Slovenia stands in solidarity with the UK, which has always been our close ally and a friendly partner state. The attack is an abhorring act that violates international humanitarian law and the values and principles of humanity.[83]
Spain: Minister of Foreign Affairs Alfonso Dastis issued a statement which said “the attack perpetrated in Salisbury through the use of a neurotoxic agent is a fact of extreme gravity that represents a serious threat to our collective security and international law”. Spain subsequently announced the expulsion of two Russian diplomats from the embassy in Madrid, who have been given seven days to leave the country. Dastis explained that the decision adopted is in line with what was agreed by all the EU Member States during the European Council of 23 March.[84]
Sweden: Foreign Minister Margot Wallström tweeted that she “forcefully rejects (the) unacceptable and unfounded allegation” adding that “Russia should answer UK questions instead.”[34] The Ambassador to the United Nations Olof Skoog also said, “We stand by the UK and express our strong solidarity in dealing with this grave security issue,” he said.[78]
Malta: Malta’s government spokesman Kurt Farrugia said his country backed the UK and the expulsion of Russian diplomats but would not be expelling any themselves, he tweeted earlier, “.@MaltaGov supports #UK, expulsion of Russian envoys. Not doing so ourselves because #Malta’s diplomatic mission in Moscow is very small. Any response would effectively terminate diplomatic relations, which is beyond scope of action. Position understood by @GOVUK and @EUCouncil”[59]
Netherlands: The Dutch Minister of Foreign Affairs, Stef Blok, said on twitter that the Netherlands strongly condemns the nerve agent attack in Salisbury. Furthermore, he said that the Netherlands stands by the British people and Prime Minister Theresa May, and fully supports the UK in its quest for truth.[85] However, Minister Blok also expressed that the Netherlands does at present not see Russia as the perpetrator of the crime. He did say that Russia is one of the few countries in the world capable of creating the nerve agent and it therefore is logical to want answers of Russia. More specifically, he wants Russia to provide information to the OPCW.[86]
On 26 March, the Netherlands announced it will expel 2 Russian diplomats.
CIS member states Edit
Moldova: Moldova has asked three Russian diplomats to leave the country within seven days, in solidarity with Britain after the poisoning of a former Russian spy, the foreign ministry said on 27 March in a statement on its website.[87]
Kazakhstan: Kazakhstan Ambassador to the UN Kairat Umarov had come out in support of Russia and said “since it is a very politically sensitive issue we should be extremely cautious and careful in drawing hasty conclusions without credible and convincing facts on the ground.”[66]
Other
Albania: Prime Minister Edi Rama said on Match 26th that the expulsions had been coordinated with fellow NATO countries and that “Russians who trod on the national interest will leave”.[88]
Argentina: The Ministry of Foreign Affairs and Worship released a statement in which condemned the attack and expressed its solidarity with the victims. The government reaffirmed its commitment to the Chemical Weapons Convention.[89]
Australia: Prime Minister Malcolm Turnbull and Foreign Minister, Julie Bishop, issued a joint statement on Thursday saying the country is “considering its responses in support of the United Kingdom” over the Salisbury incident and added that Mrs May had made “a compelling case” on the Russian state’s responsibility for the attack and Australia “stands with the UK in solidarity and supports, in the strongest terms, Prime Minister May’s response,” the statement said.[90][91]
Canada: Prime Minister Justin Trudeau said “The attack is despicable and it is unacceptable that there would be chemical weapons used against citizens of the United Kingdom.”[92] Canada later expelled four Russian diplomats.[93]
China: On 27 March, a Foreign Ministry spokeswoman Hua Chunying called on the UK to “respect international law and the fundamental norms of international relations, as well as avoid escalation of confrontation. China is closely following the developments, we strongly oppose any use of chemical weapons, but we still believe that this issue should be properly resolved between the Russian federation and the UK on the basis of facts.”[94]
Bolivia: UN ambassador Sacha Sergio Llorenty Solíz stated “Bolivia expresses our firm and categoric condemnation of the use of chemical weapons, this is unjustifiable and criminal whoever commits these crimes and wherever they commit them. This is a serious threat to international security and we hope that an investigation will be carried out in a completely comprehensive way through the competent bodies.”[78]
Ethiopia: UN Ambassador Tekeda Alemu expressed Ethiopia’s “solidarity with victims as well as the people and government of the United Kingdom. We believe co-operation between Russia and the UK in good faith is very critical to ensure that this issue will not get out of hand and undermine even further relations between the two countries.”[78]
Iceland: As a reaction to the poisoning on British soil, the Icelandic government have suspended high-level bilateral discussions with Russia. In addition, Icelandic officials will not be attending the 2018 Russian World Cup. Posted on the Government Offices of Iceland’s website, Iceland stands “in solidarity with the United Kingdom and other western states and join in their coordinated response to the chemical attack in Salisbury in England”[95][96]
Israel: A spokesman for its Ministry of Foreign Affairs said, “Israel views with gravity the event which took place in Great Britain and condemns it vigorously. We hope that the international community will cooperate in order to avoid such further events.”[6]
Ivory Coast: Ivory Coast Representative Bernard Tanoh-Boutchoue told the United Nations Security Council “We express our sincere solidarity to the authorities of the United Kingdom and wish full and speedy recovery to the contaminated. We have always condemned and continued condemning any use of chemical weapons whatever the form. We therefore request all possible light be shed on the event which took place in Salisbury.”[78]
Japan: Chief Cabinet Secretary Yoshihide Suga said, “Japan has told the Russian side that it is unacceptable to use chemical weapons.”[97]
Turkey: “The crisis with the former agent concerns relations between the Russian Federation and Great Britain. They must resolve this question among themselves. Turkey is not going to take any decisions with respect to Russia in this regard. We have good relations with Russia,” the Vice-Prime Minister Bekir Bozdağ said.[98]
Peru: UN ambassador Gustavo Meza-Cuadra said “we would like to express our grave concern at the use of a nerve agent in a public space which has seriously endangered the lives of at least three people in the United Kingdom. What has occurred is lamentable and we express our solidarity with the victims. The incident must be investigated in the framework of the rule of law and due process through the Organisation for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons and other competent bodies.”[50]
Norway: “On the basis of a broad evaluation – including reactions from partners and allies – we have decided today to order one diplomat at the Russian Embassy in Oslo to leave the country. This has been communicated to Russia’s embassy in Oslo,” Foreign Minister Ina Eriksen Søreide said in a press statement on 26 March.[99]
Macedonia: The foreign ministry said that after conferring with its “allies and partners, the EU and NATO”, they will expell one Russian diplomat from the country since the illegal use of military-grade chemical weapons is in violation of the international law and that this affects the security of all countries. The Russian embassy in Macedonia reacted over Twitter by saying that this decision has no justification and that the full responsibility for the consequences lie entirely on the Macedonian side. “An exceptionally unfriendly, unjustified step that has no precedent in Russian-Macedonian relations” – the Russian embassy tweeted.[100] Later on foreign minister Nikola Dimitrov stated that the decision for expelling of the Russian diplomat other then the solidarity with Great Britain, also was made due to that the diplomat failed to obey his mandate and threatened homeland security.
Mexico: The Secretariat of Foreign Affairs condemned the nerve gas attack in the UK on 4 March and said on 26 March that it reserved the right to take diplomatic action, including the expulsion of officials, pending an investigation into the matter.[98]
New Zealand: Prime Minister Jacinda Ardern said “This incident is a serious affront to accepted global rules and norms. The use of chemical weapons in any circumstances is totally repugnant, and New Zealand is deeply disturbed at any use of chemical substances banned by the Chemical Weapons Convention,” she said.[101] Efforts to restart negotiations for a Free Trade Agreement between New Zealand and the Eurasian Customs Union were postponed by the New Zealand government as a result of the poisoning.[102]
Switzerland: On 26 March 2018, Switzerland sharply condemned the chemical attack using a nerve agent from the Novichok class but refrained from expelling Russian diplomats as this happened in the neighboring countries of the EU. The Federal Department of Foreign Affairs (FDFA) decided to abstain from a spontaneous political reaction before results of the toxicological investigation have been completed.[103]
Ukraine: On 16 March a comment was posted on the official Twitter account of the president of Ukraine, Petro Poroshenko: “The Kremlin’s ‘chemical attack’ in the UK is nothing but an encroachment on British sovereignty. And our message to Russia is the same as that of British defense secretary Gavin Williamson: ‘shut up and go away’.” [104][105] Foreign minister Pavlo Klimkin said in a statement on 14 March, “This represents a very significant escalation in Russian aggression against a major western democracy and close ally of Ukraine. The Ukrainian government is monitoring this situation closely and we are speaking with senior officials in the UK government.”[106]
On 26 March, Ukraine announced it will expel 13 Russian diplomats.
United States: On 12 March 2018, US Secretary of State Rex Tillerson released a statement that fully supported the stance of the UK government on the poisoning attack, including “its assessment that Russia was likely responsible for the nerve agent attack that took place in Salisbury”.[107] The following day, US President Donald Trump said “It sounds to me like they believe it was Russia and I would certainly take that finding as fact. As soon as we get the facts straight, if we agree with them we will condemn Russia or whoever it may be. We’re going to be sticking with the British.”[108] Following this, over 40 US congressmen have written to Theresa May pledging their “full support” in taking on Vladimir Putin over the Salisbury spy attack.[109]
The United States Ambassador to the United Nations Nikki Haley at a Security Council emergency briefing stated: “The United States believes that Russia is responsible for the attack on two people in the United Kingdom using a military-grade nerve agent”.[48]
Commander of United States European Command General Curtis Scaparrotti, said the incident highlighted how far Russia was willing to go to achieve its goals and that “this is a government that is violating all the standard norms and international rules and laws to bring violence onto other nations’ soil to reach their objectives. Amazing, frankly.”[110]
The United States National Security Council recommended that President Trump expell Russian diplomats in response to the poisoning,[111] and on 26 March 2018 Trump ordered the expulsion of 60 Russian officers and closure of Russian consulate in Seattle.[112]
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Novichok agent
series of nerve agents developed by the Soviet Union

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former Russian army officer who was convicted of spying for the United Kingdom

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Fost director de cercetare Cambridge Analytica: Dan Mureșan ar fi fost otrăvit în camera de hotel – Hotnews Mobile


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ca: Dan Mureșan ar fi fost otrăvit în camera de hotel
de R.M. Marţi, 27 martie 2018, 20:21

Christopher Wylie, fost director de cercetare la Cambridge Analytica și cel care a făcut primele dezvăluiri privind folosirea ilegală a datelor Facebook în campanii electorale, lanseaz ă ipoteza că predecesorul său, românul Dan Mureșan, ar fi murit după ce a fost otrăvit în camera unui hotel din Kenya și ca poliția a fost mituită pentru a nu face investigații, scrie publicația Bussines Insider.

Christopher Wylie a făcut aceste declarații marți, în fața unei comisii parlamentare britanice.

Wylie a spus ca Dan Mureșan a fost otrăvit după ce „o afacere a ieșit prost”.

“Oamenii bănuiau că a fost otrăvit în dormitorul său”, a spus Wylie, care a adăugat ca poliția kenyană a fost „mituită pentru a nu intra in dormitorul său timp de 24 de ore”.

Wylie a adăugat că aceste afirmații sunt simple „speculații„ pe care le-a auzit de la alți oameni din companie și că nu deține nicio dovadă.

“Am auzit că lucra la o afacere care a ieșit prost. Nu sunt sigur ce fel de afacere era”, a comentat el.

“Dar când lucrezi pentru politicieni de rang înalt în multe din aceste țări nu faci bani din munca electorală – câștigi bani din activitatea de influență după terminarea muncii – și un acord a ieșit prost„.

“Încă o dată, asta e ce mi s-a spus, nu o spun ca o pe realitate, dar oamenii suspectau că a fost otrăvit în camera sa de hotel”, a subliniat acesta.

În mărturia sa, Wylie a descris tabloul unei organizații care acționa în afara oricăror reguli, folosind date ilegale și tehnici de intimidare pentru a caâștiga alegeri.

„Nu le pasă dacă e legal sau ilegal atât timp cat fac treaba„, a spus el, referindu-se la Cambridge Analytica.

Acesta a mai susținut ca Aggregate IQ, pe care o descrie drept o companie paravan a Cambridge Analytica, a fost implicată în trimiterea de videoclipuri violente și cu caracter intimidant alegătorilor din Nigeria pentru a influența rezultatul alegerilor.

Aceste imagini, spune el, arătau oameni „cu gâtul tăiat, care erau lasați să sângereze până la moarte într-o groapă sau erau arși de vii”.

Lansatorul de alerte spune ca această companie ar juca un rol de pivot în perturbarea alegerilor în întreaga lume.

“Așa arată în zilele moderne colonialismul„, a continuat el.

Wylie a mai spus ca societatea a ajutat la influențarea rezultatelor la referendumul pentru Brexit.

Întrebat dacă britanicii ar fi aprobat Brexitul în 2016 fără Cambridge Analytica, Wylie a spus:
”Nu, au jucat un rol crucial, sunt sigur”, a spus fostul director de cercetare a Cambridge Analytica, potrivit cotidianului francez Liberation.

Acesta a mai spus că Dan Mureșan a lucrat pentru campania de realegere a președintelui Uhuru Kenyatta.

Citește și:

Fiul fostului ministru Ioan Mureșan, Dan Mureșan, găsit mort in 2012 într-o cameră de hotel din Kenya, lucra pentru Cambridge Analytica
11582 de afisari

11 comentarii
Nu exista dovezi
imi_pasa_de_romania [utilizator], Marţi, 27 martie 2018, 22:04 +18/18
Dar orice urma de indoiala ridica intrebari. Mai ales ca tatal sau era un “sfant” cercetat de DNA…
La a facerea din Nigeria coloabora si Black Cube
eu2012 [utilizator], Marţi, 27 martie 2018, 22:45 +16/16
Din The Guardian mai aflam ca in afacerea din Nigeria era implicata si firma israeliana, Black Cube, care a spionat-o la noi pe Codruta Kovesi (din cate am inteles Black Cube avea si in acest caz rolul de hack-ui inboxul sefei DNA)

“He (Christopher Wylie) said that, in a campaign in Nigeria, the company had used violent videos to intimidate people.
The company utilised the services of an Israeli private intelligence firm, Black Cube. Black Cube on the Nigeria project was engaged to hack the now-president Buhari to get access to his medical records and private emails.”
In traducere libera aflam ca In campania din Nigeria Cambridge Analitica a folosit video-uri violente pentru a intimida populatia. Compania a folosit serviciile firmei private, israeline, Black Cube. In Nigeria, Black Cube a fost angajata sa
acceseze dosarul medical al actualului presedinte si emailurile private, prin hacking: https://www.theguardian.com/politics/blog/live/2018/mar/27/tony-blair-tells-tories-to-block-brexit-if-they-want-to-avoid-corbyn-government-politics-live?page=with:block-5aba487de4b0ee234a056fc8#block-5aba487de4b0ee234a056fc8 Deci iata inca o coincidenta dintre activiatea Cambridge Analitica…
inca 9 comentarii
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Today’s Holiday: Spy Wednesday (Holy Wednesday)


Today’s Holiday:
Spy Wednesday (Holy Wednesday)

The Wednesday before Easter Sunday is the day on which the disciple Judas Iscariot made the deal to betray Jesus. In order to arrest Jesus without exciting the populace, Judas led the Jewish priests to the Garden of Gethsemane, near Jerusalem, where Jesus had gone at night to pray with the other disciples after the Last Supper. Judas identified Jesus by kissing him and addressing him as “Master.” For this he was paid 30 pieces of silver, the price of a slave in the Old Testament. More…: https://play.google.com/store/apps/details?id=com.tfd.mobile.TfdSearch

Today’s Birthday: Henry Schoolcraft (1793)


Today’s Birthday:
Henry Schoolcraft (1793)

Schoolcraft was a geologist, geographer, and ethnologist noted for his studies of Native American cultures as well as for his discovery of the source of the Mississippi River in 1832. His extensive relations with Native Americans—including his marriage to an Ojibwa woman—led to his appointment as an Indian agent, and he negotiated a treaty with the Ojibwa in 1836 that ceded much of their land to the US. Upon discovering the lake that feeds the Mississippi River, what did Schoolcraft name it? More…: https://play.google.com/store/apps/details?id=com.tfd.mobile.TfdSearch

This Day in History: Vikings Capture Paris (845 CE)


This Day in History:
Vikings Capture Paris (845 CE)

Ragnar Lodbrok was a Norse hero of the Viking Age whose life—which was spent largely invading one country after another—has been mixed with myth in many legendary accounts. One of his favorite tactics was to attack Christian cities on holy days, as he did in 845, when he arrived in Paris on Holy Saturday with 120 ships. By some accounts, he accepted a tribute of 7,000 pounds of silver from French King Charles the Bald in exchange for sparing the city. According to legend, how did he die? More…: https://play.google.com/store/apps/details?id=com.tfd.mobile.TfdSearch

Quote of the Day: Friedrich Nietzsche


Quote of the Day:
Friedrich Nietzsche

Man is a rope stretched between the animal and the Superman—a rope over an abyss … What is great in man is that he is a bridge and not a goal. More…: https://play.google.com/store/apps/details?id=com.tfd.mobile.TfdSearch

Article of the Day: Fatal Familial Insomnia


Article of the Day:
Fatal Familial Insomnia

Fatal familial insomnia is a rare genetic disease that interferes with sleep and eventually leads to death. The disease is the result of mutations in a certain protein, which cause plaques to build up in the thalamus, the brain region responsible for sleep regulation. Patients initially suffer from insomnia and progressively develop more serious problems—including hallucinations, rapid weight loss, and dementia—before dying. In how many families has the gene that causes the disease been found? More…: https://play.google.com/store/apps/details?id=com.tfd.mobile.TfdSearch

Idiom of the Day: man the fort


Idiom of the Day:
man the fort

To mind or take charge of a location during the time in which it is unattended by another. Watch the video…: https://play.google.com/store/apps/details?id=com.tfd.mobile.TfdSearch

Word of the Day: stoicism


Word of the Day:
stoicism

Definition: (noun) An indifference to pleasure or pain.
Synonyms: stolidness
Usage: With the stoicism of the brutes who had raised him he endured his suffering quietly.: https://play.google.com/store/apps/details?id=com.tfd.mobile.TfdSearch

Are you ready? This is all the data Facebook and Google have on you


https://www.theguardian.com/commentisfree/2018/mar/28/all-the-data-facebook-google-has-on-you-privacy

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A slice of the data that Facebook keeps on the author: ‘This information has millions of nefarious uses.’

Opinion
Are you ready? This is all the data Facebook and Google have on you
Dylan Curran
The harvesting of our personal details goes far beyond what many of us could imagine. So I braced myself and had a look

Wed 28 Mar 2018 06.00 EDT Last modified on Wed 28 Mar 2018 11.17 EDT

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Want to freak yourself out? I’m going to show just how much of your information the likes of Facebook and Google store about you without you even realising it.

Google knows where you’ve been
Google stores your location (if you have location tracking turned on) every time you turn on your phone. You can see a timeline of where you’ve been from the very first day you started using Google on your phone.

Click on this link to see your own data: google.com/maps/timeline?…

Here is every place I have been in the last 12 months in Ireland. You can see the time of day that I was in the location and how long it took me to get to that location from my previous one.

A Google map of every place I’ve been in Ireland this year.
‘A Google map of every place I’ve been in Ireland this year.’ Photograph: Dylan Curran
Google knows everything you’ve ever searched – and deleted
Google stores search history across all your devices. That can mean that, even if you delete your search history and phone history on one device, it may still have data saved from other devices.

Click on this link to see your own data: myactivity.google.com/myactivity

Why have we given up our privacy to Facebook and other sites so willingly?

Google has an advertisement profile of you
Google creates an advertisement profile based on your information, including your location, gender, age, hobbies, career, interests, relationship status, possible weight (need to lose 10lb in one day?) and income.

Click on this link to see your own data: google.com/settings/ads/

Google knows all the apps you use
Google stores information on every app and extension you use. They know how often you use them, where you use them, and who you use them to interact with. That means they know who you talk to on Facebook, what countries are you speaking with, what time you go to sleep.

Click on this link to see your own data: security.google.com/settings/secur…

Google has all of your YouTube history
Google stores all of your YouTube history, so they probably know whether you’re going to be a parent soon, if you’re a conservative, if you’re a progressive, if you’re Jewish, Christian, or Muslim, if you’re feeling depressed or suicidal, if you’re anorexic …

Click on this link to see your own data: youtube.com/feed/history/s…

The data Google has on you can fill millions of Word documents
Google offers an option to download all of the data it stores about you. I’ve requested to download it and the file is 5.5GB big, which is roughly 3m Word documents.

Manage to gain access to someone’s Google account? Perfect, you have a diary of everything that person has done
This link includes your bookmarks, emails, contacts, your Google Drive files, all of the above information, your YouTube videos, the photos you’ve taken on your phone, the businesses you’ve bought from, the products you’ve bought through Google …

They also have data from your calendar, your Google hangout sessions, your location history, the music you listen to, the Google books you’ve purchased, the Google groups you’re in, the websites you’ve created, the phones you’ve owned, the pages you’ve shared, how many steps you walk in a day …

Click on this link to see your own data: google.com/takeout

Facebook has reams and reams of data on you, too
Facebook offers a similar option to download all your information. Mine was roughly 600MB, which is roughly 400,000 Word documents.

This includes every message you’ve ever sent or been sent, every file you’ve ever sent or been sent, all the contacts in your phone, and all the audio messages you’ve ever sent or been sent.

Click here to see your data: https://www.facebook.com/help/131112897028467

‘A snapshot of the data Facebook has saved on me.’ Photograph: Dylan Curran
Facebook stores everything from your stickers to your login location
Facebook also stores what it thinks you might be interested in based off the things you’ve liked and what you and your friends talk about (I apparently like the topic “girl”).

Somewhat pointlessly, they also store all the stickers you’ve ever sent on Facebook (I have no idea why they do this. It’s just a joke at this stage).

They also store every time you log in to Facebook, where you logged in from, what time, and from what device.

And they store all the applications you’ve ever had connected to your Facebook account, so they can guess I’m interested in politics and web and graphic design, that I was single between X and Y period with the installation of Tinder, and I got a HTC phone in November.

(Side note, if you have Windows 10 installed, this is a picture of just the privacy options with 16 different sub-menus, which have all of the options enabled by default when you install Windows 10)

Privacy options in Facebook. Photograph: Dylan Curran
They can access your webcam and microphone
The data they collect includes tracking where you are, what applications you have installed, when you use them, what you use them for, access to your webcam and microphone at any time, your contacts, your emails, your calendar, your call history, the messages you send and receive, the files you download, the games you play, your photos and videos, your music, your search history, your browsing history, even what radio stations you listen to.

Facebook told me it would act swiftly on data misuse – in 2015 | Harry Davies

Here are some of the different ways Google gets your data
I got the Google Takeout document with all my information, and this is a breakdown of all the different ways they get your information.

‘My Google Takeout document.’ Photograph: Dylan Curran
Here’s the search history document, which has 90,000 different entries, even showing the images I downloaded and the websites I accessed (I showed the Pirate Bay section to show how much damage this information can do).

‘My search history document has 90,000 different entries.’ Photograph: Dylan Curran
Google knows which events you attended, and when
Here’s my Google Calendar broken down, showing all the events I’ve ever added, whether I actually attended them, and what time I attended them at (this part is when I went for an interview for a marketing job, and what time I arrived).

‘Here is my Google calendar showing a job interview I attended.’ Photograph: Dylan Curran
And Google has information you deleted
This is my Google Drive, which includes files I explicitly deleted including my résumé, my monthly budget, and all the code, files and websites I’ve ever made, and even my PGP private key, which I deleted, that I use to encrypt emails.

Google can know your workout routine
This is my Google Fit, which shows all of the steps I’ve ever taken, any time I walked anywhere, and all the times I’ve recorded any meditation/yoga/workouts I’ve done (I deleted this information and revoked Google Fit’s permissions).

And they have years’ worth of photos
This is all the photos ever taken with my phone, broken down by year, and includes metadata of when and where I took the photos

Google has every email you ever sent
Every email I’ve ever sent, that’s been sent to me, including the ones I deleted or were categorised as spam.

And there is more
I’ll just do a short summary of what’s in the thousands of files I received under my Google Activity.

First, every Google Ad I’ve ever viewed or clicked on, every app I’ve ever launched or used and when I did it, every website I’ve ever visited and what time I did it at, and every app I’ve ever installed or searched for.

‘They have every single Google search I’ve made since 2009.’
They also have every image I’ve ever searched for and saved, every location I’ve ever searched for or clicked on, every news article I’ve ever searched for or read, and every single Google search I’ve made since 2009. And then finally, every YouTube video I’ve ever searched for or viewed, since 2008.

This information has millions of nefarious uses. You say you’re not a terrorist. Then how come you were googling Isis? Work at Google and you’re suspicious of your wife? Perfect, just look up her location and search history for the last 10 years. Manage to gain access to someone’s Google account? Perfect, you have a chronological diary of everything that person has done for the last 10 years.

This is one of the craziest things about the modern age. We would never let the government or a corporation put cameras/microphones in our homes or location trackers on us. But we just went ahead and did it ourselves because – to hell with it! – I want to watch cute dog videos.

Dylan Curran is a data consultant and web developer, who does extensive research into spreading technical awareness and improving digital etiquette
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Edward Hopper (1882-1967)


Edward Hopper (1882-1967)

Edward Hopper (1882-1967)

A little garbage can cause aquatic ecosystems to waste away. Stash your trash, and keep the waterways #CleanAndGreen. https://dbw.parks.ca.gov/?page_id=29246


A little garbage can cause aquatic ecosystems to waste away. Stash your trash, and keep the waterways #CleanAndGreen. https://dbw.parks.ca.gov/?page_id=29246

A little garbage can cause aquatic ecosystems to waste away. Stash your trash, and keep the waterways #CleanAndGreen.

https://dbw.parks.ca.gov/?page_id=29246

Watch “The Key to Understanding Facebook’s Current Crisis” on YouTube


Zuckerberg’s refusal to testify before UK MPs ‘absolutely astonishing’


https://www.theguardian.com/technology/2018/mar/27/facebook-mark-zuckerberg-declines-to-appear-before-uk-fake-news-inquiry-mps

” Este ca si cum furnica ar trage la raspundere pe elefant că a călcat şi strivit un milion de furnici ieri inainte de masă, în drum spre apă! :)”

THE GUARDIAN
Zuckerberg’s refusal to testify before UK MPs ‘absolutely astonishing’
Dan Sabbagh

Mark Zuckerberg has come under intense criticism from the UK parliamentary committee investigating fake news after the head of Facebook refused an invitation to testify in front of MPs for a third time.

May says long-term plan to boost NHS funding to be announced later this year – Politics live
Read more
The chair, Damian Collins, said it had become more urgent the Facebook founder give evidence in person after oral evidence provided by the Cambridge Analytica whistleblower, Christopher Wylie.

The MP said: “I think, given the extraordinary evidence we’ve heard so far today, it is absolutely astonishing that Mark Zuckerberg is not prepared to submit himself to questioning in front of a parliamentary or congressional hearing, given these are questions of fundamental importance and concern to his users, as well as to this inquiry.

“I would certainly urge him to think again if he has any care for people that use his company’s services.”

Zuckerberg has been invited three times to speak to the committee, which is investigating the effects of fake news on UK democracy, but has always sent deputies to testify in his stead.

MPs are likely to take a still dimmer view of his decision if he decides to testify before Congress in the US. It was reported on Tuesday that he may do so, with CNN suggesting that he has bowed to public pressure and that the company is now considering strategy for his testimony.

Previously, when the committee travelled to Washington DC in February to obtain oral evidence from US companies, Facebook flew over its UK policy director rather than send a high-level executive to speak to the committee.

In response to the latest request, Facebook has suggested one of two executives could speak to parliament: Chris Cox, the company’ chief product officer, who is in charge of the Facebook news feed, or Mike Schroepfer, the chief technology officer, who heads up the developer platform.

However, Theresa May declined to back Collins. Pressed by the committee chairman at the Commons liaison committee later in the day, the prime minister said “Mr Zuckerberg will decide for himself” whether to give evidence to parliament.

Sign up to the Media Briefing: news for the news-makers
Read more
She said the Cambridge Analytica affair “raises very deep concern in terms of what is suggested” and repeatedly said it was for Facebook, Cambridge Analytica and any individuals involved to “cooperate fully” with the information commissioner.

The company’s head of public policy, Rebecca Stimson, said in a letter to Collins: “Facebook fully recognises the level of public and parliamentary interest in these issues and support your belief that these issues must be addressed at the most senior levels of the company by those in an authoritative position to answer your questions. As such, Mr Zuckerberg has personally asked one of his deputies to make themselves available.”

Both men, Stimson wrote, “report directly to Mr Zuckerberg and are among the longest-serving senior representatives in Facebook’s 15-year history. Both of them have extensive expertise in these issues and are well placed to answer the committee’s questions on these complex subjects.”

During Tuesday’s committee hearing, Wylie suggested Facebook may have been aware of the large-scale harvesting of data carried out by Cambridge Analytica’s partner GSR even earlier than had been previously reported.

“I remember, and I think this was in around July 2014, [Aleksandr Kogan, GSR’s founder] was delayed for a couple of days because Facebook had throttled the app so that it couldn’t pull as much data, or there was some problem with pulling the data at the same speed as before.

“He told me he had had a conversation with some engineers at Facebook. So Facebook would have known from that moment about the project because he had a conversation with Facebook’s engineers, or at least that’s what he told me.”

It took until 2015 for Facebook to take action on the data-harvesting project, after a Guardian article detailing GSR’s data abuse in support of the Ted Cruz campaign for the Republican presidential nomination.

And it was not until last week, after Facebook had again been notified by the Observer about the harvesting, that the company released a statement noting that “the entire company is outraged that we were deceived”.

Wylie also claimed that Palantir, a national security contractor owned by the Facebook board member Peter Thiel, was allowed informal access to the Facebook data harvested by GSR.

“We actually had several meetings with Palantir,” Wylie said. “There were senior Palantir employees that were also working on the Facebook data. That was not an official contract between Palantir and CA, but there were Palantir staff who would come into the office and work on the data. And we would go and meet with Palantir staff at Palantir.”

Despite the confidentiality agreements he entered into with Cambridge Analytica, Wylie described Facebook’s attempts to kill last week’s story as being the most forceful.

“The most amount of legal pushback that I’ve got actually wasn’t from Cambridge Analytica, it was from Facebook. It’s Facebook who’s most upset about this story,” he said.

“They sent some fairly intimidating legal correspondence. They haven’t taken action on that. I think, I’m not sure exactly what they’re planning to do. They’ve gone silent, they won’t talk to me any more.”

Testifying alongside Wylie was Paul-Olivier Dehaye, the co-founder of personaldata.io, who has been fighting to force the social network to apply European data protection law. Dehaye revealed that Facebook repeatedly tried to argue it was exempt from fulfilling “subject access” requirements, which allow individuals to see the data that companies hold about them, because it would be too expensive to comply.

“They’re invoking exceptions … involving disproportionate effort,” Dehaye said. “They’re saying it’s too much effort to give me access to my data. I find that quite intriguing, because they’re making a technical and a business argument as to why I shouldn’t have access to this data.

“In the technical argument they’re shooting themselves in the foot, because they’re saying they’re so big the cost would be too large to provide me data.”

In effect, Dehaye said, Facebook told him it was too big to regulate. “They’re really arguing that they’re too big to comply with data protection law, the cost is too high, which is mind-boggling that they wouldn’t see the direction they’re going there. Do they really want to make this argument?”

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Greece: Yanis Varoufakis launches political party | Greece


https://www.aljazeera.com/news/2018/03/greece-yanis-varoufakis-launches-political-party-180327133104030.html
Greece: Yanis Varoufakis launches political party

Varoufakis served as the Greek finance minister for six months in 2015 [Alkis Konstantinidis/Reuters]
Athens, Greece – When Yanis Varoufakis launched the “Democracy in Europe Movement 2025”, or DiEM25, two years ago, he said Europe’s democratic deficit needed to be tackled as a continental problem.

His six-month tenure as Greece’s finance minister the previous year had convinced him that national governments lacked either the willpower or the clout to change Europe.

“The sovereignty of national parliaments has been dissolved by the eurozone and the Eurogroup,” he said at the time, referring – respectively – to the European Union’s monetary union and the body where its finance ministers meet.

On Monday, Varoufakis announced that he is founding a Greek political party: MeRA25.

This is in keeping with his promise to bring his transnational movement down to the national level in due course, where elections take place.

His goal is to mount a pan-European movement by 2025 that will overturn the European establishment which, in his words,

“is becoming ever more toxic, class-oriented, powerless and discredited.”

He still draws energy and bile from those formative months in office, when Greece’s government led by the Syriza, a left-wing party, went up against the country’s creditors in the eurozone and lost.

Varoufakis broke ranks with Syriza in July 2015, after the party capitulated to a third bailout loan with more austerity terms attached.

“What wounded the dream of 2015 was not so much the third memorandum,” he says, using Greek shorthand for the bailout loan.

“It was the sight of its implementation by Syriza – the vision of the left implementing austerity in the name of overcoming it.

“Hearing [current Finance Minister] Euclid Tsakalotos saying that austerity will be chased away by the prosperity austerity will bring is unbearable.”

DiEM25 vision
DiEM25 has fielded Benoit Hamon, the recent socialist presidential candidate in France, and author Lorenzo Marsili in Italy.

The starting gun for a pan-European election went off last year, when French President Emmanuel Macron suggested using the 73 European Parliament seats vacated by British MEPs to launch a new category of transnational MEPs, who will be elected in several EU member states at once.

The EU could thus seek to reclaim its legitimacy as a democratic institution, but it is also an opportunity for the Eurofederalist Varoufakis, who watched the eurozone emasculate the Greek parliament in 2015.

“We watched government MPs vote for measures they say they disagree with, and opposition MPs vote against them saying they will implement them when they come to power,” Varoufakis told the 600-odd people gathered in a theatre in central Athens.

“That’s a comedy farce. But do you know what we’ll do? Even as they convert our parliament into a comedy farce, we shall convert theatres such as this into parliaments,” he said to thunderous applause.

“You cannot have a common coinage without a common foreign and defence policy,” said author Vasilis Vasilikos, a member of DiEM25, reflecting Greece’s current concerns in the Aegean Sea.

“That’s how, ‘Europe’ lost two letters and became just ‘euro’,” he told Al Jazeera. “In 2025, our movement will bear fruit and solve the problem of Europe which is not Greek, but eminently European.”

WATCH:Greek parliament approves more austerity measures in bailout bid (2:30)
Austerity has alienated most Greeks from Europe, even though this had been one of the most Europhilic societies since joining the European Economic Community in 1981.

According to the latest Eurobarometer poll, three-quarters of Greeks do not trust European institutions – the highest level in the EU, and higher even than in Britain, which has voted to leave the bloc.

Partly as a result of austerity, Greece lost more than a quarter of its economy over eight years – an unprecedented record among developed economies since World War II.

Unemployment skyrocketed to 28 percent and remains officially at 22 percent.

“I decided to join DiEM25 because I’ve decided it’s time to act,” said an actress who signed up to the party. “We have to form an alternative proposal and put it across in an organised way,”

“I like to think that my friends and coworkers will stop hanging their heads and lowering their eyes, and will be able to regain hope for a better life,” she told Al Jazeera.

What to do about Greece?
DiEM25’s ground zero can fairly be said to be Greece, the eurozone’s only remaining underperforming economy, which continues to vex policymakers and confound predictions of recovery.

Its policies here, perhaps, are most indicative of its thinking for Europe as a whole.

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The party calls for an immediate restructuring of debt, prolonging its repayment period and lowering the amount of money Greece has to spend annually to service it.

Greece currently spends 3.5 percent of its GDP – about $8bn.

Varoufakis suggests a maximum of 1.5 percent. Otherwise, he believes, austerity will recycle itself by depriving the economy of the means to reinvest in itself.

While Syriza ended up signing onto the third bailout loan, with its further austerity measures, Varoufakis says he preferred to declare a unilateral default on debt payments.

With great reluctance, the eurozone succumbed last May to pressure from the International Monetary Fund (IMF) to consider such a debt restructuring.

But it insists on doing it after Greece graduates from its current bailout loan in August, and will not commit to the depth of restructuring that the IMF recommends.

Varoufakis during the presentation of his new party on Monday [Alkis Konstantinidis/Reuters]
Varoufakis doubts whether Greece will ever really graduate, likening the Eurogroup’s talk of “enhanced oversight” after August to the CIA’s euphemism of “enhanced interrogation” practices.

Varoufakis’ more controversial proposal is to create a taxpayer-owned “bad bank” for Greece’s 105 billion euros’ worth ($130bn) of nonperforming debt, and protect primary residences from repossession – a protection Syriza removed in 2015.

His reasoning is that loans should not be called in by banks while people lack the means to pay, and collateral should not be auctioned while real estate remains depressed (Greek property prices have fallen by an average 40 percent during the crisis).

Banks have already embarked on a plan to reduce their nonperforming portfolio by 40 billion euros (around $50bn) by the end of next year, through a combination of collections, liquidations, sales and write-offs.

Liquidations, controversially, are to amount to 11.5 billion euros ($14bn) and include primary residences.

Varoufakis’ plan would spare those properties, but he did not detail what the cost of such a solution would be to the taxpayer.

Varoufakis also proposes stimulating growth by lowering sales and corporate tax on small businesses, both of which have steadily risen through Greece’s eight-year depression; but he did not provide details of how the lost revenue would be made up.

Greece is projected to grow by 2.4 percent this year, more than it has in a decade, but expectations of 2.7 percent growth last year were bitterly disappointed; the finance ministry’s current estimate of last year’s performance is 1.4 percent.

The lack of any reaction from Greek politicians to Varoufakis’ descent on the political scene suggests how unthreatened they feel.

Two other Syriza cabinet members who thought Greece should leave the eurozone and unilaterally stop servicing its debt formed a splinter party to contest the September 2015 election.

They received 2.86 percent of the vote and did not enter parliament.

Today’s Holiday: Myanmar Armed Forces Day


Today’s Holiday:
Myanmar Armed Forces Day

Throughout most of the 1800s, the Union of Myanmar, known as Burma until 1989, was ruled by the British. Aung San, an outspoken student leader, helped the Japanese oust the British, and the Japanese ruled Burma from 1942 until 1945. On March 27, 1945, he helped the World War II Allied forces remove the Japanese from power. Myanmar celebrates Armed Forces Day on March 27 to commemorate the day that Aung San rebelled against the Japanese. The day is celebrated with a military parade and fireworks. Since 1989, the Tatmadaw has made it a tradition to pardon several prisoners on this day. More…: https://play.google.com/store/apps/details?id=com.tfd.mobile.TfdSearch

Today’s Birthday: Michael Jackson (1942)


Today’s Birthday:
Michael Jackson (1942)

Not to be confused with the American musician of the same name, English journalist Michael Jackson was arguably the most influential beer and whiskey critic in modern history. He came to prominence after the publication of his influential 1977 book The World Guide to Beer and went on to host a TV show that featured him traveling around the globe sampling various brews. He played an enormous role in the popularization of brewing culture and was especially fond of beers from what country? More…: https://play.google.com/store/apps/details?id=com.tfd.mobile.TfdSearch

This Day in History: The “Beeching Axe” Decimates British Railways (1963)


This Day in History:
The “Beeching Axe” Decimates British Railways (1963)

In an effort to reduce the cost of running the nationalized railway system of the UK, the British government commissioned a report to find ways to save money. Authored by Dr. Richard Beeching, the report concluded that many of the railway’s lines were costing more to operate than they earned and called for the elimination of unprofitable routes and closure of a large percentage of railway stations. More than 2,000 stations were closed as a result of the “Beeching Axe.” What became of Beeching? More…: https://play.google.com/store/apps/details?id=com.tfd.mobile.TfdSearch

Quote of the Day: Mary Shelley


Quote of the Day:
Mary Shelley

Live, and be happy, and make others so. More…: https://play.google.com/store/apps/details?id=com.tfd.mobile.TfdSearch

Article of the Day: The Wilhelm Scream


Article of the Day:
The Wilhelm Scream

Often used when a character is plummeting to his death, the Wilhelm scream is a stock sound effect that has been featured in over a hundred films, television shows, and video games since it was first used in the 1951 film Distant Drums. The tradition of inserting the sound into films began when Star Wars sound designer Ben Burtt tracked down the original recording—a studio reel labeled “man being eaten by alligator”—and named the sound effect after whom? More…: https://play.google.com/store/apps/details?id=com.tfd.mobile.TfdSearch