Daily Archives: March 8, 2018

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Watch “The Graduate – Mrs. Robinson Music Video” on YouTube


Watch “The Graduate (1967) – “Mrs. Robinson, you’re trying to seduce me. Aren’t you?”” on YouTube


Trump and North Korea’s Kim Jong-un to hold ‘miracle’ meeting


http://www.bbc.com/news/world-us-canada-43339901
Trump and North Korea’s Kim Jong-un to hold ‘miracle’ meeting

Reuters
The South Korean delegation briefed Donald Trump days after their meeting with Kim Jong-un
North Korean leader Kim Jong-un and US President Donald Trump are to meet in person as early as May, it has been announced, an extraordinary overture after months of mutual hostility.

News of the meeting was delivered by South Korean officials after talks with Mr Trump at the White House.

They passed a verbal message from Mr Kim, saying the North Korean leader was “committed to denuclearisation”.

South Korea’s President Moon Jae-said the news “came like a miracle”.

“If President Trump and Chairman Kim meet following an inter-Korean summit, complete denuclearisation of the Korean Peninsula will be put on the right track in earnest,” he said.

The development came days after the South Korean delegation met Mr Kim in Pyongyang.

Speaking outside the White House after briefing Mr Trump, South Korean National Security Adviser Chung Eui-yong passed on a message that Mr Kim was “committed to denuclearisation” and had “pledged that North Korea will refrain from any further nuclear or missile tests”.

Analysis: The political gamble of the 21st Century
The strange optics of the North Korea announcement
South Korea statement on Kim-Trump meeting in full
Mr Trump said the development was “great progress” but that sanctions on North Korea would remain in place until a firm agreement was reached.

In a statement sent to the Washington Post, North Korea’s UN ambassador said the “courageous decision” of Mr Kim would helped secure “peace and stability in the Korean Peninsula and the East Asia region”.

How did we reach this point?
North Korea has been isolated for decades because of its well-documented human rights abuses and its pursuit of nuclear weapons, in defiance of international laws.

AFP
Kim Jong-un had what appeared to be a cordial dinner with South Korean officials this week
It has carried out six nuclear tests, and has missiles which could reach the US. It says it needs these to ensure its survival.

But South Korea’s hosting of the Winter Olympics gave an unexpected window for diplomacy. Rare inter-Korean talks were held to facilitate the North’s carefully choreographed attendance.

South Korea then held landmark talks with Mr Kim in Pyongyang this week, returning home saying the North was willing to give up its nuclear weapons if it felt it had no reason to keep them.

Analysis: Did sanctions push North Korea into talks?
Asian markets rally on US-NK talks hopes
What missiles does North Korea have?
What has North Korea pledged?
There were four main elements to the statement delivered by Mr Chung:

Mr Kim is prepared to sit down with the US president
North Korea is “committed to denuclearisation”
It will halt all nuclear and missile tests
It understands that US-South Korean military drills “must continue”.
The BBC’s Laura Bicker in Seoul says it is important to note that North Korea has not yet promised to abandon its nuclear weapons completely. It also remains unclear exactly what it is asking for in return.

North Korea: Does a nuclear test mean war?
Are North and South Korea friends again?
The North has halted missile and nuclear tests during previous talks before, only to resume when it lost patience or felt it was not getting what it demanded.

Getty Images
The South Korean-US drills are a source of intense frustration for Pyongyang
The last point is also significant. The US has had tens of thousands of military personnel in South Korea since the end of the Korean War. The massive annual joint war games infuriate the North, because it believes they are preparation for invasion.

They were due to take place during the Olympics but have been suspended for now.

Is this a victory for Trump?
Mr Trump has repeatedly belittled Kim Jong-un, and last year threatened him with “fire and fury” if North Korea continued to threaten the US. He has at times said there is no point in talking to North Korea.

PA
North Korea’s charm offensive during the Winter Olympics included deploying its famed cheerleading squad at matches
But Mr Chung made a point of saying it was Mr Trump’s “maximum pressure policy” which had brought the parties to this point, a gesture which the president is likely to appreciate.

Our correspondent says Kim Jong-un has also scored a propaganda win, first with the Olympics and now by being seen to reach out to the US.

What about the other major players?
President Moon, who is due to meet Mr Kim in April, said the Trump-Kim meeting “will be recorded as a historic milestone that realised peace on the Korean Peninsula”.

South Korea, he said, would make the most of an “opportunity that came like a miracle.

AFP
The heavily guarded DMZ has been the location of landmark talks in the past
The South’s statement also credited “international solidarity” for the breakthrough, likely in part a reference to the ever-increasing international sanctions on North Korea.

China, North Korea’s main economic supporter, has in recent months toughened up its dealings with the North, including on key areas like petroleum and oil. This is thought to be putting a major strain on the North.

It has consistently pushed for all parties to talk so will no doubt welcome news of a Trump-Kim meeting.

Japan, which saw North Korean missiles fly over its territory twice last year, responded with cautious optimism.

Prime Minister Shinzo Abe said Japan would “keep putting maximum pressure until North Korea takes concrete actions toward denuclearisation”, and said he hoped to meet Mr Trump ahead of the Kim summit.

Have talks like this happened in the past?
No sitting US president has ever met a North Korean leader, but there have been repeated attempts to get North Korea to denuclearise.

The last major effort – the Six Party talks – collapsed in 2008, largely because North Korea refused to allow inspectors to verify that it had shut down its nuclear programme.

A number of bids to restart the talks also collapsed, including in 2012 when North Korea launched another rocket, two weeks after announcing a “leap day” agreement with the US.

There is no indication yet of where talks might take place, but the Korean border and Beijing as seen as likely options.

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Old Folks At Home Stephen Foster Robert Shaw Choraleavi YouTube-MP3.mp3 – SoundCloud


Listen to Old Folks At Home Stephen Foster Robert Shaw Choraleavi YouTube-MP3.mp3 by georgebost #np on #SoundCloud

My birds on the wire today


My birds on the wire today

My birds on the wire today

My Chakra today


My Chakra today

My Chakra today

My Duck today


My Duck today

My Duck today

My pot with flowers today


My pot with flowers today

My pot with flowers today

Watch “George Enescu: Rapsodia Română nr. 1 în La major şi Rapsodia Română nr. 2 în Re major” on YouTube


George Enescu: Rapsodia română nr. 1 în La major şi Rapsodia română nr. 2 în Re major.

Rapsodia română nr. 1 în La major şi Rapsodia română nr. 2 în Re major, două colecţii de melodii folclorice orchestrate simfonic, sunt cele mai cunoscute lucrări ale lui George Enescu, pe lângă Poema Română, Suitele şi Simfoniile pentru orchestră.
Compuse la doar 20 de ani, în vara şi toamna anului 1901, cele două Rapsodii Române au fost prezentate, sub bagheta lui Enescu, în primă audiţie în 23 februarie 1903 la Ateneul Român din Bucureşti.

Tânărul Enescu a compus rapsodiile la Sinaia, revenise în ţară după studiile de la Viena şi Paris şi avea nostalgia locurilor natale, a cântecului păsărilor şi al lăutarilor din satele copilăriei sale, iar cele două lucrările reflectă iubirea pentru folclorul românesc, dar şi pentru acordurile muzicii clasice.

În materie de muzică, la început de secol XX, tot ce venea din estul Europei era considerat exotic, iar Rapsodiile lui Enescu aduceau un aer proaspăt prin spiritul modern în care orchestrase cântece de petrecere, hore, sârbe, doine şi balade, munteneşti sau din Moldova şi Transilvania, şi adăugase teme muzicale de factură cultă, un cântec patriotic sau un marş militar.

“Atâta vreme cât exist, vreau să cânt” – aşa îşi descria destinul marele compozitor, violonist, pianist şi dirijor George Enescu (n. 19 august 1881, Liveni-Vârnav, Botoșani, România – d. 4 mai 1955, Paris, Franța)

How exercise in old age prevents the immune system from declining – BBC News


http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/health-43308729
How exercise in old age prevents the immune system from declining

Image caption Professor Norman Lazarus, aged 82, has the immune system of a 20 year old
Doing lots of exercise in older age can prevent the immune system from declining and protect people against infections, scientists say.

They followed 125 long-distance cyclists, some now in their 80s, and found they had the immune systems of 20-year-olds.

Prof Norman Lazarus, 82, of King’s College London, who took part in and co-authored the research, said: “If exercise was a pill, everyone would be taking it.

“It has wide-ranging benefits for the body, the mind, for our muscles and our immune system.”

The research was published in the journal Aging Cell.

Prof Janet Lord, director of the Institute of Inflammation and Ageing, at the University of Birmingham, and co-author of the research, said: “The immune system declines by about 2-3% a year from our 20s, which is why older people are more susceptible to infections, conditions like rheumatoid arthritis and, potentially, cancer.

“Because the cyclists have the immune system of a 20-year-old rather than a 70- or 80-year-old, it means they have added protection against all these issues.”

The researchers looked at markers in the blood for T-cells, which help the immune system respond to new infections.

These are produced in the thymus, a gland in the chest, which normally shrinks in size in adulthood.

‘Out of puff’
They found that the endurance cyclists were producing the same level of T-cells as adults in their 20s, whereas a group of inactive older adults were producing very few.

The researchers believe that being physically active in old age will help people respond better to vaccines, and so be better protected against infections such as flu.

Steve Harridge, co-author and professor of physiology at King’s College London, said: “Being sedentary goes against evolution because humans are designed to be physically active.

“You don’t need to be a competitive athlete to reap the benefits – or be an endurance cyclist – anything which gets you moving and a little bit out of puff will help.”

Prof Harridge and Prof Lazarus believe that highly physically active older people represent the perfect group in which to analyse the true effects of biological ageing.

A separate paper in Aging Cell found that the cyclists did not lose muscle mass or strength, and did not see an increase in body fat – which are usually associated with ageing.

I met a dozen of the cyclists, on a morning ride in Surrey. Despite the bitter cold, they were universally cheerful, and clearly used to riding in all weathers.

They are members of Audax, a long-distance cycling organisation that organises events ranging from 100km to 300km.

The older members – in their 80s – say they do only the “short” 100km (62-mile) rides, but this is still highly impressive.

So why do they do it?
Pam Jones, 79, told me: “I do it for my health, because it’s sociable, and because I enjoy the freedom it gives you.”

Brian Matkins, 82, said: “One of the first results I got from the medical study was I was told my body fat was comparable to that of a 19-year-old.”

Aged just 64, Jim Woods, is a comparative youngster in the group. He averages 100 miles a week on his bike, with more during the summer.

He said: “I cycle for a sense of wellbeing and to enjoy our wonderful countryside.”

Cycling 60 miles or more may not be your idea of fun, but these riders have found something that gives them pleasure, which is a key reason why they continue.

Follow Fergus on Twitter

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Cycling keeps your immune system young, study finds


https://www.theguardian.com/lifeandstyle/2018/mar/08/cycling-keeps-your-immune-system-young-study-finds

THE GUARDIAN
Cycling keeps your immune system young, study finds

Cycling can hold back the effects of ageing and rejuvenate the immune system, a study has found.

Scientists carried out tests on 125 amateur cyclists aged 55 to 79 and compared them with healthy adults from a wide age group who did not exercise regularly.

The ‘miracle pill’: how cycling could save the NHS
Read more
The findings, outlined in two papers in the journal Aging Cell, showed that the cyclists preserved muscle mass and strength with age while maintaining stable levels of body fat and cholesterol. In men, testosterone levels remained high.

More surprisingly, the anti-ageing effects of cycling appeared to extend to the immune system.

An organ called the thymus, which makes immune cells called T-cells, normally starts to shrink from the age of 20. But the thymuses of older cyclists were found to be generating as many T-cells as those of young people.

Prof Janet Lord, director of the Institute of Inflammation and Ageing at the University of Birmingham, said: “Hippocrates in 400BC said that exercise is man’s best medicine, but his message has been lost over time and we are an increasingly sedentary society.

“However, importantly, our findings debunk the assumption that ageing automatically makes us more frail. Our research means we now have strong evidence that encouraging people to commit to regular exercise throughout their lives is a viable solution to the problem that we are living longer but not healthier.”

Male cyclists taking part in the study had to be able to cycle 100km in under 6.5 hours, while women had to cover 60km in 5.5 hours.

The non-exercising group consisted of 75 healthy people aged 57 to 80 and 55 young adults aged 20 to 36.

Many other studies have also shown the remarkable health benefits of cycling. A study published in the BMJ last April found that regular cycling cut the risk of death from all causes by more than 40%, and cut the risk of cancer and heart disease by 45%.

Experts also believe cycling boosts riders’ mental health, with multiple studies finding that those who commute by bicycle are happier and less prone to depression than those who use any other form of transport.

A recent report from cycling and walking charity Sustrans also found that cycling does not just benefit an individual’s health but that of society as a whole, estimating that if Britain were to reach government targets for walking and cycling, the country would save about £9.3bn and reduce deaths from air pollution by more than 13,000 over the next decade.

Prof Stephen Harridge, director of the Centre of Human & Aerospace Physiological Sciences at King’s College London, said: “The findings emphasise the fact that the cyclists do not exercise because they are healthy, but that they are healthy because they have been exercising for such a large proportion of their lives.

“Their bodies have been allowed to age optimally, free from the problems usually caused by inactivity. Remove the activity and their health would likely deteriorate.”

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Watch “Ottorino Respighi, “Church Windows”. (Vetrate di Chiesa)” on YouTube


Today’s Holiday: International Women’s Day


Today’s Holiday:
International Women’s Day

This day commemorating women is one of the most widely observed holidays of recent origin. It has its roots in the March 8, 1857, revolt of women in New York City, protesting conditions in the textile and garment industries, although it wasn’t proclaimed a holiday until 1910. In Great Britain and the United States, International Women’s Day is marked by special exhibitions, films, etc., in praise of women. In the former U.S.S.R., women received honors for distinguished service in industry, aviation, military service, and other fields. More…: https://play.google.com/store/apps/details?id=com.tfd.mobile.TfdSearch

Today’s Birthday: Konstantinos Karamanlis (1907)


Today’s Birthday:
Konstantinos Karamanlis (1907)

One of the most important political figures in the history of modern Greece, Karamanlis helped rebuild Greece’s economy while serving in various posts after WWII. Chosen as prime minister in 1955, he formed a government and a new conservative party, the National Radical Union. In 1960, he established an independent republic on Cyprus to ease tensions with Britain and Turkey over the island. He resigned in 1963 and lived in exile in Paris until 1974. What finally brought him back to Greece? More…: https://play.google.com/store/apps/details?id=com.tfd.mobile.TfdSearch

This Day in History: Nelson’s Pillar Destroyed by Explosion in Dublin (1966)


This Day in History:
Nelson’s Pillar Destroyed by Explosion in Dublin (1966)

Built in 1808 and towering over the center of Dublin, Ireland, Nelson’s Pillar was a massive monument to Horatio Nelson, Britain’s most famous naval hero. It was controversial from the start. In 1966, Irish Republican Army members destroyed the pillar with a bomb. Irish Army engineers then removed the pillar’s pedestal with a controlled explosion, which is said to have caused more damage than the original blast. The head of the statue was later stolen from storage. Where did it end up? More…: https://play.google.com/store/apps/details?id=com.tfd.mobile.TfdSearch

Quote of the Day: Henry David Thoreau


Quote of the Day:
Henry David Thoreau

The finest qualities of our nature, like the bloom on fruits, can be preserved only by the most delicate handling. Yet we do not treat ourselves nor one another thus tenderly. More…: https://play.google.com/store/apps/details?id=com.tfd.mobile.TfdSearch

Article of the Day: Mautam: Rat Raid


Article of the Day:
Mautam: Rat Raid

Mautam is the name of the cyclic phenomenon that occurs every 48 years in the Indian state of Mizoram. During this period, the flowering of a species of bamboo is invariably followed by a subsequent boom in the population of bandicoot rats, which feast on the bamboo seeds. However, once they exhaust the temporarily abundant food supply, they turn their attention to cultivated crops, raiding granaries and fields, leading to famine. How did officials prepare for Mautam in 2006? More…: https://play.google.com/store/apps/details?id=com.tfd.mobile.TfdSearch

Idiom of the Day: make as though


Idiom of the Day:
make as though

To behave as if; to pretend or make it appear that. Watch the video…: https://play.google.com/store/apps/details?id=com.tfd.mobile.TfdSearch

Word of the Day: fungicide


Word of the Day:
fungicide

Definition: (noun) A chemical substance that destroys or inhibits the growth of fungi.
Synonyms: antifungal, antimycotic
Usage: Dr. Johnson prescribed a fungicide to treat her patient’s athlete’s foot.: https://play.google.com/store/apps/details?id=com.tfd.mobile.TfdSearch

Angela Gheorghiu / Sacred Romanian Orthodox Church Song


https://wp.me/p1bDM9-8Tv

De pe la Adrian Serban: “Visul American” in Tara Fagarasului s-a nascut aproape de anii 1900.


“Visul American” in Tara Fagarasului s-a nascut aproape de anii 1900.

”Visul American” in Tara Fagarasului,,,,///

“Visul American” in Tara Fagarasului s-a nascut aproape de anii 1900. Atunci toate drumurile duceau in America. Oamenii visului au murit, dar si-au lasat urmasii “americani”.
Migratia fagarasenilor in America la sfarsitul secolului al XIX-lea, inceputul secolului al XX-lea constituie una din cele mai importante miscari sociale ale acelei vremi. Conform datelor prezente in volumul lui Alexandru Barbat, “Dezvoltarea economica a Tarii Oltului”, aparut in 1938, numarul imigrantilor fagaraseni in America il depasea pe cel al imigrantilor proveniti atat din Ungaria, cat si din Ardeal.

In galeria digitala a New York Public Library, exista o colectie a lui William Williams (1862-1947) adunata de acesta in perioada in care lucra comisionar pentru imigratie la Ellis Island Immigration Station din New York. Colectia contine 97 de imagini realizate in intervalul 1906-1914. Sunt atat fotografii de ansamblu, exterioare si interioare, cat si portrete ale imigrantilor inregistrati acolo. Portretele au fost realizate de Augustus Francis Sherman (1865-1925), un fotogaf amator ce a profitat de functia de director al arhivei, pe care o avea la centrul de imigrare. Printre cei fotografiati se afla si portretele a sase romani imbracati in porturi populare. Imagini reprezentative pentru strabunicii nostri din Tara Fagarasului .
In unele fotografii, unii imigranti apar intr-un fel de uniforme… de garda! Ajunsi in America, fagarasenii si-au infiintat… Politie! “Ei trebuia sa-si apere comunitatea. In 1907, cand s-a infiintat Societatea Negru Voda, in statutul ei se arata nevoia de protejare a lor fata de celelalte minoritati, de protejare a locurilor de munca. Probabil ca era o concurenta pentru ocuparea locurilor de munca si de ocupare a unor pozitii mai bune in orasele respective”

Migratia fagarasenilor este trecuta in statisticile ungare incepand cu anul 1899. Astfel, in perioada 1899-1913, in America au emigrat 9.109 indivizi proveniti din Tara Oltului, zona cunoscuta mai apoi drept Tara Fagarasului. Motivatiile oamenilor de a pleca in cautarea “visului american” sunt multiple. In cartea sa, Alexandru Barbat scria: “Oamenii declara drept cauza principala a emigratiilor: «dorinta de mai bine». Cauzele reale ale emigratiei sunt: Mediul natural, sarac si Surplusul de populatie”. Aspectele emigratiei aratate de Barbat in 1938 sunt aprobate si azi de urmasii celor care au crezut in “visul american”. In toate satele si comunele din zona Fagarasului intalnesti batrani care poarta in desaga amintirilor povesti minunate. Povesti… de Vis!Primii emigranti romani erau la origine “austro-ungari”, fiind majoritari din Transilvania. Au plecat acolo, apoi au trimis “chemare” prietenilor romani, de acasa. Foarte multi din Tara Fagarasului. Cativa chiar din Mandra. O parte dintre ei s-au intors cu bani in perioada interbelica, si-au facut casute (cu o firma de italieni) si au deschis afaceri in tot Ardealul.

Multi mandreni au plecat prin Fiume (astazi Rijeka, Croatia), sau din Bremen, cu vasul Friederich der Grosse, ori cu un vapor al companiei engleze Cunard, vapor care se chema Carpathia si care, intamplator, este vasul care a cules supravietuitorii Titanicului! Un prieten, de aici de acasa, Sebi a lu Oara Mija, de peste drum, are in lucru un proiect despre plecarea fagarasenilor in America, povestile lor. Cerceteaza chiar sa vada din ce sate de la noi erau cei care, in aprilie 1912, se aflau pe vasul care prelua cei 700 de supravietuitoi ai Titanicului, cati mandreni si “de-ai cui erau”..

Povestile emigrarii le gasesti cand te astepti mai putin. Pleci pe o idee si dai de alta… Imigrantii romani n-au stat cu mainile in san cat au stat in America. Astfel, foarte multi dintre cei imigrati au facut copii in America, acestia primind cetatenia americana. Rezultatul este unul la care nu te astepti. In zona Fagarasului poti gasi foarte multi… americani!Niciu Ioan, 84 de ani. In 1916, Nicolae, tatal sau, a plecat in State. “Tatal meu s-a dus in America cu gandul ca, «daca te duci in America si muncesti cum trebuie, strangi destui bani, ca sa vii in Romania sa faci treaba»” “Se pleca foarte greu. Tatal meu a plecat din Brasov. A lucrat in Budapesta si apoi in Viena, sa faca bani de drum. Era tamplar. A fost nevoit sa plece, se tragea dintr-o familie de 14 frati. Din Viena a plecat, pe jos, in Franta! S-a urcat pe un vapor care aducea vite din America si Canada. Dupa o calatorie indelungata a ajuns in America.”

Ajuns in America, Nea Nicolae a dat tot peste un roman. Acesta l-a ajutat sa plece in Saint Paul, statul Minessota. Acolo voia tatal lui Niciu Ioan. “Voia sa ajunga la Saint Paul. C-a auzit ca mai sunt si alti romani acolo, de la el din Cuciulata. Omul l-a urcat in tren si i-a pus la panglica palariei bilet cu locul unde trebuia dat jos. A ajuns in Saint Paul si la periferia orasului a dat de un roman care lucra la o cantina. Si-a gasit serviciu la o fabrica de mobila. In timp, meseriasul a inceput sa primeasca avansari. In 1922 le-a zis patronilor ca vine in Romania sa se casatoreasca. “Sefii s-au temut ca nu-i convine salariul si i-au zis: «Daca intr-adevar te duci sa te casatoresti si-i veni inapoi, noi iti dam un pasaport in alb si pentru sotie!» Tata a venit, s-o casatorit si s-o intors acolo la ei. Pe 9 decembrie 1922 m-am nascut eu. Am fost la gradinita, la o scoala. Vorbeam in englezeste. In 1930 ne-am intors in Romania la dorinta mamei mele. Pe drumul de intoarcere ne-am oprit in Germania pentru cinci zile”, povesteste fagaraseanul. Acolo, cu banii stransi in America, tatal sau si-a comandat la o fabrica masini de tamplarie, ca sa deschida o fabrica de mobila in Fagaras. “Si-a deschis fabrica si i-a mers bine. A lucrat pana la 82 de ani. La 84 de ani a murit. Eu am fost american pana in 1946. N-am facut razboiul, ca nu m-a chemat nimeni nicaieri. Cu evenimentele din 47-48, a trebuit sa renunt la cetatenie. Acum zece ani insa, am fost la ambasada si mi-au dat cetatenia inapoi. Am dubla cetatenie acum. Am facut-o s-o am, ca nu se stie niciodata”, ne spune Nea’ Ioan Americanul.

O parte dintre barbatii fagaraseni imigrati in America s-au inrolat ca voluntari in armata americana, in cadrul Primului Razboi Mondial. Chiar daca ei au avut de infruntat rigorile vietii militare si ale razboiului, dupa incetarea ostilitatilor familiile lor au avut parte de anumite beneficii si privilegii din partea autoritatilor americane. Imi aduc aminte faptul ca bunica mea n-a avut o fotografie de-a bunicului imbracat in haine militare, americane si din aceasta cauza era foarte suparata, deoarece, daca avea o astfel de fotografie, ea ar fi primit pensie de la americani”, explica profesorul. O intrebare macina gandurile. De ce fagarasenii nu ramaneau in America daca le era bine acolo si se intorceau, majoritatea, in Fagaras? “Pana la venirea comunistilor viata aici era altfel. In sate exista o adevarata viata comunitara si se tinea foarte mult la traditii. Oamenii plecau acolo la munca, pentru a strange bani, dar tot aici vroiau sa se intoarca”.

.”Emigrantii din America, tineri sau mai in varsta, aproape toti plecati de la coarnele plugului, au ajuns acolo excelenti muncitori in fabrici, conducatori de negri in mine, «basi» in diferite fabrici, restauratori, negustori si uneori contrabandisti de rachiu”

Alexandru Barbat
autor studiu despre migratia fagarasenilor…