Daily Archives: March 17, 2018

Today’s Holiday: Camp Fire Founders’ Day

Today’s Holiday:
Camp Fire Founders’ Day

The organization originally known as the Camp Fire Girls was founded on March 17, 1910, around the same time that the Boy Scout movement was getting its start in Great Britain. Now it is coeducational and is known as Camp Fire. The organization stresses self-reliance, and membership is divided into five age levels, from Sparks (pre-school) to Horizon (grades 9-12). Interaction with adults is also emphasized as a way of learning about career choices, hobbies, and other interests. Camp Fire’s founding is observed by members as part of Camp Fire Boys and Girls Birthday Week. More…: https://play.google.com/store/apps/details?id=com.tfd.mobile.TfdSearch

Today’s Birthday: Gottlieb Daimler (1834)

Today’s Birthday:
Gottlieb Daimler (1834)

The mechanical experiments of German engineer, inventor, and pioneer automobile manufacturer Gottlieb Daimler aroused so much suspicion that, at one point, the police raided his workshop in Stuttgart, Germany, expecting to find a counterfeiting operation. They found only engines, as Daimler had been working on improvements to the internal combustion engine that would play a major role in the development of the automobile industry. He sold his first automobile in 1892. What was his famous motto? More…: https://play.google.com/store/apps/details?id=com.tfd.mobile.TfdSearch

This Day in History: The Richard Riot (1955)

This Day in History:
The Richard Riot (1955)

Maurice Richard was a star ice-hockey player for the Montreal Canadiens and a hero of the French-Canadian population. After he was involved in a violent confrontation during a game with the Boston Bruins, Richard was suspended for the rest of the season as well as the playoffs. Many fans in Montreal believed the penalty to be overly severe and motivated by prejudice against French-Canadians. At a game just days later, the fans rioted. Who did the mayor of Montreal blame for inciting the riot? More…: https://play.google.com/store/apps/details?id=com.tfd.mobile.TfdSearch

Quote of the Day: Booker T. Washington

Quote of the Day:
Booker T. Washington

Assistance given to the weak makes the one who gives it strong. More…: https://play.google.com/store/apps/details?id=com.tfd.mobile.TfdSearch

Article of the Day: The Great Smog of 1952

Article of the Day:
The Great Smog of 1952

Early in December 1952, a cold fog caused Londoners to burn more coal than usual. When the resulting pollution was trapped by the dense mass of cold air, concentrations of pollutants built up dramatically. By the time it lifted, the smog had caused or advanced the deaths of thousands of people—most of whom were very young or elderly or had pre-existing respiratory problems—leading to a new focus on the dangers of air pollution. Even indoor events were cancelled during the Great Smog; why? More…: https://play.google.com/store/apps/details?id=com.tfd.mobile.TfdSearch

Idiom of the Day: make (someone’s) ears burn

Idiom of the Day:
make (someone’s) ears burn

To make someone uncomfortable, embarrassed, or disconcerted by what is being said. Alludes to the ears growing red from blushing. Watch the video…: https://play.google.com/store/apps/details?id=com.tfd.mobile.TfdSearch

Word of the Day: unornamented

Word of the Day:

Definition: (adjective) Lacking embellishment or ornamentation.
Synonyms: unembellished, plain, spare, bare
Usage: Strangers, who saw her for the first time, saw a lady in the prime of her life—a lady plainly dressed in unornamented white.: https://play.google.com/store/apps/details?id=com.tfd.mobile.TfdSearch

Rio Hondo (California): From Wikipedia


The Rio Hondo bicycle path along the channelized Rio Hondo (creek) by the city of Rosemead — in the San Gabriel Valley of Los Angeles County, Southern California. Above the confluence of the Rio Hondo with the Los Angeles River.

The Rio Hondo (Spanish translation: “Deep River”) is a tributary of the Los Angeles River in Los Angeles County, California, approximately 16.4 miles (26.4 km) long. As a named river, it begins in Irwindale and flows southwest to its confluence in South Gate, passing through several cities (though not the city of Los Angeles). Above Irwindale its main stem is known as Santa Anita Creek, which extends another 10 miles (16 km) northwards into the San Gabriel Mountains where the source, or headwaters, of the river are found.

Quick facts: Country, State …
Rio Hondo

Country United States
State California
– right Santa Anita Creek, Arcadia Wash, Eaton Wash, Alhambra Wash
Source Santa Anita Creek
– location Irwindale, San Gabriel Valley
– elevation 320 ft (98 m)
– coordinates 34°05′51″N 118°01′16″W
Mouth Los Angeles River
– location South Gate
– elevation 79 ft (24 m)
– coordinates 33°55′56″N 118°10′30″W
Length 16.4 mi (26 km)
Basin 143 sq mi (370 km2)
Discharge for below Whittier Narrows Dam
– average 165 cu ft/s (5 m3/s)
– max 38,800 cu ft/s (1,099 m3/s)
– min 0 cu ft/s (0 m3/s)
The Rio Hondo has sometimes been described as a second channel of the San Gabriel River. For much of its length, the rivers flow parallel to each other about two miles (3 km) apart. Both rivers pass through the Whittier Narrows, a natural gap in the hills which form the southern boundary of the San Gabriel Valley. Here, both rivers are impounded by the Whittier Narrows Dam, which the Army Corps of Engineers describes as, “the central element of the Los Angeles County Drainage Area (LACDA) flood control system”. During major storms, the outlet works at Whittier Narrows Dam can direct water to either channel, or runoff can be stored.

The Rio Hondo and San Gabriel River have both been part of a revitalization program called the Emerald Necklace. The goal of this program is to create a “necklace” of parks and reclaimed wild spaces with the two rivers. They are connected by a narrow strip in Irwindale and by Whittier Narrows to give them the appearance of a necklace if viewed from above. The project garnered broad support from organizations such as the Sierra Club along with the governments of the many cities the rivers pass through.

Most of the Rio Hondo is a concrete-lined channel to serve its primary flood control function, but in two places the river flows over open ground: the Peck Road Water Conservation Park, and the Whittier Narrows Recreation Area. Large spreading grounds for water conservation surround much of the river, and its bike paths are very popular.

The river passes through the location of the Battle of Rio San Gabriel, fought on January 8, 1847, and which resulted in a U.S. victory. Although the battle was actually fought on west bank of the present-day Rio Hondo near where it is crossed by Washington Blvd, the battle is named after the San Gabriel, which at that time flowed along these banks. A flood in 1867 caused the San Gabriel to change course, which it retains at present. The old San Gabriel was renamed the Rio Hondo after this flood. In Downey, California, the Rio Hondo was once known as the “Old River”, because it was the old course of the San Gabriel River. The Old River School was named for it, and Old River School Road was named for the school. The “New River” is the present course of the San Gabriel River.

The Rio Hondo College and Rio Hondo Preparatory School were named after the river.

From mouth to source (year built in parentheses):

Garfield Avenue (1957)
Southern Avenue (1951)
Firestone Boulevard (1933)
Rio Hondo Bicycle Path
Florence Avenue (1953)
Suva Street (1954)
Interstate 5 – Santa Ana Freeway (1953)
Telegraph Road (1951)
East Slauson Avenue (1954)
Railroad:BNSF Railway Former Santa Fe Railway Amtrak / Metrolink Orange County Line
Washington Boulevard (1941)
Bridge to Rio Hondo Bicycle Path
Railroad: Union Pacific Railroad ex-LA&SL, Metrolink Riverside Line
Whittier Boulevard (1921)
East Beverly Boulevard (1952)
Whittier Narrows Dam
San Gabriel Boulevard (1982)
State Route 60 / Pomona Freeway (1966)
Garvey Avenue (1936)
Rosemead Boulevard / CA-164 (1937)
Interstate 10 / San Bernardino Freeway (1956)
Rio Hondo Busway (1972)
Railroad Metrolink San Bernardino line
Valley Mall
Valley Boulevard (1956)
Railroad Union Pacific Railroad former Southern Pacific Railroad
Lower Azusa Road (1959)
Santa Anita Avenue (1959)
Rio Hondo Bicycle Path at Peck Road Park Lake
See also
Eaton Wash
Rio Hondo College

Kurdistan – From Wikipedia


For other uses, see Kurdistan (disambiguation).

Kurdistan (/ˌkɜːrdɪˈstæn/ or /ˌkɜːrdɪˈstɑːn/) (Kurdish: کوردستان‎‬; [ˌkʊɾdɯˈstɑːn] (About this sound listen); lit. “homeland of the Kurds”)[4] or Greater Kurdistan is a roughly defined geo-cultural region wherein the Kurdish people form a prominent majority population[5] and Kurdish culture, languages and national identity have historically been based.[6] Kurdistan roughly encompasses the northwestern Zagros and the eastern Taurus mountain ranges.[7]

Kurdish-inhabited area by CIA (1992) box inset removed.jpg
Kurdish-inhabited areas (1992)
Upper Mesopotamia, and the Zagros Mountains, including parts of Eastern Anatolia Region (Armenian Highlands) and southeastern Anatolia, northern Syria, northern Iraq, and the northwestern Iranian Plateau.[1]
Northern Kurdistan
Southern Kurdistan
Eastern Kurdistan
Western Kurdistan
Area (est.)
190,000–390,000 km²–500,000 km²
74,000–151,000 sq. mi[citation needed]
36.4 million (2016 estimate)[2][3][original research?]
Largest cities
Erbil (Hawler)
Diyarbakır (Amed)
Kermanshah (Kirmashan)
Kirkuk (Kerkuk)
Sulaymaniyah (Slemani)
Urfa (Riha)
Sanandaj (Sine)
Van (Wan)
Internet TLD
Contemporary use of the term refers to the following areas: southeastern Turkey (Northern Kurdistan), northern Iraq (Southern Kurdistan), northwestern Iran (Eastern Kurdistan) and northern Syria (Rojava or Western Kurdistan).[8][9] Some Kurdish nationalist organizations seek to create an independent nation state consisting of some or all of these areas with a Kurdish majority, while others campaign for greater autonomy within the existing national boundaries.[10][11]

Iraqi Kurdistan first gained autonomous status in a 1970 agreement with the Iraqi government, and its status was re-confirmed as an autonomous entity within the federal Iraqi republic in 2005.[12] There is a province by the name Kurdistan in Iran; it is not self-ruled. Kurds fighting in the Syrian Civil War were able to take control of large sections of northern Syria as government forces, loyal to President Bashar al-Assad, withdrew to fight elsewhere. Having established their own government, they called for autonomy in a federal Syria after the war.[13]

See also
Further reading
External links
Last edited 26 days ago by Turkishhistorian
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