Monthly Archives: April 2018

V for Vendetta

V for Vendetta

V for Vendetta

V for Vendetta

V for Vendetta


My birds on the wire today

My birds on the wire today

My birds on the wire today

My Duck today

My Duck today

My Duck today

My Chakra today

My Chakra today

My Chakra today

New ban on epilepsy drug in pregnancy – BBC News

New ban on epilepsy drug in pregnancy
24 April 2018

An epilepsy drug that can damage unborn babies must no longer be prescribed to girls and women of childbearing age in the UK unless they sign a form to say that they understand the risks.

Drug regulator the MHRA says the new measures it’s introducing will keep future generations of children safe.

Those already on valproate medication should see their GP to have their treatment reviewed.

No woman or girl should stop taking it without medical advice though.

It is thought about 20,000 children in the UK have been left with disabilities caused by valproate since the drug was introduced in the 1970s.

Affected families have called for a public inquiry and compensation.

Epilepsy charities say one in five women on sodium valproate are unaware that taking it during pregnancy can harm the development and physical health of an unborn baby.

Image caption
This warning has been on the outside of valproate pill packets since 2016 in Britain
And more than one in four have not been given information about risks for their unborn child.

The MHRA has changed the licence for valproate, which means any doctor prescribing it will have to ensure female patients are put on a Pregnancy Prevention Programme, which means:

The patient can see her doctor every year to discuss the risks of this drug to an unborn baby
She signs an acknowledgement form at least every year
She is told about the importance of using contraception throughout treatment and having a pregnancy test if she thinks she could be pregnant
If valproate is taken during pregnancy, up to four in 10 babies are at risk of developmental disorders, and approximately one in 10 are at risk of birth defects.

Dr June Raine, from the MHRA, said: “Patient safety is our highest priority. We are committed to making sure women and girls are aware of the very real risks of taking valproate during pregnancy. However, we also know it is vitally important women don’t stop taking valproate without first discussing it with their doctor.

“I would like to particularly thank the families involved in the Valproate Stakeholder Network who have shared their experiences and expertise with us. Their support will help keep future generations of children safe.”

Simon Wigglesworth, deputy chief executive of Epilepsy Action, said: “We know there are still far too many women who haven’t been made aware of the potential risks of taking sodium valproate in pregnancy.

“It is vitally important that healthcare professionals ensure that all women with epilepsy taking sodium valproate are reviewed in line with the new guidelines.”

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Related Topics
Babies & toddlersEpilepsyMedicinePregnancy
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More on this story
Disabilities caused in babies by epilepsy drug a ‘scandal’
22 January 2018
Epilepsy drug warnings ‘not reaching women’, survey shows
22 September 2017
Related Internet links
Valproate use by women and girls – GOV.UK
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Today’s Holiday: Janaki Navami

Today’s Holiday:
Janaki Navami

Sita, heroine of the Hindu epic poem Ramayana, is supposed to have sprung on this day from a furrow in a field plowed by King Janaka. He named her Sita, which means “furrow of the earth,” and raised her as his own child. She was actually the goddess Lakshmi, sent to the earth to bring about the destruction of Ravana and other demons. Many Hindus believe that Sita represents the ideal Indian woman as an embodiment of self-sacrifice, purity, tenderness, fidelity, conjugal affection, and other virtues. More…:

Today’s Birthday: Anthony Trollope (1815)

Today’s Birthday:
Anthony Trollope (1815)

One of the great English novelists, Trollope spent seven unhappy years in London as a postal clerk before transferring to Ireland in 1841. Soon after, while still working for the postal service, he began writing. Working mainly before breakfast and at a fixed rate of 1,000 words an hour, he produced 47 novels, including the six interconnected Barsetshire novels and the highly regarded, satirical The Way We Live Now. What did he describe as “the most wretched fortnight of my manhood”? More…:

This Day in History: The Triple Six Fix (1980)

This Day in History:
The Triple Six Fix (1980)

The Triple Six Fix was a plot to rig the Pennsylvania Lottery. Masterminded by Nick Perry, the lottery’s television announcer, the scheme focused on the Daily Number game, in which players pay to select a three-digit number in hopes of matching theirs to the one drawn from a container of numbered ping-pong balls. The balls are selected by a vacuum, so Perry planned to cheat the game by weighting all but two of the balls—numbers four and six—and buying combinations of those numbers. Did it work? More…:

Quote of the Day: William Makepeace Thackeray

Quote of the Day:
William Makepeace Thackeray

When one fib becomes due as it were, you must forge another to take up the old acceptance; and so the stock of your lies in circulation inevitably multiplies, and the danger of detection increases every day.


Article of the Day: The Ig Nobel Prizes

Article of the Day:
The Ig Nobel Prizes

A parody of the Nobel Prizes, the Ig Nobel Prizes are given each year in early October—around the time the genuine Nobel Prizes are announced—for 10 achievements that “first make people laugh, and then make them think.” Organized by the scientific humor magazine Annals of Improbable Research, the awards are presented by Nobel Laureates and are often intended to draw attention to scientific articles that have some humorous or unexpected aspect. What are some of the prize-winning topics? More…:

Idiom of the Day: have the mouth of a sailor

Idiom of the Day:
have the mouth of a sailor

To have a tendency or proclivity to use coarse, rude, or vulgar language. Watch the video…:

Word of the Day: high-toned

Word of the Day:

Definition: (adjective) Pretentiously elegant.
Synonyms: high-class
Usage: She felt awkward and out of place in the high-toned restaurant, with its elegant décor and elite clientele.:

Elliptical Exerciser Buying Guide

Today’s Holiday: Moors and Christians Fiesta

Today’s Holiday:
Moors and Christians Fiesta

Moors and Christians fiestas are celebrated all over Spain, but the Fiesta of Alcoy is one of the most colorful. Coinciding with the feast day of St. George, it commemorates the victory of Christians over the Moorish leader al-Azraq in 1276. The fiesta begins on the morning of April 22 with the entry of the Christians; the Moors arrive in the afternoon, dressed in Oriental costumes. On April 23, the relic of St. George is carried in procession to the parish church. On the third day, the battle is reenacted, and an apparition of St. George appears on the battlements of the castle. More…:

Today’s Birthday: Stephen A. Douglas (1813)

Today’s Birthday:
Stephen A. Douglas (1813)

Short and heavyset, Douglas was dubbed “the Little Giant” for his oratorical skill. In 1858, he engaged in a number of widely publicized debates with Abraham Lincoln in a close contest for the Senate seat in Illinois. The Democrats nominated Douglas for president in 1860, but a splinter group of Southerners chose a different nominee, which divided the Democratic vote and gave the presidency to Lincoln. What extraordinary gesture was Douglas said to have offered at Lincoln’s inauguration in 1861? More…:

This Day in History: First Video Uploaded to YouTube (2005)

This Day in History:
First Video Uploaded to YouTube (2005)

One of the most well-known examples of meteoric success on the Internet, the highly popular video sharing website YouTube was founded by Chad Hurley, Steve Chen, and Jawed Karim in 2005. The next year, it was acquired by Google for $1.65 billion. Within a few years, more than 25 quadrillion bytes of videos were being streamed from the site each month from myriad sources, amateur and professional alike. However, it all started with a single video, uploaded in April 2005, titled what? More…:

Quote of the Day: Booker T. Washington

Quote of the Day:
Booker T. Washington

I would permit no man, no matter what his color might be, to narrow and degrade my soul by making me hate him.


Article of the Day: Flood Myths

Article of the Day:
Flood Myths

The story of a great flood sent by a deity to destroy civilization as an act of divine retribution appears in many ancient cultural traditions. Though it is best known in the modern Western world through the Biblical story of Noah’s ark, other versions, such as stories of Matsya in the Hindu Puranas, Deucalion in Greek mythology, and Utnapishtim in the Epic of Gilgamesh, are also well known. What do scientists believe accounts for the flood myth’s prevalence in so many cultures? More…:

Idiom of the Day: mouth-breathing (used before a noun)

Idiom of the Day:
(used before a noun)

Dimwitted, foolish, or stupid; of low or stunted intelligence. Watch the video…:

Word of the Day: bequeath

Word of the Day:

Definition: (verb) Leave or give by will after one’s death.
Synonyms: will, leave
Usage: He bequeathed all his silver to his children.:

The Scholars, Gabriel von Max. Czech (1840 – 1915)

The Scholars, Gabriel von Max. Czech (1840 - 1915)

The Scholars, Gabriel von Max. Czech (1840 – 1915)

Watch “Audrey Hepburn – Moon River” on YouTube

Watch “Frank Sinatra – As Time Goes By (Casablanca)” on YouTube

Pressure grows on May and Rudd over Windrush scandal | UK news | The Guardian

Pressure grows on May and Rudd over Windrush scandal
Anne Perkins

Theresa May and her home secretary, Amber Rudd, have come under further pressure over the impact on the Windrush generation of the government’s immigration policy.

The former cabinet minister Sayeeda Warsi made it clear it was the policy itself that was at fault, rather than the way officials had implemented it, while senior Labour figures called on Rudd to resign.

Speaking on the BBC’s Andrew Marr Show, the shadow foreign secretary, Emily Thornberry, said it was hard to imagine a worse outcome from the policy brought in through a series of new laws from 2010 to create a hostile environment towards illegal immigrants.

Theresa May to blame for Windrush crisis, says Jeremy Corbyn
Read more
“How much worse can it get? People have died, they have lost their jobs, and people working in the National Health Service all their lives are suddenly not even entitled to go to the National Health Service,” she said. “It couldn’t be worse and yet the home secretary thinks ‘I can apologise and it will be alright’. Well, it won’t be.”

The shadow chancellor, John McDonnell, backed Thornberry’s position. “If we are going to restore any sense of integrity to politics, they have to resign,” he said. “The home secretary now should accept her responsibilities, just as Theresa May said when we were in power.”

The prime minister has apologised and pledged to pay compensation in an attempt to end the row over the injustices meted out to children of Windrush-era migrants who had been unable to produce the documents demanded by the Home Office to establish their right to remain.

Play Video 0:26
Windrush generation to get compensation, says Theresa May – video
She and Rudd have, however, repeatedly blamed officials for the way theimplementation of a policy the insist was the right one.

James Brokenshire, an immigration minister between 2014 and 2016, told ITV’s Peston on Sunday the situation was heartbreaking, but that as a minister he had consulted widely and made changes to the way the policy was to work.

“We put together a panel of experts, bringing together people from the equalities sector, homeless charities, local authorities to help support work around this and actually made changes to the way some of the things were done,” he said.

Peston on Sunday (@pestononsunday)
#Peston asks @JBrokenshire about the @guardian’s leaked letter showing a Windrush case raised with him as Immigration Minister back in May 2016

April 22, 2018
Warsi, a former Conservative party chair and cabinet minister, said on the same programme that it was a failed policy caused by the party’s obsession with bringing down net migration.

Guardian Today: the headlines, the analysis, the debate – sent direct to you
Read more
“I think we were all responsible. I would hold myself responsible as part of the government,” she said.

“What happened unfortunately during those years and has continued is that we had an unhealthy obsession with numbers. We were wedded to unrealistic targets, targets that we still haven’t met unfortunately a decade on – and yet we continue to remain wedded to targets.

“And what we ended up with was, I think, the unintended consequences of the policy we are now implementing.”

Warsi’s remarks, which reinforce criticisms made before the weekend by the former deputy prime minister Nick Clegg, who chaired the cabinet subcommittee on immigration from 2010 to 2015, undermine Rudd’s insistence in her statement to the Commons last week on blaming officials for thinking about policy rather than people.

Conservatives are likely to draw attention to Labour’s own commitment in government to creating a hostile environment, a phrase first used by Alan Johnson when he was home secretary in the last year of the Gordon Brown government, but campaigners insist that cracking down on illegal immigration could be done with better border checks rather than internal policing of status alone.

Rudd should consider position over Windrush row, says Abbott
The Guardian
Ministers, not Home Office officials, have created the Windrush scandal
The Guardian
Civil servants’ union boss hits back at Rudd over Windrush blame
The Guardian
Windrush scandal: Cross-party pressure grows for Amber Rudd to resign over ‘appalling mess’
The Independent
Emily Thornberry calls for Amber Rudd to resign over Windrush scandal: ‘I really think she should quit’:
Evening Standard

The Horologion of Andronikos Kyrristos (Tower of the Winds) in the Roman Agora of Athens, Greece. About 100-50 B.C.

The Horologion of Andronikos Kyrristos (Tower of the Winds) in the Roman Agora of Athens, Greece. About 100-50 B.C.

The Horologion of Andronikos Kyrristos (Tower of the Winds) in the Roman Agora of Athens, Greece. About 100-50 B.C.

Tower of the Winds, also called “Horologium”, Greek: “Horologion” (“Timepiece”), building in Athens erected about 100–50 B.C. by Andronicus of Cyrrhus for measuring time. Still standing, it is an octagonal marble structure 42 feet (12.8 m) high and 26 feet (7.9 m) in diameter. Each of the building’s eight sides faces a point of the compass and is decorated with a frieze of figures in relief representing the winds that blow from that direction; below, on the sides facing the sun, are the lines of a sundial. The Horologium was surmounted by a weather vane in the form of a bronze Triton and contained a water clock (clepsydra) to record the time when the sun was not shining.

Text credit: (Tower of the Winds). Photo credit: George Koronaios from Athens, Greece / Wikimedia Commons.

Today’s Holiday: Feast of Ridvan

Today’s Holiday:
Feast of Ridvan

The Feast of Ridvan is a Baha’i celebration to commemorate a 12-day period in 1863 when the Baha’i founder, Baha’u’llah (which means “Glory of God”), made the declaration that he was God’s messenger for this age. When he made his declaration, Baha’u’llah was staying outside Baghdad, Iraq, at a garden he called Ridvan, meaning “Paradise.” The first, ninth, and 12th days of the period (April 21, 29, and May 2, respectively) are holy days when work is suspended. The celebration starts at sunset, April 20, the eve of Ridvan. More…:

Today’s Birthday: Henry Wheeler Shaw, AKA Josh Billings (1818)

Today’s Birthday:
Henry Wheeler Shaw, AKA Josh Billings (1818)

Shaw studied at Hamilton College but was expelled for removing the clapper from the chapel bell. After a roving life as farmer, explorer, and coal miner, he settled in Poughkeepsie, New York, as an auctioneer and real estate dealer. In 1860, using the pseudonym Josh Billings, he began to write humorous sketches and homespun philosophies in rural dialect—often with intentionally crude misspellings—and soon became a popular lecturer. What are some of Shaw’s best aphorisms? More…:

This Day in History: The Principality of Hutt River Secedes from Australia (1970)

This Day in History:
The Principality of Hutt River Secedes from Australia (1970)

In the late 1960s, Australian farmer Leonard Casley protested government wheat quotas he considered unfair. Unsuccessful, he turned to Commonwealth law and styled himself a monarch—His Majesty Prince Leonard I of Hutt—and founded The Principality of Hutt River. His pronouncement of sovereignty was never successfully challenged by the Australian government, and he is now considered a non-resident of Australia for income tax purposes. What legal quirks allowed him to start his own micronation? More…:

Quote of the Day: George Eliot

Quote of the Day:
George Eliot

Nature repairs her ravages, but not all. The uptorn trees are not rooted again; the parted hills are left scarred; if there is a new growth, the trees are not the same as the old … To the eyes that have dwelt on the past, there is no thorough repair. More…:

Article of the Day: Tuk-Tuks

Article of the Day:

Tuk-tuks are small vehicles used for urban transport. They are especially popular in the traffic-congested and densely populated cities of Southeast Asia, such as Bangkok. Often employed as taxis, tuk-tuks usually have sheet metal bodies with canvas roofs and drop-down or removable sides. They rest on three wheels—one in front and two in back—have a small cabin for the driver, and seating for up to three passengers. Rather than steering wheels, tuk-tuks possess what steering mechanism? More…:

Idiom of the Day: a mother hen

Idiom of the Day:
a mother hen

A person who looks out for the welfare of others, especially to a fussy, intrusive, or overprotective degree. Watch the video…:

Word of the Day: mensurable

Word of the Day:

Definition: (adjective) Capable of being measured.
Synonyms: measurable
Usage: The mensurable increase in the cost of oil has had wide-reaching effects on the country’s economy.:

Watch “Barbra Streisand “The Way We Were”” on YouTube

Watch “Judy Garland – Over The Rainbow (The Radio Years, 1948)” on YouTube

Watch “12 Dangerous Android Apps You Need to Delete Immediately” on YouTube

Watch “Find Out Who’s Tracking You Through Your Phone” on YouTube

Watch “Louis Armstrong & Duke Ellington – Solitude” on YouTube

Louis Armstrong & Duke Ellington – Solitude:


Serum protein electrophoresis – Wikipedia

Serum protein electrophoresis

Protein electrophoresis (schematic)

Serum protein electrophoresis (SPEP or SPE) is a laboratory test that examines specific proteins in the blood called globulins.[1] The most common indications for a serum protein electrophoresis test are to diagnose or monitor multiple myeloma, a monoclonal gammopathy of uncertain significance (MGUS), or further investigate a discrepancy between a low albumin and a relatively high total protein. Unexplained bone pain, anemia, proteinuria, renal insufficiency, and hypercalcemia are also signs of multiple myeloma, and indications for SPE.[2] Blood must first be collected, usually into an airtight vial or syringe. Electrophoresis is a laboratory technique in which the blood serum (the fluid portion of the blood after the blood has clotted) is applied to an acetate membrane soaked in a liquid buffer.,[3][4] to a buffered agarose gel matrix, or into liquid in a capillary tube, and exposed to an electric current to separate the serum protein components into five major fractions by size and electrical charge: serum albumin, alpha-1 globulins, alpha-2 globulins, beta 1 and 2 globulins, and gamma globulins.

Serum protein electrophoresis
[edit on Wikidata]

Normal serum protein electrophoresis diagram with legend of different zones.

Schematic representation of a protein electrophoresis gel
Acetate or gel electrophoresis
Capillary electrophoresis
Serum protein fractions

Basilica di San Pietro in Rome !

Basilica di San Pietro in Rome !

Basilica di San Pietro in Rome !

6th Regiment Massachusetts Volunteer Militia – Wikipedia

6th Regiment Massachusetts Volunteer Militia

The 6th Regiment Massachusetts Volunteer Militia was a peacetime infantry regiment that was activated for federal service in the Union army for three separate terms during the American Civil War. The regiment gained notoriety as the first unit in the Union army to suffer casualties in action during the Civil War in the Baltimore Riot and the first militia unit to arrive in Washington D.C. in response to President Abraham Lincoln’s initial call for 75,000 troops. Private Luther C. Ladd of the 6th Massachusetts is often referred to as the first Union soldier killed in action during the war.


Private Ladd of the 6th Massachusetts was the first Union soldier killed in action during the Civil War.

Five soldiers of the 6th Massachusetts during their second term of service, photo likely taken in camp near Suffolk, Virginia

the 6 Regiment Massachusetts Volunteer Militia
A lithograph depicting a group of militia soldiers surrounded by a large crowd of rioters with firearms and clubs. Projectiles, stones and bricks, fill the air above the soldiers.
During the Baltimore Riot, the 6th Massachusetts became the first Union unit to take casualties in action on April 19, 1861.
April–August 1861
August 1862 – June 1863
July–October 1864
United States
Union Army
Part of
In 1863: 2nd Brigade (Foster’s), 1st Division (Corcoran’s), VII Corps
Col. Edward F. Jones
VII Corps, 1st Division badge
An insignia consisting of a red, upside-down crescent moon surrounding a five pointed red star
In the years immediately preceding the war and during its first enlistment, the regiment consisted primarily of companies from Middlesex County. During its first term of service, four out of ten companies of the regiment were from Lowell, Massachusetts. Colonel Edward F. Jones commanded the regiment during its first term. He later commanded the 26th Massachusetts and was awarded the honorary grade of brevet brigadier general. During its second and third terms of service, the unit was commanded by Colonel Albert S. Follansbee.

The regiment first enlisted for a “90-day” term of service which lasted from April 16 to August 2, 1861. Following their engagement in the Baltimore Riot, the 6th Massachusetts proceeded to Washington and then returned to Baltimore to guard locations within the city as well as the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad station at Elkridge, Maryland. Their second term of service lasted nine months from August 1862 to June 1863. During this time the 6th Massachusetts was attached to the VII Corps and participated in several expeditions and actions in the vicinity of Suffolk, Virginia, most notably the Siege of Suffolk and the Battle of Carrsville in April and May 1863. Private Joseph S.G. Sweatt’s bravery at Carrsville earned him the Medal of Honor. The 6th Massachusetts served a third term in response to the call for troops to defend fortifications around Washington. During this term, which lasted 100 days from July to October 1864, the 6th Massachusetts garrisoned Fort C. F. Smith in Arlington, Virginia and guarded Confederate prisoners of war at Fort Delaware near the mouth of the Delaware River.

Earlier units Edit
The 6th Massachusetts regiment that served during the Civil War was formed in 1855 during the reorganization of the Massachusetts militia. Other units dating back to the 18th century were given the designation 6th Regiment Massachusetts Militia.[1] They were formed and disbanded at various times and although they shared the same numerical designation, there was no continuous unit known as the 6th Massachusetts. One of the units designated as the 6th Massachusetts was a regiment that served during King George’s War in the Siege of Louisbourg in 1745.[2] During the Revolutionary War, the 6th Massachusetts Regiment was engaged in the Battle of Bunker Hill, the Battle of Harlem Heights, the Battle of Trenton and the Battle of Saratoga.[3]

90-day term of service Edit
Preparations Edit
A black and white lithograph depicting a long column of soldiers at a large train station preparing to board a train
The 6th Massachusetts en route to Washington, April 18, 1861
Shortly after South Carolina issued its Declaration of Secession, Massachusetts Governor John A. Andrew anticipated imminent civil war and issued an order on January 16, 1861, to the ten existing Massachusetts units of peace-time militia to immediately reorganize and prepare for active service.[4] Colonel Edward F. Jones was the first militia commander to respond to the Governor’s order. His letter indicating the regiment’s readiness, dated January 21, was brought to Boston and read in the Massachusetts Senate by then state Senator Benjamin F. Butler.[5]

On April 15, 1861, three days after Confederate forces fired on Fort Sumter, President Lincoln issued a call for 75,000 volunteers to serve in putting down the insurrection. The call was relayed by Governor Andrew to the existing regiments of Massachusetts militia the same day. Eight companies of the original 6th Massachusetts (one from Acton, one from Groton, two from Lawrence, and four from Lowell) gathered in Lowell on April 16 and proceeded to Boston.[6] That night, the men of the 6th Massachusetts barracked in Faneuil and Boylston Halls.[7] The next morning, April 17, three companies previously belonging to other Massachusetts militia units (one from Boston, one from Stoneham, and another from Worcester) were added to the 6th Massachusetts to form a regiment of 11 companies total. Thus composed entirely of existing volunteer militia companies, the 6th Massachusetts was made up of volunteer soldiers.[8] The regiment proceed that day to the State House, where Governor Andrew presented regimental colors to Colonel Jones. The 6th Massachusetts departed Boston for Washington via railroad at 7 p.m. on April 17.[9]

Baltimore Riot Edit
A black and white lithograph depicting a formation of militia soldiers with bayonets fixed surrounded by rioters
Mob attacks companies of the 6th Massachusetts Militia on Pratt Street during the Baltimore Riot.
On April 19, 1861, the 6th Massachusetts boarded train cars in Philadelphia in the early morning hours and departed for Washington via Baltimore. Before the end of the day, the regiment saw combat during the Baltimore Riot. The date was the anniversary of the Battles of Lexington and Concord which began the American Revolution. [9]

Although Maryland remained in the Union, secessionist sentiment and support for the Confederacy was widespread in that state. Colonel Jones therefore expected a violent reception in Baltimore. He was also concerned about the possibility of sabotage to the tracks on the way to Baltimore which might cause derailment and potentially large casualties for the 6th Massachusetts. Jones ordered that a pilot locomotive precede the train that transported his regiment. The 6th Massachusetts arrived safely in Baltimore about 10 a.m.[10]

Trains passing through Baltimore at that time could not proceed directly through the city without stopping. Southbound trains were decoupled at President Street Station on the east side of the city. Cars were drawn individually along rails on Pratt Street by horsepower to Camden Station on the west side of Baltimore’s Inner Harbor, where the trains were reassembled. The initial cars encountered little resistance but soon a growing crowd of Baltimore citizens became increasingly agitated by the passing transports filled with troops.[11] The crowd attacked the car carrying Company K with stones and bricks and derailed it by placing obstructions on the tracks. Railroad company workers managed to put the car back on track and Company K was the seventh and last company to reach Camden Station by rail.[12] The crowd barricaded the rails by dumping cartloads of sand and dragging anchors from the nearby docks across them thus preventing further cars from passing.[11]

A sepia toned portrait photograph depicting the head and shoulders of a young man in an elaborate militia uniform. He wears a tall dress uniform hat.
Private Ladd of the 6th Massachusetts was the first Union soldier killed in action during the Civil War.
The blockage of the railroad left four companies, numbering 220 men, at President Street Station with no choice but to march through the city to reach Camden Station, slightly more than one mile away. The size of the crowd obstructing their path was estimated at roughly 10,000.[13] Captain Follansbee, the senior captain, took charge of the detachment. After crossing the Pratt Street Bridge, which had been partially dismantled by the crowd, Follansbee ordered his men to march at the “double-quick.” This roused the crowd further as they perceived the quickened pace as an indication of panic. As well as stones and bricks being thrown, shots were now fired at the 6th Massachusetts from the stores and houses around them. Captain Follansbee gave the order to return fire.[14]

Seventeen-year-old Private Luther C. Ladd, a factory worker from Lowell, was hit in the head by a piece of scrap iron that was thrown from a rooftop and fractured his skull.[15] As he staggered, one of the rioters took Ladd’s musket from him and fired, wounding him in the leg.[16] Ladd died on Pratt Street. He is known as the first Union soldier to be killed in action during the Civil War.[16][17] Three other militiamen were killed during the riot: Private Addison O. Whitney, Private Charles A. Taylor and Corporal Sumner H. Needham. A total of 36 members of the 6th Massachusetts were wounded.[18]

A formation of approximately 50 officers of the Baltimore Police eventually placed themselves between the rioters and the militiamen, allowing the 6th Massachusetts to proceed to Camden Station.[19] The companies boarded the train which quickly got underway for Washington, though the crowd followed the train for some miles attempting to stop it. A total of 12 civilians were killed during the riot and an unknown number were injured.[20]

Garrison duty Edit
The 6th Massachusetts reached Washington D.C. on April 19, 1861, the first unit to arrive in response to Lincoln’s call for troops.[21] A large, cheering crowd welcomed them at the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad Station which once stood north of the Capitol. Among the crowd was Clara Barton who became a famed nurse during the Civil War. At the time a clerk in the U.S. Patent Office, Barton gained her first experience in caring for wounded soldiers as she tended to injured men of the 6th Massachusetts.[22]

An antique photograph depicting a city square with a stone monument and a large number of soldiers at rest
The 6th Massachusetts bivouacked in Monument Square in Baltimore on July 1, 1861, at the close of their second garrison encampment in the city.
The 6th Massachusetts was barracked in the Senate Chamber in the Capitol. The next morning, tensions in Washington were high as rumors circulated of an impending Confederate attack. After reviewing the 6th Massachusetts, Lincoln expressed his anxiety to the members of the regiment, telling them, “I don’t believe there is any North. The Seventh Regiment [New York] is a myth. Rhode Island is not known in our geography any longer. You are the only northern realities.”[21][23] The 7th New York arrived the next day, April 21, and other regiments soon followed.

In the days and weeks after the Baltimore Riot, newspapers and politicians across the country drew comparisons between the Massachusetts militia who had fought on April 19, 1775, at the start of the Revolution and the Massachusetts troops who fought on April 19, 1861.[24] Among the 6th Massachusetts were descendants of those Minutemen who had fought in Lexington and Concord in 1775. Due to the coincidence of the date and the ancestry of some members, the 6th Massachusetts was often called the “Minutemen of ’61.”[25]

The 6th Massachusetts remained in Washington until May 5, when they were assigned to garrison a key railroad relay station about 15 miles outside of Baltimore at Elkridge.[26] Their presence there helped keep open the crucial rail line from the northeastern states to Washington.[27] The regiment returned to Baltimore on May 13, when Major General Benjamin F. Butler occupied the city with several Union regiments in anticipation of a Confederate attack on Baltimore which never developed. The 6th Massachusetts marched through the city to Federal Hill, where they set up camp for a short stay of three days. On May 16, the regiment returned to the Elkridge relay station. They served out the majority of their term at the relay station and vicinity, except for a second assignment in Baltimore from June 26 to July 1, 1861.[26]

The regiment’s return to Boston at the close of their 90-day term was delayed slightly by special request of Major General Nathaniel P. Banks. In light of the recent Union defeat at the First Battle of Bull Run, in which the 6th Massachusetts did not participate, he asked the regiment voluntarily remain at Elkridge another week in the event of a Confederate advance on Washington. On July 29, the 6th Massachusetts received orders to break camp and boarded trains for Boston which was reached on August 1. The regiment was mustered out on August 2, 1861.[26]

9-month term of service Edit
Organization and departure Edit
The regiment was again activated for federal service following Lincoln’s call in August 1862 for 300,000 troops to serve for nine months. Seven of the ten original companies returned for the second period of service. Members who had served during the regiment’s first term were not compelled to reenlist. While many did reenlist, considerable recruiting of new volunteers was necessary in order to fill out the companies and thus the roster during the second term was different than the 90-day term.[28] To complete the regiment, an additional three companies, made up entirely of fresh recruits, were organized. The roster of officers during the nine months term was substantially the same as the 90-day term.[29] Follansbee, who had assumed command of the detached companies engaged in the Baltimore Riot, was promoted to colonel and commanded the regiment during its second term of service. The unit was mustered in at Camp Henry Wilson in Lowell beginning August 31, 1862. The 6th Massachusetts departed Boston on September 9 on board the steamship Plymouth Rock. Arriving in New York, the regiment traveled by rail through Baltimore and on to Washington. The unit received a very different welcome in Baltimore during their second term and were given a large reception with food and drink and much cheering from the citizens of the city.[30][31]

Blackwater River expeditions Edit
A sepia toned photograph of five soldiers standing at parade rest in a neat line
Five soldiers of the 6th Massachusetts during their second term of service, photo likely taken in camp near Suffolk, Virginia
Upon reaching Washington, the regiment was ordered to Fortress Monroe and from there to Suffolk, Virginia. The 6th Massachusetts was assigned to the Second Brigade (commanded by Colonel Robert S. Foster) of the First Division of the VII Corps.[32] They served garrison and picket duty in the vicinity of Suffolk, occasionally taking part in reconnaissance expeditions to the Blackwater River (which represented the boundary between the Union occupied counties of southeast Virginia and Confederate territory of the interior) and engaged in minor skirmish actions.[33]

Their first such expedition took place on October 3, 1862, about two weeks after the regiment reached Suffolk. The 6th Massachusetts formed a peripheral part of the Expedition against Franklin, a joint effort of the U.S. Army and Navy to dislodge a growing force of Confederates threatening the Union garrison at Suffolk. The 6th Massachusetts held a road near Western Branch Church, far from the main action at Franklin, and here loaded their muskets for the first time in action.[34] Although the 6th Massachusetts did not see any combat during their first expedition, and many members recalled it as tedious, the sight of ambulances carrying dead and wounded from the battle made a strong impression on the new recruits.[35] During a second expedition to the Blackwater on December 11, 1862, the 6th Massachusetts was lightly engaged near Zuni, Virginia and lost their first casualty in battle during their second enlistment—2nd Lieutenant Robert G. Barr.[36] The regiment did not again leave Suffolk until an expedition on January 29, 1863, again towards the Blackwater River. Confederates opposed this Union advance on January 30 during the Battle of Deserted House in an isolated location about ten miles west of Suffolk.[37] The 6th Massachusetts was sharply engaged and lost five killed and seven wounded.[38]

Siege of Suffolk Edit
The majority of the regiment’s time, when not on expeditions, was spent in fatigue duty building fortifications around Suffolk. This included digging trenches and clearing trees in front of the defensive lines. The hard labor had a detrimental effect on the general morale of the Union troops stationed at Suffolk.[39] This was exacerbated by antagonistic feelings between the civilians of occupied Suffolk and the enlisted men of the 6th Massachusetts.[40]

In early 1863, Major General James Longstreet was given command of the Confederate Department of North Carolina and Southern Virginia. His objectives were to defend Richmond from attack from the southeast, forage for supplies in Union controlled southeastern Virginia and to dislodge the Union garrison at Suffolk. Longstreet began the Siege of Suffolk on April 11, 1863. The 6th Massachusetts occupied a position on the right of the Union defensive siege lines at a location called Fort Nansemond by the bank of the Nansemond River. For 22 days, the regiment engaged in frequent exchanges of fire with opposing forces though no significant assault was made by the Confederates.[37]

On May 3, 1863, Longstreet abandoned the siege and began moving his forces north to rejoin the Army of Northern Virginia. The next day, the 6th Massachusetts was among the units sent in pursuit of the retreating Confederate force. Only minor skirmishing took place as the bulk of the Confederate force had already escaped beyond reach of the Union infantry. The 6th Massachusetts took about 80 Confederate stragglers prisoner and burned every building they came across along the Somerton Road to deny shelter to any additional Confederate stragglers or deserters.[41]

Battle of Carrsville and Medal of Honor recipient Edit
Major General John A. Dix, commanding Union forces at Suffolk, conducted several reconnaissances in force to determine the disposition of Confederate forces remaining in the region. On May 13, the 6th Massachusetts joined another expedition to the Blackwater River. This was the final action of their second term of service. The column was commanded by Major General Foster and Colonel Follansbee was promoted to command of the brigade to which the 6th Massachusetts belonged.[42] A considerable Confederate force attacked the Union expedition in a sharp engagement on May 14–15, 1863, known as the Battle of Carrsville or the Battle of Holland House. During this fight, the 6th Massachusetts supported the 7th Massachusetts Battery and exchanged in heavy, prolonged firing with the Confederates. The 6th Massachusetts made an advance, driving the enemy into the woods, then were driven back and made a second counter-attack, reclaiming their position at the start of the battle. The regiment suffered casualties of five killed or mortally wounded, twelve wounded and five prisoners.[40]

In the middle of the battle, when the 6th Massachusetts was driven back, Private Joseph S.G. Sweatt of Company C perceived that several of his comrades had been hit and were left in the woods. In an effort to pull them out, he rushed forward, towards the Confederate position. In this action, he earned the Medal of Honor. According to his citation, “When ordered to retreat, this soldier turned and rushed back to the front, in the face of heavy fire from the enemy, in an endeavor to rescue his wounded comrades, remaining by them until overpowered and taken prisoner.” Sweatt was eventually released; the three men he endeavored to rescue did not survive.[40]

On May 18, the 6th Massachusetts and other regiments fell back to Deserted House outside of Suffolk. On May 20 they were posted in support of artillery at Windsor, Virginia. Finally, on May 23, the 6th Massachusetts received orders to return to Massachusetts. The regiment reached Boston by steamship on May 26 to be welcomed and addressed in front of the State House by Governor Andrew. The 6th Massachusetts then proceeded to Lowell, where they were received with enthusiastic festivities. The regiment reassembled on June 3, 1863, at Camp Wilson and were mustered out.[43] In all during their second enlistment, the regiment lost 13 men killed or mortally wounded in combat and 18 by disease.[32]

100-day term of service
Ladd and Whitney memorial
Later units
See also
Last edited 4 hours ago by Meters
3rd Regiment Massachusetts Volunteer Militia
5th Regiment Massachusetts Volunteer Militia
8th Regiment Massachusetts Volunteer Militia
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Idiom of the Day: be more trouble than it’s worth

Idiom of the Day:
be more trouble than it’s worth

To not be important, useful, or beneficial enough to justify the effort or difficulty that something requires. Watch the video…:

This Day in History: Mae West Sentenced For Obscenity (1927)

This Day in History:
Mae West Sentenced For Obscenity (1927)

In 1926, American actress Mae West, mistress of the double entendre, began to write, produce, and star in her own Broadway plays, the first of which was the sensation-creating Sex. The notorious production did not go over well with city officials, who prosecuted West on morals charges. She served eight days of her 10-day sentence, getting off two days for good behavior. Still, the punishment did not deter her from tackling taboo subjects, as evidenced by her next play, named what? More…:

Quote of the Day: Henry David Thoreau

Quote of the Day:
Henry David Thoreau

A very few—as heroes, patriots, martyrs, reformers in the great sense, and men—serve the state with their consciences also, and so necessarily resist it for the most part; and they are commonly treated as enemies by it.


Article of the Day: The Year without a Summer

Article of the Day:
The Year without a Summer

It is now widely thought that the eruption of Indonesia’s Mount Tambora—the largest in over 1,600 years—led to a widespread reduction in temperature in 1816 that destroyed crops and prompted food shortages and famine across the globe. The event became the primary motivation for western expansion in America, and the lack of horse feed inspired research into horseless travel. What novel is said to have been written by an author forced to stay inside by the unseasonable weather in July 1816? More…:

Word of the Day: reaper

Word of the Day:

Definition: (noun) Someone who helps to gather the harvest.
Synonyms: harvester
Usage: He was laying about him lustily with his sheath-knive, lopping the canes right and left, like a reaper, and soon made quite a clearing around us.:

Exclusive – Facebook to put 1.5 billion users out of reach of new EU privacy law


THU APR 19, 2018 / 3:35 AM BST
Exclusive – Facebook to put 1.5 billion users out of reach of new EU privacy law
David Ingram

(Reuters) – If a new European law restricting what companies can do with people’s online data went into effect tomorrow, almost 1.9 billion Facebook Inc (FB.O) users around the world would be protected by it. The online social network is making changes that ensure the number will be much smaller.

Facebook members outside the United States and Canada, whether they know it or not, are currently governed by terms of service agreed with the company’s international headquarters in Ireland.

Next month, Facebook is planning to make that the case for only European users, meaning 1.5 billion members in Africa, Asia, Australia and Latin America will not fall under the European Union’s General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR), which takes effect on May 25.

The previously unreported move, which Facebook confirmed to Reuters on Tuesday, shows the world’s largest online social network is keen to reduce its exposure to GDPR, which allows European regulators to fine companies for collecting or using personal data without users’ consent.

That removes a huge potential liability for Facebook, as the new EU law allows for fines of up to 4 percent of global annual revenue for infractions, which in Facebook’s case could mean billions of dollars.

The change comes as Facebook is under scrutiny from regulators and lawmakers around the world since disclosing last month that the personal information of millions of users wrongly ended up in the hands of political consultancy Cambridge Analytica, setting off wider concerns about how it handles user data.


The change affects more than 70 percent of Facebook’s 2 billion-plus members. As of December, Facebook had 239 million users in the United States and Canada, 370 million in Europe and 1.52 billion users elsewhere.

Facebook, like many other U.S. technology companies, established an Irish subsidiary in 2008 and took advantage of the country’s low corporate tax rates, routing through it revenue from some advertisers outside North America. The unit is subject to regulations applied by the 28-nation European Union.

Facebook said the latest change does not have tax implications.


In a statement given to Reuters, Facebook played down the importance of the terms of service change, saying it plans to make the privacy controls and settings that Europe will get under GDPR available to the rest of the world.

“We apply the same privacy protections everywhere, regardless of whether your agreement is with Facebook Inc or Facebook Ireland,” the company said.

Earlier this month, Facebook Chief Executive Mark Zuckerberg told Reuters in an interview that his company would apply the EU law globally “in spirit,” but stopped short of committing to it as the standard for the social network across the world.

In practise, the change means the 1.5 billion affected users will not be able to file complaints with Ireland’s Data Protection Commissioner or in Irish courts. Instead they will be governed by more lenient U.S. privacy laws, said Michael Veale, a technology policy researcher at University College London.

Facebook will have more leeway in how it handles data about those users, Veale said. Certain types of data such as browsing history, for instance, are considered personal data under EU law but are not as protected in the United States, he said.

The company said its rationale for the change was related to the European Union’s mandated privacy notices, “because EU law requires specific language.” For example, the company said, the new EU law requires specific legal terminology about the legal basis for processing data which does not exist in U.S. law.


Ireland was unaware of the change. One Irish official, speaking on condition of anonymity, said he did not know of any plans by Facebook to transfer responsibilities wholesale to the United States or to decrease Facebook’s presence in Ireland, where the social network is seeking to recruit more than 100 new staff.


Facebook released a revised terms of service in draft form two weeks ago, and they are scheduled to take effect next month.

Other multinational companies are also planning changes. LinkedIn, a unit of Microsoft Corp (MSFT.O), tells users in its existing terms of service that if they are outside the United States, they have a contract with LinkedIn Ireland. New terms that take effect May 8 move non-Europeans to contracts with U.S.-based LinkedIn Corp.

LinkedIn said in a statement on Wednesday that all users are entitled to the same privacy protections. “We’ve simply streamlined the contract location to ensure all members understand the LinkedIn entity responsible for their personal data,” the company said.

(Reporting by David Ingram in San Francisco; Additional reporting by Joseph Menn in San Francisco, Padraic Halpin and Conor Humphries in Dublin and Douglas Busvine in Frankfurt; Editing by Greg Mitchell and Bill Rigby)

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Famous Fantastic Mysteries – Wikipedia

Famous Fantastic Mysteries
Famous Fantastic Mysteries was an American science fiction and fantasy pulp magazine published from 1939 to 1953. The editor was Mary Gnaedinger. It was launched by the Munsey Company as a way to reprint the many science fiction and fantasy stories which had appeared over the preceding decades in Munsey magazines such as Argosy. From its first issue, dated September/October 1939, Famous Fantastic Mysteries was an immediate success. Less than a year later, a companion magazine, Fantastic Novels, was launched.

Famous Fantastic Mysteries

Famous fantastic mysteries

93909-10 v1 n1.jpg
First issue cover, September/October 1939
Mary Gnaedinger
Science fiction, fantasy, pulp
Bimonthly, monthly
Munsey Company
First issue
Final issue
United States
Frequently reprinted authors included George Allan England, A. Merritt, and Austin Hall; the artwork was also a major reason for the success of the magazine, with artists such as Virgil Finlay and Lawrence Stevens contributing some of their best work. In late 1942, Popular Publications acquired the title from Munsey, and Famous Fantastic Mysteries stopped reprinting short stories from the earlier magazines. It continued to reprint longer works, including titles by G. K. Chesterton, H. G. Wells, and H. Rider Haggard. Original short fiction also began to appear, including Arthur C. Clarke’s “Guardian Angel”, which would later form the first section of his novel Childhood’s End. In 1951, the publishers experimented briefly with a large digest format, but returned quickly to the original pulp layout. The magazine ceased publication in 1953, almost at the end of the pulp era.

Publication history
By the early decades of the 20th century, science fiction (sf) stories were frequently seen in popular magazines.[1] The Munsey Company, a major pulp magazine publisher, printed a great deal of science fiction in these years,[1] but it was not until 1926 that Amazing Stories, the first pulp magazine specializing in science fiction appeared.[2] Munsey continued to print sf in Argosy during the 1930s, including stories such as Murray Leinster’s The War of the Purple Gas and Arthur Leo Zagat’s “Tomorrow”, though they owned no magazines that specialized in science fiction.[3] By the end of the 1930s science fiction was a growing market,[2] with several new sf magazines launched in 1939.[4] That year Munsey took advantage of science fiction’s growing popularity by launching Famous Fantastic Mysteries as a vehicle for reprinting the most popular fantasy and sf stories from the Munsey magazines.[5]

The first issue was dated September/October 1939, and was edited by Mary Gnaedinger. The magazine immediately became successful and went to a monthly schedule starting in November 1939. Demand for reprints of old favorites was so strong that Munsey decided to launch an additional magazine, Fantastic Novels, in July 1940.[5] The two magazines were placed on alternating bimonthly schedules,[2] but when Fantastic Novels ceased publication in early 1941 Famous Fantastic Mysteries remained bimonthly until June 1942.[6] Munsey sold Famous Fantastic Mysteries to Popular Publications, a major pulp publisher, at the end of 1942; it appears to have been a sudden decision, since the editorial in the December 1942 issue discusses a planned February issue that never materialized, and mentions forthcoming reprints that did not appear. The first issue from Popular appeared in March 1943, and only two more issues appeared that year; the September 1943 issue marked the beginning of a regular quarterly schedule. It returned to a bimonthly schedule in 1946 which it maintained with only slight deviations until the end of its run.[3]

In 1949, Street & Smith, one of the longest established and most respected publishers, shut down all of their pulp magazines: the pulp era was drawing to a close. Popular Publications was the biggest pulp publisher, which helped their titles last a little longer, but Famous Fantastic Mysteries finally ceased publication in 1953, only a couple of years before the last of the pulps ceased publication.[7]

Contents and reception
Bibliographic details
Ashley, Time Machines, pp. 16–23.
Malcolm Edwards & Peter Nicholls, “SF Magazines”, in Clute & Nicholls, Encyclopedia of Science Fiction, pp. 1066–1068.
Thomas D. Clareson, “Famous Fantastic Mysteries”, in Tymn & Ashley, Science Fiction, Fantasy and Weird Fiction Magazines, pp. 211–216.
Ashley, Time Machines, pp. 237–255.
Ashley, Time Machines, pp. 150–151.
“Famous Fantastic Mysteries”, in Tuck, Encyclopedia of Science Fiction and Fantasy, Vol. 3, pp. 555–556.
Ashley, Time Machines, pp. 220–225.
Day, Index to the Science-Fiction Magazines, pp. 169–170.
Robert Weinberg, “Lawrence Stern Stevens”, in Weinberg, Biographical Dictionary, pp. 260–262.
Robert Weinberg, “Peter Stevens”, in Weinberg, Biographical Dictionary, pp. 262–263.
Ashley, Transformations, p. 386.
“Culture: Famous Fantastic Mysteries: SFE: Science Fiction Encyclopedia”. Gollancz. Retrieved March 17, 2013.
Mike Ashley, “Famous Fantastic Mysteries”, in Clute & Grant, Encyclopedia of Fantasy, p. 334.
Knight, In Search of Wonder, p. 187.
See the individual issues. For convenience, an online index is available at “Series: Famous Fantastic Mysteries — ISFDB”. Al von Ruff. Retrieved 17 March 2013.
Ashley, Time Machines, p. 217.
Ashley, Transformations, p. 304.
John Clute, “Martin H. Greenberg”, in Clute & Nicholls, Encyclopedia of Science Fiction, pp. 522–524.

Today’s Holiday: Parashurama Jayanti

Today’s Holiday:
Parashurama Jayanti

According to Hindu mythology, it was Parashurama (Rama with an Ax) who destroyed the evil Kshatriya kings and princes 21 times. His birthday, Parashurama Jayanti, is therefore observed with fasting, austerities, and prayer. It is also a day to worship Lord Vishnu, of whom Parashurama is believed to be the sixth incarnation. To Hindus, Parashurama represents filial obedience, austerity, power, and brahmanic ideals. The Malabar region on the southwest coast of India is believed to have been founded by Parashurama. More…:

Today’s Birthday: James McCune Smith (1813)

Today’s Birthday:
James McCune Smith (1813)

Smith was the first African American to obtain a medical degree and operate a pharmacy in the US. Denied admission to American colleges due to racial discrimination, he studied in Scotland, obtaining a series of degrees. After returning to New York, he became the first professionally trained black physician in the country. He wrote forcefully against common misconceptions and false notions about race, science, and medicine and once used statistics to refute what argument about slaves? More…: