Daily Archives: May 28, 2018

My Duck today

My Duck today

My Duck today

My Chakra today

My Chakra today

My Chakra today

My birds on the wire today

My birds on the wire today

My birds on the wire today

Writers’ Museum Edinburgh, Scotland, UK (photo by francesmehardie) via: https://bit.ly/2G3WFJi

Writers' Museum Edinburgh, Scotland, UK (photo by francesmehardie)
via: https://bit.ly/2G3WFJi

Writers’ Museum Edinburgh, Scotland, UK (photo by francesmehardie) via: https://bit.ly/2G3WFJi

Cala di Luna, Sardinia!

Cala di Luna, Sardinia!

Cala di Luna, Sardinia!

Have a nice week! Amalfi Coast. Italy

Have a nice week! 
Amalfi Coast. Italy

Have a nice week! Amalfi Coast. Italy

Watch “Jeff Buckley – “Hallelujah”” on YouTube

Watch “The Jesus Tomb (Secrets of the Cross Documentary) | Timeline” on YouTube

Watch “Jerusalem | National Geographic” on YouTube

Western Wall – Wikipedia


Western Wall
“West Wall” redirects here. For the fortifications known in German as the Westwall, see Siegfried Line. For other uses, see Western Wall (disambiguation).
The Western Wall, Wailing Wall, or Kotel,[1] known in Arabic as Al-Buraq Wall,[2] is an ancient limestone wall in the Old City of Jerusalem. It is a relatively small segment of a far longer ancient retaining wall, known also in its entirety as the “Western Wall”.[3].The wall was originally erected as part of the expansion of the Second Jewish Temple begun by Herod the Great, which resulted in the encasement of the natural, steep hill known to Jews and Christians as the Temple Mount, in a large rectangular structure topped by a huge flat platform, thus creating more space for the Temple itself and its auxiliary buildings. For Muslims, it is the site where the Islamic Prophet Muhammad tied his steed, al-Buraq, on his night journey to Jerusalem before ascending to paradise, and constitutes the Western border of al-Haram al-Sharif.

Western Wall
HaKotel HaMa’aravi
A view of the Western Wall
Western Wall is located in Jerusalem Western Wall
Shown within Jerusalem
Alternate name
Wailing Wall
Al-Buraq Wall
31.7767°N 35.2345°E
Ancient limestone wall
Part of
Temple Mount
488 metres (1,601 ft)
exposed: 19 metres (62 ft)
Herod the Great
19 BCE
Site notes
The Western Wall is considered holy due to its connection to the Temple Mount. Because of the Temple Mount entry restrictions, the Wall is the holiest place where Jews are permitted to pray, though the holiest site in the Jewish faith lies behind it. The original, natural, and irregular-shaped Temple Mount was gradually extended to allow for an ever-larger Temple compound to be built at its top. This process was finalised by Herod, who enclosed the Mount with an almost rectangular set of retaining walls, built to support extensive substructures and earth fills needed to give the natural hill a geometrically regular shape. On top of this box-like structure Herod built a vast paved esplanade which surrounded the Temple. Of the four retaining walls, the western one is considered to be closest to the former Temple, which makes it the most sacred site recognised by Judaism outside the former Temple Mount esplanade. Just over half the wall’s total height, including its 17 courses located below street level, dates from the end of the Second Temple period, and is commonly believed to have been built around 19 BCE by Herod the Great, although recent excavations indicate that the work was not finished by the time Herod died in 4 BCE. The very large stone blocks of the lower courses are Herodian, the courses of medium-sized stones above them were added during the Umayyad era, while the small stones of the uppermost courses are of more recent date, especially from the Ottoman period.

The term Western Wall and its variations are mostly used in a narrow sense for the section traditionally used by Jews for prayer; it has also been called the “Wailing Wall”, referring to the practice of Jews weeping at the site over the destruction of the Temples. During the period of Christian Roman rule over Jerusalem (ca. 324–638), Jews were completely barred from Jerusalem except to attend Tisha be-Av, the day of national mourning for the Temples, and on this day the Jews would weep at their holy places. The term “Wailing Wall” was thus almost exclusively used by Christians, and was revived in the period of non-Jewish control between the establishment of British Rule in 1920 and the Six-Day War in 1967. The term “Wailing Wall” is not used by Jews, and increasingly not by many others who consider it derogatory.[4]

In a broader sense, “Western Wall” can refer to the entire 488-metre-long (1,601 ft) retaining wall on the western side of the Temple Mount. The classic portion now faces a large plaza in the Jewish Quarter, near the southwestern corner of the Temple Mount, while the rest of the wall is concealed behind structures in the Muslim Quarter, with the small exception of a 25 ft (8 m) section, the so-called Little Western Wall. The segment of the Western retaining wall traditionally used for Jewish liturgy, known as the “Western Wall”, derives its particular importance to it having never been fully obscured by medieval buildings, and displaying much more of the original Herodian stonework than the “Little Western Wall”. In religious terms, the “Little Western Wall” is presumed to be even closer to the Holy of Holies and thus to the “presence of God” (Shechina), and the underground Warren’s Gate, which has been out of reach since the 12th century, even more so.

Whilst the wall was considered Muslim property as an integral part of the Haram esh-Sharif and waqf property of the Moroccan Quarter, a right of Jewish prayer and pilgrimage existed as part of the Status Quo.[5][6][7]

The earliest source mentioning this specific site as a place of worship is from the 16th century.[4] The previous sites used by Jews for mourning the destruction of the Temple, during periods when access to the city was prohibited to them, lay to the east, on the Mount of Olives[4] and in the Kidron Valley below it. From the mid-19th century onwards, attempts to purchase rights to the wall and its immediate area were made by various Jews, but none was successful. With the rise of the Zionist movement in the early 20th century, the wall became a source of friction between the Jewish and Muslim communities, the latter being worried that the wall could be used to further Jewish claims to the Temple Mount and thus Jerusalem. During this period outbreaks of violence at the foot of the wall became commonplace, with a particularly deadly riot in 1929 in which 133 Jews were killed and 339 injured. After the 1948 Arab–Israeli War the Eastern portion of Jerusalem was occupied by Jordan. Under Jordanian control Jews were completely expelled from the Old City including the Jewish quarter, and Jews were barred from entering the Old City for 19 years, effectively banning Jewish prayer at the site of the Western Wall. This period ended on June 10, 1967, when Israel gained control of the site following the Six-Day War. Three days after establishing control over the Western Wall site the Moroccan Quarter was bulldozed by Israeli authorities to create space for what is now the Western Wall plaza.[8]

Ashlar stones of the Western Wall
Location and dimensions
Theology and ritual
See also
External links
Last edited 5 days ago by BD2412

Watch “Andy Rooney rethinks Memorial Day” on YouTube

Today’s Holiday: Memorial Day

Today’s Holiday:
Memorial Day

Memorial Day is a legal holiday proclaimed annually by the president to honor U.S. citizens who have died in war. Both religious services and patriotic parades mark the day’s celebrations. In the national official observance, a wreath is placed on the Tomb of the Unknown Soldier in Arlington National Cemetery in Virginia. One of the more moving observances is at the Gettysburg National Cemetery in Pennsylvania, where schoolchildren scatter flowers over the graves of unknown soldiers of the Civil War. More…: https://play.google.com/store/apps/details?id=com.tfd.mobile.TfdSearch

Today’s Birthday: Yvonne, Annette, Cécile, Émilie, and Marie: The Dionne Quintuplets (1934)

Today’s Birthday:
Yvonne, Annette, Cécile, Émilie, and Marie: The Dionne Quintuplets (1934)

As the first set of quintuplets known to have survived infancy, the Dionne sisters of Ontario, Canada, garnered international attention. Sadly, they were exploited almost from birth. As infants, the quintuplets were removed from their parents’ care and made wards of the state. However, rather than protect them from parents it had deemed unfit, the government instead used the girls to establish “Quintland,” a popular tourist attraction. What killed one of the quints at age 20? More…: https://play.google.com/store/apps/details?id=com.tfd.mobile.TfdSearch

This Day in History: Space Monkeys Finally Survive a Space Flight, Humans Soon to Follow (1959)

This Day in History:
Space Monkeys Finally Survive a Space Flight, Humans Soon to Follow (1959)

Several monkeys were launched into space before 1959, but Able and Miss Baker became the first to survive such a trip—a 16-minute flight aboard a US missile. Able, a rhesus monkey, died just days after the flight while undergoing surgery to remove a medical electrode. Miss Baker, a squirrel monkey, lived to the age of 27 and is buried on the grounds of the US Space and Rocket Center in Huntsville, Alabama, where she spent most of her life. Able was preserved and can now be seen where? More…: https://play.google.com/store/apps/details?id=com.tfd.mobile.TfdSearch

Quote of the Day: Henry David Thoreau

Quote of the Day:
Henry David Thoreau

To speak practically and as a citizen, unlike those who call themselves no-government men, I ask for, not at once no government, but at once a better government. More…: https://play.google.com/store/apps/details?id=com.tfd.mobile.TfdSearch

Article of the Day: The Barber Pole

Article of the Day:
The Barber Pole

During medieval times, barbers also functioned as doctors and dentists, performing surgeries, bloodlettings, and tooth extractions. The original barber’s pole had brass basins at the top and bottom, representing the vessel that held the leeches used in bloodletting procedures and the one that received the blood. The pole itself represents the staff patients gripped to encourage blood flow, while its red and white stripes symbolize bandages. What does the blue stripe on US barber poles represent? More…: https://play.google.com/store/apps/details?id=com.tfd.mobile.TfdSearch

Idiom of the Day: not a moment too soon

Idiom of the Day:
not a moment too soon

At the last possible moment before it is too late; just in the nick of time. Watch the video…: https://play.google.com/store/apps/details?id=com.tfd.mobile.TfdSearch

Word of the Day: populate

Word of the Day:

Definition: (verb) Inhabit or live in; be an inhabitant of.
Synonyms: inhabit, live, dwell
Usage: Millions of as yet undiscovered creatures populate the ocean depths.: https://play.google.com/store/apps/details?id=com.tfd.mobile.TfdSearch