Monthly Archives: October 2018

Ambassador Hans Klemm at Colectiv Memorial | U.S. Embassy in Romania

Ambassador Hans Klemm at Colectiv Memorial


Ambassador Hans Klemm and his wife, Mari, pay their respect to the memory of the victims of the Colectiv nightclub fire. Bucharest, Romania, October 31, 2018 (Carmen Valica / Public Diplomacy Office)

“The fire occurred right after Mari and I arrived. The tragedy was so powerful for us because so many young talented Romanians lost their lives or were horribly injured.

It was very similar to another very tragic event that occurred in United States, when we were both there, about 10 years earlier so the memories were very bad.

What happened after the [Colectiv] tragedy was also very inspiring, people trying to help those that were still alive – individuals, companies. I spent an evening together with the chief-operating officer of Oracle Company, for example, and also the country head, Sorin Mindrutescu –a number of the Colectiv victims were employees of Oracle and I was just really inspired by the effort that company was making to try to take care of those who were still alive, their colleagues and families. Then of course, there were also countries that made an effort to help: Israel, the Netherlands, France, Austria, and Italy, among many others. The United States, unfortunately, was too far away to give immediate medical support to those who suffered so badly, but we tried to do what we could and, of course, our hearts are with the families and friends of those who suffer. It was also very inspiring the way the people of Bucharest and Romania reacted, that they saw these young Romanians as victims of corruption and said they were determined to fight corruption. This is always something that the United States has supported and when I think back over the past three years, when the anniversary comes, there are many stories in the press about the tragedy itself, those who died, but also those who survived and I recently read a short profile of one of the survivors in DOR (Decat o Revista) and a colleague of mine yesterday met with four of the survivors and their stories are very powerful, but the strength of their survival again is very powerful.

Looking back three years, what I would not have expected is that the fight against corruption would be weakened as it has recently; that independence of the judiciary would be under threat; that there is an ever-higher risk that selection of prosecutors would again be politicized. This is something I would not have predicted three years ago. Of course, as American ambassador this is something of great concern to me personally, my embassy, and also to the United States.”

From Downey City Hall: the botany collection of plants from Southerm California

Breaza Fagarasului va ureaza: buna dimineata!

Breaza Fagarasului va ureaza: buna dimineata

Today’s Holiday: Halloween (United States)

Today’s Holiday:
Halloween (United States)

Halloween has its ultimate origins in the ancient Celtic harvest festival Samhain, a time when people believed that the spirits of the dead roamed the earth. Children go from house to house in costume—often dressed as ghosts, skeletons, or vampires—on Halloween saying, “Trick or treat!” Though for the most part the threat is in jest, the “trick” part if they don’t receive a treat may include marking the house’s windows with a bar of soap or throwing eggs at it. Most receive treats in the form of candy or money. Halloween parties and parades are popular with adults as well. More…:

Today’s Birthday: Natalie Clifford Barney (1876)

Today’s Birthday:
Natalie Clifford Barney (1876)

Though she was a writer for all of her adult life, Barney is not widely known today for her poetry, plays, novels, or epigrams. Instead, she is remembered for her strong support of female writers and for her openness about her homosexuality. For more than 60 years, she hosted an international salon at her Paris home. The well-attended gatherings frequently featured women’s works. She also wrote proudly about her love of women in a way that few, if any, had since what 6th-century BCE Greek poet? More…:

This Day in History: Harry Houdini Makes His Final Escape (1926)

This Day in History:
Harry Houdini Makes His Final Escape (1926)

Born Erik Weisz, Harry Houdini was an American magician and escape artist. He was famous for escaping from locks, handcuffs, straitjackets, and even sealed chests underwater, thanks to his incredible strength, agility, and skill at manipulating locks. His strength likely carried him through his last performance on October 24, 1926, while suffering from acute appendicitis. He was hospitalized and died on October 31. What strange occurrence in his dressing room contributed to his death? More…:

Quote of the Day: Ambrose Bierce

Quote of the Day:
Ambrose Bierce

It has been observed that one’s nose is never so happy as when thrust into the affairs of others, from which some physiologists have drawn the inference that the nose is devoid of the sense of smell. More…:

Article of the Day: Ancient Roman Sanitation

Article of the Day:
Ancient Roman Sanitation

The sophisticated sanitation system in ancient Rome has been the subject of study by historians and archeologists for centuries. Antiquity’s largest city, imperial Rome counted well over a million inhabitants at its height. The city was supplied with water—from as far as 57 miles (92 km) away—by its many aqueducts, most of which were underground conduits. Some of the more famous stone arch versions are still standing. Rome also had a complex system of sewers. Where did they empty? More…:

Idiom of the Day: Potemkin village

Idiom of the Day:
Potemkin village

Something that is made to seem very grand, elaborate, and/or prosperous for the purposes of impressing others, but which in reality has no real worth or substance. Taken from a story about Russian minister Grigory Potemkin (1739–1791) who allegedly erected false, painted façades to mimic a thriving, successful village along the Dnieper River in Crimea to impress the visiting Empress Catherine II. Watch the video…:

Word of the Day: dishearten

Word of the Day:

Definition: (verb) To shake or destroy the courage or resolution of; dispirit.

Synonyms: put off

Usage: These difficult economic conditions dishearten people and undermine their hope.:

Today’s Holiday: Disarmament Week

Today’s Holiday:
Disarmament Week

The United Nations’ Disarmament Week, observed between October 24 and October 30, was established in 1978. It begins on October 24, the anniversary of the founding of the United Nations, now observed as United Nations Day. Observance revolves around raising public awareness of the dangers of the arms race and the need for international disarmament. More…:

Today’s Birthday: Ezra Pound (1885)

Today’s Birthday:
Ezra Pound (1885)

A major shaper of 20th-century poetry, Pound was one of the most famous and controversial modern literary figures—praised as a subtle and complex poet, dismissed as a naive egotist and pedant, and condemned as a traitor and reactionary. He was a founder of the imagist poetry movement, an editor of several periodicals, and a mentor to many noted writers of his day. Arrested for treason in 1945, he was deemed insane and committed. What did he write during his 12 years in a US mental institution? More…:

This Day in History: Bridge Spans the Bosphorus to Connect Europe and Asia (1973)

This Day in History:
Bridge Spans the Bosphorus to Connect Europe and Asia (1973)

The shores of the Bosphorus Strait were once lined with fortifications built by Byzantine emperors and Ottoman sultans protecting Constantinople. Today, one of the world’s longest suspension bridges spans the Bosphorus, linking European Turkey with Asian Turkey. The bridge was completed on October 30, 1973—one day after the Turkish republic’s 50th anniversary. A second bridge was finished in 1988. What is not allowed to cross the Bosphorus Bridge? More…:

Quote of the Day: Jerome K. Jerome

Quote of the Day:
Jerome K. Jerome

A good dinner brings out all the softer side of a man. Under its genial influence the gloomy and morose become jovial and chatty. More…:

Article of the Day: The History of Ferrous Metallurgy

Article of the Day:
The History of Ferrous Metallurgy

Iron is the fourth most abundant element in the Earth’s crust and likely a major component of its core, but it is rarely found in a readily usable form in nature except in meteorites. For that reason, it is likely that the use of iron in its free state began in prehistory with iron taken from meteorites—a fact supported by ancient words for iron referring to gods or a metal that has fallen from the sky. Ferrous metallurgy is alluded to in what sacred text? More…:

Idiom of the Day: popcorn flick

Idiom of the Day:
popcorn flick

A film that is entertaining to watch but is generally not of a very high quality or rich in emotional or intellectual depth. Watch the video…:

Word of the Day: typify

Word of the Day:

Definition: (verb) Embody the essential characteristics of or be a typical example of.

Synonyms: epitomize

Usage: The fugue typifies Bach’s style of composition.:

Shoebill stork (Balaeniceps rex) lives in Africa

Shoebill (Balaeniceps rex) Slow walking. | the Internet Bird Collection | HBW Alive

Trentino-Alto Adige ~ Italy

Trentino-Alto Adige ~ Italy

Good evening from the Gran Vía, Madrid. ©María Gimenez Molina & Alberto Ruiz Lopez.

Good evening from the Gran Vía, Madrid. ©María Gimenez Molina & Alberto Ruiz Lopez.

Perseus with the Head of Medusa, sculpted by Benvenuto Cellini. Loggia dei Lanza, Piazza della Signoria, Florence, Italy

Perseus with the Head of Medusa, sculpted by Benvenuto Cellini. Loggia dei Lanza, Piazza della Signoria, Florence, Italy.

Bronze sculpture commissioned by Cosimo I de Medici. This Loggia and Piazza are not to be missed, as they are a gathering place for locals and tourists alike. If you’ve seen the marvelous film A Room With a View, the steps of this loggia are where George Emerson carries Lucy Honeychurch when she faints. Around the corner is the entrance to the Uffizi.
commissioned by Cosimo I de Medici. This Loggia and Piazza are not to be missed, as they are a gathering place for locals and tourists alike. If you’ve seen the marvelous film A Room With a View, the steps of this loggia are where George Emerson carries Lucy Honeychurch when she faints. Around the corner is the entrance to the Uffizi.

Asa prinzi luna de pe pamant (that’s how you catch the Moon from Earth)

Asa prinzi luna de pe pamant (that’s how you catch the Moon from Earth)

Autumn in Quebec , Canada 📸 @lechateaufrontenac

Autumn in Quebec , Canada 📸 @lechateaufrontenac

Watch “Leonard Cohen – Anthem (w/lyrics) London 2008” on YouTube (there is a crack in everything)

The Decameron, Volume I and II by Giovanni Boccaccio – Free ebooks (You can download for FREE all the Gutenberg library MOST NOOKS ARE IN MANY FORMATS, AND THEREFORE SIZES): see the screenshot bellow

Books Photograph Gallery :: The Walker Percy Project

Today’s Holiday:
Coronation Day and Sihanouk’s Birthday

In Cambodia, the celebration of former King Norodom Sihanouk’s birthday on October 31 has been combined with the October 29 anniversary of the coronation of his son, King Norodom Sihamoni. Sihanouk abdicated in favor of his son in 2004. The three-day celebration is centered in Phnom Penh, around the Royal Palace. People from all over the country come to the capital city to watch parades, partake in cultural events, and see the elaborate fireworks display along the riverbank near the palace. More…:

Today’s Birthday: Marie of Edinburgh, Queen of Romania (1875)

Today’s Birthday:
Marie of Edinburgh, Queen of Romania (1875)

No ordinary queen, Marie took an active role in Romania’s wartime activities, beginning with helping bring the country into the Allied camp in World War I and ending with her representation of Romanian interests in territory negotiations at the close of the war. In the interim, the “Soldier Queen” also contributed to the war effort by volunteering as a nurse with the Red Cross and publishing a book whose proceeds went to the same cause. Marie later became the first royal adherent of what faith? More…:

This Day in History: Sir Walter Raleigh Is Executed for Treason (1618)

This Day in History:
Sir Walter Raleigh Is Executed for Treason (1618)

Raleigh was an English explorer, courtier, and favorite of Queen Elizabeth I, whom he famously—according to the story—protected from a puddle by laying down his cloak. After King James I took the throne, however, Raleigh was accused of plotting against the king, was arrested, and lost many of his offices and monopolies. He was also found guilty, on somewhat insufficient evidence, of conspiring with Spain against England. Raleigh was not actually executed, though, until 1618, after what happened? More…:

Quote of the Day: Jerome K. Jerome

Quote of the Day:
Jerome K. Jerome

From all accounts, the world has been getting worse and worse ever since it was created. All I can say is that it must have been a remarkably delightful place when it was first opened to the public, for it is very pleasant even now. More…:

Article of the Day: Dango

Article of the Day:

A dango is a Japanese dumpling made from rice flour. Three or four of these dumplings are often served on a skewer accompanied with green tea. Savory, sweet, or both, they are flavored with a number of different ingredients, including eggs, green tea, sesame, soy sauce, and the especially popular anko—a red bean paste. The dish is so popular that it even inspired a Japanese proverb—hana yori dango, or “dumplings rather than flowers.” What is the message of this proverb? More…:

Idiom of the Day: play phone tag

Idiom of the Day:
play phone tag

To engage in a series of telephone calls with another person in which each time one party calls, the other is not available to answer. Watch the video…:

Word of the Day: catnap

Word of the Day:

Definition: (noun) A short sleep or doze.

Synonyms: forty winks, snooze

Usage: After making sure that my office door was locked and that I would not be caught, I settled in for a quick catnap at my desk.:

Read this ebook here or at the shotcut bellow: The Big Sleep, by Raymond Chandler On

Title: The Big Sleep

Author: Chandler, Raymond (1888-1959)

Date of first publication: 1939

Date first posted: 11 January 2011
Date last updated: 11 January 2011
Project Gutenberg Canada ebook #696

This ebook was produced by James Simmons

Good “How To” for those who want to try this: Embedding Ebooks — Support —

Question: did you know that you van find a shortcut for the Internet Archive on the right ribbon of my website, euzicasa?

You should check there because you’ll going to find many shortcuts to public websites, and other sites of general interest and cultural:

I tried them: they are operational


Embedding Ebooks

Over six million free digital books are available online through The Internet Archive’s Text Archive ( and Open Library, an initiative of The Internet Archive.

You can embed these books in a blog so that your visitors can read the books without even leaving your blog!

First, find a book listing. For example, on, this is the listing for a book called An Experiment with Time:


Go to the column “View the Book” and choose the “Read Online” option at the top.


You will open a new window with the interactive book. Click on the sharing link (the three connected dots) in the upper right browser window, next to the audio button:


This will open a new pop up window with several links. Choose the “Embed a mini Book Reader” link.


You can then paste that link directly into your blog in the Text editor, and when you save or update the page, the iframe code from that link it will be automatically transformed into a shortcode that looks like the following:

If you wish, once you have the shortcode in your blog post, you can modify the width and height parameters in that shortcode to change the size of your book embed, with all sizes measured in pixels.

Important note about the Open Library’s eBook lending library: the embed code will work for a book from the eBook lending library, but only while the book is checked out to you, and others will not be able to view the book.

Watch “Eddie Vedder – Keep Me In Your Heart (lyrics)” on YouTube

Today’s Holiday: Ochi Day

Today’s Holiday:
Ochi Day

Ochi Day is a national holiday in Greece, commemorating the day during World War II when Greeks said “ochi” (“no”) to an attempted incursion ordered by Italy’s fascist dictator, Benito Mussolini. On October 28, 1940, the Italian ambassador to Greece called on Gen. Ioannis Metaxas, the prime minister, to demand that Italian troops be allowed to occupy areas in Greece. Metaxas curtly responded, “Ochi.” The Italians invaded, but were routed by the Greeks. Ochi Day is observed in Greece with military and school parades; it is also a public holiday celebrated in Cyprus with parades. More…:

Today’s Birthday: Auguste Escoffier (1846)

Today’s Birthday:
Auguste Escoffier (1846)

Escoffier was a legendary French chef credited with inventing peach Melba and other classic dishes. He began his career in his uncle’s kitchen, and by the time he retired some 60 years later, he had directed the kitchens of several grand European hotels and earned himself a reputation as the “Emperor of Chefs.” In 1903, he published Le Guide Culinaire, which contains 5,000 recipes and is still used today as both a cookbook and cooking textbook. How did peach Melba get its name? More…:

This Day in History: Maxentius Becomes Emperor of Rome (306 CE)

This Day in History:
Maxentius Becomes Emperor of Rome (306 CE)

Shortly after Roman co-emperors Diocletian and Maximian retired, Maximian’s successor, Constantius, died. The Romans, discontented with the shift of power away from Rome, supported Maximian’s son, Maxentius, who claimed the throne. His father came out of retirement to help him when Severus and Galerius claimed the throne and tried to overthrow him. Severus was compelled to surrender, and Galerius withdrew. Maxentius and his father fell out, however, and Maxentius was defeated by whom in 312 CE? More…:

Quote of the Day: Henry David Thoreau

Quote of the Day:
Henry David Thoreau

I heartily accept the motto, “That government is best which governs least”; and I should like to see it acted up to more rapidly and systematically. More…:

Article of the Day: The Rotten Egg Nebula

Article of the Day:
The Rotten Egg Nebula

The Calabash Nebula is a protoplanetary nebula 1.4 light years long and located approximately 5,000 light years from Earth. It is sometimes called the Rotten Egg Nebula because it contains a relatively large amount of sulfur. The densest parts of the nebula are composed of material ejected recently by the central star and accelerated in opposite directions at incredibly high speeds. What do astronomers believe will happen to the Calabash Nebula 1,000 years from now? More…:

Idiom of the Day: Peter Pan syndrome

Idiom of the Day:
Peter Pan syndrome

A psychological state or condition in which a grown person cannot or refuses to act like an adult; a stubborn and persistent immaturity found in an adult person. Watch the video…:

Word of the Day: recrudesce

Word of the Day:

Definition: (verb) To break out anew or come into renewed activity, as after a period of quiescence.

Synonyms: develop, break

Usage: These political movements recrudesce from time to time.:

Today’s Holiday: Karwa Chauth

Today’s Holiday:
Karwa Chauth

Observed by married women in Hindu families, the Karwa Chauth festival is a day-long fast in honor of the Hindu god Shiva and goddess Parvati, whom they hope will bring prosperity and long life to their husbands. It is also a time for mothers to bless their married daughters and present them with gifts. Virgins and widows are not allowed to participate in the celebrations, which begin at dawn when the women bathe and put on new clothes. The day is devoted to worshipping Shiva and Parvati, and the fast is broken at night when the moon rises. More…:

Today’s Birthday: Niccolò Paganini (1782)

Today’s Birthday:

Niccolò Paganini (1782)

An Italian violinist and composer whose virtuosity is the stuff of legend, Paganini was playing with an orchestra by the age of nine. By the time he reached adulthood, the renowned violinist had also earned a reputation as a shameless womanizer and inveterate gambler. The latter vice once even cost him his prized violin. Nevertheless, he had a profound influence on the evolution of violin technique. Why did the Catholic Church deny him burial in consecrated ground for years following his death? More…

This Day in History: The First Underground Line of the New York City Subway Opens (1904)

This Day in History:
The First Underground Line of the New York City Subway Opens (1904)

Now an integral part of New York City culture, the NYC subway opened its first underground line in 1904—about 35 years after service began on the first elevated line. The subway’s early popularity was highlighted in songs like “Take the ‘A’ Train” and publicity contests like “Miss Subways.” Millions of people now ride the city’s subways every day, consistently crowding some trains well beyond capacity. What 1888 natural disaster boosted support for the creation of an underground transit system? More…:

Quote of the Day: Ambrose Bierce

Quote of the Day:
Ambrose Bierce

A word which some lexicographer has marked obsolete is ever thereafter an object of dread and loathing to the fool writer, but if it is a good word and has no exact modern equivalent equally good, it is good enough for the good writer. More…:

Article of the Day: Guru Nanak Dev

Article of the Day:
Guru Nanak Dev

Nanak was the founder of Sikhism and the first of its ten Gurus. Born into a Hindu merchant caste, he worked as a storekeeper until a spiritual experience incited him to leave his job and family and begin a 20-year phase of travel. He eventually settled in Kartarpur, a village in Punjab, and attracted many disciples. He stipulated that meditation must be inward and rejected all external aids such as idols, temples, and scriptures. Where was Nanak said to have made his four major journeys? More…:

Idiom of the Day a people person

Idiom of the Day
a people person

Someone who is particularly gregarious, affable, or outgoing; someone with great interpersonal communication skills. Watch the video…:

Word of the Day: mottle

Word of the Day:

Definition: (verb) Mark with spots or blotches of different color or shades of color as if stained.

Synonyms: blotch, streak

Usage: Her first words had caused the red of humiliation to mottle his already ruby visage to a semblance of purple.: