Daily Archives: June 4, 2019

A Musical Treat: Watch “Rachmaninoff-Respighi ‘The Sea and Seagulls’ – Lopez-Cobos conducts” on YouTube



Études-Tableaux, Op. 33

The Études-Tableaux (“study pictures”), Op. 33, is the first of two sets of piano études composed by Sergei Rachmaninoff. They were intended to be “picture pieces”, essentially “musical evocations of external visual stimuli”. But Rachmaninoff did not disclose what inspired each one, stating: “I do not believe in the artist that discloses too much of his images. Let [the listener] paint for themselves what it most suggests.”[1] However, he willingly shared sources for a few of these études with the Italian composer Ottorino Respighi when Respighi orchestrated them in 1930.


Rachmaninoff composed the Op. 33 Études-Tableaux at his Ivanovka estate in Tambov, Russia between August and September 1911, the year after completing his second set of preludes, Op. 32. While the Op. 33 Études-Tableauxshare some stylistic points with the preludes, they are actually not very similar. Rachmaninoff concentrates on establishing well-defined moods and developing musical themes in the preludes. There is also an academic facet to the preludes, as he wrote 24 of them, one in each of the 24 major and minor keys.

Rachmaninoff biographer Max Harrison calls the Études-Tableaux “studies in [musical] composition”; while they explore a variety of themes, they “investigate the transformation of rather specific climates of feeling via piano textures and sonorities. They are thus less predictable than the preludes and compositionally mark an advance” in technique.[2]

Rachmaninoff initially wrote nine pieces for Op. 33 but published only six in 1914. One étude, in A minor, was subsequently revised and used in the Op. 39 set; the other two appeared posthumously and are now usually played with the other six. Performing these eight études together could be considered to run against the composer’s intent, as the six originally published are unified through “melodic-cellular connections” in much the same way as in Robert Schumann‘s Symphonic Studies.[3]

Differing from the simplicity of the first four études, Nos. 5–8 are more virtuosic in their approach to keyboard writing, calling for unconventional hand positions, wide leaps for the fingers and considerable technical strength from the performer. Also, “the individual mood and passionate character of each piece” pose musical problems that preclude performance by those lacking strong physical technique.[3]

Numbering and characterEdit

Rachmaninoff wrote nine études-tableaux at his Ivanovka estate in 1911. Six of them, the original Nos. 1–2 and 6–9, were published that year.[4] The original No. 4 is lost; the piece was revised and published as Op. 39, No. 6.[4] The original Nos. 3 and 5 were published posthumously within Op. 33.[4] Probably best identified by their tempo markings and keys, the 1911 pieces are numbered by the International Music Score Library Project (IMSLP) as follows,[5] leaving aside the piece that is now part of Op. 39:

  • Allegro non troppo in F minor — No. 1

This study has a martial character. Rachmaninov adored the music of Frédéric Chopin, and there are often parallels between the music of the two composers. This study recalls the Étude Op. 25, No. 4 of Chopin.

  • Allegro in C major — No. 2

This study is characterized by a marked lyricism and a very expressive melody. Notice the similarity to Rachmaninoff’s Prelude op. 32 no. 12, which was composed the year before, in 1910.

  • Grave in C minor — No. 3 (published posthumously)

This study was re-used in the Largo of Rachmaninov’s Fourth Concerto, which was completed in 1926.

  • Moderato in D minor — No. 4 (published posthumously, originally No. 5)

This study is similar to the Prelude op. 23 No. 3 composed by Rachmaninoff in 1903, both in tone and character.

  • Non allegro—Presto in E-flat minor — No. 5 (published as No. 3, originally No. 6)

This study ranks among the most difficult of the opus, to play. The right hand runs constantly throughout the whole keyboard with numerous octave leaps and chromatic scales. Note some similarity to the Prelude op. 28 No. 16 and the Op. Study 25 No. 6 by Chopin. In Russia, this piece is nicknamed The Snow Storm.

  • Allegro con fuoco in E-flat major — No. 6 (published as No. 4, originally No. 7)

This study has primarily a military aspect. The study concludes with a particularly virtuosic coda.

  • Moderato in G minor — No. 7 (published as No. 5, originally No. 8)

This study parallels the finale of the First Ballade in G minor by Chopin.

  • Grave in C-sharp minor — No. 8(published as No. 6, originally No. 9)

This study was one of the three in this opus that were famously recorded in the Melodiya studios by Sviatoslav Richter, the other two being Moderato in D minor and Non allegro—Presto in E-flat minor.[6]


In 1929, conductor and music publisher Serge Koussevitzky asked whether Rachmaninoff would select a group of études-tableaux for Italian composer Ottorino Respighi to orchestrate. The commissioned orchestrations would be published by Koussevitzky’s firm and Koussevitzky would conduct their premiere with the Boston Symphony Orchestra. Rachmaninoff agreed and selected five études from Op. 33 and Op. 39. Respighi rearranged the order of études, but was otherwise faithful to the composer’s intent. He gave each étude a distinct title from the programmatic clues Rachmaninoff had given him:

  1. La foire (The Fair) – (Op. 33, No. 6(7))
  2. La mer et les mouettes (The Sea and the Seagulls) – (Op. 39, No. 2)
  3. La chaperon rouge et le loup (Little Red Riding Hood and the Wolf) – (Op. 39, No. 6)
  4. Marche funèbre (Funeral March) – (Op. 39, No. 7)
  5. Marche (March) – (Op. 39, No. 9)



  1. ^ Bertensson, Sergei and Jay Leyda. Sergei Rachmaninoff: A Lifetime in Music. New York: New York University Press, 1956.
  2. ^ Harrison, Max. Rachmaninoff: Life, Works, Recordings. London: Continuum International Publishers group, 2005.
  3. ^ a b Matthew-Walker, Robert. Rachmaninov: His Life and Times. London; New York: Omnibus Press, 1984.
  4. ^ a b c Norris, Geoffrey. Rachmaninoff, Serge: Works. Grove Music Online. Oxford University Press. Accessed September 2014. (subscription required)
  5. ^ “Etudes-tableaux, Op.33 (Rachmaninoff, Sergei)”, IMSLP Petrucci Music Library.
  6. ^ “Rachmaninov – Etudes-Tableaux – Richter studio 1983”, YouTube, Accessed March 6, 2016.

External linksEdit

Horoscope ♉: 06/04/2019

Horoscope ♉:

Taurus, you can expect the day to be a bit bumpy. If you were an Olympic athlete, today you’d be standing at the starting line, wondering if you had trained enough for a topnotch performance. Have you had enough practice? Will you make the grade? Issues related to your material resources will certainly be on the agenda.: https://play.google.com/store/apps/details?id=com.tfd.mobile.TfdSearch

Today’s Holiday: Eid al-Fitr

Today’s Holiday:
Eid al-Fitr

Also known as the Feast of Fast-Breaking, or the Lesser Feast, Id al-Fitr marks the end of the month-long fast of Ramadan and the beginning of a three-day feast. It is the second most important Islamic holiday after Id al-Adha. The Id prayer is performed by the whole community at an outdoor prayer ground (musalla) or mosque. Then people put on new clothes, children are given presents, and everyone visits relatives and friends. It is the time when everyone asks pardon for all the wrongs of the past year. Village squares have carnival rides, puppet shows, and candy vendors. More…: https://play.google.com/store/apps/details?id=com.tfd.mobile.TfdSearch

Today’s Birthday: Pancho Villa (1878)

Today’s Birthday:
Pancho Villa (1878)

Villa was a legendary Mexican guerrilla leader. He fought for land reform and joined with revolutionaries against dictator Porfirio Díaz as well as his successor but was forced to flee after breaking ties with Venustiano Carranza, who had assumed power in 1914. Angered by US support for Carranza, Villa raided a New Mexico town in 1916. A US force was sent to apprehend him, but he managed to evade capture. Three years after he was finally pardoned, he was assassinated. What was his real name? More…: https://play.google.com/store/apps/details?id=com.tfd.mobile.TfdSearch

This Day in History: Denmark Becomes a Constitutional Monarchy (1849)

This Day in History:
Denmark Becomes a Constitutional Monarchy (1849)

After a flowering of literature and philosophy in the early 19th century, plans for a liberal, centralized constitution led Danish King Frederick VII to become involved in a war with Prussia over the status of the duchy of Schleswig-Holstein. Denmark was defeated and a new constitution was adopted, ending the absolute monarchy, securing civil rights for citizens, and establishing a bicameral parliament and wide suffrage. How many times has the constitution been rewritten since 1849? More…: https://play.google.com/store/apps/details?id=com.tfd.mobile.TfdSearch

Quote of the Day: Washington Irving

Quote of the Day:
Washington Irving

History fades into fable; fact becomes clouded with doubt and controversy; the inscription molders from the tablet; the statue falls from the pedestal. Columns, arches, pyramids, what are they but heaps of sand—and their epitaphs, but characters written in the dust? More…: https://play.google.com/store/apps/details?id=com.tfd.mobile.TfdSearch

Article of the Day: Lahars

Article of the Day:

A lahar is a destructive mudflow that travels down the slopes of a volcano when water, often from a heavy rainfall, lake breakout, or water body or glacier displaced or melted by an eruption, mixes with rocky debris and volcanic ash. Lahars can travel up to 60 mph (100 km/h) and are similar to concrete in consistency. In 1985, lahars created by the eruption of Colombia’s Nevado del Ruiz buried 22,000 people in 26 ft (8 m) of mud. What places are considered to be particularly at risk for lahars? More…: https://play.google.com/store/apps/details?id=com.tfd.mobile.TfdSearch

Idiom of the Day: to (one’s) heart’s desire

Idiom of the Day:
to (one’s) heart’s desire

As much as or to the point that one wants; to the point of contentment, satiety, or surfeit. Watch the video…: https://play.google.com/store/apps/details?id=com.tfd.mobile.TfdSearch

Word of the Day: hookah

Word of the Day:

Definition: (noun) An oriental tobacco pipe with a long flexible tube connected to a container where the smoke is cooled by passing through water.

Synonyms: calean, chicha, hubble-bubble, kalian, narghile, shisha, water pipe

Usage: Though I constantly lecture him about the dangers of smoking, my Iranian grandfather refuses to get rid of his hookah.: https://play.google.com/store/apps/details?id=com.tfd.mobile.TfdSearch

Research articles – Prana Breath Wiki download your app from google play for Android or iPhone (“PRANA BREATH: CALM & MEDITATE”)

Increase mindfulness, improve health, fight stress with breathing & meditation

Dive into breathing techniques that are approved by ancient traditions, by modern science and by million+ of our users! Use the power of breathing and meditation to increase your mindfulness and live a better life. It doesn’t matter whether you do Yoga, dieting, diving, or not, – you will see the positive impact anyway, for only 7-15 minutes a day!

What does it do?

* Improves brain activity: memory, attention, concentration

* Relieves anxiety

* Develops resistance to stress, develops physical endurance

* Eliminates evening appetite attacks, thus helps to have a healthy weight

* Decreases the frequency of cold, migraine and asthma attacks

* Promotes healthy sleep

* Improves vocal and breath hold time, thus is good for singer and diver

Why Prana Breath?

* Absolutely no advertisement

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* Easy – just tap on “play”, close your eyes and let the sound guide you

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* 8 breathing patterns for different purposes

* Possibility to create your own patterns

* Rich statistics

* Reminders for creating a convenient training schedule

* Most patterns are derived from Pranayama, Sufi and Tibetan breathing practices

* Unique to Google Play “Anti-Appetite” training, for fighting emotional over-eating

* Exclusive “Cigarette replace”, designed by Simone Righini, to help you quit smoking

Additionally for Guru version:

* Dynamic trainings for smooth improvement & for sophisticated patterns

* Diverse breath methods and chants

* Detailed progress chart and training log

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* Enriched settings and more sounds

* Regularly updated database of more than 50 training patterns, such as: 4-7-8 breathing, Kapalbhati, Anulom Vilom, Nadi Shodhana, Tummo / Inner fire, Udgeeth, etc.

Scientific proofs: https://pranabreath.info/wiki/Research_articles

Forum: https://pranabreath.info/forum

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Research articles – Prana Breath Wiki
Here you might find modern research articles that prove the benefits of breathing gymnastics that:

Reduces stress level

  • Slow breathing increases tranquility [Mark Krasnow, Kevin Yackle, Jack Feldman and others, 2017]
  • Deep breathing lowers oxidative stress levels, lowers cortisol levels and highers melatonin levels. [Diaphragmatic Breathing Reduces Exercise-Induced Oxidative Stress (Daniele Martarelli, Mario Cocchioni, Stefania Scuri, and Pierluigi Pompei, 2009)]
    • Some explanation what oxidative stress does to your body. [Oxidative Damage of Nuclear DNA in Liver of Rats Exposed to Psychological Stress (Shuichi Adathi, Ken Kawamura, and Kazuo Takemoto, 1993)]
  • Increases stress resistance [The effect of meditation on perceived stress (Dias S., 1997)]

Balances the hormone levels

  • Improves mood [Serotonin, noradrenaline, dopamine metabolites in transcendental meditation-technique (Bujatti M, Riederer P., 1976)]
  • Meditation that includes deep regular breathing affects blood test results [Hormonal and biochemical responses to transcendental meditation (R. Cooper, B. I. Joffe, J. M. Lamprey, A. Botha, R. Shires, S. G. Baker, and H. C. Seftel, 1985)]

Improves concentration

  • Improves academic performance of children [Academic Performance among Middle-School Students after Exposure to a Relaxation Response Curriculum (Benson H., Wilcher M., Greenberg B.; Huggins E., Ennis M., Zuttermeister P., Myers P.,Friedman R., 2000)]

Supports cardiovascular system

  • Stabilizes the heart rate [EEG Spectral Analysis of Relaxation Techniques (Gregg D. Jacobs, Richard Friedman, 2004)]
  • Lowers the blood pressure [Beyond medications and diet: alternative approaches to lowering blood pressure: a scientific statement from the American heart association (Brook RD, Appel LJ, Rubenfire M, Ogedegbe G, Bisognano JD, Elliott WJ, Fuchs FD, Hughes JW, Lackland DT, Staffileno BA, Townsend RR, Rajagopalan S, 2013)]
  • Though different breathing patterns affect cardiovascular system in a different way [Effects of Various Prāṇāyāma on Cardiovascular and Autonomic Variables (Nivethitha L, Mooventhan A, Manjunath N, 2016]

Improves pulmonary functions, betters voice

  • Significant improvement in slow vital capacity (SVC), forced expired volume in 1 s (FEV1) along with PEF, FEF25% and MVV [Effect of Bhramari pranayama and OM chanting on pulmonary function in healthy individuals: A prospective randomized control trial (Mooventhan A, Khode V, 2014)]
  • Improves acoustic and aerodynamic parameters of voice [Effect of Bhramari Pranayama on the Acoustic and Aerodynamic Parameters of Voice in Normophonic Females (Manjunatha U, Bhat J, Radish K, Bajaj G, 2018]

Relieves drug abuses and addictions

  • Fights toxic cravings [Combating Addiction with Meditation (Patricia Carrington, 1999)]
  • [Meditation Subculture and Drug Use (H. C. Ganguli, 1985)]
  • [A Longitudinal Study Of The Influence Of The Transcendental Meditation Program On Drug Abuse (Schenkluhn H., Geisler M., 1974)]

Prevents anti-social behavior

  • [Meditation Research: The State of the Art in Correctional Settings (Samuel Himelstein, 2011)]
  • [A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis of Yoga and Mindfulness Meditation in Prison. Effects on Psychological Well-Being and Behavioural Functioning (Katherine M. Auty, Aiden Cope, Alison Liebling, 2015)]

Combats major depressive syndrome

Beat Back & Arm Pain With Yoga – HTQ


Beat Back & Arm Pain With Yoga

Many people are bothered by continuous or intermittent pain with the shoulder, arm, back and even chest. Although there’re various reasons causing such pains, quite a few of them are linked to a stiff neck.

The cervical nerves – nerves on the neck, branch from the spinal cord and control motor and sensory abilities for different parts of the body. They’re named C1-C8.

C1, C2, and C3 control the head and neck, including movements forward, backward, and to the sides.

C4 helps control the shoulders.

C5 dermatome covers the shoulders and outer part of the arm down to close to the wrist.

C6 dermatome covers the top of the shoulders and runs down the side of the arm and into the thumb side of the hand.

C7 dermatome goes from the shoulder down the back of the arm and into the middle finger.

C8 dermatome covers the lower part of the shoulder and goes down the arm into the pinky side of the hand.

When any of the highly sensitive cervical nerves are irritated, neck pain and other symptoms may ensue.

In the past twenty years, adults with healthy cervical spines are getting rarer. More people are having pains from various parts of the body that can be attributed to cervical spine diseases.

Yoga practice is helpful in managing the pain caused by cervical spine diseases. In general, these poses are worth trying.



Some of the poses are a bit challenging, you may get a detailed tutorial before your start these poses. If you practice once or twice a day for a consecutive week, usually you will feel much relieved with the pain.

Watch “Leonard Cohen – Story of Isaac (live performance 1985)” on YouTube

The door it opened slowly,
My father he came in,
I was nine years old.
And he stood so tall above me,
His blue eyes they were shining
And his voice was very cold.
He said, “I’ve had a vision
And you know I’m strong and holy,
I must do what I’ve been told.”
So he started up the mountain,
I was running, he was walking,
And his axe was made of gold.

Well, the trees they got much smaller,
The lake a lady’s mirror,
We stopped to drink some wine.
Then he threw the bottle over.
Broke a minute later
And he put his hand on mine.
Thought I saw an eagle
But it might have been a vulture,
I never could decide.
Then my father built an altar,
He looked once behind his shoulder,
He knew I would not hide.
You who build these altars now
To sacrifice these children,
You must not do it anymore.
A scheme is not a vision
And you never have been tempted
By a demon or a god.
You who stand above them now,
Your hatchets blunt and bloody,
You were not there before,
When I lay upon a mountain
And my father’s hand was trembling
With the beauty of the word.
And if you call me brother now,
Forgive me if I inquire,
“just according to whose plan?”
When it all comes down to dust
I will kill you if I must,
I will help you if I can.
When it all comes down to dust
I will help you if I must,
I will kill you if I can.
And mercy on our uniform,
Man of peace or man of war,
The peacock spreads his fan.
Songwriters: Leonard Cohen
Story of Isaac lyrics © Sony/ATV Music Publishing LLC

Piriformis Syndrome Exercises: Alleviating a Pain in the Butt – RunToTheFinish


Watch “Woman in Iconic Vietnam War Photo Honoured 40 Years Later (CBC)” on YouTube

Watch “8th June 1972: Photo taken of a Vietnamese girl running from a napalm attack” on YouTube

Watch “Tank Man: Behind Jeff Widener’s Photo Of Tianamen Square | 100 Photos | TIME” on YouTube

Watch “20 Years After Tiananmen, Tank-man Still Mystery” on YouTube

Watch “Tank Man: The amazing story behind THAT photo – Newsnight” on YouTube

Watch “Tank Man: The amazing story behind THAT photo – Newsnight” on YouTube

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