Daily Archives: November 15, 2019

Watch “Respighi: Ancient Airs and Dances, Suite No. 3 – Sir Neville Marriner, Los Angeles Chamber Orchestra” on YouTube


Ancient Airs and Dances

Ancient Airs and Dances (Italian: Antiche arie e danze) is a set of three orchestral suites by Italian composerOttorino Respighi, freely transcribed from original pieces for lute. In addition to being a renowned composer and conductor, Respighi was also a notable musicologist. His interest in Italian music of the 16th, 17th, and 18th centuries led him to compose works inspired by the music of these periods.

Suite No. 1 (1917)Edit

Ancient Airs, Suite No. 1

  1. Balletto, “Il Conte Orlando”
  2. Gagliarda

  3. Villanella

  4. Passo mezzo e mascherada

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Suite No. 1 P 109 was composed in 1917. It was based on Renaissance lute pieces by Simone Molinaro, Vincenzo Galilei (father of Galileo Galilei) and additional anonymous composers.

Balletto: “Il Conte Orlando” (Simone Molinaro, 1599)

Gagliarda (Vincenzo Galilei, 1550s)

Villanella (anonymous, end of 16th century)

Passo mezzo e mascherada (anonymous, end of 16th century)

The orchestration calls for 2 flutes, 2 oboes, English horn, 2 bassoons, 2 horns in F, trumpet in D, harp, harpsichord and strings.

Suite No. 2 (1923)Edit

Suite No. 2, P 138 was composed in 1923. It was based on pieces for lute, archlute, and viol by Fabritio Caroso, Jean-Baptiste Besard, Bernardo Gianoncelli, and an anonymous composer. It also includes an aria attributed to Marin Mersenne.

Laura soave: balletto con gagliarda, saltarello e canario (Fabritio Caroso)

Danza rustica (Jean-Baptiste Besard)

Campanae parisienses (anonymous) & Aria (attributed to Marin Mersenne)

Bergamasca (Bernardo Gianoncelli, 1650)

The orchestration calls for an average-sized orchestra of 3 flutes (3rd doubling piccolo), 2 oboes, English horn, 2 clarinets in A/B♭, 2 bassoons, 3 horns in D (doubling 2 horns in E/F), 2 trumpets in A/D (doubling trumpet in C), 3 trombones, 3 timpani, celesta, harpsichord 4-hands, harp and strings.

Suite No. 3 (1932)Edit

Suite No. 3, P 172 was composed in 1932. It differs from the previous two suites in that it is arranged for strings only and somewhat melancholy in overall mood. (A note by the composer in the printed score states that the work may also be performed by a string quartet, completely omitting the double-bass part.) It is based on lute songs by Besard, a piece for Baroque guitar by Ludovico Roncalli, and lute pieces by Santino Garsi da Parma and additional anonymous composers.

Italiana (Anonymous: Italiana(Fine sec. XVI) – Andantino)

Arie di corte (Jean-Baptiste Besard: Arie di corte (Sec. XVI) – Andante cantabile – Allegretto – Vivace – Slow with great expression – Allegro vivace – Vivacissimo – Andante cantabile)

Siciliana (Anonymous: Siciliana(Fine sec. XVI) – Andantino)

Passacaglia (Lodovico Roncalli: Passacaglia (1692) – Maestoso – Vivace)

Piano reductionsEdit

The Ancient Airs and Dances first two suites were freely transcribed by the composer for piano (2 and 4 hands).

RecordingsEdit

There have been many recordings of the suites in their entirety, and individually, with Suite No. 3 most frequently appearing alone. Recordings include:

Philharmonia Hungarica, Antal Dorati (Mercury)

Boston Symphony Orchestra, Seiji Ozawa (DG)

Los Angeles Chamber Orchestra, Sir Neville Marriner (EMI)

Lausanne Chamber Orchestra, Jesús López-Cobos (Telarc)

Saint Paul Chamber Orchestra, Hugh Wolff (Teldec)

Australian Chamber Orchestra, Christopher Lyndon-Gee (Omega)

Sinfonia 21, Richard Hickox(Chandos)

Orpheus Chamber Orchestra (1 & 3 only) (DG)

Rome Symphony Orchestra, Francesco La Vecchia

Suite No. 3 onlyEdit

Berliner Philharmoniker, Herbert von Karajan (DG)

I Musici

I Solisti Italiani

Academy of St. Martin-in-the-Fields, Sir Neville Marriner (Philips)

English String Orchestra, William Boughton (Nimbus)

ReferencesEdit

External linksEdit

Antiche danze et arie per liuto, Suite No.1, Antiche danze et arie per liuto, Suite No.2, Antiche danze et arie per liuto, Suite No.3: Scores at the International Music Score Library Project (IMSLP)

Last edited 4 days ago by Ira Leviton

RELATED ARTICLES

Ottorino Respighi

Italian composer, musicologist and conductor

Jean-Baptiste Besard

French composer

Julia Sutton (dance historian)

American dance historian

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List of symphonies with names

While most symphonies have a number, many symphonies are known by their (nick)name.

This article lists symphonies that are numbered and have an additional nickname, and symphonies that are primarily known by their name and/or key. Also various compositions that contain “symphony” or “sinfonia” in their name are included, whether or not strictly speaking they adhere to the format of a classical symphony.

Sinfonia concertante is a different genre, and works of that genre are not included here, unless for those named works that are usually known as a symphony.

Composer No. Key Original name Translation Date Additional information
Alkan C minor–E-flat minor Symphonie pour piano seul Symphony for solo piano 1857 Numbers 4–7 of Douze Études dans tous les tons mineurs, Op. 39, for solo piano
Andriessen Symfonie voor losse snaren Symphony for Open Strings 1978
Atterberg 3 Västkustbilder West-Coast Images
Atterberg 4 Sinfonia piccola Little Symphony
Atterberg 5 Sinfonia funèbre Funereal Symphony
Atterberg 6 Dollar symphony
Atterberg 7 Sinfonia romantica Romantic Symphony
Atterberg 9 Sinfonia visionaria Visionary Symphony
Beethoven 3 E-flat major Eroica Heroic 1803–1804 Op. 55. Premiered 1805
see also List of works by Beethoven#Symphonies
Beethoven 5 C minor Schicksalssinfonie Fate Symphony 1804–1808 Op. 67. Premiered 1808
Beethoven 6 F major Pastorale Pastoral 1804–1808 Op. 68. Premiered 1808
Beethoven Siegessinfonie
Wellingtons Sieg oder die Schlacht bei Vittoria
Battle Symphony
Wellington’s Victory, or, the Battle of Vitoria
1813 Op. 91. Premiered 1813
for panharmoniconcommissioned by instrument’s inventor, later arranged for orchestra
Beethoven 9 D minor Choral 1817–1824 Op. 125. Premiered 1824
Bentoiu 6 Culori Colours 1985 Op. 28
Bentoiu 7 Volume Volumes 1986 Op. 29
Bentoiu 8 Imagini Images 1987 Op. 30
Berlioz Symphonie fantastique
Berlioz Harold en Italie Harold in Italy
Berlioz Roméo et Juliette Romeo and Juliet
Berlioz Grande symphonie funèbre et triomphale Funereal and Triumphal Symphony
Bernstein 1 Jeremiah
Bernstein 2 The Age of Anxiety
Bernstein 3 Kaddish
Berwald 1 Sérieuse Serious Symphony
Berwald 2 Capricieuse Capricious Symphony
Berwald 3 Singulière Singular Symphony
Berwald 4 Naïve
Bizet Roma Rome Symphony
Bliss A Colour Symphony
Borodin 2 Богатырская Симфония Symphony of Heroes nickname first used by Vladimir Stasov
Brahms 1 Beethoven’s Tenth nickname first used by Hans von Bülow
Brahms 3 suggested to be called “Heroic”, name rejected by Brahms
Brian 1 Gothic
Brian 2 Man in his Cosmic Loneliness
Brian 4 Das Siegeslied The Song of Victory
Brian 5 Wine of Summer
Brian 6 Sinfonia Tragica Tragic Symphony
Brian 22 Symphonia Brevis Short Symphony
Britten Simple Symphony
Britten Sinfonia da Requiem Requiem Symphony
Britten Spring Symphony
Britten Cello Symphony 1963 full title: Symphony for Cello and Orchestra
Op. 68. Premiered 1964
Brown The Northern Journey
Bruckner 00 00 student work written prior to No. 1
Bruckner 0 Nullte written after No. 1 and before No. 2
Bruckner 2 Symphony of Pauses
Bruckner 3 Wagner Symphony
Bruckner 4 Romantic
Bruckner 8 Apocalyptic the name is not used anymore
Chávez 1 Sinfonía de Antígona Symphony of Antigone
Chávez 2 Sinfonía india Indian Symphony
Chávez 4 Sinfonía romántica Romantic Symphony
Chávez Caballos de vapor: sinfonía de baile Horse Power: Dance Symphony 1926–1932
Chávez Llamadas: sinfonía proletaria Calls [to Arms]: Proletarian Symphony 1934
Clementi 3

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