Category Archives: News

Granduca Pietro Leopoldo tra la fine del Settecento e l’inizio dell’Ottocento.


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La Galleria è situata in alcuni fra i più bei saloni del Palazzo (dal quale deriva appunto il nome Palatina cioè del Palazzo), nel piano nobile. La superba collezione di dipinti è centrata sul periodo del tardo Rinascimento e il barocco, l’epoca d’oro del palazzo stesso, ed è il più importante esempio in Italia di quadreria, dove, a differenza di un allestimento museale moderno, i quadri non sono esposti con criteri sistematici, ma puramente decorativi, coprendo tutta la superficie della parete in schemi simmetrici, molto fedele all’allestimento originario voluto dal Granduca Pietro Leopoldo tra la fine del Settecento e l’inizio dell’Ottocento.

Donald Trump e atacat de 187 de organizații finanțate în mod direct de SOROS şi totuşi Donald Trump conduce primarele republicane. Pe Marian Muntean l-au atacat doar 10 şi PNL-ul a capitulat – donaldtrump-case – Fluierul.ro


http://www.fluierul.ro/mobile/article/indexDisplayArticleMobile.jsp?artid=715223&title=donald-trump-e-atacat-de-187-de-organizatii-finantate-in-mod-direct-de-soros-si-totusi-donald-trump-conduce-primarele-republicane-pe-marian-muntean-l-au-atacat-doar-10-si-pnl-ul-a-capitulat

Donald Trump e atacat de 187 de organizații finanțate în mod direct de SOROS şi totuşi Donald Trump conduce primarele republicane. Pe Marian Muntean l-au atacat doar 10 şi PNL-ul a capitulat

Rich Swier, un cunoscut blogger american, a făcut revista presei americane și a identificat 187 de organizații finanțate în mod direct de SOROS care îl atacă, zi de zi, pe Donald Trump.

Şi totuşi Donald Trump conduce primarele republicane.

Pe Marian Muntean l-au atacat doar 8-9 ONG-uri şi cu GDS-ul “zece care-i şi întrece” şi vreo 10 ziare şi televiziuni progresiste şi băsiste şi PNL-ul a capitulat speriat la culme de minciunile soroşiste. Sau a vrut să capituleilze ca să câștige Nicușor Dan, omul ONG-urilor lui Soros? .

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Cripta di San Vito Vecchio (Gravina in Puglia) fine XIII – inizio XIV secolo.ī


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Cripta di San Vito Vecchio (Gravina in Puglia) fine XIII – inizio XIV secolo.

The Ascension. Benjamin West. 1801. Denver Art Museum, Colorado, United States.


The Ascension. Benjamin West. 1801. Denver Art Museum, Colorado, United States.

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The Ascension. Benjamin West. 1801. Denver Art Museum, Colorado, United States.

From a sermon by Saint Augustine, bishop
(Sermo de Ascensione Domini, Mai 98, 1-2: PLS 2, 494-495)

“No one has ever ascended into heaven except the one who descended from heaven”

Today our Lord Jesus Christ ascended into heaven; let our hearts ascend with him. […] For just as he remained with us even after his ascension, so we too are already in heaven with him, even though what is promised us has not yet been fulfilled in our bodies. […]

While in heaven he is also with us; and we while on earth are with him. He is here with us by his divinity, his power and his love. We cannot be in heaven, as he is on earth, by divinity, but in him, we can be there by love.

He did not leave heaven when he came down to us; nor did he withdraw from us when he went up again into heaven. The fact that he was in heaven even while he was on earth is borne out by his own statement: No one has ever ascended into heaven except the one who descended from heaven, the Son of Man, who is in heaven. […]

These words are explained by our oneness with Christ, for he is our head and we are his body. No one ascended into heaven except Christ because we also are Christ: he is the Son of Man by his union with us, and we by our union with him are the sons of God. So the Apostle says: Just as the human body, which has many members, is a unity, because all the different members make one body, so is it also with Christ. He too has many members, but one body.

The Ascension. Benjamin West. 1801. Denver Art Museum, Colorado, United States.

Holy Gospel of Jesus Christ according to Saint John 17:20-26.


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Holy Gospel of Jesus Christ according to Saint John 17:20-26.

Lifting up his eyes to heaven, Jesus prayed saying: “I pray not only for them, but also for those who will believe in me through their word, so that they may all be one, as you, Father, are in me and I in you, that they also may be in us, that the world may believe that you sent me.
And I have given them the glory you gave me, so that they may be one, as we are one,
I in them and you in me, that they may be brought to perfection as one, that the world may know that you sent me, and that you loved them even as you loved me.
Father, they are your gift to me. I wish that where I am they also may be with me, that they may see my glory that you gave me, because you loved me before the foundation of the world.
Righteous Father, the world also does not know you, but I know you, and they know that you sent me.
I made known to them your name and I will make it known, that the love with which you loved me may be in them and I in them.”

Ascension,  les Très Riches Heures du Duc de Berry. By the Limbourg brothers, 15th century. Musée Condé, Chantilly, France

I love this little Forest Chapel in Vermont


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I love this little Forest Chapel in Vermont …🙂
.
a single beam of sunlight
broke through the clouds
and rained down into the
clearing in the woods
onto the church standing
quite all by itself
.
the peculiar shaft of light
drew one’s gaze
past the wild sunflowers
that stood guard next to
a barbed wire fence
with rugged weathered poles
that looked like the thick
branches of trees
past the horses grazing
in the afternoon sunlight
past the rocks and stones
half-buried scattered in the field
at the foot of these ancient hills
.
the hills stood like sentries
overlooking their domain below
watching and waiting for parishioners
to grace her walls in prayer and song
.
and if you listened carefully
you can hear them still
.
oh so faintly like a distant echo
their voices rising lifting up
to the heavens
the children at play
after service
their laughter
their joy
flitting here
and there
like butterflies
glittering
in the sun
.
~ poem “Another Time” by Michael Traveler, author
.
.
about Photo:  this little chapel in the woods is located in Stowe, Vermont on  a hillside behind the Trapp family home (the real life family that the movie the Sound of Music was based on), Werner von Trapp built a stone chapel in thanksgiving for his safe return from World War II (in the early 1940s). 

Learn more about the von Trapp family here … http://www.trappfamily.com/story
.
.
photo by Greg Camilleri
http://www.gcamilleri.com/
.
.

Iubirile sfâşietoare ale prinţesei Martha Bibescu, măritată la 16 ani: „A da o virgină pe mâna unui bărbat e ca şi când ai da un Stradivarius unei maimuţe“ | Historia


http://www.historia.ro/exclusiv_web/general/articol/iubirile-sfasietoare-ale-printesei-martha-bibescu-maritata-16-ani-da-o

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Etichete
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Martha Bibescu
Martha Bibescu a crezut că fericirea nu poate exista în lipsa iluziei iubirii. Una dintre cele mai fascinante personalităţi ale aristocraţiei din secolul trecut a căutat toată viaţa iubirea şi a trecut printr-un lung şir de eşecuri amoroase. Romancieră, poetă şi om politic, Martha Bibescu a fost una dintre cele mai distinse personalităţi ale aristocraţiei secolulului al XX-lea.

În spatele personalităţii care a fascinat oameni importanţi, de la poetul Rainer Maria Rilke până la preşedintele Charles de Gaulle, a stat o femeie foarte frumoasă, înzestrată cu toate atuurile unei adevărate prinţese. Faptul că a fost o femeie frumoasă, inteligentă, elegantă, talentată, sensibilă şi bogată nu i-a asigurat însă Marthei Bibescu şi fericirea despre care a crezut toată viaţa că nu poate exista în lipsa ”iluziei iubirii”. În căutarea ”iluziei iubirii”, Martha a trecut printr-un lung şir de poveşti de dragoste , cele mai multe soldate cu eşecuri sentimentale. Frumuseţea Marthei, aflată la vremea adolescenţei, l-a vrăjit de timpuriu pe prinţul George Valentin Bibescu. La doar 14 ani Martha s-a logodit cu prinţul Bibescu care avea 16 ani. Căsătoria s-a făcut cu dispensă de la Vatican, Martha fiind catolică.

„Nu merită să cauţi fericirea în căsătorie, sigur nu o vei găsi”

”A da o virgină pe mâna unui bărbat este ca şi când ai da un Stradivarius pe mâna unei maimuţe“, a fost concluzia pe care avea să o tragă prinţesa, la vremea memoriilor, despre căsătoria din adolescenţă. Deşi devenită prinţesă în acte, viaţa de care a avut parte Martha Bibescu alături de soţ nu a fost deloc una de prinţesă. A devenit mamă la doar 17 ani, dând naştere unei fetiţe, Valentina. Medicii i-au recomandat repaos sexual doi ani, după naşterea la vârsta adolescenţei. Prinţul George Bibescu s-a consolat într-un lung şir de infidelităţi care au alimentat bârfele epocii. Despre soţul infidel, căruia i-a rămas alături toată viaţa, Martha scria: „A crezut toată viaţa că e suficient să existe pentru a fi iubit, nu i-a trecut niciodată prin minte să ofere şi el ceva în schimb.“ Iar despre căsătorie, concluzia de mai târziu a frumoasei scriitoare a fost: „Nu merită să cauţi fericirea în căsătorie, sigur nu o vei găsi”.

Se spune că, la 17 ani, tânăra nevastă a lui George Bibescu a făcut o pasiune pentru vărul acestuia, Emanuel Bibescu, un bărbat inteligent, cel care i l-a prezentat pe Marcel Proust. Emanuel ar fi respins-o pe prinţesă, îndemnând-o să-şi vadă de viaţa de familie şi să respecte statutul de nevastă. Experienţa primei iubiri extraconjugale neîmplinite a fost una dureroasă pentru frumoasa prinţesă care, aşa cum avea să noteze mai târziu în jurnale, a înţeles că e mai bine să se facă iubită, decât să caute în permanenţă un bărbat care să îi merite dragostea.

”Domnind peste el, domnesc peste un imperiu”

Martha Bibescu, măritată la 14 ani şi devenită mamă la 17 ani, l-a vrăjit pe prinţul Wilhelm, moştenitorul tronului Germaniei, în 1909. Se spune că prinţul german i-a scris lui George Bibescu pentru a îi cere permisiunea să corespondeze cu soţia sa, numind-o „cea mai frumoasă şi mai inteligentă femeie din România”. Adoraţia prinţului a fost încurajată de Martha care, nota flatată în jurnal „Domnind peste el, domnesc peste un imperiu”. În ciuda cadourilor şi a iubirii înflăcărate declarate de moştenitorul tronului Germaniei, se spune că Martha nu s-ar fi îndrăgosit cu adevărat de el.

Francezul Charles Louis

În vreme ce prinţul Bibescu îşi căuta fericirea în afara căsniciei cu Martha, prinţesa a căutat şi ea dragostea în braţele francezului Charles Louis de Beauvau Craon, unul dintre cei mai râvniţi burlaci ai Franţei. A început o relaţie furtunoasă de iubire cu amanul francez care a ajuns să o ameninţe cu sinuciderea şi i-a cerut să divorţeze de Bibescu. Mama lui Charles Louis a intervenit între cei doi amorezi şi a făcut tot posibilul să-i despartă. Charles Louis a acceptat până la urmă o logodnă aranjată de mama sa, însă gândul i-a rămas la Martha. Cei doi s-au despărţit şi s-au împăcat de mai multe ori. Indecisă între insistenţele amantului, care îi cere o viaţă împreună, şi insistenţele soacrei care o imploră să nu-şi părăsească soţul, Martha s-a retras o vreme la mănăstirea din Alger. Nu a divorţat.

Continuarea articolului pe Adevărul.ro

Welcome to May 5th…Mexican (not latino) style: Hillary Clinton’s Cinco de Mayo Visit to Los Angeles Attracts Latino Protesters | L.A. Weekly


http://www.laweekly.com/news/hillary-clintons-cinco-de-mayo-visit-to-la-attracts-latino-protesters-6899759
Where demoncracy goes all the way to MEXICO CITY, SND THROUGHOUT THE AMERICAS: WHAT A SHAME!  STOP THEM AT THE BORDER!

A Mother’s Touch…what an inspirational photo!


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A Mother’s Touch ❤❤

NU-TI UITA ISTORIA… La 6 mai 1600, Mihai Viteazul il alunga pe Ieremia Movila, domnul Moldovei, reusind astfel sa uneasca cele 3 voivodate romane, Tara Romaneasca, Moldova si Transilvania sub o singura coroana


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NU-TI UITA ISTORIA…

La 6 mai 1600, Mihai Viteazul il alunga pe Ieremia Movila, domnul Moldovei, reusind astfel sa uneasca cele 3 voivodate romane, Tara Romaneasca, Moldova si Transilvania sub o singura coroana, a sa. Astfel se infaptuieste prima unire din istoria Romaniei .
“Şi hotarul Ardealului
pohta ce-am pohtit
Moldova şi Ţara Românească”.

La Vulcanii noroiosi Berca_Buzau 1980_2


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La Vulcanii noroiosi Berca_Buzau 1980_2

Viorel Simionescu Mânăstirea Dealu_ cca 1980 _2 _ O conversatie


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Mânăstirea Dealu _ cca 1980 _2 _ O conversatie cu smerenie a prietenului meu Paul care demult nu mai este

Never lose sight of WHO YOU ARE…(art at the Turnbull Water Tower, Whittier, California)


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Unlike places, people, happenings…

Tolontan: După ce establishmentul medical a năvălit la TV, în primul rând la „Sinteza zilei”, să ne calce în picioare, am primit un mesaj


Suntem o tara intreaga la cheremul unor psihopati! Suntem cu toti prinsi aproape fara scapare din acest cerc  vicios al coruptiei ce ne ucide lent zi de zi: Cercul sistemului putred numit Romania reala unde coruptia ucide!

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Raluca Ion
Editor
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Tolontan: After the medical establishment stormed the TV, primarily to “Daily summary” We trample, I received a message
yesterday at 17
It is known, in short, the scandal disinfectants. On long, it’s about the series of surveys that Catalin Tolontan and team of investigative journalists from Gazeta Sport showed that hospitals in Romania are widely used disinfectants from businesses Hexi Pharma, disinfectants in which the active substances have been diluted up to ten times . In short, again, it is a system. A system that fails to protect those who really matter: the patients.

“We went after a company as felt journalist Mona Dîrţu in a commentary Tuesday (nr 27 April) fb, but by the system,” wrote in one of the surveys, journalists who had series investigations about Hexi Pharma.

In an interview for Republica.ro journalist Catalin Tolontan says that it all started in December 2015 with a message.

“After we published in December 2015 testimony of a doctor from the Hospital for Burns on” biological bomb that wounded were treated at Collective ” Establishment medical jumped as burned. And rushed over to television, first on “Synthesis Day,” to trample us. Then I got a message from a man inside Hexi Pharma: “If you want to know more about another crucial factor of hospital infections, looking for me.” We met several times and gained confidence. It gave us recipes which asserted that occur diluted disinfectants. Everything seemed hard to believe because I was convinced that the state controls and that this was not possible, “says the journalist. There followed five months of investigation and interviews “Every time I talk to someone in the office is crisp, denied, saying” That’s what the law requires, more than we can not. ” Then insisted to lead us in the hallway. There took us by the shoulders and told us “- Go, please continue.” Well refers to your job! “- Nothing, please continue, do not leave.” That happens to the upper floors of the health system. Maybe it’s the hypocrisy, but there’s more: the feeling of suffocation that, come what may, must come out. It’s the feeling of doctors, directors of the ministry, “says Catalin Tolontan.

We reproduce below the full interview:

In your opinion, which is how the authorities (Ministry of Health, Prosecutor, DNA, DIICOT) ought to act after series of investigations related to the Hexi Pharma?

No journalist can provide the service that the state fails to provide. We do not know how the authorities had to act. We strive to stay within our profession.

But hundreds of hospitals are used disinfectants manufactured by Hexi Pharma?

Speaking of hospitals, we can give the audience an insight of how long the five months since the investigation began and until publication. To understand better the atmosphere. Every time you talk to someone in the office is crisp, denied, saying “That’s what the law requires, more than we can not.” Then insisted to lead us in the hallway. There took us by the shoulders and told us: “Continue, please continue.” Well refers to your job!  “Nothing, please continue, do not leave.” That happens to the upper floors of the health system. Maybe it’s the hypocrisy, but there’s more: the feeling of suffocation that, come what may, must come out. It’s the feeling of doctors, directors of the ministry.

If you put on a board, we made this experience, knew the names of institutions on documents, irregularities such firms and silent, think about what it’s called that ?! There’s a word, but you’re afraid to write it and that can be considered crazy. We may collect testimonies.

What is the right course of action that you’ve imagined when you began to publish the series of surveys? To what extent it resembles what happens now?

We expected the government to react more quickly and firmly to protecting patients. Even if the actual figure of 5%, but not 5% of hospitalized patients means of Romanians 200,000 per year, of which 40,000 are children. Know any drug in this world who have dangerous effects incidence of 5% ?! It’s enormous.

You have revealed that since 2012 authorities had information on possible crimes committed by Dan Condrea without doing anything with them.

If you put on a board, we made this experience, knew the names of institutions on documents, irregularities such firms and silent, think about what it’s called that ?! There’s a word, but you’re afraid to write it and that can be considered crazy. We may collect testimonies.

In your opinion, what were the chances that the use of substances diluted to continue as long without the connivance of men decision makers in the health system and doctors?

The investigation started that way. After we published in December 2015 testimony of a doctor from the Hospital for Burns on “biological bomb that wounded were treated at Collective” Establishment medical jumped as burned. And rushed over to television, first on “Synthesis Day,” to trample us. Then I got a message from a man inside Hexi Pharma: “If you want to know more about another crucial factor of hospital infections, looking for me.” We met several times and gained confidence. It gave us recipes which asserted that occur diluted disinfectants. Everything seemed hard to believe because I was convinced that the state controls and that this was not possible. It took us months to understand the system and all authorities to admit that the state did in the last decade, no single test concentration! It seems to us the most important thing I told the people! When the state of hospitals and doctors abdicates, anything is possible. As one commenter on the blog where we post investigation: Condrea is the trigger, but her hand rule.

Not only in Romania, but everywhere struggling against enslavement of the medical profession to the pharma industry. Even doctors have a problem with that. You do not go to medical school to be allied companies, but support patients. Doctors ethics which I am sure will win.

Investigative journalists have shown over time the relationship of dependence that doctors have towards private firms (they pay, for example, expensive trips to congresses). How can cut this link counterproductive and dangerous for the patient?

As firefighters thought it was normal to be sponsored by those that control them, and knew this Raed Arafat, as in the medical field is considered normal. It’s a wide discussion worldwide. My feeling is that these things will stop because people do not swallow it. Not only in Romania, but everywhere struggling against enslavement of the medical profession to the industry pharma . Even doctors have a problem with that. You do not go to medical school to be allied companies, but support patients. Doctors ethics which I am sure will win.

From your knowledge, how many Dan Condrea exist in Romania?

I do not know. But I know that for each Dan Condrea, there are hundreds of Romanian who work hard and respect their peers. Mirela Neag called me last night, my colleague. It was tuflită. “Are you tired?” I ask. “Not. I cried. I reread what I wrote today, I reviewed the images Astoria and I do not believe in whose hands we have left together. A whole country at the mercy of psychopaths. ”

We are aware that it is the riskiest our investigation in the last 20 years. On its own way. If you look at their biography, that some are already the second time in prison, the story rackeţii Moldovan firms in Cyprus and Bulgaria, think a little and risks. First time to seriously reflect physical hazards

What pressures on journalists have been documenting and publishing the Gazette during investigations?

There was no, but we are aware that it is the riskiest our investigation in the last 20 years. On its own way. If you look at their biography, that some are already the second time in prison , the story rackeţii Moldovan firms in Cyprus and Bulgaria, think a little and risks. First time to seriously reflect physical hazards. And there’s a reason: people so devoid of empathy and discernment are capable of anything. They do not have much to lose.

What made you continue to go as Mona Dîrţu journalist wrote after the system?

It’s the kind of investigative journalism and professional feelings that I, and other colleagues from Mirela Sports Gazette I lived many times. But it’s the first of this magnitude to our colleague Razvan Luţac. Razvan made a decisive contribution. He is 23 years old and is already 7 years in the newsroom. And I feel proud that a young journalist for 23 years has brought people so much information. When the princes and kings Health disinfectants trade will wonder where they were fired, leaving crap strangers, services, or who knows what interest. To know this: a journalist for 22 years has revealed! Changing generations and, somehow, that this investigation would not have ever existed without the Collective, it is the legacy that we leave younger journalists. They need to be motivated, it’s their time to go after the system! And I think that’s valid throughout Romania, in all professions.

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Raluca Ion
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Likeuri
Chronological
diana time
yesterday at 23
begin to believe that we also have investigative journalists true! Congratulations!
read more
Like 3
Sorin Codreanu
yesterday at 22
I think we do not know 1% of what happens in this country ‘under the table’.
read more
Like 2
Abraham Magdalena
yesterday at 22
Dl.Tolontan thank you, but it’s very hard to think of all the consequences of this investigation! Somehow or another we are all, or should be touched! I honestly feel bad, nor can comment! Nausea and revolt!
read more
Like 0
Titi Litra
yesterday at 21
I think these journalists should be protected in the rest of their days; what mess I did not get out of the house safely. but those who should protect them are also accomplices to theft, public opinion there, so were sacrificed for a nation of … guess what …
read more
Like 3
Laurentiu Borta
yesterday at 20
The word to be said is genocide!
read more
Like 1
Ion Marinescu
yesterday at 19
A simple question: how is it possible that a company which inflate the price of 70 times to win so many contracts? What’s the point to talk about product compliance. One such firm is impossible not to be involved in acts of corruption. It is obvious that this corruption is not limited to company-hospital relationship manager but is coordinated centrally from the ministry.
read more
Like 1
Agape
yesterday at 19
My question is: why so few of the “intellectuals” and journalists engage with society in which they live? Why C. Tolontan and others who theoretically should write about the joys and problems of sport, do more for uncovering corruption in Romania on Dilema Veche or contributors can read articles and knotted deznoada topic I cringe abstract metaphysics, but investigative journalist any social adevarata.Cred they do not and those who are a step or more behind them, they will not be touched by the effects of corruption Roman society? Is cheating them, life will show that you can not live in an ivory tower and maybe if you go to live in Hawaii what is happening in Romanian society do not touch directly. Remember Joseph Sava? He died of nosocomial infections.
read more
Like 2
Anton Neculai
yesterday at 18
Respect Tolontan AND SUCCESS !!! entire team
read more
Like 11
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Topics in this article
Catalin Tolontandisinfectants scandalHexi Pharma
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O, ce mult este urâtă această invenție de către industria de benzină: Inventie in ROMANIA: masina care merge 5000 de km cu trei litri de apa – Alternative News Romania


 
Inventie in ROMANIA: masina care merge 5000 de km cu trei litri de apa

Alternative News Romania   auto  , bacau  , inginer  , inventie  , masina  , merge cu apa  , motor ecologic  , romania
Un inginer din Bacău a inventat motorul ecologic care arde hidrogenul şi eliberează în aer oxigenul, urmând ca în scurt timp să primească omologarea de la Institutul de Motoare Termice din Graz – Austria.

BUCUREŞTI, 3 mai — Sputnik. Gheorghe Bordeianu, inginer TCM, a obţinut în 1985 brevetul pentru motorul care merge 5000 de km cu trei litri de apă, informează recentnews.ro si sputnik.md

Gheorghe Bordeianu are de 50 ani, este inginer şi a reușit să creeze primul motor care merge doar cu apă. Inventatorul spune că mașina dotată cu motorul creat de el consumă trei litri de apă la 5000 de kilometri. Este de fapt un generator de ioni care separă hidrogenul de oxigen. Dispozitivul se ataşează motoarelor clasice şi înlocuiește alimentarea cu benzină sau motorină. Preţul unui astfel de motor este de aproximativ 200-300 lei românești.

“Brevetul l-am obținut în 1985, iar invenția este acum în curs de omologare la Institutul de Motoare termice din Graz- Austria. Omologarea are trei etape, iar eu mă aflu acum la ultima dintre ele. Imediat cum o obțin vreau să înființez în Bacău o fabrică de producție în serie a dispozitivului”, a declarat Gheorghe Bordeianu.

De ani de zile băcăuanul merge cu un Cielo la mâna a doua cumpărat din Spania pe care îl alimentează doar cu apă sau chiar cu suc și urină. El spune că orice lichid care conţine hidrogen poate fi folosit drept combustibil pentru motor. Testele făcute la RAR au arătat că Cielo cu care circulă nu are deloc emisii de noxe.

http://alternativenewsromania.blogspot.ro/2016/05/inventie-in-romania-masina-care-merge-cu-apa.html?m=1

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From Erin Brockovich : Fire hydrant testing and water main flushing taking place in Hannibal | KHQA


Let the dumping begin…

All summer long… Hannibal will be dumping highly chloraminated water into local creeks, stream and water ways… a serious violation of the Clean Water Act!

Legally, they are supposed to dechloraminate, but they won’t… and they are supposed to capture the debris and sediment… but they won’t. And I guarantee, they won’t be using fire hoses like this false stock photo depicts.

We are watching…
http://khqa.com/news/local/fire-hydrant-testing-and-water-main-flushing-taking-place-in-hannibal

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Familie de țărani, Nicolae Enea


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From Erin Brockovich connection on Facebook: Drugs found in Puget Sound salmon from tainted wastewater | The Seattle Times


Puget Sound salmon are on drugs — Prozac, Advil, Benadryl, Lipitor, even cocaine.

Those drugs and dozens of others are showing up in the tissues of juvenile chinook, researchers have found, thanks to tainted wastewater discharge.

The estuary waters near the outfalls of sewage-treatment plants, and effluent sampled at the plants, were cocktails of 81 drugs and personal-care products, with levels detected among the highest in the nation.

The medicine chest of common drugs also included Flonase, Aleve and Tylenol. Paxil, Valium and Zoloft. Tagamet, OxyContin and Darvon. Nicotine and caffeine. Fungicides, antiseptics and anticoagulants. Cipro and other antibiotics galore.
http://www.seattletimes.com/seattle-news/environment/drugs-flooding-into-puget-sound-and-its-salmon/

From the New York Times : ‘President Trump?’ Here’s How He Says It Would Look


From the New York Times

‘President Trump?’ Here’s How He Says It Would Look

“I think about a U.N. ambassador, about a secretary of defense and secretary of treasury, but I think more about winning first,” Mr. Trump said. “Otherwise I’m wasting time. I want people in those jobs who care about winning. The U.N. isn’t doing anything to end the big conflicts in the world, so you need an ambassador who would win by really shaking up the U.N.”

http://www.nytimes.com/2016/05/05/us/politics/donald-trump-president.html

France 24 : Muslim candidate Khan leads London mayoral race


Muslim candidate Khan leads London mayoral race

http://f24.my/1Uz3ZBe

BBC News: US election: What will Clinton v Trump look like?


US election: What will Clinton v Trump look like? – http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/election-us-2016-36200002

BBC News: President Obama drinks water in crisis-hit Flint


President Obama drinks water in crisis-hit Flint – http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-us-canada-36206897

Piatra Neamț, România


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Piatra Neamț, România

Gheorghe Sarbu – Lotci în Deltă


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Gheorghe Sarbu – Lotci în Deltă

Bisti Badlands Colorado


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Hoodoos on the western edge of the Bisti Badlands under a stormy sky that dropped a foot of snow on Colorado the next day (two weeks ago).  Thanks American Southwest for being such a great source of information.  You are my go-to-resource when planning my hiking/photography trips.

Tudor Duică : Blaj, clădirea fostei mânăstiri Bizantine a Bunei Vestiri


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Clădirea fostei mănăstiri bazilitane a Bunei Vestiri (primul stareț a fost viitorul episcop Atanasie Rednic), aparținând confesiunii greco-catolice, devenită mai apoi sediul Cancelariei Mitropolitane.

După interzicerea BRU și după naționalizare, a aparținut de  Stațiunea de Cercetări Viticole.

Prin anii ’70 din bibliotecile confiscate ale Blajului dublurile și în general alte lucrări fără mare valoare, au fost aduse aici de la Biblioteca Academiei din Cluj, înjghebându-se ”Biblioteca documentară Timotei Cipariu”, retrocedată scriptic la începutul anilor ’90, faptic prin 2010…

Vietnam Protesters Seek Answers Over Mass Fish Deaths – WSJ


http://www.wsj.com/articles/vietnam-protesters-seek-answers-over-mass-fish-deaths-1462088637

In the past 24-hours, over 2,500 people have signed a petition on change.org seeking my help in a fight against a major polluter… Formosa Plastic Group a Taiwan-United States… an International Conglomeration. http://www.fpcusa.com

While I recognize it will clearly be an international challenge… I will conduct an investigation into how we can help these people. Multinational corporations must be held accountable when they destroy a local industry, and way of life, a culture.

Not sure where to begin… but I will… and with everyone’d help, we can try to give these hard working people some glimmer of hope.

https://www.change.org/p/erin-brockovich-please-represent-us-to-file-a-class-action-law-suit-against-formosa-plastics?response=642aceb99797&utm_source=target&utm_medium=email&utm_campaign=five_thousand

Herman 1979, Curte Interioară :Virgil Simionescu Photography


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Harman 1979 _ Curte interioara 4_Tentatia scarilor

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My birds on the wire today no.1


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My Duck today No.1


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American Rivers | Stop the Power Grab by Hydropower Companies sign on line


It shouldn’t come as a surprise that massive, coal-fired utilities like Duke Energy and Southern Company are pushing these anti-environment provisions.

http://act.americanrivers.org/page/speakout/power-grab-hydropower-companies

American Rivers | Stop the Power Grab by Hydropower Companies sign on line


It shouldn’t come as a surprise that massive, coal-fired utilities like Duke Energy and Southern Company are pushing these anti-environment provisions.

http://act.americanrivers.org/page/speakout/power-grab-hydropower-companies

Hubert Rossel: Le livre / Transylvanie – Les églises fortifiées du pays des Sicules / Hubert Rossel


La « petite église » (Szent Katalin templom) de Gyergyóditró/ Ditrău, celle de Gyergyóalfalu/Joseni et celle de Csíkdelne/Delniţa sont toutes les trois parmi les 80 églises fortifiées à être analysées et replacées dans leur contexte historique dans le livre “Les églises fortifiées du pays des Sicules”… Pour plus d’informations on peut aussi se rendre sur le site http://eglises-fortifiees-sicules.prossel.net

TRANSYLVANIE – ERDÉLY – SIEBENBÜRGEN – TRANSYLVANIA

La Transylvanie a été choisie par les guides Lonely Planet comme la région la plus tendance pour un voyage en 2016. Parmi les différents points d’attraction de cette région figurent les églises fortifiées des communautés saxonne et sicule. De nombreux ouvrages existent en français pour présenter les églises saxonnes, les plus grandes et les plus connues. Mais il n’y en a qu’un seul en français pour parler des églises sicules et les remettre dans leur contexte historique et culturel : Transylvanie – Les églises fortifiées du pays des Sicules (http://eglises-fortifiees-sicules.prossel.net/). Songez-y lorsque vous préparez votre voyage, si vous compter aller dans cette région!
La photo ci-dessous présente l’église fortifiées de Zabola/Zăbala, dans le judeţ de Kovaszna/Covasna.

Transylvania has been selected by the Lonely Planet travel guidebooks as the first of the most likely areas for a trip in 2016. Of the various points of attraction of this area are the fortified churches of the Saxon and the Szekler communities. Many books exist in French to introduce the Saxon churches, the largest ones and best known. But there is only one in French to talk about the Szekler churches and put them in their historical and cultural context: Transylvanie – Les églises fortifiées du pays des Sicules. (http://eglises-fortifiees-sicules.prossel.net/). Consider this when planning your trip, if you plan to go to this region!
The picture below figures the Zabola/Zăbala fortified church, in the judeţ Kovaszna/Covasna
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The Source That Is Alive For Thousands of Years: Sarmizegetusa Regia, Grădiștea Muncelului, Hunedoara, Banat, România


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Sarmizegetusa Regia (cea regească) a fost capitala și cel mai important centru militar, religios și politic al statului dac înainte de războaiele cu Imperiul Roman. A fost nucleul unui sistem defensiv strategic format din șase fortărețe dacice din Munții Orăștiei, folosit de Decebal pentru apărare contra cuceririi romane. Situl arheologic Sarmizegetusa este situat în satul Grădiștea Muncelului din județul Hunedoara.

Watch “Doru Stanculescu – Hai, hai, haidi, hai (Pe sub flori ma leganai)” on YouTube


Ai, hai lyrics

Artist: Doru Stănculescu
Translations: English, French, German
Romanian
Ai, hai

N-a ști nimeni că m-am dus,
Numa’ m-or vedea că nu-s.

Sus e cerul, largă-i lumea,
Bine c-a-nfrunzit pădurea!

Ai, hai, ai, haidi, haidi, hai,
Pe sub flori mă legănai.

Sus e cerul, largă-i lumea,
N-a ști nimeni că m-am dus.

Bine c-a-nfrunzit pădurea,
Numa’ m-or vedea că nu-s

Ai, hai, ai, haidi, haidi, hai,
Pe sub flori mă legănai.

© 2008-2016 LyricsTranslate.com

ISTORIA ISLAMULUI SE ZGUDUIE DIN TEMELII! A FOST DESCOPERIT UN CORAN ANTERIOR PROFETULUI MAHOMED


Una din cele mai importante religii ale omenirii ar putea fi zguduita in urma recentelor descoperiri. Fragmentele celui mai vechi Coran din lume, descoperite in Birmingham, ar putea data dinaintea profetului Mahomed si ar urma „sa rescrie” istoria islamului, au anuntat cercetatorii britanici.Oamenii de stiinta de la Universitatea Oxford stiau deja ca pergamentul este printre cele mai vechi texte coranice cunoscute din intreaga lume. Mai multi istorici sustin insa ca documentul este atat de vechi incat il precede pe profetul Mahomed si contrazice relatarile traditionale privind viata acestuia, asa ca modifica radical „edificiul traditiei islamice”, scrie Breitbart, citat de ziare.com.Datarea cu carbon a documentului releva ca acesta a fost scris intre 568 si 645 era noastra, in conditiile in care, in mod traditional, se considera ca Mohamed a trait intre 570 si 632 era noastra.Asta ar insemna ca documentul a fost scris inainte de momentul oficial cand ar fi fost stranse primele texte oficiale si inainte sau imediat dupa nasterea lui Mahomed.

Source: ISTORIA ISLAMULUI SE ZGUDUIE DIN TEMELII! A FOST DESCOPERIT UN CORAN ANTERIOR PROFETULUI MAHOMED

Cancer : la formation d’une tumeur en 3D (vidéo) — L’important (@Limportant_fr) February 4, 2016


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WAKE UP PEOPLE!!! They Poisoned Our Water? Interview With UAW Region 1D Assistant Director Steve Dawes On Flint: A CRIME AGAINST HUMANITY


They Poisoned Our Water? Interview With UAW Region 1D Assistant Director Steve Dawes On Flint

this pressed: How Much Could Obama’s Gun Moves Affect Gun Violence? Nobody Knows. – ProPublica


The executive actions on guns unveiled yesterday by President Obama drew predictable praise from gun control advocates and bile from gun-rights supporters and Republican lawmakers, including some who called his actions “unconstitutional.”But, as some have noted, the actions themselves are extremely modest, raising questions about how much they will really do to stem gun violence.Obama’s most significant step is an attempt to expand the number of gun sellers who conduct background checks on buyers. To do this, he is not changing the requirements for who is required to conduct a background check and who is not. Instead, he is giving a very high level of publicity to new “guidance” from the Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, Firearms and Explosives that simply explains what the current law is.Under federal law, licensed firearm dealers have to comply with a set of regulations, including conducting background checks on prospective purchasers to make sure they are not prohibited from owning a gun because of a criminal record or other disqualifying factor. More occasional sellers of guns—one private individual selling to another private individual—do not have to follow these rules.For decades, gun control advocates have decried this gaping loophole in the nation’s federal background check law. After a mass shooting at Sandy Hook Elementary School in December 2012, Congressional Democrats tried and failed to close this loophole by passing legislation to require background checks on more gun sales.Obama is now approaching the problem from a different angle: He is focusing on gun sellers who may be operating in a gray area between being an occasional seller and a licensed dealer.According to the ATF, its new guidance breaks down how federal courts have interpreted the somewhat fuzzy line between occasional gun sellers, who are not required to conduct background checks, and people who are “engaged in the business” of selling firearms, who must have a federal license, conduct background checks, and comply with other federal regulations on dealers.A father selling off part of his personal collection of high-end firearms to finance his son’s college education does not need a federal firearms license, the ATF explained. But a man who lost his job and is now “buying firearms from friends and reselling them though an internet site” does need a license.Experts say there’s some indication that gun sellers operating in this gray area are a problem, and that they play a role in supplying guns to people with criminal records.Daniel Webster, the director of the Johns Hopkins Center for Gun Policy and Research, said sellers whose livelihoods don’t depend on gun sales may exercise prudence beyond what’s required by law when making transactions. When he conducted focus groups with gun owners in Texas, he said, many said they would not sell a gun without voluntarily checking whether a potential buyer had a state-issued permit to carry a concealed weapon, so they could be sure they were selling to a person who could legally own a gun.But private sellers who are trying to make a profit may be less scrupulous about whether the person who is buying their gun could pass a background check, Webster said.“If you are, on a regular basis, buying and selling a whole lot of guns and are doing that to make money, I think that probably clouds judgment,” he said.Webster cited a November 2015 study by the gun control group Everytownfor Gun Safety, which analyzed a year’s worth of ads posted by unlicensed sellers on Armslist.com, an online gun marketplace. The report found that a small proportion of unlicensed sellers were selling a very large number of guns on the site: “Those offering 25 or more guns accounted for 1 in 500 sellers but offered 1 in 20 guns,” the report found. These private, high-volume sellers should be required to be licensed, the report concluded.It’s not clear how the findings of this one study might reflect the larger online marketplace for guns—or the broader patterns of offline unlicensed sales.“The bottom line: we don’t know how big this is, but we have enough evidence to know that thousands of guns are being sold by individuals who are selling a lot of guns in fairly risky kinds of ways,” Webster said.The Everytown report also concluded that the vague legal definition of who should be a licensed gun seller had undermined efforts to prosecute people for dealing in firearms without a license.Webster said it would be interesting to see if the White House’s attempt to clarify the law resulted in more cases targeting people for selling guns without a license. “Time will tell,” he said, noting that simply putting a spotlight on these sellers should also have “some deterrent effect.”Even if the president succeeds in shrinking this gray area of the gun market, it’s not clear what effect that might have on gun violence overall.Phil Cook, a Duke University gun policy expert, was one of the researchers who recently surveyed 99 inmates at th

Source: How Much Could Obama’s Gun Moves Affect Gun Violence? Nobody Knows. – ProPublica


Yerba mate

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Yerba mate (from Spanish [ˈʝerβa ˈmate]; Portuguese: erva-mate [ˈɛɾvɐ ˈmate] or [ˈɛɾvɐ ˈmatʃɪ]) is a species of the holly family (Aquifoliaceae), with the botanical name Ilex paraguariensis A. St.-Hil.[1] named by the French botanist Auguste François César Prouvençal de Saint-Hilaire.[2]Yerba mate is widely known as the source of the beverage called mate (Portuguese: chimarrão, tererê/tereré and other variations). It is traditionally consumed in central and southern regions of South America, particularly Argentina, Bolivia, southern and center-western Brazil, Uruguay, Paraguay and southern Chile.[3] It is also very popular in Syria where it is imported from Argentina.[4] Yerba mate was initially utilized and cultivated by the Guaraní people and in some Tupí communities in southern Brazil, prior to European colonization. It was scientifically classified by the Swiss botanist Moses Bertoni, who settled in Paraguay in 1895.[citation needed] Yerba mate can also be found in various energy drinks on the market today.

Yerba mate, erva mate, mate, or maté
Ilex paraguariensis
Ilex paraguariensis - Köhler–s Medizinal-Pflanzen-074.jpg
Ilex paraguariensis
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Eudicots
(unranked): Asterids
Order: Aquifoliales
Family: Aquifoliaceae
Genus: Ilex
Species: I. paraguariensis
Binomial name
Ilex paraguariensis

Description

Yerba mate, Ilex paraguariensis, begins as a shrub and then matures to a tree and can grow up to 15 metres (49 ft) tall. The leaves are evergreen, 7–110 millimetres (0.3–4.3 in) long and 30–55 millimetres (1.2–2.2 in) wide, with a serrated margin. The leaves are often called yerba (Spanish) or erva (Portuguese), both of which mean “herb”. They contain caffeine (known in some parts of the world as mateine) and also contains related xanthine alkaloids and are harvested commercially.

The flowers are small, greenish-white, with four petals. The fruit is a red drupe 4–6 millimetres (0.16–0.24 in) in diameter.

Cultivation

 Plantation in Misiones, Argentina.

The Yerba mate plant is grown and processed in South America, specifically in northern Argentina (Corrientes, Misiones), Paraguay, Uruguay and southern Brazil (Rio Grande do Sul, Santa Catarina, Paraná and Mato Grosso do Sul). Cultivators are known as yerbateros (Spanish) or ervateiros (Brazilian Portuguese).

Seeds used to germinate new plants are harvested from January until April only after they have turned dark purple. After harvest, they are submerged in water in order to eliminate floating non-viable seeds and detritus like twigs, leaves, etc. New plants are started between March and May. For plants established in pots, transplanting takes place April through September. Plants with bare roots are transplanted only during the months of June and July.[5]

Many of the natural enemies of yerba mate are difficult to control in a plantation setting. Insect pests include Gyropsylla spegazziniana, an insect that lays eggs in branches, Hedyphates betulinus, an insect that weakens the tree and makes it more susceptible to mold and mildew, “Perigonia lusca”, an insect that eats the leaves, and several species of mites.[5]

When yerba mate is harvested, the branches are often dried by a wood fire, imparting a smoky flavor. The plant Ilex paraguariensis can vary in strength of the flavor, caffeine levels and other nutrients depending on whether it is a male or female plant. Female plants tend to be milder in flavor and lower in caffeine. They are also relatively scarce in the areas where yerba mate is planted and cultivated.[6]

According to FAO in 2012, Brazil is the biggest producer of mate in the world with 513,256 MT (58%), followed by Argentina with 290,000 MT (32%) and Paraguay with 85,490 MT (10%).[7]

Use as a beverage

Main article: Mate (beverage)

 Steaming mate infusion in its customary cup that resembles the shape of a gourd, the customary vessel

The infusion, called mate in Spanish-speaking countries or chimarrão in Brazil, is prepared by filling a container, typically a gourd, up to three-quarters full with dry leaves (and twigs) of the mate plant, and filling it up with water at a temperature of 70–80 °C (158–176 °F), hot but not boiling. Sugar may or may not be added; and the mate may be prepared with cold water (tereré).[8]

Drinking mate with friends from a hollow gourd (also called a guampa, porongo or mate in Spanish, cabaça or cuia in Portuguese, or zucca in Italian) through a metal straw (a bombilla in Spanish, bomba in Portuguese), refilling and passing to the next person after finishing the few mouthfuls of beverage, is a common social practice in Uruguay, Argentina and southern Brazil among people of all ages.

Yerba mate is most popular in Uruguay, where people are seen walking the streets carrying the mate and termo (thermal vacuum flask) in their arms. You can also find hot water stations to refill the termo while on the road. In Argentina 5 kg (11 lb) of yerba mate is consumed annually per capita; in Uruguay, the largest consumer, consumption is 10 kg (22 lb).[9] The amount of the herb used to prepare the infusion is much greater than that used for tea and other beverages, accounting for the large weight used.[10]

 Yerba Mate shop, Puerto Iguazu, Argentina

The flavor of brewed mate resembles an infusion of vegetables, herbs, grass and is reminiscent of some varieties of green tea. Some consider the flavor to be very agreeable, but it is generally bitter if steeped in boiling water. Flavored mate is also sold, in which the mate leaves are blended with other herbs (such as peppermint) or citrus rind.[11]

In Paraguay, Brazil and Argentina, a toasted version of mate, known as mate cocido (Paraguay), chá mate (Brazil) or just mate, is sold in teabags and in a loose leaf form. It is often served sweetened in specialized shops or on the street, either hot or iced, pure or with fruit juice (especially lime – known in Brazil as limão) or milk. In Argentina and southern Brazil, this is commonly consumed for breakfast or in a café for afternoon tea, often with a selection of sweet pastries (facturas).

 Yerba for sale in the open air market of La Boqueria in Barcelona, Spain.

An iced, sweetened version of toasted mate is sold as an uncarbonated soft drink, with or without fruit flavoring. In Brazil, this cold version of chá mate is specially popular in the South and Southeast regions, and can easily be found in retail stores in the same cooler as soft-drinks.[12] Mate batido, which is toasted, has less of a bitter flavor and more of a spicy fragrance. Mate batido becomes creamy when shaken. Mate batido is more popular in the coastal cities of Brazil, as opposed to the far southern states, where it is consumed in the traditional way (green, consumed with a silver straw from a shared gourd), and called chimarrão (cimarrón in Spanish, particularly that of Argentina[13]).

In Paraguay, western Brazil (Mato Grosso do Sul, west of São Paulo) and the Argentine littoral, a mate infusion, called tereré in Spanish and Portuguese or tererê in Portuguese in southern regions of Brazil, is also consumed as a cold or iced beverage, usually sucked out of a horn cup called guampa with a bombilla. Tereré can be prepared with cold water (the most common way in Paraguay and Brazil), or fruit juice (the most common way in Argentina). The version with water is more bitter; fruit juice acts as a sweetener (in Brazil, that is usually avoided with the addition of table sugar). Medicinal or culinary herbs, known as yuyos (weeds), may be crushed with a pestle and mortar, and added to the water for taste or medicinal reasons. Tereré is most popular in Paraguay, Brazil, and the Litoral (northeast Argentina).[14]

In the same way as people meet for tea or coffee, friends often gather and drink mate (matear) in Argentina, southern Brazil, Paraguay and Uruguay. Sharing mate is almost a ritual, following customary rules. In warm weather the hot water is sometimes replaced by lemonade, but not in Uruguay.

 Selection of Yerba Mate gourds and bombillas at a street vendor, Buenos Aires, Argentina

The gourd (mate in Spanish) is given by the brewer to each person, often in a circle, in turn; the recipient does not give thanks, drinks the few mouthfuls and returns the mate to the brewer, who refills it and passes it to the next person in clockwise order.

During August, Paraguayans have a tradition of mixing mate with crushed leaves, stems, and flowers of the plant known as flor de agosto[15] (the flower of August, plants of the Senecio genus, particularly Senecio grisebachii), which contain pyrrolizidine alkaloids. Modifying mate in this fashion is potentially toxic, as these alkaloids can cause a rare condition of the liver, veno-occlusive disease, which produces liver failure due to progressive occlusion of the small venous channels in the liver.[16]

In South Africa, mate is not well known, but has been introduced to Stellenbosch by a student who sells it nationally. In the tiny hamlet of Groot Marico in the northwest province, mate was introduced to the local tourism office by the returning descendants of the Boers, who in 1902 had emigrated to Patagonia in Argentina after losing the Anglo Boer War. It is also commonly consumed in Lebanon, Syria and some other parts of the Middle East mainly by Druze and Alawite population, following emigration to South America and return by many people, and worldwide by expatriates from the Southern Cone.[17]

Chemical composition and properties

Polyphenols

Yerba mate contains a variety of polyphenols such as the flavonoids quercetin and rutin.[18]

Xanthines

Yerba mate contains three xanthines: caffeine, theobromine and theophylline, the main one being caffeine. Caffeine content varies between 0.7% and 1.7% of dry weight[19] (compared with 0.4– 9.3% for tea leaves, 2.5–7.6% in guarana, and up to 3.2% for ground coffee);[20] theobromine content varies from 0.3% to 0.9%; theophylline is present in small quantities, or can be completely absent.[21] A substance previously called “mateine” is a synonym for caffeine (like theine and guaranine).

Mineral content

Yerba mate also contains elements such as potassium, magnesium, and manganese.[22]

Health effects

As of 2011 there have not been any double-blind, randomized prospective clinical trials of Yerba mate consumption with respect to chronic disease.[23] Yerba mate has been claimed to have various effects on human health and these effects have been attributed to the high quantity of polyphenols found in mate tea.[18]

Research has found that Yerba mate may improve allergy symptoms[24] and reduce the risk of diabetes mellitus and high blood sugar in mice.[25]

Mate also contains compounds that act as an appetite suppressant and possible weight loss tool,[26] increases mental energy and focus,[27] improves mood,[28] and promotes deeper sleep; however, sleep may only be affected in people who are sensitive to caffeine.[27]

Lipid metabolism

Some non-blinded studies have found mate consumption to be effective in lipid lowering.[23]

Cancer

The consumption of hot mate tea is associated with oral cancer,[29] esophageal cancer,[30] cancer of the larynx,[30] and squamous cell cancers of the head and neck.[31][32] Studies show a correlation between tea temperature and likelihood of cancer, making it unclear how much of a role mate itself plays as a carcinogen.[30]

Weight loss

Yerba mate contains polyphenols such as flavonoids and phenolic acids, which work by inhibiting enzymes like pancreatic lipase[33] and lipoprotein lipase, which in turn play a role in fat metabolism. Yerba mate has been shown to increase satiety by slowing gastric emptying. Effects on weight loss may be due to reduced absorption of dietary fats and/or altered cholesterol metabolism.[34]

Despite yerba mate’s potential for reducing body weight, there is minimal data on the effects of yerba mate on body weight in humans.[35] Therefore, yerba mate should not be recommended over diet and physical exercise[36] without further study on its effects being warranted.

Mechanism of action

E-NTPDase activity

Research also shows that mate preparations can alter the concentration of members of the ecto-nucleoside triphosphate diphosphohydrolase (E-NTPDase) family, resulting in an elevated level of extracellular ATP, ADP, and AMP. This was found with chronic ingestion (15 days) of an aqueous mate extract, and may lead to a novel mechanism for manipulation of vascular regenerative factors, i.e., treating heart disease.[medical citation needed]

Antioxidants

In an investigation of mate antioxidant activity, there was a correlation found between content of caffeoyl-derivatives and antioxidant capacity (AOC).[medical citation needed] Amongst a group of Ilex species, Ilex paraguariensis antioxidant activity was the highest.[medical citation needed]

Monoamine oxidase inhibition activity

A paper from the University of São Paulo cites yerba mate extract as an inhibitor of MAO activity; the maximal inhibition observed in vitro was 40–50%. A monoamine oxidase inhibitor is a type of antidepressant, so there is some data to suggest that yerba mate has a calming effect in this regard.[37]

History

Main article: History of yerba mate

 
Yerba mate growing in the wild

Mate was first consumed by the indigenous Guaraní and also spread in the Tupí people that lived in southern Brazil, Paraguay and became widespread during European colonization.[citation needed] In the Spanish colony of Paraguay in the late 16th century, both Spanish settlers and indigenous Guaranís, who had, to some extent, before the Spanish arrival, consumed it.[citation needed] Mate consumption spread in the 17th century to the River Plate and from there to Argentina, Chile, Bolivia and Peru.[citation needed] This widespread consumption turned it into Paraguay’s main commodity above other wares, such as tobacco, and indigenous peoples labour was used to harvest wild stands.[citation needed]

In the mid 17th century, Jesuits managed to domesticate the plant and establish plantations in their Indian reductions in Misiones, Argentina, sparking severe competition with the Paraguayan harvesters of wild stands.[citation needed] After their expulsion in the 1770s, their plantations fell into decay, as did their domestication secrets.[citation needed] The industry continued to be of prime importance for the Paraguayan economy after independence, but development in benefit of the Paraguayan state halted after the War of the Triple Alliance (1864–1870) that devastated the country both economically and demographically.[citation needed] Some regions with mate plantations in Paraguay became Argentine territory.[citation needed]

 Lithograph of José Gaspar Rodríguez de Francia, a 19th-century ruler of Paraguay, holding a mate and bombilla

Brazil then became the largest producer of mate.[38] In Brazilian and Argentine projects in the late 19th and early 20th centuries, the plant was domesticated once again, opening the way for plantation systems.[citation needed] When Brazilian entrepreneurs turned their attention to coffee in the 1930s, Argentina, which had long been the prime consumer,[39] took over as the largest producer, resurrecting the economy in Misiones Province, where the Jesuits had once had most of their plantations. For years, the status of largest producer shifted between Brazil and Argentina.[39]

Now, Brazil is the largest producer, with 53%, followed by Argentina, 37% and Paraguay, 10%.[7][40]

In the city of Campo Largo, state of Paraná, Brazil, there is a Mate Historic Park (Portuguese: Parque Histórico do Mate), funded by that state’s government, to educate people on the sustainable harvesting methods needed to maintain the integrity and vitality of the oldest wild forests of mate in the world. As of June 2014, however, the park is closed to public visitation.[41]

Nomenclature

The name given to the plant in Guaraní, language of the indigenous people who first cultivated and enjoyed mate, is ka’a, which has the same meaning as “herb”.[citation needed] Congonha, in Portuguese, is derived from the Tupi expression, meaning something like “what keeps us alive”, but a term rarely used nowadays. Mate is from the Quechua mati,[42] a word that means container for a drink, infusion of an herb, as well as gourd.[43] The word mate is used in both Portuguese and Spanish languages.

The pronunciation of yerba mate in Spanish is [ˈʝe̞rβ̞ä ˈmäte̞][42] The accent on the word is on the first syllable, not the second as might be implied by the variant spelling maté.[42] The word hierba is Spanish for “herb”; yerba is a variant spelling of it which was quite common in Argentina.[44] (Nowadays in Argentina yerba refers exclusively to the yerba mate plant.[44]) Yerba mate, therefore, originally translated literally as the “gourd herb”, i.e. the herb one drinks from a gourd.[citation needed]

The (Brazilian) Portuguese name for the plant is either erva-mate [ˈɛʁvɐ ˈmätʃi] (pronounced [ˈɛɾvɐ ˈmäte], [ˈɛɾvə ˈmätɪ] or [ˈɛɻvɐ ˈmätʃɪ] in the regions of traditional consumption, [ˈæə̯ʀvə ˈmäˑtɕ] in coastal, urban Rio de Janeiro), the most used term, or rarely congonha [kõˈɡõȷ̃ɐ], from Old Tupi kõ’gõi, which means “what sustains the being”.[45] The drinks it is used to prepare are chimarrão (hot), tereré (cold) or chá mate (hot or cold). While the chá mate (tea) is made with the toasted leaves, the other drinks are made with green leaves, and are very popular in the south and center-west of the country. Most people colloquially address both the plant and the beverage simply by the word mate.[12]

Both the spellings “mate” and “maté” are used in English, but the latter spelling is never used in either Spanish or Portuguese; in Spanish, maté means “I killed” as opposed to “gourd” (the similarly pronounced Portuguese matei also meaning “I killed”).[46] There are no variation of spellings in Spanish.[42] The addition of the acute accent over the final “e” was likely added as a hypercorrection, indicating that the word and its pronunciation are distinct from the common English word “mate“.[47][48][49][50][51][52]

According to both Spanish and Portuguese spelling rules, an acute accent in that position shifts the tonic syllable to the last one, whereas in both languages the word is pronounced with the first syllable as the tonic one. Additionally, in Portuguese it changes the pronunciation of a few vowels. (É being more open and never final unstressed /ɛ/, like ó /ɔ/ and á /a/, and ê being more closed /e/, like ô /o/ and â /ɐ/ – the usual pronunciation of the mate vowel is [i ~ ɪ ~ e], never [ɛ]; the standard in all regions where the Portuguese language is official is for unstressed vowels, particularly final ones, to be reduced, in the case of e through [i] in Brazil, here strongly palatalizing, and most of Africa, and [ɯ], or occasionally non-palatalizing [i], in Portugal, Cape Verde and Macau, among a few others.)

Use as a health food

 Mate softdrinks

Mate is consumed as a health food. Packages of yerba mate are available in health food stores and are frequently stocked in the large supermarkets of Europe, Australia and the United States. By 2013, Asian interest in the drink had seen significant growth and led to significant export trade.[53]

See also

History of yerba mate wikipedia


History of yerba mate

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
 

 Falkland gauchos having mate. Watercolour by Dale, manager of Hope Place – Saladero in the 1850s.

The history of yerba mate, that stretches back to pre-Columbian Paraguay, is marked by a rapid expansion in harvest and consumption in the Spanish South American colonies but also by its difficult domestication process, which even if discovered in the mid 17th century had to be rediscovered later when production was industrialized around 1900.

The consumption of yerba mate became widespread in the Spanish colony of Paraguay in the late 16th century both among Spanish settlers and indigenous Guaranís, who had to some extent consumed it before the Spanish arrival. Mate consumption spread in the 17th century to the Platine region and from there to Chile and Peru. This widespread consumption turned it into Paraguay’s main commodity above other wares like tobacco, and Indian labour was used to harvest wild stands. In the mid 17th century Jesuits managed to domesticate the plant and establish plantations in their Indian reductions in Misiones, sparking severe competition with the Paraguayan harvesters of wild stands. After the expulsion of the Jesuits in the 1770s their plantations fell into decay as did their domestication secrets. The industry continued to be of prime importance for the Paraguayan economy after independence, but development in benefit of the Paraguayan state halted after the Paraguayan War (1864–1870) which devastated the country both economically and demographically. Brazil became then the prime producer of yerba mate. In Brazilian and Argentine projects in late 19th and early 20th century the plant was domesticated once again opening the way for modern plantation systems. When Brazilian entrepreneurs turned their attention into coffee in the 1930s Argentina, that had long been the prime consumer, took over as the largest producer, resurrecting Misiones Province where the Jesuits had once had most of their plantations.

Early use

 Indigenous Guaraní (in picture) are known to have consumed yerba mate to some degree before the Spanish conquest of Paraguay.

Before the arrival of the Spanish the Guaraní people, indigenous to the area of natural distribution of the plant, are known to have consumed yerba mate at least for medicinal purposes.[1] Remnants of yerba mate have also been found in a Quechua tomb near Lima, Peru and has therefore been suggested to have been associated with prestige.[2][3] The first Europeans to establish themselves in the lands of the Guaranís and the yerba mate were the Spaniards that founded Asunción in 1537. The new colony developed with little commerce and contact from outside and which made the Spanish to establish fluid contacts beyond labour relationships with the local tribes. It is not clear exactly when Spaniards began to drink mate but it is known by late 16th century to be widely consumed.[1]

By 1596 the consumption of mate as a beverage had become so common in Paraguay that a member of the cabildo of Asunción wrote to governor of Río de la Plata Hernando Arias de Saavedra:

“the vice and bad habit of drinking yerba has spread so much among the Spaniards, their women and children, that unlike the Indians that are content to drink it once a day they drink it continuously and those who do not drink it are very rare.”

The same author of the letter went on to claim that Spanish settlers sold their clothing, weapons and horses or fell into debt to obtain yerba mate.[4]

Spread across South America (1600–1650)

 Map showing natural distribution area of yerba mate as well as important colonial settlements and the principal water ways: areas with Jesuit missions are marked with “J”. The borders are those of the modern countries.

In early 17th century, yerba mate had become the chief export of the Guaraní territories, above sugar, wine and tobacco, which had previously dominated.[5] The Governor of Río de la Plata, Hernando Arias de Saavedra, turned in the beginning of the 17th century against the burgeoning mate industry due to beliefs that it was an unhealthy bad habit and that too much of the Indian workforce was consumed in it. He ordered to end the production in the governorate and at the same time sought approval from the Spanish Crown, which rejected the ban, as did also the people involved in production who never complied with the order.[4] In contrast to other alkaloid rich cash crops found by Europeans in the Age of Discovery like cocoa and coffee, yerba mate was not a domesticated species and came to be exploited from wild stands long into the 19th century,[6] although the Jesuits domesticated it first in the mid 17th century.

Up to 1676, during the rise of the industry, the main production centre of yerba mate was the Indian town of Maracayú northeast of Asunción. In Maracayú, amid forests rich in yerba mate, settlers from Asunción dominated production. Maracayú came however to be the place of long-standing conflict when settlers from the towns of Villa Rica del Espíritu Santo and Ciudad Real del Guayrá begun to move into the Maracayú area that the old settlers regarded as theirs. In the 1630 the conflict escalated when settlers from Villa Rica and Ciudad Real del Guayrá and the Jesuit missions of Guairá had to flee over to the Maracayú area due to attacks from Portuguese settlers from São Paulo. In the Maracayú area the new settlers made mate their main income source sparking a conflict with the settlers of Asunción which only ended in 1676 when the Portuguese settlers made another push making Maracayú a rather exposed borderland zone. The settlers of Maracaýu relocated to the south forming the modern city of Villarrica and transformed their new lands into the new centre of the mate industry.[7]

The conflict between the old and the new settlers in Maracayú coincided with the spread of consumption of mate beyond the colony of Paraguay, first to the trade hub of Río de la Plata and from there to Upper Peru (Bolivia), Lower Peru, Ecuador and Chile,[4] becoming an important commodity in many cities of colonial South America.[8] During the course of the 17th century, taxes on mate became an important revenue source in Paraguay, Santa Fé and Buenos Aires and became heavily taxed: Some of the taxes applied were the tithe, alcabala and municipal taxes through the cities where it passed. In 1680 the Spanish Crown imposed a special tax on yerba mate aimed to finance Buenos Aires defence works and garrison.[8]

The shift southward to Villarrica of the production led Asunción to lose position as the sole hub of export downstream to Santa Fe and Buenos Aires. When production was centred in Maracayú transport down Paraná River was difficult and therefore the yerba was bought through Jejuy River to Asunción on Paraguay River[9] which was navigable all the way down to Río de la Plata. The local government of Asunción tried unsuccessfully to have all mate produced north of Tebicuary River to pass through the city, but the Villarrica settlers as well as the Spanish Crown largely ignored the complaints of the Asunción government.[9]

Jesuit era and domestication (1650–1767)

 Location of the most important Jesuit reductions in Argentina, Brazil and Paraguay, with present political divisions.

The Jesuits began in the late 16th century to establish a series of reduction settlements in the lands of the Guaraní people to convert them to Catholicism. The Jesuit missions had a high degree of autarky but needed coins to pay taxes and acquire products they could not produce.[1] While in the early 17th century Jesuits had supported governor Hernando Arias de Saavedra‘s ban on yerba mate production, they became by mid-17th century severe competitors to the harvesters of the land north of Tebicuary River who had had a practical monopoly on the product.[5][10] In 1645 the Jesuits had successfully requested the Spanish Crown to be allowed to produce and export yerba mate.[10] The Jesuits initially followed the normal production procedure by sending thousands of Guaranís out into long journeys to the swamps where the best trees grew to harvest naturally occurring stands, where many Indians fell ill or died.[10] From the 1650s to the 1670s the Jesuits succeeded in domesticating the plant,[6] something that contemporaries had found extremely difficult.[10] The Jesuits kept the domestication a secret. It apparently involved feeding the seed to birds or emulating the passing of the seeds through the digestive system of a bird.[3] The Jesuits gained a series of commercial advantages over their competitors in the Tebacuary region. Apart from their successful domestication and establishment of plantations, their missions were closer to the important trade hubs of Santa Fé and Buenos Aires and they succeeded in obtaining exemptions from the tithe, alcabala, and the additional tax established in 1680.[11] These privileges caused a conflict with the Paraguayan cities of Asunción and Villarrica that accused the Jesuits of flooding the Platine market with cheap yerba mate, and led to the imposition of limits for the Jesuit exports,[12] which they nevertheless exceeded, so that at the time of the expulsion of the Order they exported four times the amount they were legally allowed.[3] The Jesuits did not, officially, sell mate for profit beyond covering basic necessities and taxes, and accused the Paraguayans of causing prices to drop, adding that their yerba mate was preferred by merchants not due its price but due to its better quality.[12]

Due to the shortage of coins yerba mate along with honey, maize, and tobacco were used as currencies in the Jesuit reductions.[13]

Expansion (1767–1870)

 Lithograph of José Gaspar Rodríguez de Francia, a 19th-century ruler of Paraguay, with a mate and its respective bombilla.

After the suppression of the Society of Jesus in 1767 the production and importance of mate producing regions which had been dominated by Jesuits began to decline.[2][6] Excessive exploitation of Indian labour in the plantations led to decay in the industry and the scattering of Guaranís living in the missions.[3][6] With the fall of the Jesuits and the mismanagement by the crown and the new entrepreneurs that had taken over Jesuit plantations Paraguay gained an unrivalled position as the main producer of yerba mate. The plantation system of the Jesuits did however not prevail and mate continued chiefly to be harvested from wild stand through the 18th and most of the 19th century. Concepción in Paraguay, founded in 1773, became a major port of export since it had a huge hinterland of untouched stands of yerba mate north of it. As part of the Bourbon Reforms free trade within the Spanish Empire was allowed in 1778. This and a tax reform in 1780 lead to increased trade in Spanish South America which benefited the mate industry.[6] In the 1770s the habit of drinking mate reached as far as Cuenca, in present day Ecuador.[6]

During the colonial period in Europe, mate failed to be accepted like cocoa, tea and coffee. In 1774 the Jesuit José Sánchez Labrador wrote that mate was consumed by “many” in Portugal and Spain and that many in Italy approved of it.[3] In the 19th century yerba mate attracted the attention of the French naturalists Aimé Bonpland and Augustin Saint-Hilaire who, separately, studied the plant. In 1819 the latter gave yerba mate its binomial nomenclature: Ilex Paraguariensis.

After independence, Paraguay was to lose its pre-eminence as top producer to Brazil and Argentina,[14] although Argentina went into a mate crisis. At independence, Argentina inherited both the largest mate-consuming population in the world as well as Misiones Province where most of the Jesuit missions had been and where the industry was in decay. The decline of production in Argentina relative to the constant increase in demand lead Argentina in the mid-19th century to depend heavily on its neighbors for supply. Yerba mate came to be imported to Argentina from the Paraná highlands in Brazil. This Yerba mate was labelled Paranaguá after its shipping port.[2]

In Paraguay, yerba mate continued to be a major cash crop after independence but the foci of industry shifted away from the mixed plantations and wild stands of Villarrica, north to Concepción in late colonial times and then by 1863 to San Pedro.[15] During the rule of Carlos Antonio López (1844–1862), the yerba mate business was managed by the military commanders of the district, who could harvest yerba mate as a state enterprise or give concessions. The onset of the Paraguayan War (1864–1870) caused a sharp drop in the harvesting of yerba mate in Paraguay, estimated at 95% between 1865 and 1867, caused by enrolment.[15] It has been reported that during the war soldiers from all sides consumed yerba mate to calm the hunger and the combat anxiety.[3] After the Paraguayan War against Brazil, Argentina and Uruguay, Paraguay was demographically as well as economically ruined and foreign entrepreneurs came to control the yerba mate production and industry in Paraguay.[15] The 156.415 km2 lost by Paraguay in the war to Argentina and Brazil were mostly rich in yerba mate production.[15]

In Chile, where the habit of drinking mate had taken firm ground during colonial times, its popularity gave way after independence to drinks popular in Europe, coffee and tea that entered the country through its increasingly busy ports.[3] The spread of tea and coffee consumption in Chile, to the detriment of mate, began in the upper classes. The first coffee shop in Chile appeared in Santiago in 1808. German botanist Eduard Friedrich Poeppig described in 1827 a wealthy family in Chile where the old people drank yerba mate with bombilla while the younger preferred Chinese tea. The trend of decreasing mate consumption was noticed in 1875 by the British consul Rumbold who said that “imports of Paraguayan tea” were “steadily falling off”. Yerba mate was overall cheaper (price per kilo from 1871 to 1930) than tea and coffee and it remained popular in rural areas of Chile.[16]

Industrialization and spread to the Levant (1870–1950)

 Ukrainian immigrants harvest yerba mate in 1920. Despite its relative inhospitability, Misiones attracted considerable European immigration.

With the devastation of Paraguay and insignificant Argentine production, by the end of the 19th century Brazil became the leading producer of yerba mate.[3] In the 1890s yerba mate plantations regained prominence in the markets when plantations began to be developed in Mato Grosso do Sul.[3][6]

In the early 20th century Argentine production began to recover, rising from less than 1 million kg in 1898 to 20 million kg in 1929 in Misiones Province.[2] In the first half of the 20th century Argentina ran a state programme to populate Misiones Province and kick-start a mate industry. Family-sized parcels of land in Misiones were given to foreign settlers, most of them from Central and Eastern Europe.[17] In the 1930s Brazil changed from mate to coffee production, as it gave more income, leaving the resurrected Argentine industry as the biggest producer,[3] which benefited the Argentine economy as it was also the largest consumer of mate.

Syrian and Lebanese immigrants to Argentina spread the habit of drinking mate to their homelands, where it became particularly associated with the Druze.[3]

this pressed: What does “Schlong” means anyway?


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this pressed for Justice: Fara cuvinte — David Simpson (@davidiansimpso3) December 24, 2015


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this pressed for our soul: Where Christ Drove Demons into Sea: Archeological Proof


MOREby Thomas D. Williams, Ph.D.17 Dec 2015373Evidence has been uncovered corroborating the site of one of Jesus’ most powerful and dramatic miracles: the casting out of demons into a herd of swine in the land of the Gadarenes (or Gerasenes). Israeli archaeologists have unearthed a 1,500-year-old marble slab with Hebrew inscriptions near Kursi, the spot traditionally associated with the miracle of Christ’s banishment of demons into a herd of swine. Archeologists believe the slab to be a commemoration tablet dating from around 500 AD. The inscription in Hebrew begins with the words “Remembered for good. ”The biblical description of the miracle is one of the most evocative in the entire Gospel. Recounted by Matthew, Mark, and Luke with different nuances, the Gospels depict Jesus in one of His most direct confrontations with Satan.  Mark describes the possessed man as fiercely strong and dangerous. Local citizens had tried in vain to restrain him with shackles and chains, but he broke them to pieces. The man lived among the tombs, howling night and day and gashing himself with stones. He terrified the people so much that no one dared go near. On seeing Jesus approach, the man ran and bowed down before him, while the demons inside him howled and begged Jesus not to torment them.Jesus, meanwhile, was ordering them, “Come out of the man, you unclean spirit! ”When Jesus commanded the demons to identify themselves, they replied, “My name is Legion; for we are many. ”Jesus then cast the demons into a herd of about 2,000 swine grazing on a nearby hillside. The pigs rushed headlong down the steep bank into the sea, where they drowned, to the utter amazement and shock of the townspeople.The healed demoniac, now clothed and in his full senses, begged Jesus to take him back with him, but Jesus told him to stay and proclaim the mercy of God to his family and friends.  The University of Haifa researchers found the marble on the eastern shores of the Sea of Galilee, in Kursi, the historically Gentile district of the Decapolis.  On the slab, scientists also identified the words “amen” and “marmaria,” which could refer to marble or to Mary, Jesus’ mother.Kursi has been identified in Christian tradition with Gadarenes, where the Miracle of the Swine took place. In the fifth and sixth centuries, a Christian church was built to mark the spot of the biblical location but was destroyed by invading Persians in 614 AD and, after being rebuilt, was demolished by fire shortly afterward. The site remained abandoned for most of the following 1,300 years. The church was lost to history until it was uncovered by accident during the building of a new road in 1970. Archaeological excavations continued at the site from 1970-74.  Around the vicinity of the church, caves are still visible, and there is a mountain that drops down into the sea, such as described in the biblical account.Christ’s trip to the land of the Gadarenes (Kursi) was one of his rare visits to Gentile territory, which also explains the presence of the herd of pigs, which was forbidden to the Jews. Jesus Himself had said that He was sent only “to the lost sheep of the house of Israel.”Celebrated Christian apologist Steve Ray, a frequent visitor to Kursi who often leads groups through biblical sites in the Holy Land, told Breitbart News that since Kursi had the largest monastery in Israel, it was obviously held in high esteem by the first Christians. “The early Judeo-Christians remembered the places and events surrounding the life of Christ, and as soon as Christianity was legalized, churches were built on these different sites,” he said. “The more archaeology uncovers,” Ray said, “the more the Bible is confirmed.”Follow Thomas D. Williams on Twitter @tdwilliamsrome.Read More Stories About:Big Government, National Security, Faith, Israel, Bible, satan, Jesus Christ, exorcism, demons, Kursi, archeology, Gadarenes, Gerasenes

Source: Where Christ Drove Demons into Sea: Archeological Proof

this pressed for our spirit!: Orthodox Rabbis Issue Groundbreaking Declaration Affirming ‘Partnership’ With Christianity


MOREA group of prominent Orthodox rabbis in Israel, the United States and Europe have issued a historic public statement affirming that Christianity is “the willed divine outcome and gift to the nations” and urging Jews and Christians to “work together as partners to address the moral challenges of our era.”“Jesus brought a double goodness to the world,” the statement reads. “On the one hand he strengthened the Torah of Moses majestically” and on the other hand “he removed idols from the nations,” instilling them “firmly with moral traits.
”This year 2015 marks the 50th anniversary of Nostra Aetate, the declaration issued in 1965 by the Second Vatican Council, which marked a watershed in Jewish-Christian relations.In language unusual for its day, Nostra Aetate stated that “God holds the Jews most dear,” stressed the great “spiritual patrimony common to Christians and Jews,” and condemned “hatred, persecutions, displays of anti-Semitism, directed against Jews at any time and by anyone.”Now, a group of Jewish leaders has responded in kind, expressing their desire to accept “the hand offered to us by our Christian brothers and sisters.”

“Christians are congregations that work for the sake of heaven who are destined to endure, whose intent is for the sake of heaven and whose reward will not denied,” the text reads. The statement bears the title, “To Do the Will of Our Father in Heaven: Toward a Partnership between Jews and Christians,” and is signed by over 25 prominent Orthodox rabbis, who invite fellow Orthodox rabbis to join in signing the statement. “Now that the Catholic Church has acknowledged the eternal Covenant between G-d and Israel, we Jews can acknowledge the ongoing constructive validity of Christianity as our partner in world redemption, without any fear that this will be exploited for missionary purposes,” it says.

Echoing recent words by Pope Francis, the document states:

“We are no longer enemies, but unequivocal partners in articulating the essential moral values for the survival and welfare of humanity.”“Neither of us can achieve G-d’s mission in this world alone,” it says.

According to Rabbi Shlomo Riskin, one of the statement’s initiators, the “real importance of this Orthodox statement is that it calls for fraternal partnership between Jewish and Christian religious leaders, while also acknowledging the positive theological status of the Christian faith.”“This proclamation’s breakthrough is that influential Orthodox rabbis across all centers of Jewish life have finally acknowledged that Christianity and Judaism are no longer engaged in a theological duel to the death and that Christianity and Judaism have much in common spiritually and practically. Given our toxic history, this is unprecedented in Orthodoxy.” said Rabbi Dr. Eugene Korn, Academic Director of CJCUC.Follow Thomas D. Williams on Twitter @tdwilliamsromeRead More Stories About:National Security, Faith, Breitbart Jerusalem, Vatican, Pope Francis, Christianity, Catholic Church, Judaism, Nostra Aetate, Jewish-Christian relations, orthodox rabbis

Source: Orthodox Rabbis Issue Groundbreaking Declaration Affirming ‘Partnership’ With Christianity

this pressed: How Enrique Marquez fit into the San Bernardino killers’ network of interest — Post Graphics (@PostGraphics) December 18, 2015


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this pressed For our confusing: The Fed Should Clean Up Excess Reserve Rather Than Raise Rates | Foreign Affairs


For the Fed, Mop Not HikeCleaning Up Excess Reserves Rather Than Raising RatesBy Richard C. KooBy the most recent forecast, the U.S. Federal Reserve is set to raise interet rates on December 16. That it’s happening in the midst of a global economic slowdown is bad news for markets and economies around the world. Even China’s yuan, which had remained stable alongside the strengthening U.S. dollar until recently, had to decouple from it in August to bolster the country’s faltering export industries; it was another decision that shook markets worldwide.Federal Reserve Chair Janet Yellen has been warning of the coming interest rate hike for some time now. She wanted to sound the alarm sooner rather than later because the Fed has injected some $2.5 trillion in excess reserves—17.6 times more than the statutory reserves needed to support the present level of U.S. money supply and lending activity. When a central bank has created such an unprecedented degree of liquidity, particularly with the U.S. economy doing relatively well, inflation could accelerate much sooner than in the past once the private sector is ready to borrow money again. That could force the Fed into an abrupt tightening, which could be very damaging to the market and the economy. The Fed must also avoid creating the impression of being behind the curve on inflation lest it trigger a bond market crash that could send long-term interest rates rocketing.Kevin Lamarque / ReutersU.S. Federal Reserve Chair Janet Yellen testifies before the Senate Banking Committee on Capitol Hill in Washington, July 15, 2014.In spite of the United States’ relatively strong economy, inflation remained subdued because the private sector still maintained a financial surplus of over six percent of GDP, at least through the year ending in the third quarter of 2015, according to the flow of funds data. This is worrying because it means that the private sector continued to save in spite of zero interest rates, a disturbing trend that began when Lehman Brothers collapsed in 2008. It also indicates that businesses and households are still recovering their balance sheets, which may have been hurt when the housing bubble burst in 2008. Their refusal to borrow means that the liquidity injected by the Fed remained with the financial institutions that received them and has not entered the real economy.The fact that the private sector as a whole is still saving money at zero interest rates is worrying because both Japan in 2000 and Europe in 2011 tried to raise rates under similar conditions but were ultimately forced to take them back to zero. In both cases, the economies turned out to be much weaker than some macro indicators had suggested.The Fed’s need to appear vigilant against inflation while facing a still weak global economy suggests that it should reverse the order of monetary policy normalization set forth in September 2014. At that time, it was decided to raise interest rates first before draining excess reserves because the market is more familiar with rate hikes, while a reserve-draining operation would be the first in history and might create unpredictable disruptions.Since the Fed’s September announcement, however, the dollar has skyrocketed and oil prices have collapsed. This means that inflation is likely to stay subdued, undermining the rationale behind rate hikes.Toru Hanai / ReutersA man is reflected on an electronic board displaying exchange rates, August 11, 2010.Meanwhile, reserve-draining operations generally require the Fed to sell bonds. Although that would tend to push bond prices lower and yields higher, the Bank of Japan’s decision in October 2014 to expand its liquidity injections and the European Central Bank’s decision to do so earlier this year have pushed interest rates in many countries to zero or subzero levels. That move boosted Japanese and European investors’ demand for higher-yielding dollar bonds.This means the Fed has the perfect opportunity right now to sell bonds to drain excess reserves—there is robust overseas demand for U.S. bonds, plenty of domestic savings (at least according to the flow of funds data) to absorb the bonds unloaded by the Fed, and a strong dollar and cheap oil keeping inflation concerns in check. These factors all suggest that any pressures that drive down bond prices and drive up bond yields from a reserve mop-up operation are likely to be modest.In other words, the Fed should drain excess reserves first before raising interest rates. If bond yields do climb excessively because the Fed unloads the bonds, the Fed could always calm the markets by announcing an extension of the zero interest rate policy. When the market realizes that the Fed has this fallback option to keep short-term rates low, long-term interest rates (that is, bond yields) are not likely to go that much higher.Enjoy this free article from Foreign AffairsAll visitors get access to one full-length article each month. Register for free to continue readi

Source: The Fed Should Clean Up Excess Reserve Rather Than Raise Rates | Foreign Affairs

This Pressed for Reality Check: Turkish MP reveals that ISIS used Turkey to access sarin gas for chemical attack— David Icke (@davidicke) December 16, 2015


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this pressed: Republican debate: Tweeters mock Trump’s internet call – BBC News |(No WIFI PASSWORD FOR ISIS, Donald Trump)


As the candidates in Tuesday’s Republican debate grappled over how to tackle the growing threat of the Islamic State group (also known as Isis), Donald Trump calmly reassured them “the answer is simple”.Rather than focus on a bombing campaign in Syria, or sending in ground troops, the billionaire offered a more novel, technological strategy: to “close off areas of the internet”.”Isis is using the internet better than we are using the internet, and it was our idea,” the 69-year-old entrepreneur told the audience in Las Vegas.”We should be able to penetrate the internet and find out exactly where Isis is and everything about Isis. “We can do that if we use our good people.”And indeed, the good people of the internet were quick to offer their help:

Source: Republican debate: Tweeters mock Trump’s internet call – BBC News

this pressed for remembering: 10 Rankings That Tell Us Everything We Need to Know About Los Angeles in 2015 — L.A. Weekly (@LAWeekly) December 16, 2015


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