Tag Archives: Alcatraz Island

Today In History. What Happened This Day In History


SOMEWHERE IN TIME

SOMEWHERE IN TIME

Today In History. What Happened This Day In History

A chronological timetable of historical events that occurred on this day in history. Historical facts of the day in the areas of military, politics, science, music, sports, arts, entertainment and more. Discover what happened today in history.

Today in History
May 7

558   The dome of the church of St. Sophia in Constantinople collapses. Its immediate rebuilding is ordered by Justinian.
1274   The Second Council of Lyons opens in France to regulate the election of the pope.
1429   Joan of Arc breaks the English siege of Orleans.
1525   The German peasants’ revolt is crushed by the ruling class and church.
1763   Indian chief Pontiac begins his attack on a British fort in present-day Detroit, Michigan.
1800   Congress divides the Northwest Territory into two parts. The western part will becomes the Indiana Territory and the eastern section remains the Northwest Territory.
1824   Beethoven’s “Ninth Symphony” premiers in Vienna.
1847   The American Medical Association is formed in Philadelphia.
1862   Confederate troops strike Union troops at the Battle of Eltham’s Landing in Virginia.
1864   The Battle of Wilderness ends with heavy losses to both sides.
1877   Indian chief Sitting Bull enters Canada with a trail of Indians after the Battle of Little Big Horn.
1915   The German submarine U-20 torpedoes the passenger ship Lusitiania, sinking her in 21 minutes with 1,978 people on board.
1937   The German Condor Legion arrives in Spain to assist Fransico Franco’s forces.
1942   In the Battle of the Coral Sea, Japanese and American navies attack each other with carrier-launched warplanes. It is the first time in the history of naval warfare where two fleets fought without seeing each other.Two crucial battles in 1942 marked the turning point of the war in the Pacific.
1943   The last major German strongholds in North Africa–Tunis and Bizerte–fall to Allied forces.
1945   Germany signs an unconditional surrender, effectively ending World War II in Europe.
1952   In Korea, Communist POWs at Koje-do riot against their American captors.
1954   French troops surrender to the Vietminh at Dien Bien Phu.
1958   Howard Johnson sets an aircraft altitude record in F-104.
1960   Leonid Brezhnev becomes president of the Soviet Union.
Born on May 7
1812   Robert Browning, English poet.
1833   Johannes Brahms, German composer.
1840   Peter Ilich Tchaikovsky, Russian composer.
1870   Marcus Loew, film executive, consolidated studios to create MGM.
1892   Josip Broz [Tito], leader of Yugoslavia during after World War II.
1892   Archibald MacLeish, American poet and statesman.
1901   Gary Cooper, film actor (High Noon, Friendly Persuasion).
1909   Edwin Herbert Land, inventor of the Poloroid Land Camera.
1919   Eva (Evita) Perón, first lady of Argentina.
1932   Jenny Joseph, English poet and novelist (The Thinking Heart, The Inland Sea).
1943   Peter Carey, Australian writer (Illywhacker, Oscar and Lucinda).

– See more at: http://www.historynet.com/today-in-history#sthash.nPmBqJGM.dpuf

On This Day in 1962: Three prisoners escape from Alcatraz


 

Alcatras

Alcatras (Photo credit: bigbear3001)

 

On This Day in 1962: Three prisoners escape from Alcatraz

 

Three criminals escape from the notoriously fearsome island prison in one of the cleverest breakouts ever concocted. Their bodies will never be found. Also on this day:

 

1919: First Triple Crown champ

 

1955: Worst auto racing disaster

 

1963: JFK proposes Civil Rights Act

 

 

 

THIS DAY IN THE YESTERYEAR: ALCATRAZ CLOSES (1963)


Alcatraz Closes (1963)

Alcatraz, a rocky island in western California‘s San Francisco Bay, served as a federal prison housing the country’s most dangerous criminals from 1934 to 1963. It became a National Recreation Area in 1972, and by the mid-1990s, it was attracting almost a million visitors a year. Nicknamed “The Rock,” Alcatraz was a symbol of the impregnable maximum security fortress prison. During its 29 years of operation, 34 prisoners attempted escapes, but only three may have succeeded. Who were they? More… Discuss

 

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TODAY’S BIRTHDAY: ALPHONSE “AL” CAPONE (1899)


Alphonse “Al” Capone (1899)

Chicago in the 1920s was a city of vice, corruption, and murder, with gangster leader Capone at the forefront. During Prohibition, Capone operated and organized speakeasies, and his control soon extended to gambling, brothels, and politics. “Scarface” Capone had his rivals murdered, and he forcibly controlled election results throughout Chicago. At the peak of his power, he was arrested—ironically—for tax evasion. He served time in the new Alcatraz prison before being released for what reason? More…

 

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