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Mozart – Piano Sonata No. 11 in A, K. 331 (Alla Turca): make music part of your life series


Mozart – Piano Sonata No. 11 in A, K. 331 (Alla Turca)

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Mozart Piano Sonata No 11 K 331 A major ‘Turkish March’ Aldo Ciccolini


From Wikipedia:
 
“Alla Turca” redirects here. For the general Turkish-inspired trend in European Music so called, see Turkish music (style).
The Piano Sonata No. 11 in A major, K. 331 (300i), by Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart is a piano sonata in three movements. It is uncertain where and when Mozart composed the sonata; however, Vienna or Salzburg around 1783 is currently thought to be most likely (Paris and dates as far back as 1778 have also been suggested).

All of the movements are in the key of A major or A minor; therefore, the work is homotonal. A typical performance of this entire sonata takes about 20 minutes[1]

  1. Andante grazioso – a theme with six variations
  2. Menuetto – a minuet and trio
  3. Alla Turca – Allegretto

The last movement, “Alla Turca”, popularly known as the “Turkish Rondo”, is often heard on its own and is one of Mozart’s best-known piano pieces; it was Mozart himself who titled the rondo “Alla Turca”.[2] It imitates the sound ofTurkish Janissary bands, the music of which was much in vogue at that time. Various other works of the time imitate this Turkish style, including Mozart’s own opera Die Entführung aus dem Serail. In Mozart’s time, the last movement was sometimes performed on pianos built with a “Turkish stop“, allowing it to be embellished with extra percussion effects.

The theme of the first movement was used by Max Reger in one of his best known works, the Variations and Fugue on a Theme by Mozart (1914) for orchestra.

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