Tag Archives: aram khachaturian

make music part of your life: Aram Khachaturian – Lezginka from Gayane


Aram Khachaturian – Lezginka from Gayane

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Khachaturian in 1971

signature written in ink in a flowing script

Aram Il’yich Khachaturian (/ˈærəm ˌkɑːəˈtʊəriən/;[1] Russian: Арам Ильич Хачатурян; Armenian: Արամ Խաչատրյան, Aram Xačatryan;[A] Armenian pronunciation: [ɑˈɾɑm χɑt͡ʃʰɑt(ə)ɾˈjɑn]; 6 June 1903 – 1 May 1978) was a Soviet Armenian composer and conductor. He is considered one of the leading Soviet composers.[2][3]

Born and raised in Tbilisi, the multicultural capital of Georgia, Khachaturian moved to Moscow in 1921 following the Sovietization of the Caucasus. Without prior music training, he enrolled in the Gnessin Musical Institute, subsequently studying at the Moscow Conservatory in the class of Nikolai Myaskovsky, among others. His first major work, the Piano Concerto (1936), popularized his name within and outside the Soviet Union. It was followed by the Violin Concerto (1940) and the Cello Concerto (1946). His other significant compositions include the Masquerade Suite (1941), the Anthem of the Armenian SSR (1944), three symphonies (1935, 1943, 1947), and around 25 film scores. Khachaturian is best known for his ballet music—Gayane (1942) and Spartacus (1954). His most popular piece, the “Sabre Dance” from Gayane, has been used extensively in popular culture and has been covered by a number of musicians worldwide.[4] His style is “characterized by colorful harmonies, captivating rhythms, virtuosity, improvisations, and sensuous melodies.”[5]

During most of his career, Khachaturian was approved by the Soviet government and held several high posts in the Union of Soviet Composers from the late 1930s, although he joined the Communist Party only in 1943. Along with Sergei Prokofiev and Dmitri Shostakovich, he was officially denounced as a “formalist” and his music dubbed “anti-people” in 1948, but was restored later that year. After 1950 he taught at the Gnessin Institute and the Moscow Conservatory, and turned to conducting. He traveled to Europe, Latin America and the United States with concerts of his own works. In 1957 Khachaturian became the Secretary of Union of Soviet Composers, a position he held until his death.

Khachaturian was the most renowned Armenian composer of the 20th century[6] and the author of the first Armenian ballet music, symphony, concerto, and film score.[B] While following the established musical traditions of Russia, he broadly used Armenian and to lesser extent, Caucasian, Eastern & Central European, and Middle Eastern peoples’ folk music in his works. He is highly regarded in Armenia, where he is considered a “national treasure”.[7]

Denunciation and restoration (1948)

 
Khachaturian in 1964

In mid-December 1947, the Department for Agitation and Propaganda (better known as Agitprop) submitted to Andrei Zhdanov, the secretary of the Communist Party’s Central Committee, a document on the “shortcomings” in the development of Soviet music. On 10–13 January 1948, a conference was held at the Kremlin in the presence of seventy musicians, composers, conductors and others who were confronted by Zhdanov:[35]

We will consider that if these comrades [Shostakovich, Prokofiev, Myaskovsky, Khachaturian, Kabalevsky and Shebalin] namely who are the principal and leading figures of the formalist direction in music. And that direction is fundamentally incorrect.

Thus, Khachaturian and other leading composers were denounced by the Communist Party as followers of the alleged formalism[10] (i.e. “[a type of] music that was considered too advanced or difficult for the masses to enjoy”)[3] and their music was dubbed “anti-people”.[36] It was the Symphonic Poem (1947), later titled the Third Symphony, that officially earned Khachaturian the wrath of the Party.[35][37] Ironically, he wrote the work as a tribute to the 30th anniversary of the October Revolution.[38] He stated: “I wanted to write the kind of composition in which the public would feel my unwritten program without an announcement. I wanted this work to express the Soviet people’s joy and pride in their great and mighty country.”[39]

Musicologist Blair Johnston believes that his “music contained few, if any, of the objectionable traits found in the music of some of his more adventuresome colleagues. In retrospect, it was most likely Khachaturian’s administrative role in the Union [of Soviet Composers], perceived by the government as a bastion of politically incorrect music, and not his music as such, which earned him a place on the black list of 1948.”[40] In March 1948,[20] Khachaturian “made a very full and humble apology for his artistic “errors” following the Zhdanov decree; his musical style, however, underwent no changes.”[40] He was sent to Armenia as a “punishment”,[10] and continued to be censured.[20] By December 1948,[20] he was “restored to favor later that year when he was praised for his film biography of Lenin”—Vladimir Ilyich Lenin (ru).[16]

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Aram Khachaturian – Masquerade: Waltz , make music part of your life series


Aram Khachaturian – Masquerade: Waltz

Nikolaj Rimski-Korsakov – The Invisible City of Kitezh , great compositions/performances


Nikolaj Rimski-Korsakov – The Invisible City of Kitezh

Boléro – Maurice Ravel – Münchner Philharmoniker – Sergiu Celibidache (VHS) , great compositions/performances


BoléroMaurice Ravel – Münchner Philharmoniker – Sergiu Celibidache (VHS)

Luigi Boccherini: Cello Concerto No.5 D major. G 478: great compositions/performances


Luigi Boccherini – Concerto for Violoncello and Orchestra No. 9, G. 482

 

Aram Khachaturian – Adagio of Spartacus and Phrygia: make music part of your life series


make music part of your life series: Aram Khachaturian: Spartacus – Ballet Suite No. 2


The monument of the composer Aram Khachaturian...

The monument of the composer Aram Khachaturian (1903 – 1978). http://www.armeniapedia.org/index.php?title=Aram_Khachaturian (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

[youtube.com/watch?v=ejJkB9De8Ek]

Aram Khachaturian: Spartacus – Ballet Suite No. 2

1. Adagio of Spartacus and Phrygia
2. Entrance of Merchants, Dance of a Roman Courtesan, General Dance 8:52
3. Entrance of Spartacus, Quarrel, Harmodius’ Treachery 13:15
4. Dance of the Pirates 19:21

Scottish National Orchestra
Neeme Järvi – conductor

Aram Khachturian Adagio Spartacus and Phrygia, SYOA, Sergey Smbatyan



State Youth Orchestra of Armenia 
Principal Conductor and Artistic Director Sergey Smbatyan

Aram Khachaturian – Adagio Spartacus and Phrygia from the Ballet “Spartacus”
Aram Khachaturian International Violin Competition 2010 

http://www.syoa.am
http://www.akhic.am

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Classical Music Mix – Best Classical Pieces Part II (2/2)


A mix with some of the best classical pieces in the world. Part II

Compositions name list:

00:00 – Amilcare Ponchielli – Dance of the Hours
05:20 – Bach – Tocata And Fugue In D Minor
12:03 – Beethoven – 5th Symphony (1st movement)
19:08 – Beethoven – 9th Symphony (Ode To Joy)
25:23 – Beethoven – Für Elise (piano version)
28:18 – Carl Orff – O Fortuna (Carmina Burana)
30:57 – Georges Bizet – Habanera
33:06 – Frederic Chopin – Funeral March
38:16 – Delibes – The Flower Duet (Lakmé)
42:49 – Edvard GriegIn the Hall of the Mountain King
45:17 – Franz Liszt – Hungarian Rhapsody No 2 (orchestra version)
55:48 – Georges Bizet – Les Toreadors
58:07 – Händel – Messiah – Hallelujah Chorus
1:02:08 – Mozart – Serenade No 13 (Allegro)
1:07:53 – Offenbach – Can Can
1:10:05 – Rossini – William Tell Overture
1:13:29 – Aram Khachaturian – Sabre Dance
1:15:53 – Tchaikovsky – 1812 Overture
1:24:19 – Tchaikovsky – Dance of the Sugar Plum Fairy
1:26:48 – Vivaldi – Four Seasons (spring)

 

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Fabulous Compositions: Aram Khachaturian – Spartacus – Adagio



Aram KhachaturianSpartacusAdagio
Performed by Vienna Philharmonic

 

Emmanuel Chabrier: L’ Étoile – Overture



Emmanuel Chabrier: L’ Étoile – Overture
Joseph Peyron, Lina Dachary, René Lenoty, Claudine Collart, Jean Christophe Benoit
Emmanuel Chabrier : L’ Étoile (1957), Volume 1

1. Emmanuel Chabrier: L’ Étoile – Overture

 

Aram Khachaturian: Spartacus – Ballet Suite No. 2 ( “a well known and often depended upon composition, of rare beauty”)



1. Adagio of Spartacus and Phrygia
2. Entrance of Merchants, Dance of a Roman Courtesan, General Dance 8:52
3. Entrance of Spartacus, Quarrel, Harmodius’ Treachery 13:15
4. Dance of the Pirates 19:21

Scottish National Orchestra
Neeme Järvi – conductor

Aram Khachaturian – “Sabre Dance” Director – Alexander Yakushev



Aram Khachaturian – “Sabre Dance” Director – Alexander Yakushev