Tag Archives: Auschwitz concentration camp

Today In History. What Happened This Day In History


Today In History. What Happened This Day In History

A chronological timetable of historical events that occurred on this day in history. Historical facts of the day in the areas of military, politics, science, music, sports, arts, entertainment and more. Discover what happened today in history.

February 9

1567   Lord Darnley, the second husband of Mary, Queen of Scots, is murdered his sick-bed in a house in Edinburgh when the house blows up.
1799   The USS Constellation captures the French frigate Insurgente off the West Indies.
1825   The House of Representatives elects John Quincy Adams, sixth U.S. President.
1861   Jefferson F. Davis is elected president of the Confederate States of America.
1864   Union General George Armstrong Custer marries Elizabeth Bacon in their hometown of Monroe, Mich.
1904   Japanese troops land near Seoul, Korea, after disabling two Russian cruisers.
1909   France agrees to recognize German economic interests in Morocco in exchange for political supremacy.
1916   Conscription begins in Great Britain as the Military Service Act becomes effective.
1922   The U.S. Congress establishes the World War Foreign Debt Commission.
1942   Chiang Kai-shek meets with Sir Stafford Cripps, the British viceroy in India.
1943   The Red Army takes back Kursk 15 months after it fell to the Germans.
1946   Stalin announces the new five-year plan for the Soviet Union, calling for production boosts of 50 percent.
1951   Actress Greta Garbo gets U.S. citizenship.
1953   The French destroy six Viet Minh war factories hidden in the jungles of Vietnam.
1964   The U.S. embassy in Moscow is stoned by Chinese and Vietnamese students.
1978   Canada expels 11 Soviets in spying case.
1994   Nelson Mandela becomes the first black president of South Africa.
Born on February 9
1773   William Henry Harrison, ninth U.S. President and the first to die in office.
1814   Samuel Tilden, philanthropist.
1819   Lydia E. Pinkham, patent-medicine maker and entrepeneur.
1846   William Maybach, German engineer, designed the first Mercedes automobile.
1871   Howard T. Ricketts, pathologist.
1874   Amy Lowell, poet.
1880   James Stephens, Irish writer (The Charwoman’s Daughter, The Crock of Gold).
1909   Dean Rusk, Secretary of State under presidents John F. Kennedy and Lyndon B. Johnson.
1923   Brendan Behan, Irish playwright and poet (The Hostage, The Quare Fellow).
1944   Alice Walker, Pulitzer prize winning author (The Color Purple).

– See more at: http://www.historynet.com/today-in-history#sthash.EIt8nuuR.dpuf

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Outer Space Treaty Signed (1967)


Outer Space Treaty Signed (1967)

The Outer Space Treaty represents the basic legal framework of international space law. It bans the stationing of weapons of mass destruction in outer space, exclusively limits the use of the Moon and other celestial bodies to peaceful purposes, holds countries responsible for any damage caused by the objects they launch, and forbids any government from claiming a celestial body, such as the Moon or a planet. The Moon Treaty was approved 12 years later but was considered a failure. Why? More… Discuss

Oskar Schindler


Oskar Schindler

A Catholic and a member of the Nazi party, Schindler became famous for his efforts to save Jews during the Holocaust. He rescued up to 1,200 Jews by employing them in his munitions factory, which was deemed essential to the war effort—though Schindler purposely produced faulty ammunition. After the Kraków ghetto was destroyed, he created a safe sub-camp at his factory and was later able to rescue some of his workers when they were misrouted to Auschwitz. What happened to him after the war? More… Discuss

TODAY’S BIRTHDAY: JOSEF MENGELE (1911)


Josef Mengele (1911)

Mengele, the “Angel of Death,” was an SS officer and doctor in the Nazi concentration camp Auschwitz. He supervised the selection of arriving transports of prisoners, determining who would be killed immediately and who would be a forced laborer. He also selected inmates to be test subjects in horrific experiments, during which they were frequently subjected to sterilization surgeries, limb amputations, injections into the eyes, and other brutal procedures. What became of Mengele after the war? More… Discuss

 

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THIS DAY IN THE YESTERYEAR: AUSCHWITZ IS LIBERATED (1945)


Auschwitz Is Liberated (1945)

During the implementation of Nazi Germany’s Final Solution, between 1.1 million and 1.5 million people, more than 90% of them Jews, were tortured, starved, and murdered at Auschwitz in southern Poland. The Third Reich’s largest death camp network, it consisted of three main camps and dozens of satellite camps. Soviet troops liberated Auschwitz on January 27, 1945, a day that is now commemorated as International Holocaust Remembrance Day. How had the Nazis tried to cover up their crimes there? More… Discuss

 

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Today’s Birthday: Saint Teresa Benedicta of the Cross – Edith Stein (1891)


Edith Stein (1891)

Born into an observant Jewish family, Stein converted to Christianity in 1922. After studying philosophy, she became a nun in 1934. She moved from Germany to the Netherlands to avoid Nazi persecution, but in 1942 she was arrested because of her Jewish heritage. She was sent to the Auschwitz concentration camp and died in the gas chamber that year. She was canonized by Pope John Paul II in 1998, and is also known as Saint Teresa Benedicta of the Cross. With what miracles is Stein credited? More… Discuss

Maximilian Kolbe


Maximilian Kolbe

Kolbe was a Polish priest who in 1941 was starved and killed by the Nazis in Auschwitz after volunteering to take the place of a condemned stranger. Ordained in 1918, he founded the City of Mary Immaculate religious center and was the director of Poland‘s chief Catholic publishing complex. He was arrested by the Gestapo in 1939 and again in 1941 on charges of aiding Jews and the Polish underground. He was canonized in 1982 and declared a martyr of charity. Who was the man whose life Kolbe saved? More… Discuss