Nicholas II, Czar of Russia, was forced to sign a document of abdication on March 16, 1917, after being brought down by political unrest and widespread starvation stemming from Russia’s staggering losses in WWI. The czar, his wife Alexandra, their four daughters and son Alexis, heir to the throne, were held prisoner by the Bolsheviks for several months at Tsarskoye Selo palace near Petrograd. This photograph shows Nicholas II under guard in the park at Tsarskoye Selo. In August 1917, the family was transported to distant Siberia to prevent any attempt to restore them to the throne. In July 1918, the entire royal family was executed by local Bolsheviks.
Photo: Library of Congress
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Tagged bolsheviks, Czar of Russia, heir to the throne, political unrest, Russia, staggering losses
The Bolshevik-backed Red Army, formed in the aftermath of the 1917 Russian Revolution, was named for the traditional color of the workers’ movement. After the subsequent Russian Civil War resolved in favor of the Bolsheviks and the Red Army, the iconic red flag of the USSR, identified with Communism, was adopted. Fighting against the Bolsheviks in the Revolution, and against the Red Army in the Civil War, was a movement named for a different color—the White Movement. Why white? More… Discuss