Tag Archives: Chech Baroque Composer

Jan Dismas Zelenka: Trio Sonata 1 in F major ZWV 181

3. Larghetto
4. Allegro assai 

Heinz Holliger (Oboe)
Maurice Bourgue (Oboe)
Klaus Thunemann (Bassoon)
Klaus Stoll (Double Bass)
Jonathan Rubin (Lute)
Christiane Jaccottet (Harpsichord)
Thomas Zehetmair (Violin)

 Jan Dismas Zelenka (baptised Jan Lukáš Zelenka; 16 October 1679 – 23 December 1745),[1] previously also known as Johann Dismas Zelenka, was the most important Czech baroque composer. His music is admired for its harmonic inventiveness and counterpoint.

Jan Dismas Zelenka memorial plaque in Louňovice pod Blaníkem,Czech Republic
Zelenka was born in Louňovice pod Blaníkem, a small market town southeast of Prague, in Bohemia. the eldest of the eight children born to Marie Magdalena (née Hájek) and Jiří Zelenka. The middle name Dismas is probably his confirmation name.[2] His father was a schoolmaster and organist there; nothing more is known with certainty about Zelenka’s early years. He received his musical training at the Jesuit college Clementinum in Prague.[3] His instrument was the violone (or bass viol). His first works, all oratorios, were written in his Prague student days.

Zelenka’s place of birth, at Louňovice pod BlaníkemCzech Republic, now marked only by a memorial plaque

Zelenka served Baron Hartig, the imperial governor resident in Prague, before his appointment as violone player in Dresden‘s royal orchestra around 1710. His emigration from Bohemia, for unknown reasons which have been speculated about, was most likely sudden. Some monographs give various personal reasons why he left, but the truth is still unknown. His first opus in Dresden was a Mass, the “Missa Sanctae Caeciliae” (c. 1711).[4]