Tag Archives: Conditions and Diseases

WHO Launches Program to Eliminate TB in 33 Rich Countries


WHO Launches Program to Eliminate TB in 33 Rich Countries

The burden of tuberculosis falls most heavily on poor countries, but the World Health Organization is hoping that programs targeting tuberculosis in wealthy nations will serve as a model that harder-hit countries will later be able to implement. Thirty-three rich countries are included in the new plan to reduce the tuberculosis infection rate 10-fold by 2035 and effectively eliminate it by 2050. Currently, these countries see about 155,000 new cases of tuberculosis each year, 10,000 of which prove fatal. More… Discuss

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What You Don’t Know Can’t Hurt You, Or Can It? (Not if by doing that, th patient decides to avoid certain agravatingactivities!)


What You Don’t Know Can’t Hurt You, Or Can It?

In medicine, early detection is a double-edged sword. It can mean the difference between life and death, but not always the way you might think. Being diagnosed with a medical condition can worsen a person’s perception of his own well-being, and poor self-rated health has been linked to a greater risk of death. When it comes to minor conditions or “pre-disease” states, giving a patient a diagnosis could potentially do more harm than good. More… Discuss

today’s birthday: Alois Alzheimer (1864)


Alois Alzheimer (1864)

Alzheimer was a German neuropathologist who first identified what is today called Alzheimer’s disease, a neurodegenerative disease found most commonly in people over age 65. He first observed it in his patient in 1901 and presented his findings after a postmortem examination of her brain in 1906. The diagnosis would soon be applied to patients the world over, and the disease is now recognized as the most common form of dementia. Alzheimer did not name the disease that bears his name. Who did? More… Discuss

just a thought: What good is an idea, if it survives its last brain that contemplatedit?


just a thought: “What good is an idea, if it survives its last brain that contemplated it?”
(George B ©always)

Sleep Promotes Learning through Synapse Formation (there are so many studies arriving to other conclusions: Why?)


Sleep Promotes Learning through Synapse Formation

Sleep has long been known to play a vital role in the learning process, but the precise science behind it was not fully understood. Using advanced microscopy, researchers were able to observe the formation of new synapses, or connections between nerve cells, in the brain and found that sleep-deprived subjects form fewer new connections than those allowed to sleep properly. Even intense, extended training on a task cannot make up for sleep deprivation. The findings suggest that sleep promotes the formation of new synaptic connections, thereby contributing to learning and memory formation. More… Discuss

Just a thought: “What”s known for thousands of years, is as true now than it was in the early history of mankind…who pays for all the sensational studies done to prove the mumankind commun sense wrong? and why?” (George B)

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this pressed: Multiple Myeloma: International Myeloma Foundation : • health professionals : imwg conference series : The IMWG Conference Series “Making Sense of Treatment” June 11, 2014


 

Multiple Myeloma: International Myeloma Foundation : • health professionals : imwg conference series : The IMWG Conference Series “Making Sense of Treatment” June 11, 2014.

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Rabies Still Claims Tens of Thousands of Lives Annually


Rabies Still Claims Tens of Thousands of Lives Annually

This may come as a surprise, but rabies still kills an estimated 55,000 people each year. This toll may seem high considering that a vaccine was developed more than a century ago, but the cost of prevention remains relatively high, and so the disease persists in poverty-stricken regions. Each year, more than 15 million people around the globe are treated for exposure to rabies. Experts argue that vaccinating animals is exponentially cheaper than treating people exposed after the fact, yet securing funding for such campaigns remains a challenge. More… Discuss

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WORD: mawkish


mawkish

Definition: (adjective) Excessively and objectionably sentimental.
Synonyms: bathetic, hokey, maudlin, schmaltzy, sentimental, mushy, drippy
Usage: His pathos is often exaggerated until it passes into mawkish sentimentality. Discuss.
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Just a thought: “For the state of affairs:……..but at least you’re not going to get scurvy…:


Just a Thought – “For the state of affairs: If life gives you lemons…you’re going to be hungry, and have a bitter-sour taste in your mouth all days and nights; but at  least you’re not going to get scurvy…”

This image shows a whole and a cut lemon.

This image shows a whole and a cut lemon. (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

 

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ARTICLE: Exercise Critical for Women’s Heart Health


Exercise Critical for Women’s Heart Health

Lack of exercise is the number one risk factor for heart disease in women over the age of 30. Inactivity surpasses even obesity, smoking, and high blood pressure as a risk factor, a fact that might come as a surprise to most women. This does not mean that these other factors should be ignored, but it does highlight the importance of incorporating physical activity into one’s daily routine. Exercising 30 to 45 minutes a day can cut a woman’s heart disease risk in half. More… Discuss

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Pomalidomide for Multiple Myeloma – National Cancer Institute


Pomalidomide for Multiple Myeloma – National Cancer Institute.

 

Otto Kahler

Otto Kahler (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

 

 

 

Multiple myeloma
Classification and external resources
Plasmacytoma ultramini1.jpg

Micrograph of a plasmacytoma, the histologiccorrelate of multiple myeloma. H&E stain
ICD10 C90.0
ICD9 203.0
ICD-O: M9732/3
OMIM 254500
DiseasesDB 8628
MedlinePlus 000583
eMedicine med/1521
MeSH D009101

 

Pomalidomide
Pomalidomide2DACS.svg
Systematic (IUPAC) name
4-Amino-2-(2,6-dioxopiperidin-3-yl)isoindole-1,3-dione
Clinical data
Trade names Imnovid, Pomalyst
Licence data EMA:LinkUS FDA:link
Pregnancy cat. (US)
Legal status POM (UK) -only (US)
Routes Oral
Pharmacokinetic data
Protein binding 12–44%
Metabolism Hepatic (mostly CYP1A2 andCYP3A4 mediated; some minor contributions by CYP2C19 andCYP2D6)
Half-life 7.5 hours
Excretion Urine (73%), faeces (15%)
Identifiers
CAS number 19171-19-8 Yes
ATC code L04AX06
PubChem CID 134780
ChemSpider 118785 
UNII D2UX06XLB5 
ChEMBL CHEMBL43452 
Chemical data
Formula C13H11N3O4 
Mol. mass 273.24 g/mol

 

 

 

 

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Keeping Busy, poetic thought by George B


Keeping Busy, poetic thought by George B

He had burned the candle at both ends,
then had added fire to its middle…
He broke afterward the two halves
and burned those ends…

Busy with keeping all these fires burning
he forgot what it was he was loosing sleep over,
what was so vital, more important than
the fundamental bodily function of regenerating through sleep…

So he finally went to bed and slept…

 He never woke up…

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Make Music Part of Your Life Series: Alexander Konstantinovich Glazunov, Les Ruses d’amour, Op. 61, Scene VII Grande Valse


NEWS: KEEP AN EYE ON YOUR SCREEN TIME


Keep an Eye on Your Screen Time

On average, according to a recent survey, adults spend nearly seven hours a day looking at various screens, and this could be putting them at increased risk of eye damage. Opticians are concerned that overexposure to the blue-violet light emitted by smartphonescomputer screens, tablets, TVs, and the like could increase people’s risk of developing macular degeneration, a leading cause of blindness in old age. While for many computers and mobile devices are an unavoidable part of modern life, opticians recommend we at least try to give our eyes regular breaks from looking at them. More… Discuss

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NEWS: POOR SLEEP LINKED TO ACHES AND PAINS


Poor Sleep Linked to Aches and Pains

A good night’s sleep could help keep you pain free. Then again, being in pain could prevent you from sleeping well. A recent study found that people over age 50 who suffer from sleep problems are almost twice as likely as those who sleep well to develop widespread pain. Poor sleep quality was the strongest predictor of pain studied, surpassing anxiety, osteoarthritis, cognitive impairment, and physical health, among other factors. Further investigation is needed to determine whether non-restorative sleep is a cause of widespread pain or vice versa. More… Discuss

 

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NEWS: TURN DOWN THE THERMOSTAT TO TRIM THE WAISTLINE (Or exercise, indoors, outdoors, to the same result!)


Turn Down the Thermostat to Trim the Waistline

A number of factors have been blamed for the obesity crisis gripping much of the industrialized world, and now researchers are adding indoor heating to the list. They say that heated buildings eliminate the need for the body to expend energy in order to keep warm, thereby reducing daily caloric burn. Other experts disagree, saying that cooler temperatures increase appetite, counteracting any caloric burn with an increased caloric intake. There is also some indication that cold indoor temperatures increase the risk of a stroke. More… Discuss

 

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NEWS: MUSIC VIDEO PROJECTS HELP YOUNG CANCER PATIENTS COPE


Music Video Projects Help Young Cancer Patients Cope

For most young people, writing a song and recording amusic video is mere fun, but for those battling cancer, it can prove therapeutic. Young cancer patients who worked with music therapists to write their own songs and then record them reported feeling more social support than those who simply listened toaudiobooks. They also coped with their cancer in more positive ways. Having cancer can be a socially isolating experience, but the process of expressing one’s feelings through music and video seems to improve patients’ outlook and make them feel more supported by family, friends, and medical professionalsMore… Discuss

 

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TODAY’S BIRTHDAY: Max Theiler (1899)


Max Theiler (1899)

Born in South Africa, Theiler moved to the US in 1922 and became known for his research on yellow fever, encephalomyelitis, and other tropical viruses. At a time when yellow fever outbreaks were plague-like—one epidemic alone wiped out 20,000 people—his team proved that the disease is caused by a virus, not bacteria. Theiler’s development of a safe and effective vaccine brought yellow fever under control, earning him the 1951 Nobel Prize in medicine. On what did he initially test his vaccine?More… Discuss

 

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WORD: CATERWAUL


caterwaul 

Definition: (verb) To cry or screech like a cat in heat.
Synonyms: yowl
Usage: Ever since the neighborhood strays chose my garden as the place to congregate and caterwaul, I have not had a sound night’s sleep. Discuss.

 

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WORD: WRETCH


wretch 

Definition: (noun) A person pitied for his misfortune.
Synonyms: poor devil
Usage: If the poor wretch waked in the flames and perished, no one cared.

 

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COLOR BLINDNESS: COLOR BLINDNESS


Color Blindness

People with color blindness are not blind in the most common sense of the word; their condition can perhaps be more accurately described as a color vision deficiency. Those who suffer from it tend to see colors in a limited range of hues—most commonly they are unable to distinguish red and green—while a rare few may not see colors at all. The condition is often genetic, but it can also be acquired through eye disease. When did the scientific community first acknowledge color blindness? More… Discuss

 

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Neil Young – Heart of Gold/Lyrics


I want to live,
I want to give
I’ve been a miner
for a heart of gold.
It’s these expressions
I never give
That keep me searching
for a heart of gold
And I’m getting old.
Keeps me searching
for a heart of gold
And I’m getting old.

I’ve been to Hollywood
I’ve been to Redwood
I crossed the ocean
for a heart of gold

I’ve been in my mind,
it’s such a fine line
That keeps me searching
for a heart of gold
And I’m getting old.
Keeps me searching
for a heart of gold
And I’m getting old.

Keep me searching
for a heart of gold
You keep me searching
for a heart of gold
And I’m getting old.
I’ve been a miner
for a heart of gold.

 

NEWS: TEST DEVELOPED TO PREDICT ALTITUDE SICKNESS VULNERABILITY


Test Developed to Predict Altitude Sickness Vulnerability

Most people who ascend to altitudes above 8,000 ft (2,400 m) gradually adapt to the reduced oxygen concentration and low atmospheric pressure, but some have a severe reaction that can be fatal unless they return to low altitude. Until now, there was no way of determining who would be vulnerable to altitude sickness, but researchers have developed a new test that seems to identify such individuals. At the moment, the test can only be administered after a person has spent at least four hours at high altitude, but the research team hopes to reduce this in the future. More… Discuss

 


Biorhythms

Biorhythms are recurring patterns of physiological states in an organism or organ. One example is the circadian rhythm that governs humans’ sleep-wake cycle as well as their blood pressure changes and urine production during a 24-hour period. Circannual rhythms are yearly cycles that respond to changes in the length of periods of daylight. Some people believe that biorhythms affect physical and mental states and behavior. Who thought that his students’ good and bad days followed a 33-day cycle? More… Discuss

 

TEEN ATHLETES TIGHT-LIPPED ABOUT BLOWS TO THE HEAD


Teen Athletes Tight-Lipped about Blows to the Head

Despite growing evidence of the dangers of returning to the field following a concussion, young US athletes remain reluctant to admit having suffered a head injury, often because they do not want to be benched or fail to grasp the seriousness of such an injury. Part of the problem is that there remains a lack of consensus about how to prevent concussions, or at the very least minimize risk, as well as how to treat them, how long it takes to recover from them, and what their long-term effects are. More… Discuss

 

AFTERNOON NAPS BOOST KIDS’ BRAINPOWER


Afternoon Naps Boost Kids’ Brainpower

Naptime for youngsters may be more valuable than we realize. Anyone involved in caring for a young child knows how far a nap can go in combating afternoon crankiness, but even more importantly, daytime sleep can also help kids learn. In a recent study, preschoolers appeared to better remember their lessons when put to sleep for an hour after lunch. Experts have long believed that sleep plays a role in the learning process, though they do not yet fully understand precisely how, and this study suggests that this holds true even in children as young as three. More… Discuss

 

Word: BELITTLE


belittle 

Definition: (verb) To represent or speak of as contemptibly small or unimportant; disparage.
Synonyms: denigratederogateminimize
Usage: Why should I bother trying to get good grades when all you do is belittle my achievements? Discuss.

 

Today’s Birthday: ELIZABETH KENNY (1880)


Elizabeth Kenny (1880)

After breaking her wrist as a young girl, Kenny developed an interest in medicine and eventually became a nurse. While treating polio victims in her native Australia, she devised a treatment using hot compresses and passive exercise that differed drastically from the usual approach of immobilization. Kenny later brought her controversial treatment to the US, where it was initially met with skepticism but was ultimately accepted. What actor attributes his recovery from polio to these treatments? More… Discuss

 

Just a Thought: To remember not the past…what a loss!


Just a Thought: “To remember not the past…what a loss!” 

 

Quotation: Jerome K. Jerome


How long the dawn seems coming when we cannot sleep!

Jerome K. Jerome (1859-1927) Discuss

 

DEPRESSION LARGELY UNTREATED IN HEAD AND NECK CANCER SURVIVORS


Depression Largely Untreated in Head and Neck Cancer Survivors

Cancer’s emotional toll does not always end when the disease is eradicated. Survivors of head and neck cancer in particular are at elevated risk for depression. This is not surprising, considering that treatments for these cancers often have physical side effects that lead to trouble swallowing and speaking and increase social isolation. Still, few actually seek treatment for their depression, and their risk of suicide is four times that of the general population. More… Discuss

 

“Christe, Qui Lux Est et Dies” by Byrd, translated with lyrics



Here’s another piece from 16th century English composer William Byrd, titled “Christe, Qui Lux Es et Dies” or “Christ, Who Art the Light and the Day,” with lyrics, performed by Stile Antico in 2007, and loosely translated by me. This video is from my blog, When Suffering Doesn’t Stop: Life with Chronic Pain at http://life-incessant.blogspot.com/.

 

Cancer Costs Becoming Unsustainable


Cancer Costs Becoming Unsustainable

About 12 million people are diagnosed with cancer each year, and that number is expected to more than double over the next two decades. At the same time, cancer treatment costs are rapidly rising, meaning cancer care is quickly becoming unaffordable in many developed countries. According to a recent report published by a team of international experts, most treatments have a substantial cost but a limited benefit. As such, they are calling upon policy-makers, doctors, patients groups, and the health industry to come together to find ways to mitigate the financial burden of cancer treatment. More… Discuss

American Diabetes Association _ Medicaid – Impact on the States


AmericanDiabetes Association _ Medicaid - Impact on the States

American Diabetes Association _ Medicaid - Impact on the States (click to read more from ADA)

 

For individuals with diabetes and prediabetes, access to adequate health insurance is critical to maintaining health, delaying onset of the disease and preventing complications associated with diabetes.

For nearly 3.5 million children, pregnant women, adults and seniors with diabetes, Medicaid provides vital and valuable access to care as families continue to cope with the difficult economic environment. (Source: http://www.diabetes.org/advocate/take-action/states/medicaids-impact-on-the.html?utm_source=Twitter&utm_medium=Post&utm_content=091411-medicaid&utm_campaign=WWW)

Today”s Birthday: Thomas Sydenham (1624)


Thomas Sydenham (1624)

Known as “the English Hippocrates,” Sydenham was a physician who advocated direct observation instead of theorizing to determine the nature of disease. His conceptions of the causes and treatments of epidemics and his classic descriptions of gout, smallpox, malaria, and other maladies established him as a founder of modern clinical medicine and epidemiology. He introduced laudanum as a medication, helped popularize the use of quinine in treating malaria, and described what “dancing” disease? More… Discuss

WEbMD_lowering Cholesterol SLideshow: 15 Tips for Avoiding Hart Disease


WebMD_Slideshow_ 15 Tips for Avoiding Heart Disease

WebMD_Slideshow_ 15 Tips for Avoiding Heart Disease

Type 2 Diabetes Pictures Slideshow: Learn the Warning Signs


Type 2 Diabetes Pictures Slideshow_ Learn the Warning Signs - MedicineNet

Type 2 Diabetes Pictures Slideshow_ Learn the Warning Signs - MedicineNet

There is no way around it: Daily exercise has to become part of who you are, even more so after you have been diagnosed with the big D (for Diabetes). No matter what medication, no matter how much of it, your health status will only worsen unless a battery of physical activities becomes part of your daily life and you may even start enjoying enough to make it a wonderful pastime.  The  earlier in the morning you exercise the better will influence the rest of the day. It is hard to face this reality, especially if the only exercise you have been practicing is at your fingertips (like in spending all that time on the computer, seated, slouching, straining your eyes, staring at a flat, two dimensional screen, just like you’re doing as you read this article: don’t get me wrong, thanks for reading so far, and to the end, but afterward, get up and stretch a little). As a rule:  The more sedentary lifestyle the more exercise you need, the more you’ll need to become more active.

No matter what you choose to do, all exercises have as foundation breathing (yes I know we are aerobic creatures, but how many of us still remember how we used to breathe when we were very young? I mean how many still breathe from the abdomen? Easy to check: place the palm of one hand on your abdomen and observe what happen to that hand while you’re breathing: If when you breathe out the abdomen compresses, than you know that you’re breathing more or less from your diaphragm, as you should. Start all exercises with an breath out, and relax upon breathing in. Breathe out while lowering your arms and breathe out as you raise them. walking is the best, natural way to increase your air intake, lung capacity, and the amount of carbon dioxide and water you eliminate at each exhalation. In addition walking help correcting your posture, balance, and endurance, while you start loosing weight. It is time to purchase a electronic scale, set your personal information, get a closer look at you numbers: Body mass index (BMI), weight, set a goal (such as lowering your weight (a pound a week) over let’s say three months. 

After a week or two you can start walking faster and faster, check your pulse, and stay within the comfort zone of being able to talk entire phrases without fatigue, slow down if you need to catch your breath in order to make longer sentences.
For indoors,  I prefer an elliptic equipment (cross country) with variable tension. I like to combine forward and backward rotation, which involves differently your arms and legs muscles. Start small steps, try and get 2-3 times a day on the equipment for few minutes: you can watch Tv, or listen to music while exercising; time will just fly by!
acknowledge the effort your body is making and think about how good it will feel knowing that it earned the apple is going to receive…yes start thinking that way, food can become a reward, healthy food (apples are great). Do not starve yourself, but eat smaller meals, and drink green tea (which is a great appetite suppressant, and helps digestion and muscle activity. It has much lesser caffeine than coffee, but unlike coffee is fat free).

Outdoors there are so many ways to exercise, one only has to make up one’s mind. I will invite you again to discover more about the outdoors.

All in moderation, and in full observance of the effect on your health can really add to the quality of your life when you need it most: In the later years.  

Diabetes and Hot Weather


If left in heat (in a car parked in the sun), the meter may need to be cooled down to become operational.


Every year many people with chronic health conditions are profoundly affected by weather extremes. you hear it on the news, especially during heatwaves, due to not only the intensity, but even more by the duration, sometime of weeks, when nights do not bring the much relief from the heat. To add to these conditions it in not uncommon to experience power failure and rollouts, due to extensive use of electricity. So what it a person suffering from diabetes to do in such situations? A heighten state of awareness is needed in order to be able to function with little or no impact it is critical to have your medicine (such as insulin) and your Blood Glucose meter and test strips sheltered from heat and humidity, for as long as possible. Insulated containers such as wide outlet thermos, double wall soup jars, and even insulated launch bags are best, once cooled to room temperature, and cold pack can provide for optimal storage.
Even when on the road, a soup jar can be easily carried so you have everything you need at hand. I like to drink my protein shake cold, while riding on my bike, so I do the following: I first cool the water to the point it starts making ice, I prepare my drink, and then I put it in the freezer (covered in the wet insulating pouch  for few minutes, until the water on the pouch freezes. As I ride the evaporation of that water keeps the bottle colder for hours.

But even room temperature water is irreplaceable when it comes to hydration. Some drink distilled water: Make sure the water you drink contains the mineral needed to make ir suitable for drinking (potable), as distilled water will dilute the electrolytes needed to function, making you even more susceptible to acute heat induced health conditions). When it comes to glucose: If you have diabetes, hypoglycemia (low blood sugar) can make you very sick or even kill you. Therefore always carry glucose tablets ON YOU (in your pocket, strapped on your belt, but on you). One tablet weighing 4 grams, will increase your blood glucose level in a matter of seconds, to safe levels.  Always remember to add tablets to your supply, as you use them. You can have hard candy, but don’t expect the same fast action.  

One very important thing, people forget when it comes to spending time outdoors: When your biking, and you have put 25 miles between you and the place you started, weather conditions may be a bit, or a lot different, so plan to have what you need for change in weather, precipitations, or a variation in heat,  which you may have to accommodate.  
Lastly: If you think tha brown sugar has lesser calories so therefore you can use it instead of bleached sugar, well, you’re wrong: It has the same amount of sugar!
To a large extend spending more time outdoors will help your medical condition, once you start earlier in the morning and exercise in a controlled environment (such as a park, with water fountains, facilities, diverse exercise equipment, An elastomeric track (if possible) and…Shade in summer and shelter in winter!)

There: Now what other excuses can you find to continue to be a cautch potato, while medicating your medication?

The sooner you start to control your medical condition, the more confident you’ll be to enjoy life as you were intended to!

Breath is a bridge between body and mind: Abdominal breathing is the most effective bridge


Brief descriptions: Below are brief descriptions of a broad range of breathing practices. These outlines give general descriptions, and are not intended to be complete instructions in doing the practices. To do the practices, it is important to have personal training, not merely relying on written words.

   Basics of breath 

Remember to build the foundation: First, you establish the basics of breathing. If you will quickly scan the topics listed in this section, immediately below, you will see that they are not so much breathing techniques as they are methods of establishing basic breath awareness, and elimination of irregularities. With breath training, one of the biggest mistakes is to skip the foundation, and go directly into the techniques themselves.

The science of breath
begins with awareness, 
and ends with awareness.

It begins and ends with awareness: Breath awareness is so important that, in a sense, you can say that the whole science of breath begins with awareness, and ends with awareness. Everything else, in the middle, is preparation for awareness.

The finest bridge between body and mind: Breath is a bridge between the body and the mind.

(Source: http://www.swamij.com/breath.htm)

Cancer Death Risk Greater for Men


Cancer Death Risk Greater for Men

US researchers say men diagnosed with cancer are more likely to die from the disease than women. They attribute the discrepancy in part to the fact that men are at greater risk of developing cancer than women, perhaps as a result of differences in exposure to carcinogens or hormonal or metabolic differences. According to the American Cancer Society, men have about a 1 in 2 chance of developing cancer, while women have just a 1 in 3 chance. In addition, men are more likely than women to have advanced disease by the time their cancer is detected. More… Discuss

Tinnitus


Tinnitus

Affecting as many as 40 million adults in the US, tinnitus is a ringing, roaring, or hissing sound in one or both ears without an external cause. The condition can be either objective or subjective. Objective tinnitus involves sounds that both patient and doctor can hear and is usually caused by turbulent blood flow through malformed vessels, tumors, or rhythmic muscular spasms. Most tinnitus cases, however, are subjective, meaning they involve sounds heard only by the patients. What causes it? More… Discuss

In The News: Morning Heart Attacks Do More Damage


Morning Heart Attacks Do More Damage

According to a study of over 800 heart attack patients in Spain, people who have a heart attack between 6AM and noon tend to suffer more heart damage than those who have one at other times. It is well established that one’s internal clock can influence heart attack risk, for example, people are more likely to suffer heart attacks in the morning; however, the extent to which this influences the degree of damage a person suffers has not yet been established. In this study, researchers concluded that the area of the heart damaged in morning heart attacks was, on average, 20% larger than the area damaged in heart attacks at other times. More… Discuss

COCD: Chronic Ostructive Pulmonary Disease


Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease
Classification and external resources

Gross pathology of a lung showing centrilobular-type emphysema characteristic of smoking. This close-up of the fixed, cut lung surface shows multiple cavities lined by heavy black carbon deposits.
ICD10 J40.J44., J47.
ICD9 490492, 494496
OMIM 606963
DiseasesDB 2672
MedlinePlus 000091
eMedicine med/373 emerg/99
MeSH  

You’ve never put foot into a coal mine: But your lung look like you did: Why? Effects of smoking on your lungs.
You can’t blame it on anybody else but yourself.