Tag Archives: Coptic Orthodox Church

Saint John the Baptist


John the Baptist

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John the Baptist
Veneto 0036.jpg

John the Baptist by Bartolomeo Veneto, 16th century
Prophet, Martyr, Saint
Born Late 1st century BCE
Herodian Judea
Died CE 31 – 36[1][2][3][4][5]
MachaerusPerea
Honored in Aglipayan ChurchAnglicanism,Assyrian Church of the East,Bahá’í FaithEastern Orthodox ChurchIslamLutheranism,MandeanismOriental Orthodox ChurchesRoman Catholic Churches
Canonized Pre-Congregation
Majorshrine Church of St John the Baptist,Jerusalem
Feast June 24 (Nativity),
August 29 (Beheading),
January 7 (Synaxis,
Eastern Orthodox),
Thout 2 (Coptic Orthodox Church)
Attributes Camel-skin robe, cross, lamb, scroll with words “Ecce Agnus Dei“, platter with own head, pouring water from hands orscallop shell
Patronage Patron saint of JordanPuerto RicoKnights Hospitaller of Jerusalem, French Canada,NewfoundlandCesenaFlorence,GenoaMonzaPortoSan Juan,TurinXewkija, and many other places.

John the Baptist (Hebrew: יוחנן המטביל, Yoḥanan ha-mmaṭbil, Arabic: يوحنا المعمدان‎ Yuhanna Al-Ma’madan,[6] Aramaic: ܝܘܚܢܢ Ioḥanan, Classical Armenian: Յովհաննէս Մկրտիչ Yovhannēs Mkrtičʿ,Greek: Ὁ Ἅγιος/Τίμιος Ἐνδοξος Προφήτης, Πρόδρομος καὶ Βαπτιστής Ἰωάννης Ho Hágios/Tímios Endoxos, Prophḗtēs, Pródromos, kaì Baptistḗs Ioánnes)[3][7][8][9][10] was an itinerant preacher[11] and a major religious figure[12] in ChristianityIslam,[13] the Bahá’í Faith,[14] and Mandaeism.

John is described as having the unique practice of baptism for the forgiveness of sins.[15] Most scholars agree that John baptized Jesus.[16][17] Scholars generally believe Jesus was a follower or disciple of John[18][19][20] and several New Testament accounts report that some of Jesus’s early followers had previously been followers of John.[21] John the Baptist is also mentioned by Jewish historianJosephus.[22] Some scholars maintain that John was influenced by the semi-ascetic Essenes, who expected an apocalypse and practiced rituals corresponding strongly with baptism,[23] although no direct evidence substantiates this.[24]

According to the New Testament, John anticipated a messianic figure greater than himself,[25] and Jesus was the one whose coming John foretold. Christians commonly refer to John as the precursor or forerunner of Jesus,[26] since John announces Jesus’ coming. John is also identified with the prophetElijah.[21]

 

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Coptic Orthodox Church