Tag Archives: english philosopher

today’s birthday: Thomas Hobbes (1588)


Thomas Hobbes (1588)

Thomas Hobbes was an English philosopher and political theorist whose famous 1651 book Leviathan profoundly affected political-legal theory in general and influenced the early formation of US law in particular.

In Leviathan, Hobbes argues that man is by nature a selfishly individualistic animal and advocates absolutist government as the only means of securing civil society. A lack of such authority, he postulated, would lead to bellum omnium contra omnes, which means what? More… Discuss

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Today’s Birthday: John Locke (1632)


John Locke (1632)

Locke was an English philosopher and founder of British Empiricism. He summed up the Enlightenment in his belief in the middle class and its right to freedom of conscience and right to property, in his faith in science, and in his faith in the goodness of humanity. His influence on philosophy and political theory has been incalculable. His 1690 Two Treatises of Government influenced the American and French revolutions. He once fled to Holland under suspicion of involvement in what plot? More… Discuss

John Locke's 1689 Two Treatises of Government,...

John Locke’s 1689 Two Treatises of Government, in it Locke calles “lives, liberties and estates” the “property” of individuals. (Photo credit: Wikipedia)