Tag Archives: Federal government of the United States

This Day In History: Standard Oil Is Declared “Unreasonable” Monopoly (1911)


US Supreme Court Declares Standard Oil an “Unreasonable” Monopoly (1911)

By 1880, through elimination of competitors, mergers, and railroad rebates, John D. Rockefeller’s Standard Oil controlled the refining of up to 95 percent of all oil produced in the US. In 1892, the Ohio Supreme Court ordered the trust dissolved, but it continued to operate. Exposed in Ida Tarbell‘s History of the Standard Oil Company in 1904, it was broken up in 1911 after a lengthy antitrust suit by the US government. What current oil companies have ties to the former Standard Oil? More… Discuss

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Today In History. What Happened This Day In History


SOMEWHERE IN TIME

SOMEWHERE IN TIME

Today In History. What Happened This Day In History

A chronological timetable of historical events that occurred on this day in history. Historical facts of the day in the areas of military, politics, science, music, sports, arts, entertainment and more. Discover what happened today in history.

Today in History
May 8

1450   Jack Cade’s Rebellion–Kentishmen revolt against King Henry VI.
1541   Hernando de Soto discovers the Mississippi River which he calls Rio de Espiritu Santo.
1559   An act of supremacy defines Queen Elizabeth I as the supreme governor of the church of England.
1794   The United States Post Office is established.
1846   The first major battle of the Mexican War is fought at Palo Alto, Texas.
1862   General ‘Stonewall’ Jackson repulses the Federals at the Battle of McDowell, in the Shenendoah Valley.
1864   Union troops arrive at Spotsylvania Court House to find the Confederates waiting for them.
1886   Atlanta pharmacist John Pemberton invents Coca Cola.
1895   China cedes Taiwan to Japan under Treaty of Shimonoseki.
1904   U.S. Marines land in Tangier, North Africa, to protect the Belgian legation.
1919   The first transatlantic flight by a navy seaplane takes-off.
1933   Hahatma Gandhi begins a hunger strike to protest British oppression in India.
1940   German commandos in Dutch uniforms cross the Dutch border to hold bridges for the advancing German army.
1942   The Battle of the Coral Sea between the Japanese Navy and the U.S. Navy ends.
1945   The final surrender of German forces is celebrated as VE (Victory Europe) day.
1952   Allied fighter-bombers stage the largest raid of the war on North Korea.
1958   President Eisenhower orders the National Guard out of Little Rock as Ernest Green becomes the first black to graduate from an Arkansas public school.
1967   Boxer Muhammad Ali is indicted for refusing induction in U.S. Army.
1984   The Soviet Union announces it will not participate in Summer Olympics planned for Los Angeles.
1995   Jacques Chirac is elected president of France.
Born on May 8
1668   Alain Rene Lesage, French writer (The Adventures of Gil Blas, Turcaret).
1753   Miguel Hidalgo, Mexican nationalist.
1828   Jean Henri Dunant, Swiss philanthropist, founder of the Red Cross and YMCA, first recipient (jointly) of the Nobel Peace Prize.
1829   Louis Moreau Gottschalk, American pianist.
1884   Harry S. Truman, 33rd President of the United States (1945-1953).
1895   Edmund Wilson, American critic and essayist.
1906   Roberto Rossellini, Italian film director.
1910   Mary Lou Williams, jazz pianist and composer.
1920   Sloan Wilson, American author (The man in the Gray Flannel Suit, A Summer Place).
1928   Theodore Sorenson, advisor to John F. Kennedy.
1930   Gary Snyder, beat poet.
1937   Thomas Pynchon, novelist (Gravity’s Rainbow).
1940   Peter Benchley, novelist (Jaws, The Deep).
1952   Beth Henley, Pulitzer Prize-winning playwright (Crimes of the Heart).

– See more at: http://www.historynet.com/today-in-history#sthash.JwQmRBg9.dpuf

Today In History. What Happened This Day In History


Today In History. What Happened This Day In History

A chronological timetable of historical events that occurred on this day in history. Historical facts of the day in the areas of military, politics, science, music, sports, arts, entertainment and more. Discover what happened today in history.

Today in History
May 1

408   Theodosius II succeeds to the throne of Constantinople.
1308   King Albert is murdered by his nephew John, because he refused his share of the Habsburg lands.
1486   Christopher Columbus convinces Queen Isabella to fund expedition to the West Indies.
1805   The state of Virginia passes a law requiring all freed slaves to leave the state, or risk either imprisonment or deportation.
1863   The Battle of Chancellorsville begins as Union Gen. Joe Hooker starts his three-pronged attack against Confederate Gen. Robert E. Lee.
1867   Reconstruction in the South begins with black voter registration.
1877   President Ruthoford B. Hayes withdraws all Federal troops from the South, ending Reconstruction.
1898   The U.S. Navy under Dewey defeats the Spanish fleet at the Battle of Manila Bay in the Philippines.
1915   The luxury liner Lusitania leaves New York Harbor for a voyage to Europe.
1927   Adolf Hitler holds his first Nazi meeting in Berlin.
1931   The Empire State Building opens in New York.
1934   The Philippine legislature accepts a U.S. proposal for independence.
1937   President Franklin Roosevelt signs an act of neutrality, keeping the United States out of World War II.
1941   The film Citizen Kane–directed and starring Orson Welles–opens in New York.
1944   The Messerschmitt Me 262, the first combat jet, makes its first flight.
1945   Martin Bormann, private secretary to Adolf Hitler, escapes the Fuehrerbunker as the Red Army advances on Berlin.
1948   North Korea is established.
1950   Gwendolyn Brooks becomes the first African American to win the Pulitzer Prize for her book of poetry called Annie Allen.
1960   Francis Gary Powers’ U-2 spy plane is shot down over Russia.
1961   Fidel Castro announces there will be no more elections in Cuba.
1968   In the second day of battle, U.S. Marines, with the support of naval fire, continue their attack on a North Vietnamese Division at Dai Do.
1970   Students from Kent State University riot in downtown Kent, Ohio, in protest of the American invasion of Cambodia.
1986   The Tass News Agency reports the Chernobyl nuclear power plant accident.
2011   Osama Bin Laden is killed in Abbottabad Pakistan by US Navy SEALS in Operation Neptune Spear.
Born on May 1
1493   Phillippus Paracelsus, physician and alchemist.
1764   Benjamin Henry Latrobe, architect of the U.S. Capitol.
1769   Arthur Wellsley, Duke of Wellington.
1830   Mother (Mary Harris) Jones, reformer and labor organizer.
1839   Louis-Maire-Hilaire Bernigaud, French chemist, inventor of rayon.
1878   James Graham, inventor of the first naval aircraft-carrying ship and first man to film a total eclipse of the Sun.
1896   Mark Clark, American general during World War II.
1909   Kate Smith, singer.
1916   Glenn Ford, actor (The Blackboard Jungle).
1923   Joseph Heller, American author (Catch 22).
1924   Terry Southern, novelist and screenwriter (Dr. Strangelove, Easy Rider).
1940   Bobbie Ann Mason, American writer (Shiloh and Other Stories, In Country).

Today In History. What Happened This Day In History


Today In History. What Happened This Day In History

A chronological timetable of historical events that occurred on this day in history. Historical facts of the day in the areas of military, politics, science, music, sports, arts, entertainment and more. Discover what happened today in history.

February 2

962   Otto I invades Italy and is crowned Holy Roman Emperor.
1032   Conrad II claims the throne of France.
1494   Columbus begins the practice using Indians as slaves.
1571   All eight members of a Jesuit mission in Virginia are murdered by Indians who pretended to be their friends.
1626   Charles I is crowned King of England. Fierce internal struggles between the monarchy and Parliament characterized 17th century English politics.
1848   The Treaty of Guadeloupe Hidalgo formally ends the Mexican War.
1865   Confederate raider William Quantrill and his bushwackers rob citizens, burn a railroad depot and steal horses from Midway, Kentucky.
1870   The press agencies Havas, Reuter and Wolff sign an agreement whereby between them they can cover the whole world.
1876   The National Baseball League is founded with eight teams.
1900   Six cities, Boston, Detroit, Milwaukee, Baltimore, Chicago and St. Louis agree to form baseball’s American League.
1901   Mexican government troops are badly beaten by Yaqui Indians.
1916   U.S. Senate votes independence for Philippines, effective in 1921.
1921   Airmail service opens between New York and San Francisco. Airmail’s First Day.
1934   Alfred Rosenberg is made philosophical chief of the Nazi Party.
1939   Hungary breaks relations with the Soviet Union.
1943   Last of the German strongholds at Stalingrad surrender to the Red army.
1944   The Germans stop an Allied attack at Anzio, Italy.
1945   Some 1,200 Royal Air Force planes blast Wiesbaden and Karlsruhe.
1948   The United States and Italy sign a pact of friendship, commerce and navigation.
1959   Arlington and Norfolk, Va., peacefully desegregate public schools.
1960   The U.S. Senate approves 23rd Amendment calling for a ban on the poll tax.
1972   The Winter Olympics begin in Sapporo, Japan.
1978   U.S. Jewish leaders bar a meeting with Egypt’s Anwar Sadat.
1987   Largest steel strike in American history, in progress since August, ends.
Born on February 2
1754   Charles Maurice de Tallyrand-Perigord, minister of foreign affairs for Napoleon I, who represented France brilliantly at the Congress of Vienna.
1882   James Joyce, Irish novelist and poet (Ulysses, Portrait of a Young Man).
1890   Charles Correl, radio performer.
1895   George Halas, National Football League co-founder.

– See more at: http://www.historynet.com/today-in-history#sthash.IrmCKXD6.dpuf

today’s picture: Abdication of Hawaiian Queen Liliuokalani



Abdication of Hawaiian Queen Liliuokalani

Royal Coat of Arms of the Kingdom of Hawaii

Royal Coat of Arms of the Kingdom of Hawaii (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

Hawaii’s Queen Liliuokalani stepped down from the throne on January 24, 1893, to avoid any bloodshed and to pardon her supporters who had been jailed by the Provisional Government, which had asked her to abdicate. After becoming queen in 1891, Liliuokalani fought against making Hawaii a part of the United States, making her unpopular among those Hawaiians who felt they had more to gain from annexation. She believed in ‘Hawaii

Queen Liliuokalani license

Queen Liliuokalani license (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

for Hawaiians,’ and conceded less to foreign businesses and governments than her predecessors had. Five years later the U.S. Congress annexed Hawaii–without a vote from the Hawaiian people.

Image: Library of Congress

 

This Day in the Yesteryear: President Taft Pardons William H. Van Schaick (1912)


This Day in the Yesteryear

President Taft Pardons William H. Van Schaick (1912)

More than 1,000 people died when the General Slocum, a passenger steamship, caught fire in New York’s East River in 1904. It was the city’s worst loss-of-life disaster until the attacks of September 11, 2001. Van Schaick, the ship’s captain, was convicted of negligence and failure to maintain fire safety equipment and received a 10-year sentence. He was paroled after serving 3½ years in prison and later pardoned by President Taft. Why were most of the passengers unable to escape the fire? More… Discuss

Rice Paddies


Rice Paddies

In Asian countries where traditional methods of rice cultivation are practiced, rice is grown in flooded fields called rice paddies. The fields are first prepared by plowing, fertilizing, and smoothing, and seedlings are started in seedling beds. They are then transplanted by hand to the fields, which have been flooded by rain or river water. Irrigation is maintained by dike-controlled canals or by hand watering until the fields are drained for harvesting. What is the origin of the word “paddy”? More… Discuss

Possible Mass Anthrax Exposure at CDC Labs (loosing the grip on reality?)


Possible Mass Anthrax Exposure at CDC Labs

As many as 75 scientists working in US federal government laboratories in Atlanta, Georgia, may have been accidentally exposed to live anthrax bacteria after staff members at a high-level facility failed to follow proper procedures to inactivate the deadly bacteria before sending the samples to lower-level labs for experimentation. The US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, under whose watch the breach occurred, is now investigating the incident and is offering antibiotic treatment and vaccines to those who might have been exposed. More… Discuss

this pressed: They Knew Our Secrets. One Year Later, We Know Theirs. | American Civil Liberties Union


They Knew Our Secrets. One Year Later, We Know Theirs. | American Civil Liberties Union.

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Today In History: National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) Established (1958)


National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) Established (1958)

NASA is an agency of the US government charged with aeronautics research and the nation’s civilian space program. During its history, it has been responsible for manned trips to the Moon, orbiting observatories, and unmanned programs that explored other planets and interplanetary space. Today, its goals include improving human understanding of the universe and establishing a permanent human presence in space. NASA was created by an act of Congress passed largely in response to what 1957 event? More… Discuss