Tag Archives: Food and Drug Administration

today’s holiday: Festival of the Cow (2015)


Festival of the Cow (2015)

The Fiesta de la Vaca takes place in the village of San Pablo de los Montes, in the Spanish province of Toledo, on St. Paul‘s Day. While the religious procession and mass for the feast of San Pablo are going on, a group of young men form a counter-procession in the opposite direction. One of them plays the role of the cow, La Vaca, while another is dressed as Mother Sow, Madre Cochina. A third is dressed as a shepherd, and there are others ringing cow bells. Every time the group passes the image of the saint, they call out, “Here goes the cow!” More… Discuss

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US Makes Calorie Counts Mandatory on Menus


US Makes Calorie Counts Mandatory on Menus

Calling obesity a “national epidemic,” the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) issued new rules this week that will require chain restaurants and vending machine operators to post calorie counts on their menus. The mandate is intended to extend the 1990 Nutrition Labeling and Education Act, which established requirements for nutritional labeling on most packaged food items. Under the new rules, some menu items will be exempt, including seasonal offerings, daily specials, and condiments. Restaurants will be given one year to satisfy the new requirements, and vending machine operators will be given two years. More… Discuss

Efforts to Curb Youth Smoking Meeting Their Match in E-Cigarettes


Efforts to Curb Youth Smoking Meeting Their Match in E-Cigarettes

Decades of efforts to curb youth smoking in the US have made considerable gains, with the rate of teen smoking falling to a record low of just 15.7 percent in 2013. But these gains could be short-lived thanks to the surge in popularity of electronic cigarettes. The number of US adolescents and teens who have never smoked conventional cigarettes but have tried e-cigarettes is on the rise, with more than a quarter million using them in 2013, a threefold increase from 2011. Those who have tried e-cigarettes also express a greater willingness to try regular cigarettes in the relatively near future. More… Discuss

Drug Reverses Alopecia Areata Hair Loss


Drug Reverses Alopecia Areata Hair Loss

Researchers may have found a cure for the baldness caused by alopecia areata, an autoimmune condition that causes patchy hair loss, and it is a drug already on the market, though for the treatment of bone marrow disorders. After just five months of taking ruxolitinib, three alopecia areata patients who had lost at least a third of their hair due to the disorder saw total hair regrowth. Further testing is needed to see if this treatment will be safe and effective on a wider scale. More… Discuss

Tekmira says its Ebola drug not used to treat U.S. aid workers, report – The Globe and Mail


Tekmira says its Ebola drug not used to treat U.S. aid workers, report – The Globe and Mail.

7 buruieni numai bune de inclus în meniu – Yahoo Ştiri România


7 buruieni numai bune de inclus în meniu – Yahoo Ştiri România.

Plantain. In childhood, we treat abrasions, scratches and bruises plantain leaves freshly picked. This plant can be used in the kitchen but in salads, stews and soups. However, in addition to leaves, inflorescence and seeds are edible. Seeds, dried and ground are a rich source of fiber and are effective in the treatment of constipation. “

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Nicotine


Nicotine

Nicotine

Nicotine (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

Nicotine, a naturally occurring constituent of tobacco, is the addictive, active ingredient in tobacco smoke. Although nicotine is highly toxic—it is used as an insecticide, fumigant, and vermifuge and in large doses can cause respiratory paralysis and even death in humans—the amount inhaled when smoking a cigarette is relatively small, about 3 mg. Depending on how it is inhaled, nicotine can act as a stimulant or as a tranquilizer. What is a lethal dose of nicotine for humans? More… Discuss

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Brominated vegetable oil (BVO)


From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Brominated vegetable oil (BVO) is a mixture of complex plant-derived triglycerides which have been brominated. Brominated vegetable oil is used primarily to help emulsify citrus-flavored soft drinks, preventing them from separating during distribution. Brominated vegetable oil has been used by the soft drink industry since 1931, generally at a level of about 8 ppm.[1][2]

Careful control of the type of oil used allows bromination of it to produce BVO with a specific density (1.33 g/mL). As a result, it can be mixed with less-dense flavoring agents such as citrus flavor oil to produce a resulting oil whose density matches that of water or other products. The droplets containing BVO remain suspended in the water rather than separating and floating at the surface.[2]

Alternative food additives used for the same purpose include sucrose acetate isobutyrate (SAIB, E444) and glycerol ester of wood rosin (ester gum, E445).

Regulation and use

North America

In the United States, BVO was designated in 1958 as generally recognized as safe (GRAS),[2] but this was withdrawn by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration in 1970.[3] The U.S. Code of Federal Regulations currently imposes restrictions on the use of BVO as a food additive in the United States, limiting the concentration to 15 ppm,[4] limiting the amount of free fatty acids to 2.5 percent, and limiting the iodine value to 16.[5] BVO is used in Mountain Dew, manufactured by PepsiCo;[6] Powerade, Fanta Orange and Fresca made by Coca-Cola; and Squirt, Sun Drop and Sunkist Peach Soda, made by the Dr Pepper Snapple Group.[7]

BVO is one of four substances that the U.S. Food and Drug Administration has defined as interim food additives;[8] the other three are acrylonitrile copolymers, mannitol, and saccharin.[9]

BVO is currently permitted as a food additive in Canada.[10]

Europe

In the European Union, BVO is banned from use as a food additive.[11] In the EU, beverage companies commonly use glycerol ester of wood rosin or locust bean gum as an alternative to BVO.

India

Standards for soft drinks in India have prohibited the use of BVO since 1990.[12][unreliable source?][13]

Japan

The use of BVO as a food additive has been banned in Japan since 2010.[2]

Health effects

The United States Food and Drug Administration considers BVO to be safe for use as a food additive.[5] However, there are case reports of adverse effects associated with excessive consumption of BVO-containing products. One case reported that a man who consumed two to four liters of a soda containing BVO on a daily basis experienced memory loss, tremors, fatigue, loss of muscle coordination, headache, and ptosis of the right eyelid, as well as elevated serum chloride.[14] In the two months it took to correctly diagnose the problem, the patient also lost the ability to walk. Eventually, bromism was diagnosed and hemodialysis was prescribed which resulted in a reversal of the disorder. However, there was no evidence that the symptoms were caused by that particular ingredient. [15]

Online petition

An online petition at Change.org asking PepsiCo to stop adding BVO to Gatorade and other products collected over 200,000 signatures by January 2013.[7] The petition pointed out that since Gatorade is sold in countries where BVO is not approved, there is already an existing formulation without this ingredient. PepsiCo announced in January 2013 that it would no longer use BVO in Gatorade,[6][16] and announced May 5, 2014 that it would discontinue use in all of its drinks, including Mountain Dew.[17]

As of May 5, 2014 Coca-Cola is dropping this controversial ingredient from its Powerade sports drink, after a similar move by PepsiCo’s Gatorade last year.[18]

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NEWS: E-CIGARETTE NICOTINE POISONINGS ON THE RISE


E-Cigarette Nicotine Poisonings on the Rise

Marketed as a healthier alternative to conventional cigarettes because they do not expose users to smoke or tar, electronic cigarettes, or e-cigarettes, have seen a major upsurge in popularity in recent years. However, many people do not realize the hazards the liquid nicotineused in these devices pose. In the past few years, calls to US poison control centers involving e-cigarettes have risen sharply. About half of these calls involve children ages 5 and under. More… Discuss

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Video

Spring is back…and so I’m on the trail (my photo collection)


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NEWS: HALF OF AMERICANS SUBSCRIBE TO MEDICAL CONSPIRACY THEORIES


Half of Americans Subscribe to Medical Conspiracy Theories

Do you believe that government regulators conspire with the pharmaceutical industry to block access to natural medical cures or that the government knows that cell phones cause cancer but is not taking action because of corporate pressure? It turns out that Americans widely subscribe to these and many other medical conspiracy theories. Nearly half of the respondents in a recent US survey agreed with at least one of six common medical conspiracy theories. In addition to the two conspiracy theories noted in the above question, the survey asked about conspiracies involving genetically modified foods, vaccines, water fluoridation, and HIV. More… Discuss

 

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Let’s learn from Voni: http://foodbabe.com/subway/ Azodicarbonamide: banned in the rest of the world…striving in our food…Question: WHY?


[youtube.com/watch?v=lHjm8lbgc3I]
Visit:  http://foodbabe.com/subway/
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Azodicarbonamide
Identifiers
CAS number 123-77-3 Yes
PubChem 31269
ChemSpider 4575589 Yes
UNII 56Z28B9C8O Yes
EC-number 204-650-8
ChEMBL CHEMBL28517 Yes
Jmol-3D images Image 1
Properties
Molecular formula C2H4N4O2
Molar mass 116.08 g mol−1
Appearance Yellow to orange/red crystalline powder
Hazards
MSDS External MSDS
EU classification Harmful (XN)
R-phrases R42 R44
S-phrases S22 S24 S37
NFPA 704
NFPA 704.svg
1
2
2
 
 Yes (verify) (what is: Yes/?)
Except where noted otherwise, data are given for materials in their standard state (at 25 °C (77 °F), 100 kPa)
Infobox references

Azodicarbonamide, or azobisformamide, is a chemical compound with the molecular formula C2H4O2N4.[1] It is a yellow to orange red, odorless, crystalline powder. As a food additive, it is known by the E number E927.

Use as a food additive

Azodicarbonamide is used as a food additive, a flour bleaching agent and improving agent. It reacts with moist flour as an oxidizing agent.[2] The main reaction product is biurea,[3] a derivative of urea, which is stable during baking. Secondary reaction products include semicarbazide[4] and ethyl carbamate.[5] The United States permits the use of azodicarbonamide at levels up to 45 ppm.[6] In Australia[citation needed] the use of azodicarbonamide as a food additive is banned. In Singapore, use is punishable by up to 15 years in prison and a fine of $450,000[citation needed].

Other uses

The principal use of azodicarbonamide is in the production of foamed plastics as an additive. The thermal decomposition of azodicarbonamide results in the evolution of nitrogen, carbon monoxide, carbon dioxide, and ammonia gases, which are trapped in the polymer as bubbles to form a foamed article.

Azodicarbonamide as used in plastics, synthetic leather and other uses can be pure or modified. This is important because modification affects the reaction temperatures. Pure azodicarbonamide generally reacts around 200 °C, but there are some products that the reaction temperature must be lower, depending on the application. In the plastic, leather and other industries, modified azodicarbonamide (average decomposition temperature 170 °C) contains additives that accelerate the reaction or react at lower temperatures.

Azodicarbonamide as a blowing agent in plastics has been banned in Europe since August 2005 for the manufacture of plastic articles that are intended to come into direct contact with food.[7]

Safety

In the United States, azodicarbonamide has generally recognized as safe (GRAS) status and is allowed to be added to flour at levels up to 45 ppm.[8]

In the UK, the Health and Safety Executive has identified azodicarbonamide as a respiratory sensitizer (a possible cause of asthma) and determined that products should be labeled with “May cause sensitisation by inhalation.”[9] TheWorld Health Organization has linked azodicarbonamide to “respiratory issues, allergies and asthma.” Britain, Europe, and Australia now ban its use in food.[10]

Toxicological studies of the reactions of azodicarbonamide show that it is rapidly converted in dough to biurea, which is a stable compound not decomposed upon cooking.[11]

 

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FDA to review safety of chemical found in some soft drinks – latimes.com


English: Macro photograph of coca-cola bubbles...

English: Macro photograph of coca-cola bubbles. Deutsch: Makro-Fotografie von Coca-Cola-Bläschen. Japanese: コカ・コーラの泡のマクロ写真。 (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

Soda linked to behavioral problems in young children, study says

FDA to review safety of chemical found in some soft drinks – latimes.com.

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NEWS: GOOGLE DEVELOPING GLUCOSE MONITOR FOR THE EYES


Google Developing Glucose Monitor for the Eyes

Diabetics’ fingers may soon get a reprieve. Google is testing a prototype “smart contact lens” that can measure glucose levels in tears, thereby eliminating the need to repeatedly prick one’s fingers to test blood-sugar levels. The lens is able to generate a reading every second, effectively providing constant monitoring. The developers are also considering embedding in the lenses tiny LEDs that would light up as an alert that the wearer’s glucose has crossed a certain threshold. More… Discuss

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nEWS: US CHICKEN CONTAMINATION WIDESPREAD


US Chicken Contamination Widespread

A recent study found that almost all of the raw chicken breast in the US is contaminated with potentially harmful bacteria and about half carries a “superbug,” that is, a bacterium resistant to multip le antibiotics. The findings bolster calls for curbing the use of these drugs in livestock. Recently, the US Food and Drug Administration announced a plan to cut the non-medical use ofantib iotics in livestock over the next three years. Some consumer groups feel that the plan does not go far enough and are calling on the American government to pass stricter legislation regulating antibiotics on farms.More… Discuss
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MILK SHARING COULD ENDANGER BABIES


Milk Sharing Could Endanger Babies

Breast milk may provide numerous health benefits to babies, but websites meant to facilitate milk sharing could be doing more harm than good. Researchers tested 101 milk samples purchased from such sites and found that nearly three quarters of the samples were contaminated with disease-causing bacteria like E. colior contained harmful levels of bacteria such asstreptococci. Sellers’ claims that they were healthy or that their milk was safe were found not to be reliable indicators of product safetyMore… Discuss

 

FOOD FRESHNESS LABELS INADVERTENTLY LEAD TO WASTE


Food Freshness Labels Inadvertently Lead to Waste

“Sell-by” and “best-before” labels on food are meant to indicate when those items are at their freshest, but American consumers widely misinterpret them as indicators of food safety and unnecessarily discard billions of pounds of food each year as a result. Part of the problem is the lack of a nationwide, uniform date labeling system; manufacturers are often left to their own devices when it comes to calculating shelf life and deciding what the dates they print on packages mean. While concerned lawmakers and industry members are divided on how to address this problem, they agree that something should be done. More… Discuss

 

This Day in the Yesteryear: GEORGE BOLEYN, BROTHER OF ANNE, BEHEADED (1536)


George Boleyn, Brother of Anne, Beheaded (1536)

Henry VIII had two of his six wives beheaded, but the unpleasant consequences of his marriages did not apply only to his spouses. After Henry‘s first marriage was annulled, he took Anne Boleyn as his queen. Though she bore him the future Queen Elizabeth I, she produced no male heir, and he lost interest in her. In 1536, he had her imprisoned on questionable charges of adultery and incest—allegedly with her brother, George. Both were beheaded. What did George reportedly say before his execution? More… Discuss

 

This Day in the Yesteryear: US APPROVES ANTIRETROVIRAL DRUG AZT AS A TREATMENT FOR AIDS (1987)


US Approves Antiretroviral Drug AZT as a Treatment for AIDS (1987)

Though it was originally developed as an anticancer drug in 1964, azidothymidine (AZT) was never approved for that purpose. Two decades later, however, it was discovered to be effective in fighting HIV. At the time, thousands of people were dying of AIDS, and no other treatment was forthcoming. For humanitarian reasons, the drug was approved by the US Food and Drug Administration in a matter of months, rather than the usual eight to 10 years. How does the drug prevent HIV from reproducing? More… Discuss

ENERGY DRINKS IMPLICATED IN DEATHS


Energy Drinks Implicated in Deaths

In the past decade, highly caffeinated energy drinks have become increasingly popular, especially among young people, but mounting reports of deaths following consumption of Monster Beverage Corp’s energy drinks—including that of a 14-year-old girl with a heart condition—have now prompted a US Food and Drug Administration investigation into the brand. If the investigation does link the energy drinks to the reported deaths, the entire US energy drink industry could find itself subject to tighter regulation. More… Discuss

 

Spying on Scientists: How the FDA Monitored Whistleblowers Who Raised Concerns over Radiation (from Democracy Now)


Spying on Scientists: How the FDA Monitored Whistleblowers Who Raised Concerns over Radiation

Spying on Scientists: How the FDA Monitored Whistleblowers Who Raised Concerns over Radiation  (click to access this story)

The Food and Drug Administration has been found to have launched a massive surveillance campaign targeting its own scientists for writing letters to journalists, members of Congress and President Obama. The scientists were expressing their concern over the FDA’s approval of medical imaging devices for colonoscopies and mammograms that could endanger patients with high levels of radiation. The covert spying operation led the agency to monitor the scientists’ computers at work and at home, copying emails and thumb drives and even monitoring individual messages line by line as they were being composed in real time. The agency also created an enemies list. We’re joined by the FDA whistleblowers’ attorney, Stephen Kohn, executive director of the National Whistleblowers Center. “For the first time, we now have a glimpse into what domestic surveillance of whistleblowers looks like in this country with the modern technological developments,” Kohn says. “The agency [sought] to destroy the reputation of these whistleblowers forever.”

ProPublica: Energy Dept. Panel Warns of Environmental Toll of Current Gas Drilling Practices


Energy Dept. Panel Warns of Environmental Toll of Current Gas Drilling Practices (from ProPublica)

Energy Dept. Panel Warns of Environmental Toll of Current Gas Drilling Practices (from ProPublica) (Click here to access this article)

Bisphenol A (BPA): Toxic!


Bisphenol A (BPA) is an organic compound with two phenol functional groups. It is used to make polycarbonate plastic and epoxy resins, along with other applications.

Known to be estrogenic since the mid 1930s, concerns about the use of bisphenol A in consumer products were regularly reported in the news media in 2008 after several governments issued reports questioning its safety, prompting some retailers to remove products containing it from their shelves. A 2010 report from the United States Food and Drug Administration (FDA) raised further concerns regarding exposure of fetuses, infants and young children.[1] In September 2010, Canada became the first country to declare BPA as a toxic substance.[2][3] In the European Union and Canada, BPA use is banned in baby bottles.
(Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bisphenol_A)

Pfizer Suspends Sales of Chicken Drug With Arsenic: via The New York Times.


Pfizer Suspends Sales of Chicken Drug With Arsenic

Pfizer Suspends Sales of Chicken Drug With Arsenic (click to read the article at The New York Times)

Pfizer Suspends Sales of Chicken Drug With Arsenic

By and
Published: June 8, 2011
WASHINGTON — Farmers have for decades fed chickens an arsenic-containing drug that promotes growth, but after a government study found trace amounts of this poisonous carcinogen in chickens, its maker will suspend its sales.

Officials at the Food and Drug Administration said the amounts found were so low that chickens treated with the drug, called 3-Nitro, do not pose a serious health risk and will continue to be sold. Perdue and organic chicken producers do not use the drug.
(Source: http://www.nytimes.com/2011/06/09/business/09arsenic.html?_r=2&ref=health)

After a lengthy inquiry (of 1 day), food dyes are safe (By FDA)



It is the reason for which I do not consume “industrial” foods:
Use natural dies for your food: tomatoes, red cabbage, onions,
Herbs, both to add color and flavor.
when it comes to sweets, the best tasting cake is the one you avoid eating:
Your body will thank you for allowing it to rest from having to process all that sugar, and fat, trying to find creative ways to store the extra, and than eliminate the rest. When a food is not that appealing to your taste buds, is only because you are not hungry anymore, because you got more than enough.
Get your carbohydrates from natural sources, rather than industrial food.

Mercury Toxic ? Who’s Asking Who: Check Out Who’s Playing Tag In Your Mouth


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Few weeks ago I introduced you to studies done articulating the destruction of neurons (nerves) by mercury, only, while other metals employed in the research did not damage nerves.
This is the shortcut to that article: http://en.search.wordpress.com/?q=site%3Aeuzicasa.wordpress.com+mercury
NOw, and again, we have one of the most reactionary industry lobbyists, stipulating that mercury is good for you, so good that you should carry as much as 1 oz, you your mouth:

To me this looks so much like the insane battle of the  asbestos industry. I can only be happy that the tobacco industry got what they deserve.
this last battle has nothing to do with science, politicized science but only with profit-making without any responsibility, social or personal, to one or to all, and it’s wrong.

What is interesting is that dentists were among the most poisoned by mercury, until some regulations came to life, and developed, but with no air, and water monitoring, to alert in case of mercury presence  (more or less effective), to manage the flow of mercury thru their dental cabinets (so it is not in the air the staff, and patients breath, or in the water going down the sink and into the sewage system, and from there back at us in the…fish we buy to eat. Indeed there were many dentists intoxicated for years, and presenting the symptoms of mercurialism or heretism (“mad hatter disease”):
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/12488928,
From preparing the amalgam (the material containing mercury that goes in your cavities), in the palm of their hands (you know mercury goes right thru your skin, and directly into your blood, and directly to your brain with the speed that alcohol does, there are no stops on the way. Saturnism on the other hand is the disease caused but cronic exposure to lead, while working unsafely.
Beside dental cabinets, hospitals, fluorescent tubes manufacturers, the exhaust coming off the stacks of power plants, incinerators (including human with mercury fillings), the list of mercury damage to humans is thousand of sources in size.
The problem with mercury contamination, is that it is masked by the lack of any signals of presence (No odor, no color, no acute effect at lower doses of poisoning, but deadly cumulative in humans, human embryos, and animals, to the ecological system, to the planet Earth, our home, the only home will ever have, if we don’t bring it down, of course.
With all the scientific evidence to the contrary, what kind of political power can an endorser of the mercury industry have to show at a FDA hearing: of course, ON TAX PAYERS MONEYS ? to conclude:  That it is safe…for now…?

http://www.webmd.com/oral-health/news/20101207/fda-reconsidering-safety-dental-amalgams?ecd=soc_tw