Tag Archives: Gran Colombia

today’s birthday: Simón Bolívar (1783)


Simón Bolívar (1783)

Bolívar was a South American revolutionary leader whose actions earned him the title of “El Libertador.” He defeated the Spanish in 1819, was made president of Greater Colombia—which comprised modern Colombia, Panama, Venezuela, and Ecuador—and helped liberate Peru and Bolivia. He declared himself dictator in hopes of unifying the region but was less successful at ruling countries than at liberating them, and he resigned in 1830, dying shortly thereafter. Why was Bolívar’s body exhumed in 2010? More… Discuss

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This Day in History: Ecuador Gains Independence from Gran Colombia (1830)


Ecuador Gains Independence from Gran Colombia (1830)

Prior to the arrival of the Spaniards, Ecuador was controlled by the Inca empire. Francisco Pizarro‘s subordinate, Benalcázar, entered the area in 1533. Not finding the wealth of the mythical El Dorado, he and other conquistadors moved restlessly on, and the region became a colonial backwater. Ecuador remained under Spanish control until 1822, when it was joined to Gran Colombia. With the dissolution of that union in 1830, Ecuador gained its independence. Why is 1859 called the “Terrible Year”? More… Discuss

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