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biography: Chuck Schumer (From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia)


Chuck Schumer

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
 
Chuck Schumer
Charles Schumer official portrait.jpg
United States Senator
from New York
Incumbent
Assumed office
January 3, 1999
Serving with Kirsten Gillibrand
Preceded by Al D’Amato
Chairman of the Senate Rules Committee
In office
January 3, 2009 – January 3, 2015
Preceded by Dianne Feinstein
Succeeded by Roy Blunt
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives from New York
In office
January 3, 1981 – January 3, 1999
Preceded by Elizabeth Holtzman
Succeeded by Anthony Weiner
Constituency 16th district 1981–1983
10th district 1983–1993
9th district 1993–1999
Member of the New York State Assembly
from the 45th district
In office
January 1, 1975 – December 31, 1980
Preceded by Stephen J. Solarz
Succeeded by Daniel L. Feldman
Personal details
Born Charles Ellis Schumer
November 23, 1950 (age 64)
Brooklyn, New York City
Political party Democratic
Spouse(s) Iris Weinshall
Children Jessica
Alison
Alma mater Harvard College (A.B.)
Harvard Law School (J.D.)
Religion Reform Judaism
Website Senate website

Charles Ellis “Chuck” Schumer (/ˈʃmər/; born November 23, 1950) is the senior United States Senator from New York and a member of the Democratic Party. First elected in 1998, he defeated three-term Republican incumbent Al D’Amato by a margin of 55%–44%. Schumer was re-elected in 2004 by a margin of 71%–24% and in 2010 by a margin of 66%–33%.

Before his election to the U.S. Senate, Schumer served in the US House of Representatives from 1981 to 1999, representing New York’s 16th congressional district, later redistricted to the 10th congressional district in 1983 and to the 9th congressional district in 1993. A native of Brooklyn and graduate of Harvard College and Harvard Law School, he was a three-term member of the New York State Assembly, serving from 1975 to 1980.

Schumer was chairman of the Democratic Senatorial Campaign Committee from 2005 to 2009, in which post he oversaw a total of 14 Democratic gains in the Senate in the 2006 and 2008 elections. He is the third-ranking Democrat in the Senate, behind Senate Minority Leader Harry Reid and Senate Minority Whip Dick Durbin, elected Vice Chairman of the Democratic Caucus in the Senate in 2006.[1] In November 2010, he was also chosen to hold the additional role of chairman of the Senate Democratic Policy Committee starting at the opening of the 112th Congress.[2] In 2015, Reid (who is retiring after the 2016 elections) and Durbin endorsed Schumer as the next leader of the Senate Democratic Caucus.[3]

Notable former aides to Schumer include former US congressman Anthony Weiner; and current New York state senator Daniel Squadron and New York State Assembly Members Phil Goldfeder and Victor M. Pichardo.[4][5]

Early life and education

Schumer was born in Brooklyn, the son of Selma (née Rosen) and Abraham Schumer.[6] His family is Jewish,[7] and he is related to comedienne Amy Schumer.[8][9][10] He attended public schools in Brooklyn, scoring a perfect 1600 on the SAT, and graduated as the valedictorian from James Madison High School in 1967.[11] Schumer competed for Madison High on the It’s Academic television quiz show.[12]

He attended Harvard College, where he became interested in politics and campaigned for Eugene McCarthy in 1968.[13] After completing his undergraduate degree, he continued to Harvard Law School, earning his Juris Doctor with honors in 1974. Schumer passed the New York State Bar Exam in early 1975, but never practiced law, entering politics instead.[14]

State Assemblyman and Congressman

 
Chuck Schumer’s Official Congressional Portrait, 1987.

 
Schumer’s district from 1993 to 1999

In 1974, Schumer ran for and was elected to the New York State Assembly, becoming, at age 23, the youngest member of the New York legislature since Theodore Roosevelt. He served three terms, from 1975 to 1980, sitting in the 181st, 182nd and 183rd New York State Legislatures.[15][16][17] He has never lost an election.

In 1980, 16th District Congresswoman Elizabeth Holtzman won the Democratic nomination for the Senate seat of Republican Jacob Javits. Schumer ran for Holtzman’s vacated House seat and won.

He was re-elected eight times from the Brooklyn and Queens-based district, which changed numbers twice in his tenure (it was numbered the 16th from 1981 to 1983, the 10th from 1983 to 1993 and the 9th from 1993). In 1982, as a result of redistricting, Schumer faced a potential matchup with his mentor, veteran Brooklyn congressman Steve Solarz.[18] In preparation, Schumer “set about making friends on Wall Street, tapping the city’s top law firms and securities houses for campaign donations. ‘I told them I looked like I had a very difficult reapportionment fight. If I were to stand a chance of being re-elected, I needed some help,’ he would later tell the Associated Press.”[18]

As a member of the House Judiciary Committee, Schumer was one of four congressional members who oversaw the House investigation (leading the Democratic defense of the Clinton administration),[19] of the Waco siege hearings in 1995.[20]

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FOOD FRESHNESS LABELS INADVERTENTLY LEAD TO WASTE


Food Freshness Labels Inadvertently Lead to Waste

“Sell-by” and “best-before” labels on food are meant to indicate when those items are at their freshest, but American consumers widely misinterpret them as indicators of food safety and unnecessarily discard billions of pounds of food each year as a result. Part of the problem is the lack of a nationwide, uniform date labeling system; manufacturers are often left to their own devices when it comes to calculating shelf life and deciding what the dates they print on packages mean. While concerned lawmakers and industry members are divided on how to address this problem, they agree that something should be done. More… Discuss

 

Barack Obama


Barack Obama

 
 
“Obama” redirects here. For other uses, see Obama (disambiguation).
This article is about the 44th president of the United States. For his father, see Barack Obama, Sr.
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Barack Obama
U.S. President Barack Obama is photographed standing in front of the Resolute Desk in the Oval Office of the White House, December 6, 2012.
44th President of the United States
Incumbent
Assumed office
January 20, 2009
Vice President Joe Biden
Preceded by George W. Bush
United States Senator
from Illinois
In office
January 3, 2005 – November 16, 2008
Preceded by Peter Fitzgerald
Succeeded by Roland Burris
Member of the Illinois Senate
from the 13th District
In office
January 8, 1997 – November 4, 2004
Preceded by Alice Palmer
Succeeded by Kwame Raoul
Personal details
Born Barack Hussein Obama II
August 4, 1961 (age 52)
Honolulu, Hawaii, U.S.
Political party Democratic
Spouse(s) Michelle Robinson (m. 1992)
Children Malia (b. 1998)
Sasha (b. 2001)
Residence White House (official)
Chicago, Illinois (private)
Alma mater Occidental College
Columbia University (B.A.)
Harvard Law School (J.D.)
Profession Community organizer
Lawyer
Constitutional law professor
Author
Religion Christian
Awards Nobel Peace Prize
Signature Barack Obama
Website barackobama.com
This article is part of a series on
Barack Obama

First term


Second term

Barack Hussein Obama II (Listeni/bəˈrɑːk hˈsn ˈbɑːmə/; born August 4, 1961) is the 44th and current President of the United States, the first African American to hold the office. Born in Honolulu, Hawaii, Obama is a graduate of Columbia University and Harvard Law School, where he was president of the Harvard Law Review. He was a community organizer in Chicago before earning his law degree. He worked as a civil rights attorney in Chicago and taught constitutional law at the University of Chicago Law School from 1992 to 2004. He served three terms representing the 13th District in theIllinois Senate from 1997 to 2004, running unsuccessfully for the United States House of Representatives in 2000.

In 2004, Obama received national attention during his campaign to represent Illinois in the United States Senate with his victory in the March Democratic Party primary, his keynote address at the Democratic National Convention in July, and his election to the Senate in November. He began his presidential campaign in 2007, and in 2008, after a close primary campaign against Hillary Rodham Clinton, he won sufficient delegates in the Democratic Party primaries to receive the presidential nomination. He then defeated Republican nominee John McCain in the general election, and wasinaugurated as president on January 20, 2009. Nine months later, Obama was named the 2009 Nobel Peace Prizelaureate. He was re-elected president in November 2012, defeating Republican nominee Mitt Romney, and was sworn in for a second term on January 20, 2013.

Early in his first term in office, Obama signed into law economic stimulus legislation in response to the Great Recession in the form of the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009 and the Tax Relief, Unemployment Insurance Reauthorization, and Job Creation Act of 2010. Other major domestic initiatives in his presidency include the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act, often referred to as “Obamacare”; the Dodd–Frank Wall Street Reform and Consumer Protection Act; the Don’t Ask, Don’t Tell Repeal Act of 2010; the Budget Control Act of 2011; and theAmerican Taxpayer Relief Act of 2012. In May 2012, he became the first sitting U.S. president to publicly support same-sex marriage and in 2013 his administration filed briefs which urged the Supreme Court to strike down the Defense of Marriage Act of 1996 and California’s Proposition 8 as unconstitutional. In foreign policy, Obama ended U.S. military involvement in the Iraq War, increased troop levels in Afghanistan, signed the New START arms control treaty with Russia, ordered U.S. military involvement in Libya, and ordered the military operation that resulted in the death of Osama bin Laden.