Tag Archives: Holy Roman Empire

today’s holiday: St. Charlemagne’s Day (2015)


St. Charlemagne’s Day (2015)

Charlemagne wasn’t actually a saint at all; he was an emperor and the first ruler of the Holy Roman Empire, crowned in 800 by Pope Leo III. Although he was never able to read and write himself, Charlemagne, whose name means “Charles the Great,” founded the University of Paris. In fact, his reign was marked by a huge cultural revival, including significant advances in scholarship, literature, and philosophy. He died on January 28, 814. More… Discuss

this day in the yesteryear: End of the Holy Roman Empire: Francis II Abdicates (1806)


End of the Holy Roman Empire: Francis II Abdicates (1806)

 

English: Map of the Holy Roman Empire, 1789, t...

English: Map of the Holy Roman Empire, 1789, translated (somewhat) from original German version on Wikipedia Commons (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

Francis II, the last Holy Roman Emperor, came to power just before the outbreak of war with Napoleon’s France. His armies were defeated, and he ceded the left bank of the Rhine to France in exchange for Venetia and Dalmatia. In 1798, he joined the Second Coalition against France, but he was again defeated. He eventually consented to the virtual dissolution of the Holy Roman Empire and assumed the title of emperor of Austria. Though he despised Napoleon, Francis allowed him to marry whom? More… Discuss

Today’s Birthday: FERDINAND III, HOLY ROMAN EMPEROR (1608) (When people fight among themselves they always forget about the common enemy! And that’s what the enemy counts on…)


Ferdinand III, Holy Roman Emperor (1608)

When Holy Roman Emperor Ferdinand III ascended the throne, the Thirty Years’ War had been raging for 20 years. After his accession, the war took a disastrous turn. Though he prohibited religious freedom in his own domains, he compromised with Europe’s Protestant powers and agreed to the Peace of Westphalia. The treaty ended 30 years of religious strife in central Europe but greatly reduced the central power of the Holy Roman Empire. Despite the war, Ferdinand made time to pursue what pastime?More… Discuss

 

Concordat of Worms (1122)


Concordat of Worms (1122)

The Concordat of Worms was an agreement reached by Pope Calixtus II and Holy Roman Emperor Henry V that put an end to the first phase of the power struggle between Rome and what was becoming the Holy Roman Empire. Under its terms, the king was recognized as having the right to invest bishops “by the lance” but not “by ring and staff,” meaning he could grant them secular but not sacred authority. What message about the divine right of kings did the concordat convey? More… Discuss