Tag Archives: Infectious disease

today’s birthday: Carlos Chagas (1879)


Carlos Chagas (1879)

Chagas was a Brazilian physician who discovered in 1909 what is now called Chagas’ disease. Caused by the parasite Trypanosoma cruzi, the disease of South and Central America usually affects children and is transmitted by the feces of infected insects. Chagas’s work is unique in the history of medicine in that he alone completely described a new infectious disease, including its pathogen, vector, host, clinical manifestations, and epidemiology. What insect often transmits Chagas disease? More… Discuss

Advertisements

New Ebola Projections: 1.4 Million Cases by Late January


New Ebola Projections: 1.4 Million Cases by Late January

Last month, the World Health Organization estimated that 20,000 people could contract Ebola by mid-2015, but revised projections now indicate that this number could be reached as early as November. By January, according to the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, the number of infected could rise as high as 1.4 million. New data also indicate that this outbreak is deadlier than previously believed, killing 70 percent of those who contract the illness. More… Discuss

WHO Launches Program to Eliminate TB in 33 Rich Countries


WHO Launches Program to Eliminate TB in 33 Rich Countries

The burden of tuberculosis falls most heavily on poor countries, but the World Health Organization is hoping that programs targeting tuberculosis in wealthy nations will serve as a model that harder-hit countries will later be able to implement. Thirty-three rich countries are included in the new plan to reduce the tuberculosis infection rate 10-fold by 2035 and effectively eliminate it by 2050. Currently, these countries see about 155,000 new cases of tuberculosis each year, 10,000 of which prove fatal. More… Discuss

MULTINATIONAL DISEASE PREVENTION AND CONTAINMENT INITIATIVE


Multinational Disease Prevention and Containment Initiative

In our increasingly globalized world, the threat ofepidemics and pandemics looms larger with each passing day. We have seen several outbreaks of dangerous, potentially fatal, contagious illnesses in recent years, some of which spread across borders and even oceans. In an effort to prevent avoidable epidemics, twenty-seven countries jointly launched the Global Health Security Agenda, a multinational initiative to improve the prevention, detection, response to, and containment of infectious disease outbreaks.More… Discuss

 

Enhanced by Zemanta

RINDERPEST


Rinderpest

Also called “cattle plague,” rinderpest was an acute, highly contagious viral disease of cattle with a sudden onset and high mortality. For centuries, it was the most severe infectious disease of cattle. Experiments with vaccination began in the 1700s, but it was not until the 1900s that widespread eradication efforts began meeting with success. In 2011, the UN formally declared rinderpest the second disease ever to have been eradicated in the wild. What was the first? More… Discuss

 

Victor Babeș (1854-1926): Babesiosis


Victor Babeș

Victor Babeș
Born 4 July 1854
19 October 1926
Nationality Romanian
Occupation bacteriologists
Known for rabies
leprosy
diphtheria
tuberculosis
infectious diseases

Victor Babeș (4 July 1854 – 19 October 1926) was a Romanian physician, biologist, and one of the earliest bacteriologists. He made early and significant contributions to the study of rabies, leprosy, diphtheria, tuberculosis, and other infectious diseases.

The Romanian universities Babeș-Bolyai in Cluj-Napoca and the University of Medicine and Pharmacy in Timişoara bear his name.

In 1885 he discovered a parasitic sporozoan of the ticks, named Babesia (of the genus Babesiidae), and which causes a rare and severe disease called babesiosis. In the same year, he published the first treatise of bacteriology in the world, Bacteria and their role in the histopathology of infectious diseases, which he co-authored with Cornil.  (sourse: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Victor_Babe%C5%9F)