Tag Archives: James II of England

today’s birthday: King James II of England (1633)


King James II of England (1633)

King James II was the last Catholic monarch to rule over England, Scotland, and Ireland, reigning from 1685 to 1688. The birth of his son, a possible Catholic heir, brought about the Glorious Revolution, in which Protestants deposed James in favor of Mary II and William of Orange. The belief that James was the legitimate ruler became known as Jacobitism, and Jacobites thereafter attempted to restore the Stuart line to the thrones of England and Scotland. Who protected James when he fled England? More… Discuss

word: abjure


abjure 

Definition: (verb) To renounce under oath; forswear.
Synonyms: recant, retract, resile
Usage: For nearly 21 years after his resignation as Prime Minister in 1963, he abjured all titles, preferring to remain just plain “Mr.” Discuss.

THIS DAY IN THE YESTERYEAR: THE MASSACRE OF GLENCOE (1692)


The Massacre of Glencoe (1692)

Following the deposition of King James II in 1689 and the accession of William III, some Scottish clans fought—and failed—to restore James to the throne. In 1691, William offered to pardon all Highland clans that took an oath of allegiance to him before January 1, 1692. The MacDonald clan of Glencoe missed the deadline by six days, and for this they paid with their lives. The unsuspecting MacDonalds were massacred in their homes by soldiers that had arrived seeking shelter how many days earlier?More… Discuss

 

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This Day in the Yesteryear: THE BRIEF BATTLE OF PRESTONPANS (1745)


The Brief Battle of Prestonpans (1745)

England‘s King James II may have been deposed in the Glorious Revolution of 1688, but he was not without supporters. These supporters, the Jacobites, spent the next six decades unsuccessfully fighting to restore him—and, later, his descendants—to the throne. Their final major attempt, the Forty-five Rebellion, began auspiciously for the House of Stuart, with a victory at Prestonpans, Scotland. The battle was won in mere minutes. How many casualties did the government troops suffer in that time? More…Discuss