Tag Archives: Jean-Pierre Blanchard

Today In History. What Happened This Day In History


Today In History. What Happened This Day In History

A chronological timetable of historical events that occurred on this day in history. Historical facts of the day in the areas of military, politics, science, music, sports, arts, entertainment and more. Discover what happened today in history.

March 7

322 BC   The Greek philosopher Aristotle dies.
161   On the death of Antoninus at Lorium, Marcus Aurelius becomes emperor.
1774   The British close the port of Boston to all commerce.
1799   In Palestine, Napoleon captures Jaffa and his men massacre more than 2,000 Albanian prisoners.
1809   Aeronaut Jean Pierre Blanchard — the first person to make the an aerial voyage in the New World — died on March 7, 1809, at the age of 56.
1838   Soprano Jenny Lind (“the Swedish Nightingale”) makes her debut in Weber’s opera Der Freischultz.
1847   U.S. General Winfield Scott occupies Vera Cruz, Mexico.
1849   The Austrian Reichstag is dissolved.
1862   Confederate forces surprise the Union army at the Battle of Pea Ridge, in Arkansas, but the Union is victorious.
1876   Alexander Graham Bell is granted a patent for the telephone.
1904   The Japanese bomb the Russian town of Vladivostok.
1906   Finland becomes the third country to give women the right to vote, decreeing universal suffrage for all citizens over 24, however, barring those persons who are supported by the state.
1912   French aviator, Heri Seimet flies non-stop from London to Paris in three hours.
1918   Finland signs an alliance treaty with Germany.
1925   The Soviet Red Army occupies Outer Mongolia.
1927   A Texas law that bans Negroes from voting is ruled unconstitutional by the Supreme Court.
1933   The board game Monopoly is invented.
1933   The film King Kong premieres in New York City.
1935   Malcolm Campbell sets an auto speed record of 276.8 mph in Florida.
1936   Hitler sends German troops into the Rhineland, violating the Locarno Pact.
1942   Japanese troops land on New Guinea.
1951   U.N. forces in Korea under General Matthew Ridgeway launch Operation Ripper, an offensive to straighten out the U.N. front lines against the Chinese.
1968   The Battle of Saigon, begun on the day of the Tet Offensive, ends.
1971   A thousand U.S. planes bomb Cambodia and Laos.
1979   Voyager 1 reaches Jupiter.
Born on March 7
1707   Stephen Hopkins, signer of the Declaration of Independence.
1872   Piet Mondrian, Dutch abstract painter, leader of the movement known as “de Stijl.”
1875   Maurice Ravel, composer (“Bolero”).
1887   Helen Parkhurst, educator, developed a technique later known as the Dalton Plan.
1904   Reinhard Heydrich, German SS leader and architect of the “Final Solution.”
1907   Rolf Jacobsen, Norwegian poet.
1908   Anna Magnani, Italian actress.

– See more at: http://www.historynet.com/today-in-history#sthash.Mo1VD3gp.dpuf

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Today In History: What Happened This Day In History


Today In History. What Happened This Day In History

A chronological timetable of historical events that occurred on this day in history. Historical facts of the day in the areas of military, politics, science, music, sports, arts, entertainment and more. Discover what happened today in history.

Today in History
January 7

1327   King Edward II of England is deposed.
1558   The French, under the Duke of Guise, finally take the port of Calais from the English.
1785   Frenchman Jean-Pierre Blanchard and American Dr. John Jeffries make the first crossing of the English Channel in a hydrogen balloon.
1807   Responding to Napoleon Bonaparte’s attempted blockade of the British Isles, the British blockade Continental Europe.
1865   Cheyenne and Sioux warriors attack Julesburg, Colo., in retaliation for the Sand Creek Massacre.
1901   New York stock exchange trading exceeds two million shares for the first time in history.
1902   Imperial Court of China returns to Peking. The Empress Dowager resumes her reign.
1918   The Germans move 75,000 troops from the Eastern Front to the Western Front.
1934   Six thousand pastors in Berlin defy the Nazis insisting that they will not be silenced.
1944   The U.S. Air Force announces the production of the first jet-fighter, Bell P-59 Airacomet.
1945   U.S. air ace Major Thomas B. McGuire, Jr. is killed in the Pacific.
1952   French forces in Indochina launch Operation Violette in an effort to push Viet Minh forces away from the town of Ba Vi.
1955   Marian Anderson becomes the first African American to sing at the Metropolitan Opera House.
1975   Vietnamese troops take Phuoc Binh in new full-scale offensive.
1979   Pol Pot and his Khmer Rouge are overthrown when Vietnamese troops seize the Cambodian capital of Phnom Penh.
1980   US President Jimmy Carter signs legislation providing $1.5 billion in loans to salvage Chrysler Corporation.
1985   Vietnam seizes the Khmer National Liberation Front headquarters near the Thai border.
1985   Japan launches its first interplanetary spacecraft, Sakigake, the first deep space probe launched by any nation other than the US or the USSR.
1989   Prince Akihito sworn in as Emperor of Japan, following the death of his father, Hirohito.
1990   Safety concerns over structural problems force the Leaning Tower of Pisa to be closed to the public.
1993   The Bosnian Army carries out a surprise attack on the village of Kravica in Srebrenica during the Bosnian War.
1999   The impeachment trial of US President Bill Clinton opens in the US Senate.
Born on January 7
1718   Israel Putnam, American Revolutionary War hero.
1745   Etienne Montgolfier, French inventor who, with his brother, launched the first successful hot-air balloon.
1800   Millard Fillmore, 13th President of the United States.
1845   Louis III, last King of Bavaria.
1911   Butterfly McQueen (Thelma McQueen), actress best known for her role as Scarlett O’Hara’s maid Prissy in Gone with the Wind (1939); won Daytime Emmy portraying Aunt Thelma, a fairy godmother in “The Seven Wishes of Joanna Peabody,” an ABC Afterschool Special.
1912   Charles Addams, cartoonist, creator of the Addams Family.
1922   Jean-Pierre Rampal, flautist.
1930   Jack Greene, country singer, musician; won Country Music Association Male Vocalist of the Year, Single of the Year, Album of the Year and Song of the Year for “There Goes My Everything” (1967).
1939   Prince Michael of Greece and Denmark.
1948   Kenny Loggins, singer, songwriter; half of Loggins and Messina duo.
1957   Katie Couric, journalist, author; has hosted news and talk shows on all three major TV networks.

– See more at: http://www.historynet.com/today-in-history#sthash.bInOmWCg.dpuf