Tag Archives: john locke

University of Oxford


University of Oxford

Oxford is one of the oldest English-language universities in the world. A leading center of learning throughout the Middle Ages, it has maintained an outstanding reputation, especially in the classics, theology, and political science. John Locke, Adam Smith, Oscar Wilde, C.S. Lewis, and Stephen Hawking are among the luminaries who have studied at Oxford. What founder of modern chemistry never formally studied at Oxford but was active in its academic community and awarded an honorary degree? More… Discuss

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ARTICLE: IDEOLOGY


Ideology

Though commonly used today, the word “ideology” was born in the highly controversial philosophical and political debates and fights of the French Revolution. French philosopher Antoine Louis Claude, Comte Destutt de Tracy, coined the term in 1796 after having been inspired by John Locke and Etienne de Condillac while imprisoned during the Reign of Terror. He used the word as a label for his “science of ideas.” Who gave it its modern meaning when he used it to rail against political opponents? More… Discuss

 

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Today’s Birthday: John Locke (1632)


John Locke (1632)

Locke was an English philosopher and founder of British Empiricism. He summed up the Enlightenment in his belief in the middle class and its right to freedom of conscience and right to property, in his faith in science, and in his faith in the goodness of humanity. His influence on philosophy and political theory has been incalculable. His 1690 Two Treatises of Government influenced the American and French revolutions. He once fled to Holland under suspicion of involvement in what plot? More… Discuss

John Locke's 1689 Two Treatises of Government,...

John Locke’s 1689 Two Treatises of Government, in it Locke calles “lives, liberties and estates” the “property” of individuals. (Photo credit: Wikipedia)