Tag Archives: K. 3

Mozart – Sinfonia Concertante for Violin, Viola and Orchestra in E flat, K. 3

The Sinfonia Concertante for Violin, Viola and Orchestra in E-flat major, K. 364 (320d), was written by Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart.
At the time of its composition in 1779, Mozart was on a tour of Europe that included Mannheim and Paris. The composition’s complex orchestral dynamics reflects the increasing technical competence of the European orchestra of that era and was strongly influenced by Mozart’s visit to the Mannheim court orchestra during his European tour of 1777 to 1779. Mozart had been experimenting with the sinfonia concertante genre and this work can be considered his most successful realization in this cross-over genre between symphony and concerto. The piece is scored in three movements for solo violin, solo viola, two oboes, two horns, and strings, the latter including two sections of violas.
The solo viola part is written in D major instead of E flat major, and the instrument tuned a semitone sharper (scordatura technique), to give a more brilliant tone. This technique is uncommon when performed on the modern viola and is used mostly in performance on original instruments.
It has also been arranged for cello in place of the viola part. 
I. Allegro maestoso, common time
II. Andante, 3/4, in C minor
III. Presto, 2/4
This Sinfonia Concertante has influenced many arrangers to use these themes. Continue reading