Tag Archives: king henry viii

this day in the yesteryear: Mary I Begins Reign as Queen of England (1553)


Mary I Begins Reign as Queen of England (1553)

After King Henry VIII divorced her mother, Catherine of Aragon, and married Anne Boleyn, Mary was declared illegitimate and lost her place in the line of succession. In 1553, her granddaughter, Lady Jane Grey, was deposed following a nine-day reign, and Mary—restored to the line of succession in 1544—became queen. She restored Roman Catholicism to England, but the resulting persecution of Protestants and the execution of some 300 heretics earned her the hatred of her subjects and what nickname? More… Discuss

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today’s birthday: Catherine of Aragon (1485)


Catherine of Aragon (1485)

Catherine of Aragon was queen consort of England and the first of King Henry VIII’s six wives. When, after 18 years of marriage, Catherine had not produced a male heir, Henry resolved to have the marriage annulled and marry Anne Boleyn. When the Pope refused his request, Henry had Parliament pass the Act of Supremacy, repudiating Papal jurisdiction in England and making the king the head of the English church—beginning the English Reformation. Did Catherine accept the annulment? More… Discuss

This Day in the Yesteryear: 9-MONTH-OLD MARY STUART IS CROWNED “QUEEN OF SCOTS” (1543)


 

9-Month-Old Mary Stuart Is Crowned “Queen of Scots” (1543)

When King James V of Scotland died in 1542, his two sons had already died in infancy and his only surviving child—a daughter—was just a week old. The infant Mary, Queen of Scots, was crowned nine months later in an elaborate coronation at Stirling Castle, where she would spend her early years. Laden with regal robes, the tiny sovereign cried throughout the entire ceremony. Soon thereafter, King Henry VIII of England attacked Scotland in an attempt to force what to happen to Mary?More… Discuss

 

Today’s in History: THOMAS CROMWELL IS EXECUTED (1540)


Thomas Cromwell Is Executed (1540)

Arguably the architect of the Reformation, Cromwell was an English statesman who gained nearly complete control of the government as the closest advisor of King Henry VIII of England. Cromwell abused his power but only fell from Henry’s favor after convincing him to marry Anne of Cleves, whom Henry found unattractive. After the marriage fizzled, Anne was sent away with a generous pension, but Cromwell was beheaded—on the same day that Henry did what?  More…

This Day in History: CATHERINE OF ARAGON MARRIED BY PROXY TO ARTHUR, PRINCE OF WALES (1499)


Catherine of Aragon Married by Proxy to Arthur, Prince of Wales (1499)

Catherine of Aragon is known as the first of King Henry VIII’s six wives, but before they were wed, she was married to his older brother Arthur. Catherine was the youngest daughter of Spain’s Ferdinand II and Isabella I, and her marriage to Arthur was primarily political. In fact, Arthur and Catherine were married by proxy before they had even met, in a ceremony attended by their representatives. The marriage was short-lived, as Arthur died young. When did Arthur and Catherine finally meet? More… Discuss