John the Baptist
|John the Baptist|
John the Baptist by Bartolomeo Veneto, 16th century
|Prophet, Martyr, Saint|
|Born||Late 1st century BCE
|Died||CE 31 – 36
|Honored in||Aglipayan Church, Anglicanism,Assyrian Church of the East,Bahá’í Faith, Eastern Orthodox Church, Islam, Lutheranism,Mandeanism, Oriental Orthodox Churches, Roman Catholic Churches|
|Majorshrine||Church of St John the Baptist,Jerusalem|
|Feast||June 24 (Nativity),
August 29 (Beheading),
January 7 (Synaxis,
Thout 2 (Coptic Orthodox Church)
|Attributes||Camel-skin robe, cross, lamb, scroll with words “Ecce Agnus Dei“, platter with own head, pouring water from hands orscallop shell|
|Patronage||Patron saint of Jordan, Puerto Rico, Knights Hospitaller of Jerusalem, French Canada,Newfoundland, Cesena, Florence,Genoa, Monza, Porto, San Juan,Turin, Xewkija, and many other places.|
John the Baptist (Hebrew: יוחנן המטביל, Yoḥanan ha-mmaṭbil, Arabic: يوحنا المعمدان Yuhanna Al-Ma’madan, Aramaic: ܝܘܚܢܢ Ioḥanan, Classical Armenian: Յովհաննէս Մկրտիչ Yovhannēs Mkrtičʿ,Greek: Ὁ Ἅγιος/Τίμιος Ἐνδοξος Προφήτης, Πρόδρομος καὶ Βαπτιστής Ἰωάννης Ho Hágios/Tímios Endoxos, Prophḗtēs, Pródromos, kaì Baptistḗs Ioánnes) was an itinerant preacher and a major religious figure in Christianity, Islam, the Bahá’í Faith, and Mandaeism.
John is described as having the unique practice of baptism for the forgiveness of sins. Most scholars agree that John baptized Jesus. Scholars generally believe Jesus was a follower or disciple of John and several New Testament accounts report that some of Jesus’s early followers had previously been followers of John. John the Baptist is also mentioned by Jewish historianJosephus. Some scholars maintain that John was influenced by the semi-ascetic Essenes, who expected an apocalypse and practiced rituals corresponding strongly with baptism, although no direct evidence substantiates this.
According to the New Testament, John anticipated a messianic figure greater than himself, and Jesus was the one whose coming John foretold. Christians commonly refer to John as the precursor or forerunner of Jesus, since John announces Jesus’ coming. John is also identified with the prophetElijah.