Tag Archives: Native Americans in the United States

Saint of the Day for Friday, December 5th, 2014: St. Sabas


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today’s holiday/celebration: American Indian Heritage Month


American Indian Heritage Month

The first general American Indian Day was observed on the second Saturday in May 1916, but since 1995, the month of November has been observed as American Indian Heritage Month. Although the largest Native American populations can be found in Oklahoma, Arizona, California, New Mexico, and North Carolina, many other states have come up with ways to draw attention to their unique contribution to American culture. Most celebrations focus on educational and promotional events, displays of Native American art and dance, and agricultural fairs. More… Discuss

Obsidian


Obsidian

Obsidian is a very shiny volcanic glass that is sometimes used as a semiprecious stone. Though it is formed by the rapid cooling of viscous lava, obsidian is only slightly harder than window glass. It is typically jet black, but the presence of hematite produces red and brown varieties, and tiny gas bubbles may create a golden sheen. Obsidian was used by Native Americans for weapons, implements, tools, and ornaments and by the ancient Aztecs and Greeks for mirrors. What is snowflake obsidian? More… Discuss

article: Maple Syrup


Maple Syrup

A popular topping for pancakes, waffles, French toast, and the like, maple syrup comes from the sap of sugar maple and black maple trees. In springtime, taps inserted in the trees begin flowing with sap, which is collected, strained, and concentrated by boiling. Native Americans were the first to prepare syrup from maple sap, using hot rocks or freezing to concentrate the sap. They shared their methods with arriving colonists—and the rest is history. What is produced by boiling down maple syrup? More… Discuss

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THIS DAY IN THE YESTERYEAR: BUREAU OF INDIAN AFFAIRS CREATED (1824)


Bureau of Indian Affairs Created (1824)

Though the Bureau of Indian Affairs was given jurisdiction over trade with Native Americans and was responsible for protecting them from exploitation, it had little success safeguarding Native American rights and, instead, evolved primarily into a land-administering agency. It now acts as trustee over Native American funds and lands, promotes development, and provides Native Americans with various social services. How was the Bureau involved in a class-action lawsuit against the US government? More… Discuss

 

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TODAY’S BIRTHDAY: GERTRUDE SIMMONS BONNIN, AKA ZITKALA-SA (1876)


Gertrude Simmons Bonnin, AKA Zitkala-Sa (1876)

Born to a Sioux mother and white father, Bonnin was raised on a reservation in present-day South Dakota. When she was eight, she was sent to a Quaker missionary school for Native Americans and was profoundly affected by the school’s efforts to suppress students’ cultural identity and assimilate them into mainstream American culture. As an adult, she dedicated herself to preserving Native American culture through her writing and political activism. What is the meaning of her pen name, Zitkala-Sa? More… Discuss

 

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Today’s Birthday: ALICE BROWN DAVIS (1852)


Alice Brown Davis (1852)

The Indian Removal Act of 1830 forced Native Americans to leave their lands within state borders and relocate to unsettled land in the West. Brown Davis, whose mother was a Seminole, grew up on the new Indian Territory and cared for Seminoles during a cholera epidemic when she was a teen. Once the US government began dismantling tribal governments to push Oklahoma toward statehood, Brown Davis acted as the Seminoles’ interpreter in court and became their first female chief, serving for how long?More… Discuss

 

Primates’ Philosophy: He who smiles in a crisis has found someone to blame…


Therefore: He who’s sad in a crisis has been accused of something he never did!