Tag Archives: nobel prize in physics

today’s birthday: Heinrich Wieland (1877)


 

Heinrich Wieland (1877)

Wieland was a German chemist who received the Nobel Prize in Chemistry in 1927 for determining the molecular structure of bile acids, which are produced by the liver. His work provided insight into the mechanism by which bile acids aid in the resorption of food in the intestines and led to the establishment of the close relationship between cholesterol and the bile acids. How did Wieland help students who were persecuted under the Nuremberg Laws of Nazi Germany? More… Discuss

this day in the yesteryear: Wilhelm Röntgen Discovers X-Rays (1895)


Wilhelm Röntgen Discovers X-Rays (1895)

In 1895, Röntgen, a German physicist, discovered rays that did not exhibit properties such as reflection or refraction. Because of their mysterious nature, he called them X-rays. His discovery, which gave medicine a critical view inside the body and allowed bones to be photographed, remains a valuable diagnostic tool. Röntgen’s breakthrough earned him the first Nobel Prize for Physics in 1901. One of the first X-ray photographs he took was of his wife’s hand. What did she say when she saw it? More… Discuss

today’s birthday: Alfred Nobel (1833)


Alfred Nobel (1833)

Nobel was a Swedish chemist and engineer who invented dynamite, the smokeless powder Ballistite, and an explosive gelatin more powerful than dynamite. In his last will, he left his enormous fortune in trust for the endowment of the Nobel Prizes, which recognize outstanding achievements in the fields of science, literature, and economics and in the promotion of peace. What was the content of the prematurely published obituary that is said to have made Nobel resolve to leave a better legacy? More… Discuss

today’s birthday: Subrahmanyan Chandrasekhar (1910)


Subrahmanyan Chandrasekhar (1910)

For his contributions to the knowledge of the evolution of stars, Indian-American astrophysicist Subrahmanyan Chandrasekhar shared the 1983 Nobel Prize in Physics. His work advanced the understanding of white dwarfs, supernovas, neutron stars, and black holes. He determined the maximum mass of a stable white dwarf—about 1.44 solar masses, the Chandrasekhar limit—beyond which a star will ultimately collapse and become a neutron star or black hole. Who else in his family was a Nobel laureate? More… Discuss

TODAY’S BIRTHDAY: Pierre Curie (1859)


Pierre Curie (1859)

Pierre Curie was a chemist who studied crystallography, magnetism, piezoelectricity, and the emerging field of radioactivity, first observed by A. H. Becquerel in 1896. Pierre and his wife Marie worked to isolate polonium and radium. Working with a student, Pierre also discovered nuclear energy by identifying the continuous emission of heat from radium particles. In 1903, the Curies shared the Nobel Prize in Physics with Becquerel. Three years later, Pierre died in what type of accident? More… Discuss

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Today Birthday: MAX PLANCK (1858)


Max Planck (1858)

Planck was an influential German physicist whose work on black body radiation earned him the Nobel Prize in Physics in 1918. He also discovered the elementary quantum of action, now known as Planck’s constant. As the influential president of the Kaiser Wilhelm Society, he denounced Hitler‘s persecution of Jewish scientists and resigned in protest in 1937. Tragically, four of Planck’s five children died before he did. One of his sons was executed after being implicated in what plot? More… Discuss