Tag Archives: Nobel Prize

today’s birthday: Heinrich Wieland (1877)


 

Heinrich Wieland (1877)

Wieland was a German chemist who received the Nobel Prize in Chemistry in 1927 for determining the molecular structure of bile acids, which are produced by the liver. His work provided insight into the mechanism by which bile acids aid in the resorption of food in the intestines and led to the establishment of the close relationship between cholesterol and the bile acids. How did Wieland help students who were persecuted under the Nuremberg Laws of Nazi Germany? More… Discuss

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today’s holiday/ceremonies/observance: Nobel Prize Ceremony


Nobel Prize Ceremony

Nobel Prizes are awarded each year to people, regardless of nationality, deemed to have made the most significant practical efforts toward the well-being of the human race. In his will, the Swedish inventor Alfred Nobel (1833-1896) directed that the income from his estate be used to fund five annual prizes. The first Nobel Prizes were awarded in 1901; a sixth prize—in economics—was added in 1969. Winners receive the awards at a special ceremony in Stockholm, Sweden, on December 10, the anniversary of Alfred Nobel’s death. The peace prize is awarded in Oslo, Norway. More… Discuss

this day in the yesteryear: First Nobel Prizes Awarded (1901)


First Nobel Prizes Awarded (1901)

The Nobel Prizes, named after Swedish chemist Alfred Nobel, are awarded annually to those who have made outstanding contributions to the fields of physics, chemistry, physiology or medicine, literature, peace, and—since 1969—economic sciences. Nobel is said to have been inspired to create the prizes after reading his own prematurely published obituary, which condemned his invention of dynamite and referred to him as “the merchant of death.” What family has amassed the most Nobel Prizes? More… Discuss

Malala receives joint Nobel award


Malala receives joint Nobel award http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-asia-30411049
[embbed]https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=kmqF9Y2Yq1U[/embed]

Raw Video: Malala Yousafzai’s entire Nobel prize speech

today’s birthday: Fritz Haber (1868)


Fritz Haber (1868)

Haber was a Nobel Prize-winning German chemist whose work was instrumental in the development of poison gas during World War I. He was unwavering in his support of chemical warfare and staunchly defended his work against critics, though he might have felt differently had he known how the Nazis would use the gas he helped develop against its own people—indeed Haber’s own relatives—just a few years later. His wife, on the other hand, was deeply opposed. In what way did she protest his work? More… Discuss

today’s birthday: Alfred Nobel (1833)


Alfred Nobel (1833)

Nobel was a Swedish chemist and engineer who invented dynamite, the smokeless powder Ballistite, and an explosive gelatin more powerful than dynamite. In his last will, he left his enormous fortune in trust for the endowment of the Nobel Prizes, which recognize outstanding achievements in the fields of science, literature, and economics and in the promotion of peace. What was the content of the prematurely published obituary that is said to have made Nobel resolve to leave a better legacy? More… Discuss

Banana Peels and Pork Strips Earn Ig Nobel Honors


Banana Peels and Pork Strips Earn Ig Nobel Honors

The winners of this year’s Ig Nobel Prizes have been announced, and included among them are a team studying the slipperiness of banana peels, another investigating the ability of pork strips to stop nosebleeds, and yet another gauging how reindeer react to humans in polar bear suits. The aforementioned honorees took home the physics, medicine, and arctic science prizes, respectively. The award in public health went to a team investigating whether it is mentally hazardous to own a cat, while the psychology award went to a team that found that night owls tend to be more psychopathic than early risers. Prizes were also awarded in several other categories. More…

today’s birthday: Alexander Fleming (1881)


Alexander Fleming (1881)

English: Alexander Fleming receives the Nobel ...

English: Alexander Fleming receives the Nobel Prize from King Gustaf V of Sweden. (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

 

Motivated by the devastating infections he saw in hospitals during World War I, Fleming, a Scottish bacteriologist, began searching for an effective antiseptic.

English: Chemical structure of Penicillin G. H...

English: Chemical structure of Penicillin G. High-resolution .PNG made with Chem3D and IrfanView — see WikiProject Chemistry – structure drawing for detailed instructions. Please drop me a note if you need the source file. (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

In 1922, he discovered lysozyme, an antibacterial enzyme present in saliva and tears. In 1928, he isolated the substance penicillin, which became the first successful antibiotic for human bacterial infections. His work earned him a Nobel Prize and has forever changed modern medicine. In what accidental way did he discover penicillin? More… Discuss

 

 

today’s birthday: Julius Axelrod (1912)


Julius Axelrod (1912)

Axelrod was an American biochemist whose investigations into the role of norepinephrine in brain chemistry led to an understanding of how neurotransmitters work and how their levels are regulated. His research made possible the development of antianxiety and antidepressant drugs like Prozac and Zoloft, which are collectively known as selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors. For his efforts, Axelrod shared the 1970 Nobel Prize for Physiology. What was his other major scientific contribution? More… Discuss

Prozac Nation (2005)

Prozac Nation
en.wikipedia.org
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today’s Holiday: Birthday of Tagore


Birthday of Tagore

This date commemorates the birth of Rabindranath Tagore (1861-1941), the great poet, philosopher, social reformer, dramatist, and musician of Calcutta, India. In 1913, he was the first non-European to win the Nobel Prize for literature. Tagore’s birthday is celebrated with a festival of his poetry, plays, music, and dance dramas. There are discussions at schools and universities of his ideas on education and philosophy, and screenings of films based on Tagore’s short stories and novels made by filmmaker and Calcutta native, Satyajit Ray. More… Discuss

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Gabriel García Márquez, Conjurer of Literary Magic, Dies at 87 – NYTimes.com


Gabriel García Márquez, Conjurer of Literary Magic, Dies at 87 – NYTimes.com.

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TODAY’S BIRTHDAY: GABRIEL GARCÍA MÁRQUEZ (1927?)


Gabriel García Márquez (1927?)

García Márquez is a Colombian novelist who won the Nobel Prize in Literature in 1982 and is widely regarded as one of the world’s greatest 20th-century writers. His two masterpieces, One Hundred Years of Solitude and Love in the Time of Cholera, center on themes of violence, solitude, and the overwhelming human need for love. The former text became a principal vehicle for the surrealist style of magic realism. What career path did García Márquez abandon in order to pursue writing? More…

 

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VITAMIN C POSSIBLE CANCER FIGHTER


Vitamin C Possible Cancer Fighter

In the 1970s, Nobel Prize – winning chemist Linus Pauling reported success treating cancer with intravenous vitamin C. However, when clinical trials of oral vitamin C failed to yield results, the medical establishment largely abandoned this line of research. Now, decades later, researchers are finding that injected vitamin C can kill cancer cells without harming healthy cells and that, when used in combination with chemotherapy, it can slow tumor growth and curb chemotherapy side effects. More… Discuss

 

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TODAY’S BIRTHDAY: GERTRUDE BELLE ELION (1918)


Gertrude Belle Elion (1918)

After teaching chemistry because jobs for female researchers were then scarce, Elion got work as an assistant at a drug company and went on to become a pioneering US pharmacologist. With George Hitchings, she developed treatments for leukemia, autoimmune disorders, urinary tract infections, gout, malaria, and viral herpes. Although Nobel Prizes are rarely awarded to drug company employees, the duo shared in the 1988 Nobel Prize in Physiology. To what did Elion attribute her interest in science? More… Discuss

 

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Today’s Birthday: SELMA LAGERLÖF (1858)


Selma Lagerlöf (1858)

Lagerlöf was a Swedish author who is best known for her children’s book, The Wonderful Adventures of Nils. While working as a teacher, Lagerlöf got her big break as a writer when chapters of her first novel, Gösta Berling’s Saga, won first prize in a literary contest. Lagerlöf rooted her work in legend in a reaction against contemporary Swedish realism. In 1909, she became the first woman to win the Nobel Prize for Literature. What did she do with her medal during World War II?More… Discuss

 

Today’s Birthday: SIR FREDERICK GRANT BANTING (1891)


Sir Frederick Grant Banting (1891)

Banting was a Canadian physician who, with Scottish physiologist John Macleod, won a 1923 Nobel Prize for the discovery of the hormone insulin. Banting and his assistant Charles Best experimented on diabetic dogs, demonstrating that insulin lowered their blood sugar. Insulin was proven effective on humans within months of the first experiments with dogs. In acknowledgment of Best’s work, Banting gave him a share of his portion of the Nobel Prize. What tragic accident took Banting’s life in 1941? More… Discuss

 

Hello Saferide – Anna (with lyrics)



You know we could have had a daughter
And we could have named her Anna
And she would have been a sweetheart
But with punk rock manners

Could have supported us when we retire
Bought us a cottage near the countryside

You could have taught her to play hockey
I could have taught her the guitar
And her granddad could have shown her the way to the bar

Could have supported us when we retire
Bought us a cottage near the countryside

We would have made the neighbours jealous
We could have barbecues at nights
With our collected brain recources, she would have an IQ of a hundred and fifty five

Could have supported us when we retire
Bought us a cottage near the countryside

She would have won the Nobel Prize
And thank her mama for all the good advice
And we could have gone swimming near that cottage by the lake
And she’d never have to know what it’s like when your heart breaks

When your heart breaks
When your heart breaks

When your heart breaks
When your heart breaks

Could have supported us when we retire
Bought us a cottage near the countryside
Could have supported us when we retire
Bought us a cottage near the countryside

She would have married a Kennedy
She would have found the cure for HIV
Well I’m real sorry Anna, you never got to be
Because your daddy moved on and left me

Could have supported us when we retire
Bought us a cottage near the countryside

Today’s Birthday: IRENA SENDLER (1910)


Irena Sendler (1910)

Working with Polish resistance groups and a network of helpers, Sendler saved 2,500 Jewish children during WWII by smuggling them out of the Warsaw Ghetto, sometimes hidden in suitcases. After changing the children’s names and arranging for their care, she buried records of their identities in jars, hoping to someday reunite them with their parents. Though she was arrested, tortured, and reportedly executed in 1943, she actually survived the war and lived to be 98. How did she survive the NazisMore… Discuss

 

OVERSPENDING PROMPTS NOBEL PRIZE PAYOUT CUTS


Overspending Prompts Nobel Prize Payout Cuts

The weak global economy has claimed a new victim—the Nobel Foundation. It has been announced that lower than expected returns on investments over the past decade have made it necessary for the organization to cut the prize money awarded to Nobel laureates by 20 percent. The foundation is also looking for ways to cut administrative costs as well as expenses related to the Nobel Prizecelebrations, as overspending in these areas is also a concern. More… Discuss

Today’s Birthday: FRANCIS HARRY COMPTON CRICK (1916)


Francis Harry Compton Crick (1916)

While working in a research lab at Cambridge after WWII, Crick helped discover the molecular structure of DNA. It was one of the most important scientific findings of the century, and he shared the 1962 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine for his work. He also clarified how cells use DNA to build proteins. During WWII, he was deflected from his original course of research after a bomb hit his lab. Crick later said he had been studying “the dullest problem imaginable” at the time. What was it? More… Discuss

BARBARA MCCLINTOCK


Barbara McClintock

McClintock was an American geneticist. In the 1940s and 50s, her experiments with variations in the coloration of kernels of maize revealed that genes are not stationary, but can “jump” on the chromosome. She isolated two control elements in genetic material and found not only that they moved, but also that their transposition affected the behavior of neighboring genes. In 1983, she was belatedly awarded a Nobel Prize in Physiology. Why did she stop publishing her findings in the 50s? More… Discuss

Today’s Birthday: Joseph Brodsky (1940)


Joseph Brodsky (1940)

Soon after Brodsky began writing poetry in the USSR in the 1950s, he was accused by the government of “social parasitism” and sentenced to hard labor. Exiled in 1972, he settled in New York and began writing in English. He was awarded a Nobel Prize in 1987 and was poet laureate of the US for a time. His poetry, with its themes of loss and exile, is highly regarded for its intensity, depth, and wit. What was his retort when a Soviet judge once asked him, “Who enrolled you in the ranks of poets?” More… Discuss

Today’s Birthday: Grazia Deledda (1871)


Grazia Deledda (1871)

Influenced by the verismo—”realism”—school, Nobel Prize -winning Italian novelist Grazia Deledda wrote her first stories while just a teen and was still having her works published after her death. Her work is lyric and in part naturalistic and combines sympathy and humor with occasional touches of violence. In her approximately 40 novels, the ancient ways of her native Sardinia often come into conflict with modern mores. What are her most famous works? More… Discuss

Linus Pauling (What would be the world without Vitamin C?)


Linus Pauling _  Vitamin C

Linus Pauling _ Vitamin C (click on picture to read entire article)

(Source: http://www.paulingexhibit.org/)

From http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Linus_Pauling

Linus Carl Pauling (February 28, 1901 – August 19, 1994)[1] was an American chemist, biochemist, peace activist, author and educator. He was one of the most influential chemists in history and ranks among the most important scientists of the 20th century.[2][3] Pauling was among the first scientists to work in the fields of quantum chemistry and molecular biology.

Pauling is one of only four individuals to have won more than one Nobel Prize.[4] He is one of only two people awarded Nobel Prizes in different fields (the Chemistry and Peace prizes), the other being Marie Curie (the Chemistry and Physics prizes), and the only person awarded two unshared prizes…

(Continue reading at http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Linus_Pauling)

Linus Pauling's book How to Live Longer and Fe...

Image via Wikipedia

“How to live longer and feel better” by Linus Pauling, is a book to lean from, just like al his publications, manuals and abstracts.

 Vitamin C or L-ascorbic acid or L-ascorbate is an essential nutrient for humans and certain other animal species. In living organisms ascorbate acts as an antioxidant by protecting the body against oxidative stress.[1] It is also a cofactor in at least eight enzymatic reactions including several collagen synthesis reactions that cause the most severe symptoms of scurvy when they are dysfunctional.[2] In animals these reactions are especially important in wound-healing and in preventing bleeding from capillaries. (Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Vitamin_C)

Vitamin C is found in fresh fruits and vegetables.

So: Eat your veggies and  fruits, Daily!

Today’s Birthday (July 7,): Camillo Golgi (1843)


Camillo Golgi (1843)

An Italian physician and cytologist, Golgi devised a way to stain nerve tissue and, using the technique, was able to clearly observe a neuron, now called a Golgi cell, along with its axon and dendrites branching off. The discovery led to the identification of the neuron as the basic structural unit of the nervous system. He also discovered the Golgi tendon organ and the Golgi apparatus. He shared the 1906 Nobel Prize with Santiago Ramón y Cajal. What discovery did Golgi make about malaria? More… Discuss