Phrenology is the study of the shape of the human skull in order to draw conclusions about particular character traits and mental faculties. Phrenologists believe that traits like intelligence are mirrored through elevations in the skull overlying particular areas of the brain. German physiologist Franz Joseph Gall developed the theory around 1800, but modern neurology and physical anthropology regard phrenology as a form of quackery. What is the difference between phrenology and craniometry? More… Discuss
“I saw a creature, naked, bestial,
Who, squatting upon the ground,
Held his heart in his hands,
And ate of it.”Stephen Crane (1871-1900) Discuss
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Stephen Crane (November 1, 1871 – June 5, 1900) was an American author. Prolific throughout his short life, he wrote notable works in the Realist tradition as well as early examples of American Naturalism and Impressionism. He is recognized by modern critics as one of the most innovative writers of his generation.
The eighth surviving child of Protestant Methodist parents, Crane began writing at the age of four and had published several articles by the age of 16. Having little interest in university studies, he left college in 1891 to work as a reporter and writer. Crane’s first novel was the 1893 Bowery tale Maggie: A Girl of the Streets, generally considered by critics to be the first work of American literary Naturalism. He won international acclaim in 1895 for his Civil War novel The Red Badge of Courage, which he wrote without having any battle experience.
In 1896, Crane endured a highly publicized scandal after appearing as a witness in the trial of a suspected prostitute, an acquaintance named Dora Clark. Late that year he accepted an offer to travel to Cuba as a war correspondent. As he waited in Jacksonville, Florida, for passage, he met Cora Taylor, the madam of a brothel, with whom he began a lasting relationship. En route to Cuba, Crane’s ship sank off the coast of Florida, leaving him and others adrift for several days in a dinghy. Crane described the ordeal in “The Open Boat“. During the final years of his life, he covered conflicts in Greece (accompanied by Cora, recognized as the first woman war correspondent) and later lived in England with her. He was befriended by writers such as Joseph Conrad and H. G. Wells. Plagued by financial difficulties and ill health, Crane died of tuberculosis in a Black Forest sanatorium in Germany at the age of 28.
At the time of his death, Crane was considered an important figure in American literature. After he was nearly forgotten for two decades, critics revived interest in his life and work. Crane’s writing is characterized by vivid intensity, distinctive dialects, and irony. Common themes involve fear, spiritual crises and social isolation. Although recognized primarily for The Red Badge of Courage, which has become an American classic, Crane is also known for his poetry, journalism, and short stories such as “The Open Boat”, “The Blue Hotel“, “The Bride Comes to Yellow Sky“, and The Monster. His writing made a deep impression on 20th-century writers, most prominent among them Ernest Hemingway, and is thought to have inspired the Modernists and the Imagists.
Texas Rangers investigate officer who killed suspect holding spoon
AUSTIN, Texas (Reuters) – The Texas Rangers are investigating an incident in Texarkana in which a police officer responding to a reported burglary fatally shot a suspect who was holding a spoon, officials said on Tuesday.
The incident comes as increased scrutiny has been placed on police following the deaths of unarmed suspects at the hands of police that have sparked protests nationwide.
In Texarkana, the officer arrived at the scene of the reported burglary at about 2 a.m. Monday and found a suspect in the garage of a house, police in the East Texas city said.
“The suspect then came toward the officer in an aggressive manner with a metal object in his hand,” police said. The officer fired one shot, striking the suspect, Dennis Grigsby, 35, in the chest. He later died at a hospital.
The object Grigsby was holding was found to be a spoon.
The United States Capitol was briefly locked down and Congress members inside instructed to shelter in place yesterday when shots were fired outside the building. It appears that a female driver struck security barricades near the White House, possibly in an attempt to ram through them, then fled the scene, leading law enforcement on a high-speed chase that ended with gunfire outside the Capitol. A number of people were hurt, including at least one law enforcement officer injured in a crash during the chase. The suspect was shot and possibly killed by police. A 1-year-old child in the car was reportedly unharmed. More…Discuss
They came from all over, tens of thousands of demonstrators from around the world, protesting the economic and moral pitfalls of globalization. Our mission as members of the Seattle Police Department? To safeguard people and property—in that order. Things went well the first day. We were praised for our friendliness and restraint—though some politicians were apoplectic at our refusal to make mass arrests for the actions of a few.
Then came day two. Early in the morning, large contingents of demonstrators began to converge at a key downtown intersection. They sat down and refused to budge. Their numbers grew. A labor march would soon add additional thousands to the mix.
“We have to clear the intersection,” said the field commander. “We have to clear the intersection,” the operations commander agreed, from his bunker in the Public Safety Building. Standing alone on the edge of the crowd, I, the chief of police, said to myself, “We have to clear the intersection.”
Because of all the what-ifs. What if a fire breaks out in the Sheraton across the street? What if a woman goes into labor on the seventeenth floor of the hotel? What if a heart patient goes into cardiac arrest in the high-rise on the corner? What if there’s a stabbing, a shooting, a serious-injury traffic accident? How would an aid car, fire engine or police cruiser get through that sea of people? The cop in me supported the decision to clear the intersection. But the chief in me should have vetoed it. And he certainly should have forbidden the indiscriminate use of tear gas to accomplish it, no matter how many warnings we barked through the bullhorn.
This article was written and published before the peeper spray dehumanizing action at UC DAVIS, and it only support this experience retired police chief take on the reality of the mindset of the authorities regarding the social, not politically associated movement for justice and peace!
The Oakland Police Department (OPD) was sued in federal court yesterday by the ACLU of Northern California and the National Lawyers Guild for trampling (repeatedly!) on the constitutional rights of Occupy Oakland demonstrators. The lawsuit asks for an immediate relief from the court to stop police violence against political protesters, because the OPD has shown that it will continue to violate protesters’ rights unless a court intervenes (again).
The ACLU of Northern California and the National Lawyers’ Guild demanded a full investigation of Tuesday’s events. The groups also asked OPD to immediately produce records about the use of force in responding to the early morning raid of the Occupy Oakland encampment and the evening demonstration. The public has a right to transparency and accountability, and yesterday’s events are no exception. The ACLU-NC is also urging people to email the Oakland Police Department calling for transparency and an end to excessive use of force.
Reports of OPD’s conduct raise serious questions about whether it violated its own policy on dealing with demonstrations.
- The Policy requires the Department to use “the minimal police intervention needed to address a crowd management or control issue.” This video shows a protester who sustained a head injury. Injuries do not appear to be isolated. Did OPD really use the minimal amount of intervention necessary to control and disperse the crowd?
Share this article, so others learn about their rights!
(Translated from Italian with Live Search. Unedited.)
ROME-an afternoon of guerrilla warfare. What was to be a peaceful protest to protest against the economic crisis and against the costs of politics has turned into a nightmare for the capital. The Outraged, who had promoted the parade and that they were parties with the best intentions, with choirs and colorful flags, were defeated by 500 young hooded and armed with sticks, bats, bombs and smoke that have infiltrated by degenerate the day of action. Violent clashes in piazza San Giovanni, historic place of trade unions and democratic, and other areas of the capital along the route of the procession were the culmination of a series of incidents started around 15 in via Cavour, with flags burned, cars and trash bins set on fire, violence against those who challenged the thugs. A hundred wounded hospitalized. Five-hour battle with urban forces stormed by a hail of stones and paving stones from the black bloc and a couple of soldiers who risked their lives in the burning of a police van ablaze by violent groups. Two crews were attacked; a photographer wounded in the head. A man may lose the use of a hand. At the end is recorded also the budgetary restraints, twenty in all 12 persons implicated in various capacities of accidents is snapped shut. Among their young of Bari, Trento, Catania, Siracusa, Brindisi and Naples.
BARRICADES to the STATION-In via Cavour were destroyed around the 15.30 the Windows of a supermarket and two banks. Then in via Labicana, stormed the former Inland Revenue and a subsidiary of Banca popolare del Lazio at the intersection with via Merulana. Attacked two Skytg24 troupe: an operator was taken off the camera, then destroyed. Meanwhile the thugs entering a temporary employment agency in the Colosseum, devastating the region. And after the eviction of piazza San Giovanni around 20, the battle has shocked the Esquilino neighbourhood, while the black bloc headed to the train station Termini. The latest clashes with barricades torched cars and garbage bins in via Merulana committed again until late in the evening the police. Sunday, with the light of dawn, you can count the damage.
CODE RED-CHARGES and were about a hundred wounded (including thirty members of the police), including three in serious condition and hospitalized in Code Red: a protester left and freedom who lost two fingers in the explosion of a firecracker; a policeman hit in the chest and a third person who reported multiple trauma.
CLASHES BETWEEN DEMONSTRATORS-all afternoon peaceful protesters have tried to isolate the violent. Then they sold, and around 19 the procession was broken and many have fled from areas of accidents. In the evening, however, a group of outraged you would have collided head-on with some of the hooded. A band of black bloc has moved instead to late evening in the streets around via Labicana. The town was garrisoned by the forces of order. The ultimate goal of black bloc-which has kept on alert the police-were the binaries: the crowd had spread the rumor that could be closed by the police station, where the violent were converging. But after the 20.50 the situation in port was quiet. Are skipped during the afternoon, about 1,500 ran public transport due to damaged video surveillance systems in several Metro stations (five of these had been closed since early afternoon). Should also be recorded incidents on other 2,500 races and, inevitably, the traffic full tilt in the Center. Incalculable, at the time, the damage to private vehicles, banks and shops.
CHAIN of DEVASTATION-In via Merulana, where the masked armed had found shelter after police charges in piazza San Giovanni, apocalyptic scenes are seen: barricades, shops and torched cars, dumpsters, destroyed, disposed of on the ground to form barriers. And a continuing one towards law enforcement means deployed. In the late afternoon, in piazza San Giovanni, the fighting harder: stonings, assaults to the police; a police armored car was torched. Fortunately, the two soldiers inside were able to get to safety, while protesters continued to attack vehicle with smoke bombs and bombs. Other means have been blocked, surrounded and subject launches stones, rods and stones. When the police forcing them to withdraw, the black caps have set fire to several cars especially in via Boiardo. Overturned dumpsters, showcases branch Unicredit burned and broken. The entrance to the venue of the Pdl in via Etruria devastated. Clashes also in piazza Tuscolo, via Magnagrecia and via Etruria. From the Windows of citizens-that during the first part of the procession had applauded the outraged-have tried to stop the violent with a thick throwing objects.
PANIC IN the BASILICA-the biggest scene of fear and panic have taken place in San Giovanni, among people who had come from all over Italy to demonstrate peacefully. In front of the basilica, a group of ordinary people found himself caught between violent demonstrators and charges of police and carabinieri. Someone broke into tears, others have cried for the dense fog of tear gas fired between the Caelian and via Appia. Many moments of friction between the peaceful protesters, the procession shouting ‘ Disgrace ‘ and ‘ Go ‘, and the black bloc. Alterno’s relationship with the police forces: at the beginning have been applauded by outraged peaceful, but then someone has harshly criticized for not immediately loaded the violent. The police have managed to maintain a calm, decisive: mostly limited themselves to charges of lightening and only in the height of the fighting-when the black caps have attacked with stones and poles uprooted, smoke bombs and reacted with paper-decision.
Rome, the parade of outraged Italians
ISOLATE the violent-the Mayor of Rome, in the evening, warned against excesses of tolerance: «I hope that tomorrow will not restart the usual speech-said Alemanno-when the police and the police will try to isolate hitting these forces violenteche are centres of violence known in Italy. They were two months from the web were meeting in Rome. Then the first citizen stressed his appreciation and its proximity to police but also the peaceful demonstrators.
The PROCESSION of the OTHER-But there were not only violent between about 200 thousand come to Rome for the Day, the Day of Indignation. Others who marched in the parade are students, thirties, forties, fifties, precarious workers, unemployed workers and freelancers. They were shouting slogans, but stressed: “we do not want clashes or violence”. They had arrived from all over Italy, via train, car, coach. Colorful, creative, outraged. And armored. Thousands have reached piazza della Repubblica, where the procession is started (in advance, we are too many “) with all the «outraged» Italy in conjunction with other 81 countries around the world. All ‘ United for global change» and «we say loud crisis not pay ‘. Some carried a large banner with the inscription «People of Europe: rise up! “.
Photo Gallery: llery/roma/10-2011/corteoindignati/1/roma-corteo-indignati-italiani_57097ac4-f72c-11e0-9ce3-b3213c3a5a87.shtml